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“K. Hen. What tidings with our cousin Buckingham?

“Buck. Such as my heart doth tremble to unfold. “A sort of naughty persons, lewdly? bent, “Under the countenance and confederacy “Of lady Eleanor, the protector's wife, “The ringleader and head of all this rout, “Have practis'd dangerously i. your state, “Dealing with witches, and with conjurors: ‘Whom we have apprehended in the fact; “Raising up wicked spirits from under ground, “Demanding of king Henry's life and death, “And other of your highness' privy council, “As more at large your grace shall understand.

“Car. And so, my lord protector, by this means ‘Your lady is forthcoming; yet at London. “This news, I think, hath turn'd your weapon's

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nest;

*And, look, thyself be faultless, thou wert best.

* Glo. Madam, for myself, to heaven I do appeal, “How I have lov'd my king, and commonweal: “And, for my wife, I know not how it stands; “Sorry I am to hear what I have heard: “Noble she is; but if she have forgot “Honour and virtue, and convers'd with such “As, like to pitch, defile nobility, “I banish her, my bed, and company; “And give her, as a prey, to law, and shame, * That hath dishonour'd Gloster's honest name.

“K. Hen. Well, for this night, we will repose

us here: “To-morrow, toward London, back again, “To look into this business thoroughly, *And call these foul offenders to their answers; “And poise" the cause in justice' equal scales, “Whose beam stands sure, whose rightful cause

prevails. [Flourish. Ereunt.

(1) A company. (2) Wickedly. vol. ii.

to Gloster. II.

SCENTE II.-London. The duke % York's gar-
den. Enter York, Salisbury, an W.;
“York. Now, my good lords of Salisbury and
Warwick,
‘Our simple supper ended, give me leave,
“In this close walk, to satisfy myself,
“In craving your opinion of my title,
“Which is infallible, to England's crown.
*Sal. My lord, Ilong to hear it at full.
War. Sweet York, begin; and if thy claim be

good, The Nevils are thy subjects to command. York. Then thus:– ‘Edward the Third, my lords, had seven sons: “The first, Edward the Black Prince, prince of Wales; “The second, William of Hatfield; and the third, “Lionel, duke of Clarence; next to whom, “Was John of Gaunt, the duke of Lancaster: “The fifth, was Edmund Langley, duke of York; “The sixth, was Thomas of Woodstock, duke of Gloster; ‘William of Windsor was the seventh, and last. ‘Edward, the Black Prince, died before his father; ‘And left behind him Richard, his only son, ‘Who, *...* the Third's death, reign'd as king; ‘Till Henry Bolingbroke, duke of Lancaster, “The eldest son and heir of John of Gaunt, ‘Crown'd by the name of Henry the Fourth, ‘Seiz'd on the realm; depos'd the rightful king; “Sent his poor queen to F. from whence she

came, “And him to Pomfret; where, as all you know, ‘Harmless Richard was murder'd traitorously. * War. Father, the duke hath told the truth; *Thus got the house of Lancaster the crown. * York. Which now they hold by force, and not by right; * For Richard, the first son's heir, being dead, *The issue of the next son should have reign'd. *Sal. But William of Hatfield died withoutan heir. * York. The third son, duke of Clarence (from whose line *I claim the crown,) had issue—Philippe, a daughter, * Who married Edmund Mortimer, earl of March: * Edmund had issue—Roger, earl of March: * Roger had issue—Edmund, Anne, and Eleanor. ‘Sal. This Edmund, in the reign of Bolingbroke, “As I have read, laid claim unto the crown; “And, but for Owen Glendower, had been king, ‘Who kept him in captivity, till he died. *But, to the rest. * York. His eldest sister, Anne, “My mother being heir unto the crown, “Married Richard, earl of Cambridge; who was son “To Edmund o Edward the Third's fifthson. “By her I claim the kingdom: she was heir “To Roger, earl of March; who was the son “Of Edmund Mortimer; who married Philippe, “Sole daughter unto Lionel, duke of Clarence: “So, if the issue of the elder son ‘Succeed before the younger, I am king. ‘War. What plain proceedings are more plain than this? “Henry doth claim the crown from John of Gaunt, “The fourth son; York claims it from the third. ‘Till Lionel's issue fails, his should not reign : ‘It fails not yet; but flourishes in thee, “And in thy sons, fair slips of such a stock

(3) i. e. Your lady is in custody. (4) Weigh.

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“Then, father Salisbury, kneel we both together; “And, in this private plot, be we the first, “That shall salute our rightful sovereign * With honour of his §. to the crown. Both. o: liveour-overeign Richard, England's Ino * York. W. in. you, lords. But I am not your

* Till I be owd, and that my sword be stain'd * With heart-blood of the house of Lancaster: * And that's not suddenly to be perform'd; *But with advice, and silent secrecy. *Do you, as I do, in these dangerous days, * Wink at the duke of Suffolk's insolence, * At Beaufort's pride, at Somerset's ambition, * At Buckingham, and all the crew of them, *Till they have snar'd the shepherd of the flock, * That virtuous prince, the *. duke Humphrey: *"Tis that they seek; and they, in .* * Shall find their deaths, if York can prophesy. • Sal. My lord, break we off; we know your mind at full. • War. My heart assures me, that the earl of

Warwick “Shall one day make the duke of York a king. * “York. And, Nevil, this do I assure myself— “Richard shall live to make the earl of Warwick “The greatest man in England but the king. [Ere.

SCENTE III–The same. A hall of justice. Trumpets sounded. Enter King Henry, Queen Margaret, Gloster, York, Suffolk, and Salisbury; the Duchess of Gloster, Margery, Jourdain, Southwell, Hume, and Bolingbroke, under guard. “K. Hen. Stand forth, dame Eleanor Cobham, Gloster's wife: “In sight of God, and us, your guilt is great; “Receive the sentence of law, for sins ‘Such as by God's book are adjudg’d to death.* You four, from hence to prison back ". [To Jourd. &c. * From thence, unto the place of execution: * The witch in Smithfield shall be burn'd to ashes, *Andyou three shallbestrangled on the gallows:– “You, madam, for you are more nobly born, “Despoiled of your honour in your life, “Shall, after three days' open penance done, “Live in your country here, in banishment, “With sir John Stanley, in the Isle of Man. * Duch. Welcome is banishment, welcome were my death. * Glo. ... the law, thouseest, hath judged th

ee: * I cannot justify whom the law condemns,— [Ereunt the Duchess, and the other prisoners, arded.

“Mine eyes are full of tears, my heart of grief “Ah, Humphrey, this dishonour in thine age “Will bring thy head with sorrow to the ground!— “I beseech your majesty, give me leave to go; “Sorrow would solace, and mine age off.”

K. Hen. Stay, Humphrey duke of Gloster: ere

thou go,

“Give up thy staff; Henry will to himself
“Protector be: and God shall be my hope,
‘My stay, my guide, and santern to my feet;
“And go in peace, Humphrey; no less belov'd,
“Than when thou wert protector to thy king.

* Q, JMar. I see no reason, why a king of years

§ Sequestered spot. (2) t. e. Sorrow requires solace, and age requires

*Should be to be protected like a child.— ‘God and king Henry govern land's helm: “Give up your staff, sir, and the king his realm. “Glo, My staff—here, noble Henry, is my staff: As willingly do I the same resign, ‘As ere thy father Henry made it mine; And even as willingly at thy feet I leave it, As others would ambitiously receive it. ‘Farewell, good king: When I am dead and gone, May honourable peace attend thy throne! rit. * Q, JMar. Why, now is Henry king, and Mar- garet queen; *And Humphrey, duke of Gloster, scarce himself, *That bearssoshrewdamaim; two pullsatonce,— * His lady banish'd, and a limb lopp'd off; * This staff of honour raught:3–There let it stand, ‘Where it best fits to be, in Henry's hand. * Suff. Thus droops this lofty pine, and hangs his sprays; *Thus Eleanor's pride dies in her youngest days. ‘York. Lords, let him go.—Please it your ma

|...}. * This is #. ay appointed for the combat; ‘And ready are the appellant and defendant, “The armourer and his man, to enter the lists, “So please your highness to behold the fight. * Q. Mar. Ay, good my lord; for purposely therefore * Left I the court, to see this quarrel tried. “K. Hen. O'God's name, see the lists and all things fit; “Here let them end it, and God defend the right! * York. I never saw a fellow worse bested," * Or more afraid to fight, than is the appellant, * The servant of this armourer, my 1.

Enter on one side, Horner, and his Neighbours, drinking to him so much that he is drunk; and he enters bearing his staff with a sand-bag fastened to it; a drum before him; at the other side, Peter, with a drum and a similar staff, accompanied by Prentices drinking to him. 1.Neigh. Here, neighbour Horner, I drink to you in a cup of sack; And fear not, neighbour, you shall do well enough. 2.Neigh. And here, neighbour, here's a cup of charneco.5 3.Neigh. And here's a pot of good double beer, neighbour: drink, and fear not your man. Hor. Letit come, isaith, and I’ll pledge you all; And a fig for Peter! 1 Pren. Here, Peter, I drink to thee; and be not afraid. 2 Pren. Be merry, Peter, and fear not thy master; fight for credit of the prentices. Peter. I thank you all: * drink, and pray forme, *I pray you; for, I think, I have taken my last * draught in this world.*—Here, Robin, an if I die, I give thee my apron; and, Will, thou shalt have my hammer –and here, Tom, take all the money that I have.—O Lord, bless me, I pray God! for I am never able to deal with my master, he hath learnt so much fence already. Sal. Come, leave your drinking, and fall to blows. —Sirrah, what's thy name? Peter. Peter, forsooth. Sal. Peter! what more? Peter. Thump. Sal. Thump! then seethouthumpthymasterwell. Hor, Masters, I am come hither, as it were, upon my man's instigation, to prove him a knave,

(3)Reached. (4) In a worse plight.

case.

(5) A sort of sweet wine.

and myself an honest man: * and touching the * duke of York,+will take my death, I never meant him any ill, nor the king, nor the queen: *And, therefore, Peter, have at thee with a downright blow, as Bevis of Southampton fell upon Ascanart. * York. Despatch:-this knave's tongue begins to double. *Sound trumpets, alarum to the combatants. [Alarum. They fight, and Peter strikes down his master. Hor. Hold, Peter, hold ! I confess, I confess treason. [Dies. * York. Take away his weapon:-Fellow, * thank God, and the good wine in thy master's way. *Far O God! have I overcome mine enemies “in this presence? O Peter, thou hast prevailed in * right! K. Hen. Go, takehence that traitorfrom oursight; For, by his death, we do perceive his guilt:1 And God, in justice, hath reveal’d to us The truth and innocence of this poor fellow, Which he had thought to have murder'd wrong

fully.— Come, fellow, follow us for thy reward. [Ereunt.

SCENTE IV.-The same. A street. Enter Gloster and Servants, in mourning cloaks.

* Glo. Thus, sometimes, hath the brightest day a cloud;

* And, after summer, evermore succeeds * Barren winter, with his wrathful nipping cold: * So cares and joys abound, as seasons fleet.” Sirs, what's ... *

Serv. Ten, my lord.

“Glo. Ten is the hour that was appointed me, “To watch the coming of my punish'd duchess: “Uneath” may she endure the flinty streets, “To tread them with her tender-feeling feet. i. Nell, ill can thy noble mind abrook

abiect le, gazing on thy face,

With ...i. at thy shame; That erst did follow thy proud chariot-wheels, When thoudidst ride in triumph through the streets. *But, soft' I think, she comes; and I'll prepare * My tear-stain'd eyes to see her miseries.

Enter the Duchess of Gloster, in a white sheet, with papers pinned upon her back, her feet bare, and a taper burning in her hand; Sir John Stanley, a Sheriff, and Qfficers.

Serv. So please your grace, we'll take her from the .# “Glo. No, stir not, for your lives; lether pass by. Duch. Come you, my lord, to see my open shame? Now thou dost penance too. Look, how they gazel * See, how the giddy multitude do point, “And nod their . and throw their eyes on thee! *Ah, Gloster, hide thee from their hateful looks; “And, in thy closet pent up, rue my shame, And bans thine enemies, both mine and thine. Glo. Be patient, gentle Nell; forget this grief Duch. Ah, Gloster, teach me to forget myself: For, whilst I think I am thy married wife, And thou a prince, protector of this land, * Methinks, I should not thus be led along, Mail'd up in shame,” with papers on my back;

(1) The death of the vanquished person was

always regarded as certain evidence of his guilt. (2) Change. (3) Not easily. (4) Malicious. (5) Curse.

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Her. I summon your grace to his majesty's parliament, holden at }. the first of this next mouth. Glo. And my consent ne'er ask'd hereinbefore! This is close dealing.—Well, I will be there. [Erit Herald. My Nell, I take my leave:—and, master sheriff, Let not her penance exceed the king's commission. “Sher. An't please your grace, here my commission stays: “And sir John Stanley is appointed now “To take her with him to the Isle of Man. “Glo. Must you, sir John, protect my lady here? ‘Stan. So am I given in charge, may’t please your grace. Glo. Entreat her not the worse, in that I pray You use her well: the world may laugh again;” And I may live to do you kindness, if

You do it her. And so, sir John, farewell. Duch. What e, my lord; and bid me not farewell ?

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observe “The strangeness of his alter'd countenance? “With what a majesty he bears himself; “How insolent of late he is become, “How proud, perémptory, and unlike himself? “We know the time, since he was mild and affable; “And, if we did but glance a far-off look, “Immediately he was upon his knee, “That all the court adimir'd him for submission: “But meet him now, and, be it in the morn, “When every one will give the time of day, “He knits his brow, and shows an angry eye, “And passeth by with stiff unbowed knee, “Disdaining duty that to us belongs. “Small curs are not regarded, when they grin: “But great men tremble, when the lion roars; “And Humphrey is no little man in England. * First, note, that he is near you in descent; “And should you fall, he is the next will mount. “Me seemeth then, it is no policy, * Respecting what a rancorous mind he bears, “And his advantage following your decease, “That he should come about your royal person, “Or be admitted to your highness' council. ‘By flattery hath he won the commons' hearts; “And when he please to make commotion, * "Tis to be fear'd, they all will follow him. “Now 'tis the spring, and weeds are shallow-rooted: “Suffer them now, and they'll o'ergrow the garden, “And choke the herbs for want of husbandry. *The reverent care, I bear unto my lord, “Made me collects these dangers in the duke.

(1) For conductor. (2) Wonder. (3) i. e. Assemble by observation. (4) Foolish.

“If it be fond," call it a woman's fear; • Which fear if better reasons can supplant, • I will subscribe and say—I wrong'd the duke. ‘My lord of Suffolk, Buckingham,_and York,+ “Reprove my allegation, if you can; “Or else conclude my words effectual. “Suff. W. hath your highness seen into this duke; “And, had I first been put to speak my mind, I think, I should have told your grace's tale. * The duchess, by his subornation, * Upon my life. began her devilish practices: * Or if he were not privy to those faults, * Yet, by reputing of his high descents * (As next the king, he was successive heir.) *And such high vaunts of his nobility, * Did instigate the bedlam brain-sick duchess, * By wicked means to frame our sovereign's fall. Smooth runs the water, where the brook is deep; *And in his simple show he harbours treason. The fox barks not, when he would steal the lamb. No, no, my sovereign; Glosser is a man Unsounded yet, and full of deep deceit. * Car. Did he not, contrary to form of law, * Devise strange deaths for small offences done? York. And did he not, in his protectorship, * Levy great sums of money through the realm, * For soldiers' pay in France, and never sent it; * By means whereof, the towns each day revolted? * Buck. Tut! these are petty faults to faults

unknown, *Which time will bring to light in smooth duke Humphrey. * K. Hen. My lords, at once: The care you have of us,

* To mow down thorns that would annoy our foot, * Isworthy praise: But shall I speak my conscience? * Our kinsman Gloster is as innocent * From meaning treason to our royal person, * As is the sucking lamb, or harmless dove: * The duke is virtuous, mild; and too well fon, * To dream on evil, or to work my downfall. * Q, JMar. Ah, what's more dangerous than this fond affiance? * Seems he a dove? his feathers are but borrow'd, * For he's disposed as the hateful raven. * Is he a lambo his skin is surely lent him, * For he's inclin’d as are the ravenous wolves. * Who cannot steal a shape, that means deceit? * Take heed, my lord; the welfare of us all * Hangs on the cutting short that fraudful man.

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Suff. Nay, Gloster, know, that thou art come

too soon, *Unless thou wert more loyal than thou art: I do arrest thee of high treason here. Glo. Well, Suffolk, yet thou shalt not see me - blush, Nor change my countenance for this arrest; * A heart unspotted is not easily daunted. *The purest spring is not so free from mud, *As I am clear from treason to my sovereign: Who can accuse me? wherein am I guilty? York."Tis thought, my lord, that you took bribes of France, And, being ". stayed the soldiers' pay; By means whereof, his highness hath lost France. Glo. Is it but thought so? What are they that think it? ‘I never robb'd the soldiers of their pay, “Nor never had one penny bribe from Fance. “So help me God, as I have watch'd the night, ‘Ay, night by night-in studying good for England! ‘That dot that or I wrested from the king, “Or any groat I hoarded to my use, “Be brought against me at my trial day! “No! many a pound of mine own proper store, “Because I would not tax the needy commons, “Have I dispursed to the garrisons, “And never ask'd for restitution. * Car. Itservesyou well, mylord, to saysomuch. * Glo. I say nomore than truth, so help me God! York. In your protectorship, you did devise Strange tortures for offenders, never heard of, That land was defam'd by tyranny. Glo. Why, 'tis well known, that whiles I was rotector, Pity was all the fault that was in me; * For I should melt at an offender's tears, *And lowly words were ransom for their fault. “Unless it were a bloody murderer, “Or foul felonious thief that fleec'd poor passengers, ‘I never gave them céndign punishment: “Murder, indeed, that bloody sin, I tortur'd “Above the felon, or what trespass else. “Suff. My lord, these faults are easy, quickly answer'd: “But mightier crimes are laid unto your charge, “Whereof you cannot easily purge yourself. “I do arrest you in his highness' name; “And here commit you to my lord cardinal “To keep, until your further time of trial. * K. Hen. * of Gloster, 'tis my special hope, ‘That you will clear yourself from all suspects; My conscience tells me, you are innocent. Glo. Ah, gracious lord, these days are dangerous! * Wirtue is chok'd with foul ambition, *And charity chas'd hence by rancour's hand; * Foul subornation is predominant, * And equity exil'd your highness' land. * I know, their complot is to have my life; “And, if my death might make this island happy, “And prove the period of their tyranny, *I would of with all willingness: “But mine is made the prologue to their play: “For thousands more, that yet suspect no peril, “Will not conclude their plotted tragedy. “Beaufort's red sparkling eyes blab his heart's

malice, “And Suffolk's cloudy brow his stormy hate; “Sharp Buckingham unburdens with his tongue The envious load that lies upon his heart; And dogged York, that reaches at the moon, Whose overweening arm I have pluck'd back,

(1) For easily. (2) For accusation. (3) Dearest.

‘By false accuse? doth level at my life: “And you, my sovereign lady, with the rest, ‘Causeless have laid disgraces on my head; * And, with your best endeavour, have stirr'd up * My liefestoliege to be mine enemy:* Ay, all of you have laid your heads together, * No. had notice of your conventicles. * I o not want false witness to condemn me, “Nor store of treasons to augment my guilt: “The ancient proverb will be well effected,— A staff is quickly found to beat a dog. * Car. My liege, his railing is intolerable: * If those that care to keep your royal person *From treason's secret o, and traitor's rage, * Be thus upbraided, chid, and rated at, *And the offendergranted scope of speech, * "Twill make them cool in zeal unto your grace. Suff. Hath he not twit our sovereign lady here, * With i inious words, though clerkly couch'd, “As if *. had suborned some to swear ‘False allegations too'erthrow his state? * Q, JMar. But I can give the loser leave to chide. Glo. Far truer spoke, than meant: I lose in

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