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A. D. 54.

1 THESS. V. 6—14.

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a See on Matt. xx. ver. 28. clauses

b See on John xii. ver. 26. clause 3.

VER. 11.

Διὸ παρακαλεῖτε ἀλλήλους, καὶ οἰκοδο μETTE Eis tòv ïva, nabòç nai WOLEÏTE.


a Wherefore comfort yourselves together, bund edify one another, even as also ye do.

ful in all things, 11. That the aged
men be sober, grave, temperate, Tit.3, 4.
ii. 2. That they may teach the young
women to be sober, to love their
husbands, to love their children, 4.
Young men likewise exhort to be sober
minded, 6. Teaching us, that, deny-
ing ungodliness and worldly lusts, we
should live soberly, righteously, and
godly, in this present world, 12.
Wherefore gird up the loins of your
mind, be sober, and hope to the end,
for the grace that is to be brought
unto you at the revelation of Jesus
Christ, 1 Pet. i. 13. But the end of
all things is at hand, be ye therefore
sober, and watch unto prayer, iv. 7.
Be sober, be vigilant;
because your
adversary the devil, as a roaring lion,
walketh about, seeking whom he may
devour, v. 8.

VER. 7.

Οἱ γὰρ καθεύδοντες, νυκτὸς καθεύδουσι καὶ οἱ μεθυσκόμενοι, νυκτὸς μεθύουσιν. For they that sleep, sleep in the night; and they that be drunken, are drunken in the night.

VER. 8.

Ἡμεῖς δὲ ἡμέρας ὄντες, νήφωμεν, ἐνδυσάμενοι θώρακα πίστεως καὶ ἀγάπης· καὶ περικεφαλαίαν, ἐλπίδα σωτηρίας.


* Or, exhort.

a See on Rom. v. ver. 2. clause 3. b See on Rom. xiv. ver. 19. clause 2.

VER. 12.

Ερωτῶμεν δὲ ὑμᾶς, ἀδελφοὶ, εἰδέναι τοὺς κοπιῶντας ἐν ὑμῖν, καὶ προϊσταμέ νους ὑμῶν ἐν Κυρίῳ καὶ νουθετοῦντας ὑμᾶς.

And we beseech you, brethren, to know them which a labour among you, and are over you in the Lord, and ad| monish you ;

a See on Matt. ix. ver. 37. clause 2. VER. 13.

Καὶ ἡγεῖσθαι αὐτοὺς ὑπὲρ ἐκπερισσοῦ ἐν ἀγάπη, διὰ τὸ ἔργον αὐτῶν. Εἰρηνεύετε ἐν ἑαυτοῖς.

a And to esteem them very highly in b And be at love for their work's sake.

peace among yourselves.

a But let us, who are of the day, bbe a He that receiveth receiveth you, sober, putting on the breastplate of faith me; and he that receiveth me, reand love; and for an helmet, the hope ceiveth him that sent me. d of salvation.

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Τοῦ ἀποθανόντος ὑπὲρ ἡμῶν, ἵνα εἴτε γρηγορῶμεν, εἴτε καθεύδωμεν, ἅμα σὺν αὐτῷ ζήσωμεν.

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receiveth a prophet, in the name of a
prophet, shall receive a prophet's re-
ward; and he that receiveth a righ-
teous man, in the name of a righteous
man, shall receive a righteous man's
reward. And whosoever shall give to
drink unto one of these little ones a
of cold water only in the name of
a disciple, verily I say unto you, he
shall in no wise lose his reward.
Matt. x. 40-42.

b See on Mark ix. ver. 50. clause 3.

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a Who died for us, b that, whether we wake or sleep, we should live together with him.

tient toward all men.

* Or, beseech.

+ Or, disorderly.

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a See on 1 Cor. iv. ver. 14. b See on Matt. xii. ver. 20. clause 1. c See on 1 Cor. xiii. ver. 4. clause 2.

VER. 15.

Ορᾶτε μή τις κακὸν ἀντὶ κακοῦ τικ ἀποδῷ· ἀλλὰ πάντοτε τὸ ἀγαθὸν διώκετε καὶ εἰς ἀλλήλους καὶ εἰς πάντας.

a See that none render evil for evil unto any man; but ever follow that which is good, both among yourselves, and to

all men.

a See on Matt. v. ver. 39. clause 2. b See on Rom. xiv. ver. 19.

VER. 16.

Πάντοτε χαίρετε.

a Rejoice evermore.

a See on Rom. v. ver. 11. clause 1.

VER. 17.

Αδιαλείπτως προσεύχεσθε.

a Pray without ceasing.

a See on Luke xviii. ver. 1.

VER. 18.

Ἐν παντὶ εὐχαριστεῖτε· τοῦτο γὰς θέλημα Θεοῦ ἐν Χριστῷ Ἰησοῦ εἰς ὑμᾶς.

In every thing give thanks : for this is the will of God in Christ Jesus concerning you.

* See on Eph. v. ver. 4. clause 3.
VER. 19.

Τὸ Πνεῦμα μὴ σβέννυτε.


Quench not the Spirit.

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A. D. 54.

judged of no man, 1 Cor. ii. 15. Let the prophets speak two or three, and let the other judge, xiv. 29. Proving what is acceptable unto the Lord, Eph. v. 10. That ye may approve things that are excellent, Phil. i. 10. Beloved, believe not every spirit, but try the spirits whether they are of God; because many false prophets are gone out into the world, 1 John bour, and thy patience, and how thou iv. 1. I know thy works, and thy la

a See on Acts vii. ver. 51.

VER. 20.

Προφητείας μὴ ἐξουθενεῖτε.
Despise not a prophesyings.
a See on Acts xiii. ver 1.
VER. 21.

Πάντα δοκιμάζετε· τὸ καλὸν κατέχετε. Prove all things; bhold fast that which is good.

canst not bear them which are evil : and thou hast tried them which say they are apostles, and are not, and hast found them liars, Rev. ii. 2.

b See on John viii. ver. 31. clause 1.

VER. 22.

̓Απὸ παντὸς εἴδους πονηροῦ ἀπέχεσθε.
a Abstain from all appearance of evil.
a See on Matt. xvii. ver. 27. clause 1.

VER. 23.

Αὐτὸς δὲ ὁ Θεὸς τῆς εἰρήνης ἁγιάσαι ὑμᾶς ὁλοτελεῖς· καὶ ὁλόκληρον ὑμῶν τὸ πνεῦμα, καὶ ἡ ψυχὴ, καὶ τὸ σῶμα ἀμέμἸησοῦ Χριστοῦ τηρηθείη. πτως ἐν τῇ παρουσίᾳ τοῦ Κυρίου ἡμῶν

And the very a God of peace b sanctify you wholly and I pray Godd your whole spirit and soul and body be preserved blameless unto the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ.

a See on Rom. xv. ver. 33.

b See on Luke i. ver. 75.

< See on Rom. i. ver. 9. clauses 4, 5.

d See on 1 Cor. i. ver. 8. clause 2.

e See on Matt. xvi. ver. 27. clause 1.

VER. 24.

Πιστὸς ὁ καλῶν ὑμᾶς, ὃς καὶ ποιήσει.
a Faithful is he that calleth you,
e who also will do it.

a See on 1 Cor. i. ver. 9. clause 1.
b See on Rom. i. ver. 6. clause 2.
See on Matt. xxiv. ver. 35. clause 2.

VER. 25.
Αδελφοί, προσεύχεσθε περὶ ἡμῶν.
Brethren, a pray for us.

a See on Rom. xv. ver. 30.

a These were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in that they received the word with all readiness of mind, and searched the Scriptures daily, whether those things were so, Acts. xvii. 11. But he that is spiritual judgeth all things, yet he himself is | φιλήματι ἁγίῳ.

VER. 26.

̓Ασπάσασθε τοὺς ἀδελφοὺς πάντας ἐν

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1 THESS. V. 26-28.

A, D, 54.

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a Greet all the brethren with an holy b Wherefore, holy brethren, parkiss.

takers of the heavenly calling, Heb.

iii. 1. a See on Rom. xvi. ver. 16. clause 1.

VER. 28.
VER. 27.

“Η χάρις του Κυρίου ημών Ιησού Χρισορκίζω υμάς τον Κύριον, αναγνωσθήναι του μεθ' υμών. Αμήν. την επιστολήν πάσι τοις αγίοις αδελφούς. al * charge you by the Lord, that

a The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ this epistle be read unto all b the holy

be with you. Amen. brethren.

a See on Rom. i. ver. 7. clause 7. * Or, adjure.

Προς Θεσσαλονικείς πρώτη εγράφη από a And when this epistle is read 'Aanvar. among you, cause also that it be read in the church of the Laodiceans; The first epistle unto the Thessalo. and that ye likewise read the epistle nians was written from Athens. from Laodicea, Col. iv. 16.


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tience and faith in all your persecutions CHAP. Ι.-VER. 1.

and tribulations that ye endure; ΠΑΥΛΟΣ και Σιλουανός και Τιμόθεος τη

a See on 2 Cor. i. ver. 14. εκκλησία Θεσσαλονικέων, εν Θεώ πατρί

b See on Rom. v. ver. 3. clause 1. ημών, και Κυρίω 'Ιησού Χριστώ

VER. 5. a Paul, and Silvanus, and Timotheus, unto the church of the Thessalonians in

*Ενδειγμα της δικαίας κρίσεως του Θεού, Cind our Father and the Lord Jesus εις το καταξιωθήναι υμάς της βασιλείας Christ:

του Θεού, υπέρ ης και πάσχετε

a Which is a manifest token of the a See on 1 Thess. i. ver. 1. clauses righteous judgment of God, b that ye 1-6.

may be counted worthy of the kingdom VER. 2.

of God, for which ye also suffer : Χάρις υμίν και ειρήνη από Θεού πατρός ημών, και Κυρίου Ιησού Χριστού.

a See on Phil. i. ver. 28. clause 2.

b But they which shall be accounta Grace unto you, and peace, fro:ned worthy to obtain that world, and God our Father and the Lord Jesus the resurrection from the dead, neiChrist.

ther marry, nor are given in marriage, a See on Rom. i. ver. 7. clauses Luke xx. 35. Watch ye therefore, 17.

and pray always, that ye may be acVER. 3.

counted worthy to escape all these Ευχαριστείς οφείλομεν τω Θεώ πάν- | things that shall come to pass, and τοτε περί υμών αδελφοί, καθώς άξιόν to stand before the Son of man, xxi. έστιν, ότι υπεραυξάνει η πίστις υμών, και 36. Then Paul and Barnabas waxed πλεονάζει η αγάπη ενός εκάστου πάντων | bold, and said, It was necessary that υμών εις αλλήλους

the word of God should first have

been spoken to you : but seeing ye a We are bound to thank God always for you, brethren, as it is meet, b be put it from you, and judge yourselves cause that your faith groweth exceed paworthy of everlasting life, lo, we ingly, cand the charity of every one of Thou hast a few names even in Sardis

turn to the Gentiles, Acts xiii. 46. you all toward each other aboundeth:

which have not defiled their gara See on Rom. i. ver. 8. clause 1. ments; and they shall walk with me b See on 1 Thess. iv. ver. 1. clause 3. in white : for they are worthy, Rev. .c See on Mark ix. ver. 50. clause 3. iii. 4.

See on Matt. v. ver. 10. VER. 4. "Ωστε ημάς αυτούς εν υμίν καυχάσθαι

VER. 6. εν ταϊς εκκλησίαις του Θεού, υπέρ της υπο- Είπερ δίκαιον παρά Θες ανταποδούναι μονής υμών και πίστεως εν πάσι τοις τοις θλίζουσιν υμάς θλίψιν: διωγμούς υμών, και ταϊς θλίψεσιν αίς

a Seeing it is a righteous thing with ανέχεσθε:

God to recompense tribulation to them a So that we ourselves glory in you

that trouble you ; in the churches of God, for b your pa

a See on Lukc xviii. ver. 7. clausc 2.



A. D. 54.

VER. 7.

2 THESS. I. 7, 8.

Καὶ ὑμῖν τοῖς θλιβομένοις ἄνεσιν μεθ ̓ ἡμῶν, ἐν τῇ ἀποκαλύψει τοῦ Κυρίου Ἰησοῦ àn'oùpavov μer' àÿyéλwv dvváμews av

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Ἐν πυρὶ φλογὸς, διδόντος ἐκδίκησιν τοῖς μὴ εἰδόσι Θεὸν, καὶ τοῖς μὴ ὑπακούουσι τῷ εὐαγγελίῳ τοῦ Κυρίου ἡμῶν Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ·


a In flaming fire, taking geance on them that know not God, and that obey not the Gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ:

A. D. 54.

thousand thousands ministered unto him, and ten thousand times ten thousand stood before him : the judgment was set, and the books were opened, Dan. vii. 9, 10. But a certain fearful looking for of judgment and fiery indignation, which shall devour the adversaries, Heb. x. 27. For our God is a consuming fire, xii. 29. But the heavens and the earth which are now, by the same word are kept in store, reserved unto fire against the day of judgment and perdition of ungodly men, 2 Pet. iii. 7. But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night; in the which the heavens shall pass away with a great noise, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat, the earth also, and the works that are therein, shall be burnt up, 10.

bTo me belongeth vengeance and recompence; their foot shall slide in due time: for the day of their calamity is at hand, and the things that shall come upon them make haste, Deut. xxxii. 35. O Lord God, to whom vengeance belongeth; O God, to whom vengeance belongeth, shew thyself, Psal. xciv. 1. For the day of vengeance is in mine heart, and the year of my redeemed is come. And I looked, and there was none to help; and I wondered that there was none to uphold: therefore mine own arm brought salvation unto me; and my fury, it upheld me. And I will tread down the people in mine anger, and make them drunk in my fury, and I will bring down their strength to the earth, xliii. 4-6. For we know him that hath said, Vengeance belongeth unto me, I will recompense, saith the Lord. And again, The Lord shall judge his people, Heb. x. 30. And they cried with a loud voice, saying, How long, O Lord, holy and true, dost thou not judge and avenge our blood on them that dwell on the And said to the earth? Rev. vi. 10. mountains and rocks, Fall on us, and hide us from the face of him that sitteth on the throne, and from the wrath of the Lamb: For the great day of his wrath is come; and who shall be able to stand, 16, 17.


* Or, yielding.

a And ye came near, and stood under the mountain; and the mountain burned with fire unto the midst of heaven, with darkness, clouds, and Thine thick darkness, Deut. iv. 11. hand shall find out all thine enemies; thy right hand shall find out those that hate thee. Thou shalt make them as a fiery oven in the time of thine anger: The LORD shall swallow them up in his wrath, and the fire shall devour them, Psal. xxi. 8,9. Our God shall come, and shall not keep silence: a fire shall devour before him, and it shall be very tempestuous round about him. He shall call to the heavens from above, and to the earth, that he may judge his people. Gather my saints together unto me; those that have made a covenant with me by sacrifice. And the heavens shall declare his righteousness for God is judge himself. Selah. Psal. 1. 3-6. I beheld till the thrones were cast down, and the Ancient of days did sit, whose garment was white as snow, and the hair of his head like the pure wool: his throne was like the fiery flame, and his wheels as burning fire. A fiery stream issued and came forth from before him:

The wicked shall be turned into hell, and all the nations that forget God, Psal. ix. 17. How long, LORD?

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