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wilt thou be angry for ever shall thy | jealousy burn like fre? Pour out thy | wrath upon the heathen that have not known thee, and upon the kingdoms that have not called upon thy name, Ixxix. 5, 6. When the boughs thereof are withered, they shall be broken off: the women come, and set them on fire; for it is a people of no understanding: therefore he that made them will not have mercy on them, and he that formed them will shew them no favour, Isa. xxvii. 11. And

this is the condemnation, that light is come into the world, and men loved darkness rather than light, because their deeds were evil, John iii. 19.

See on Rom. i. ver. 5. clause 3.

VER. 9.

Οἵτινες δίκην τίσουσιν, ὄλεθρον αἰώνιον, ἀπὸ προσώπου τοῦ Κυρίου, καὶ ἀπὸ τῆς δόξης τῆς ἰσχύος αὐτοῦ·

a Who shall be punished with everlasting destruction bfrom the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of his


a See on Matt. iii. ver. 12. clause 5. b See on Matt. vii. ver. 23. clause 2.

VER. 10.

Ὅταν ἔλθῃ ἐνδοξασθῆναι ἐν τοῖς ἁγίοις αὑτοῦ, καὶ θαυμασθῆναι ἐν πᾶσι τοῖς πιστεύουσιν, (ὅτι ἐπιστεύθη τὸ μαρτύριον ἡμῶν ἐφ' ὑμᾶς, ἐν τῇ ἡμέρᾳ ἐκείνῃ.

a When he shall come to be glorified in his saints, and to be admired in all them that believe (because our testimony among you was believed) in that day.

a See on Matt. xvi. ver. 27. clause 1. b See on Eph. i ver. 6. clause 1.

For our Gospel came not unto you in word only, but also in power, and in the Holy Ghost, and in much assurance; as ye know what manner of men we were among you for your sake. And ye become followers of us, and of the Lord, having received the word in much affliction, with joy of the Holy Ghost: So that ye were ensamples to all that believe in Macedonia and Achaia, 1 Thess. i. 5-7.

VER. 11.

Εἰς ὃ καὶ προσευχόμεθα πάντοτε περὶ ὑμῶν, ἵνα ὑμᾶς ἀξιώσῃ τῆς κλήσεως ὁ

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Θεὸς ἡμῶν, καὶ πληρώσῃ πᾶσαν εὐδοκίαν ἀγαθωσύνης, καὶ ἔργον πίστεως ἐν δυνάμει· a Wherefore also we pray always for you, that bour God would count you worthy of this calling, and fulfil all the good pleasure of his goodness, and the work of faith with power;

*Or, vouchsafe.

a See on Rom. i. ver. 9. clauses 4, 5.

b See on John xx. ver. 17. clause 6. c See on ver. 5. clause 2.

concerneth me: thy mercy, O LORD, The LORD will perfect that which endureth for ever: forsake not the works of thine own hands, Psal. cxxxviii. 8. Then shall we know, if we follow on to know the LORD: his going forth is prepared as the morning; and he shall come unto us as the rain, as the latter and former rain unto the earth, Hos. vi. 3. For the earth bringeth forth fruit of herself; first the blade, then the ear, after that the full corn in the ear, Mark iv. 28. Who shall also confirm you unto the end, that ye may be blameless in the day of our Lord Jesus Christ, 1 Cor. i. 8. Being confident of this very thing, that he which hath begun a good work in you, will perform it i. 6. And the Lord make you to inuntil the day of Jesus Christ, Phil.

crease and abound in love one toward

another, and toward all men, even a8 we do toward you: To the end he may stablish your hearts unblameable in holiness before God, even our Father, at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ with all his saints, 1 Thess. iii. 12, 13. Now the God of peace, that brought again from the dead our Lord Jesus, that great Shepherd of the lasting covenant, Make you perfect sheep, through the blood of the everin every good work to do his will, working in you that which is wellChrist; to whom be glory for ever and pleasing in his sight, through Jesus ever. Amen, Heb. xiii. 20, 21. But

the God of all grace, who hath called us unto his eternal glory by Christ Jesus, after that ye have suffered a while, make you perfect, stablish, strengthen, settle you, 1 Pet. v. 10.

VER. 12.

Οπως ἐνδοξασθῇ τὸ ὄνομα τοῦ Κυρίου ἡμῶν Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ ἐν ὑμῖν, καὶ ὑμεῖς ἐν

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αὐτῷ, κατὰ τὴν χάριν τοῦ Θεοῦ ἡμῶν, καὶ Κυρίου Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ.

aThat the name of our Lord Jesus Christ may be glorified in you, band ye in him, according to the grace of our God and the Lord Jesus Christ.

A. D. 54.

a See on Matt. xvi. ver. 27. clause 1. b For this we say unto you by the word of the Lord, that we which are alive, and remain unto the coming of the Lord, shall not prevent them which are asleep. For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a my-shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first: Then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air: and so shall we ever be with the Lord, 1 Thess. iv. 15-17.

VER. 2.

ἀπὸ τοῦ νοὸς, μήτε θροεῖσθαι, μήτε διὰ Εἰς τὸ μὴ ταχέως σαλευθῆναι ὑμᾶς πνεύματος, μήτε διὰ λόγου, μήτε δι' ἐπιστολῆς ὡς δι ̓ ἡμῶν, ὡς ὅτι ἐνέστηκεν ἡ ἡμέρα τοῦ Χριστοῦ.

a This people have I formed for self; they shall shew forth my praise, Isa. xliii. 21. Sing, O ye heavens; for the LORD hath done it: shout, ye lower parts of the earth; break forth into singing, ye mountains, O forest, and every tree therein: for the LORD hath redeemed Jacob, and glorified himself in Israel, xliv. 23. And said unto me, Thou art my servant, O Israel, in whom I will be glorified, xfr. 3. Thy people also shall be all righteous: they shall inherit the land for ever, the branch of my planting, the work of my hands, that I may be glorified, lx. 21. And it shall be to me a name of joy, a praise and an honour before all the nations of the earth, which shall hear all the good that I do unto them: and they shall fear and tremble for all the goodness, a For this we say unto you by the and for all the prosperity, that I pro-word of the Lord, that we which are cure unto it, Jer. xxxiii. 9. When alive and remain unto the coming of Jesus heard that, he said, This sick the Lord shall not prevent them which ness is not unto death, but for the are asleep, 1 Thess. iv. 16. glory of God, that the Son of God might be glorified thereby, John xi. 4. And all mine are thine, and thine are mine; and I am glorified in them, xvi. 10. And they glorifed God in me, Gal. i. 24. Το the praise of the glory of his grace, Eph. i. 6. That

we should be to the praise of his glory, who first trusted in Christ, 12. Which is the earnest of our inheritance, until the redemption of the purchased possession, unto the praise of his glory, 14. That in the ages to come he might shew the exceeding riches of his grace, in his kindness toward us through Jesus Christ, ii. 7.

b See on John xiv. ver. 18. See on Acts xv. ver. 11.

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That ye be not soon shaken in mind, or be troubled, neither by spirit, a nor by word, nor by letter, as from us, as that the day of Christ is at hand.

VER. 3.

Μήτις ὑμᾶς ἐξαπατήσῃ κατὰ μηδένα τρόπον· ὅτι ἐὰν μὴ ἔλθη ἡ ἀποστασία πρῶτον, καὶ ἀποκαλυφθῇ ὁ ἄνθρωπος τῆς ἁμαρτίας, ὁ θεὸς τῆς ἀπωλείας·


a Let no man deceive you by any means: for that day shall not come, except there come a falling away first, and that man of sin be revealed, the son of perdition;

a See on Matt. xxiv. ver. 4.

b Now the Spirit speaketh expressly, that in the latter times some shall depart from the faith, giving heed to seducing spirits, and doctrines of devils; Speaking lies in hypocrisy ; having their conscience scared with a hot iron; Forbidding to marry, and commanding to abstain from meats, which God hath created to be received with thanksgiving of them which believe and know the truth, 1 Tim. iv. 1-3. This know also, that in the last days perilous times shall come. For men shall be lovers of their own

A. D. 54.

2 THESS, II, 3—10..

selves, covetous, boasters, proud, blasphemers, disobedient to parents, unthankful, unholy, Without natural affection, truce-breakers, false accusers, incontinent, fierce, despisers of those that are good, Traitors, heady, high-minded, lovers of pleasures more than lovers of God; Having a form of godliness, but denying the power thereof; from such turn away, 2 Tim. iii. 1-3. For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine; but after their own lusts shall they heap to themselves teachers, having itching ears; And they shall turn away their ears from the truth, and shall be turned unto fables, iv. 3, 4,

c See verses 8-10. And he shall speak great words against the most High, and shall wear out the saints of the most High, and think to change times and laws and they shall be given into his hand, until a time and times and the dividing of time, Dan. vii. 25.

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a Who opposeth and exalteth himself above all that is called God, or that is worshipped; so that he, as God, sitteth in the temple of God, shewing himself that he is God.

* For thou hast said in thine heart,

I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God: I will sit also upon the mount of the congregation, in the sides of the north, Isa. xiv. 13. Son of man, say unto the prince of Tyrus, Thus saith the Lord GOD, Because thine heart is lifted up, and thou hast said, I am a god, I sit in the seat of God, in the midst of the seas; yet thou art a man, and not God, though thou set thine heart as the heart of God, Ezek. xxviii. 2. I considered the horns, and, behold, there came up among them another little horn, before whom there were three of the first horns plucked up by the roots: and, behold, in this horn were eyes like the eyes of man, and a mouth speaking great things,

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A. D. 54.

unto him a mouth speaking great things, and blasphemies and power was given unto him to continue forty and two months. And he opened his mouth in blasphemy against God, to blaspheme his name, and his taber nacle, and them that dwell in hea ven, Rev. xiii. 5, 6.

VER. 5.

Οὐ μνημονεύετε ὅτι ἔτι ὧν πρὸς ὑμᾶς, ταῦτα ἔλεγον ὑμῖν ;

Remember ye not, that, when I was. yet with you, I told you these things?

VER. 6.

Καὶ νῦν τὸ κατέχον οἴδατε, εἰς τὸ ἀπο καλυφθῆναι αὐτὸν ἐν τῷ ἑαυτοῦ καιρῷ.

And now ye know what * withholdeth that he might be revealed in his time. • Or, holdeth.

VER. 7.

Τὸ γὰρ μυστήριον ἤδη ἐνεργεῖται τῆς ἀνομίας, μόνον ὁ κατέχων ἄρτι ἕως ἐκ μέσ σου γένηται·

For a the mystery of iniquity doth already work: only he who now letteth will let, until he be taken out of the way.

a See on Acts xx. ver. 30.

VER. 8.

Καὶ τότε ἀποκαλυφθήσεται ὁ ἄνομος, ὃν ὁ Κύριος ἀναλώσει τῷ πνεύματι τοῦ στό ματος αὐτοῦ, καὶ καταργήσει τῇ ἐπιφανείᾳ τῆς παρουσίας αὑτοῦ·

And then shall that Wicked be revealed, whom the Lord shall consume with the spirit of his mouth, and shall destroy with the brightness of his coming:

VER. 9.

Οὗ ἐστιν ἡ παρουσία κατ ̓ ἐνέργειαν τοῦ Σατανᾶ ἐν πάσῃ δυνάμει, καὶ σημείοις, nai régaσi feúdous,

Even him, whose coming is after the working of a Satan bwith all power and signs and lying wonders,

a See on Matt. iv. ver. 1. clause 4. b See on Matt. xxiv. ver. 24. clause 2.

VER. 10.

Καὶ ἐν πάσῃ ἀπάτη τῆς ἀδικίας ἐν τοῖς

Dan. vii. 8. And there was given | ἀπολλυμένοις· ἀνθ' ὧν τὴν ἀγάπην τῆς

A. D. 54.

2 THESS. 11. 10-13.

A. D. 54.

ἀληθείας οὐκ ἐδέξαντο εἰς τὸ σωθῆναι αὐ- | liness and unrighteousness of men,



a And with all deceivableness of unrighteousness in them that perish; because they received not the love of the truth, that they might be saved.

a See on Matt. vii. ver. 15.

who hold the truth in unrighteousness; Because that which may be known of God is manifest in them:

for God hath shewed it unto them. For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things

b See on 1 Cor. i. ver. 18. clauses 1,2. that are made, even his eternal power


c See on John iii. ver. 19.

VER. 11.

Καὶ διὰ τοῦτο πέμψει αὐτοῖς ὁ Θεὸς ἐνέργειαν πλάνης, εἰς τὸ πιστεῦσαι αὐτοὺς τῷ ψεύδει

a And for this cause God shall send them strong delusion, that they should

believe a lie:

and Godhead; so that they are without excuse: Because that, when they knew God, they glorified him not as God, neither were thankful; but became vain in their imaginations, and their foolish heart was darkened. became fools. And changed the glory Professing themselves to be wise, they of the uncorruptible God into an image made like to corruptible man, and to birds, and four-footed beasts, and creeping things. Wherefore God also gave them up to uncleanness, through the lusts of their own hearts, to dishonour their own bodies between themselves: Who changed the truth of God into a lie, and worshipped and served the creature more than the Creator, who is blessed for ever. Amen. For this cause God gave them up unto vile affections: for even their women did change the natural use into that which is against nature: And likewise also the men, leaving the natural use of the woman, burned in their lust one toward another: men with men working that which is unseemly, and receiving in themselves that recompence of their error which was meet. And even as they did not like to retain God in their knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobate mind, to do those things which are not convenient, Rom. i. 18-28.

a But my people would not hearken to my voice; and Israel would none of me. So I gave them up unto their own hearts' lust: and they walked in their own counsels, Psal. lxxxi. 11, 12. For the LORD hath poured out upon you the spirit of deep sleep, and hath closed your eyes: the prophets and your rulers, the seers hath he covered. And the vision of all is become unto you as the words of a book that is sealed, which men deliver to one that is learned, saying, Read this, I pray thee: and he saith, I cannot; for it is sealed: And the book is delivered to him that is not learned, saying, Read this, I pray thee: and he saith, I am not learned. Wherefore the LORD said, Forasmuch as this people draw near me with their mouth, and with their lips do honour me, but have removed their heart far from me, and their fear toward me is taught by the precept of men: Therefore, behold, I will proceed to do a marvellous work among this people, even a marvellous work and a wonder; for the wisdom of their wise men shall perish, and the understanding of their prudent men shall be hid, Isa. xxix. 10-14. a That they all might be damned who For whosoever hath, to him shall be given, and he shall have more abund-believed not the truth, b but had pleasure

ance but whosoever hath not, from him shall be taken away even that he hath. Therefore speak I to them in parables: because they seeing, see not; and hearing, they bear not; neither do they understand, Matt. xiii. 12, 13. For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungod. |

VER. 12.

Ἵνα κριθῶσι πάντες οἱ μὴ πιστεύσαντες τῇ ἀληθείᾳ, ἀλλ ̓ εὐδοκήσαντες ἐν τῇ abinia.

in unrighteousness.

a See on John iii. ver. 18. clause 2. b See on John viii. ver. 34.

VER. 13.

Ἡμεῖς δὲ ὀφείλομεν εὐχαριστεῖν τῷ Θεῷ πάντοτε περὶ ὑμῶν, ἀδελφοὶ ἠγαπη μένοι ὑπὸ Κυρίου, ὅτι εἴλετο ὑμᾶς ὁ Θεὸς

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a Comfort your hearts, ↳ und stablish you in every good word and work.

a See on Heb. vi. ver. 18. clause 2. b See on Rom. i. ver. 11. clause 3.


Τὸ λοιπὸν προσεύχεσθε, ἀδελφοί, περὶ ἡμῶν, ἵνα ὁ λόγος τοῦ Κυρίου τρέχῃ, καὶ δοξάζηται καθὼς καὶ πρὸς ὑμᾶς·



Finally, brethren, pray for us, ο that the word of the Lord may have free course, c and be glorified, a even as it is with you: Gr. run.

a See on Rom. 1. ver. 8. clause 1.
b See on Rom. i. ver. 7. clause 2.
See on Rom. ix. ver. 23. clause 2.
d See on Luke i. ver. 75.

e See on Rom. i. ver. 16. clause 3.

VER. 14.

Εἰς ὃ ἐκάλεσεν ὑμᾶς διὰ τοῦ εὐαγγελίου ἡμῶν, εἰ περιποίησιν δόξης τοῦ Κυρίου ἡμῶν Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ.

a Whereunto he called you by our Gospel, b to the obtaining of the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ.

a See on Rom. i. ver. 6. clause 2.
b See on Matt. xxv. ver. 46. clause 2.

VER. 15.

Αρα οὖν, ἀδελφοί, στήκετε, καὶ κρατεῖτε τὰς παραδόσεις, ἃς ἐδιδάχθητε εἴτε διὰ λόγου, εἴτε δι ̓ ἐπιστολῆς ἡμῶν.

a Therefore, brethren, stand fast, band hold the traditions which ye have been taught, whether by word, or our epistle.

a See on John viii. ver. 31. clause 1. b See chap. iii verse 6. Remember me in all things, and keep the ordinances, as I delivered them to you, 1 Cor. xi. 2.

VER. 16.

Αὐτὸς δὲ ὁ Κύριος ἡμῶν Ἰησοῦς Χριστὸς καὶ ὁ Θεὸς, καὶ Πατὴς ἡμῶν ὁ ἀγαπήσας | ἡμᾶς, καὶ δοὺς παράκλησιν αἰωνίαν καὶ ἐλπίδα ἀγαθὴν ἐν χάριτι,

a Now our Lord Jesus Christ himself, and b God, even our Father, which hath loved us, and hath given us everlasting consolation and good hope through


a Now God himself and our Father, and our Lord Jesus Christ, direct our way unto you, 1 Thess. iii. 11.

See on Matt. v. ver. 9. clause 3. See on Matt. v. ver. 9 clause 3. d See on John xiv. ver. 16. clause 2. e See on Rom. v. ver. 2. clauses 3, 4.

a See on Rom xv. ver. 30.

b See on Acts vi. ver. 7. clause 1.

c And when the Gentiles heard this, they were glad, and glorified the word of the Lord, Acts xiii. 48.

d For our Gospel came not unto you in word only, but also in power, and in the Holy Ghost, and in much assurance ; as ye know what manner of men we were among you for your sake. And ye became followers of the word in much affliction, with joy us, and of the Lord, having received of the Holy Ghost: So that ye were ensamples to all that believe in Macedonia and Achaia, 1 Thess. i. 5—7.

VER. 2.

Καὶ ἵνα ῥυσθῶμεν ἀπὸ τῶν ἀτόπων καὶ πονηρῶν ἀνθρώπων· οὐ γὰρ πάντων ἡ πίστις.

a And that we may be delivered from * unreasonable and wicked men : for all men have not faith.

* Or, absurd.

a And when Silas and Timotheus were come from Macedonia, Paul was pressed in the spirit, and testified to the Jews that Jesus was the Christ. And when they opposed themselves, and blasphemed, he shook his raiment, and said unto them, Your blood be upon your own heads; I am clean: from henceforth I will go unto the Gentiles, Acts xviii. 5, 6. And when Gallio was the deputy of Achaia, the Jews made insurrection with one accord against Paul, and brought him

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