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That warranteth by law to be thy privilege.—
Enter Cardinal Beaufort, attended.
Car. Lord regent, I do greet your excellence With letters of commission from the king. For know, my lords, the states of Christendom, Mov'd with remorse of these outrageous broils, Have earnestly implor’d a general peace Betwixt our nation and the aspiring French; And here at hand the dauphin, ...i his train, Approacheth, to confer about some matter.
ork. Is all our travail turn'd to this effect?
After the slaughter of so many peers,
War. Be patient, York: if we conclude a peace, It shall be with such strict and severe covenants, As little shall the Frenchmen gain thereby.
Enter Charles, attended; Alençon, Bastard, Reignier, and others.
Char. Since, lords of England, it is thus agreed, That peaceful truce shall be proclaim'd in France, We come to be informed by yourselves What the conditions of that league must be. York. . Winchester; for boiling choler chokes
The hollow passage of my poison'd voice,
(1) Compassion. (2) Baneful. (3) Coronet is here used for crown.
By sight of these our baleful? enemies.
SCENTE P.-London. A room in f.e palace. Enter King Henry, in conference with Suffolk; Gloster and Exeter following.
K. Hen. Your wond'rous rare description, noble earl,
Of beauteous Margaret hath astonish'd me:
t (4) ‘Be content to live as the beneficiary of our king.’
Where I may have fruition of her love.
surne. Therefore, my lord protector, give consent, That Margaret may be England's royal queen.
Glo. So should I give consent to flatter sin.
Suff. As doth a ruler with unlawful oaths;
Glo. Wola, I pray, is Margaret more than
Her father is no better than an earl,
That he i. be so abject, base, and poor,
More than in women commonly is seen,)
fill answer our hope in issue of a king;
For Henry, son unto a conqueror,
(1) A triumph then signified a public exhibition: sch as a mask, or revel.
As is fair Margaret, he be link'd in love.
Then yield, my lords; and here conclude with me
That Margaret shall be queen, and none but she. K. Hen. Whether it be through force of your
My noble lord of Suffolk; or for that
Glo. Ay, grief, I fear me, both at first and last.
Ereunt Gloster and Exeter. Suff. Thus Suffolk hath prevail'd: and thus he
As did the youthful Paris once to Greece;
Of this play there is no copy earlier than that of the folio in 1623, though the two succeeding parts are extant in two editions in quarto. That the second and third parts were published without the first, may be admitted as no weak proof that the copies were surreptitiously obtained, and that the printers of that time gave the public those plays, not such as the author ... but such as they could get them. That this play was written before the two others is indubitably collected from the series of events; that it was written and played before Henry the Fifth is apparent; because, in the epilogue there is mention made of this play, and not of the other parts:
SECOND PART OF *
KING HENRY WI.
****The Contension of the two famous houses of York and Lancaster,’ in two parts, was pub. lished in quarto, in 1600; and the first part was entered on the Stationers' books, (as Mr. Steevens has observed,) March 12, 1593-4. On these two plays, which I believe to have been written by some preceding author, before the year 1590, Shakspeare formed, as I conceive, this and the following drama; altering, retrenching, or amplifying, as he thought proper. At present it is only necessary to apprize the reader of the method o . in the printing of these plays. All the lines printed in the usual manner are found in the original quarto plays (or at least with such minute variations as are not worth noticing:) and those, I conceive, Shakspeare adopted as he found them. The lines to which inverted commas are prefixed, were, if my hypothesis be well founded, retouched, and greatly improved by him; and those with asterisks were his own original production; the embroidery with which he ornamented the coarse stuff that had been awkwardly made up for the stage by some of his contemporaries. The speeches which he new-modelled, he improved, sometimes by amplification, and sometimes by re
Seven earls, twelvebarons, twenty reverendbishops,
“The mutual conference thatmy mind hathhadi-
* Her wood with wisdom's majesty, ‘Makes me, from wondering fall to weeping joys; ‘Such is the fulness of my heart's content‘Lords, with one cheerful voice welcome my love.
all. Long live queen Margaret, England's hap
Q. Mar. We thank you all. [Flourish.
Suff. Mylord protector, so it please your grace, Here are the articles of contracted peace, Between oursovereign and the French king Charles, ‘For eighteen months concluded by consent.
Glo. #. Imprimis, It is agreed between the French king, rles, and William de la Poole, marquess of Suffolk, ambassador for Henry king of }...”. the said Henry shall espouse the lady.Margaret, daughter unto Reignier king of Maples, Sicilia, and Jerusalem; and crown
r queen of England, ere the thirtieth of May next ensuing.—Item,--That the duchy of Anjou and the county of JMaine, shall be released and delivered to the king her father—
K. Hen. Uncle, how now?
Glo. Pardon me, gracious lord; Some sudden qualm hath struck me at the heart, And dimm'd mine eyes, that I can read no further.
K. Hen. Uncle of Winchester, I pray, read on.
Win. Item,--It is further agreed between them, —that the duchies of Anjou and JMaine shall be released and delivered over to the king her father; and she sent over of the king of England's own
proper cost and charges, without having dowry.
(1) I am the bolder to address you, having already familiarized you to my imaginaftion. (2) Beloved above all things.
‘Studied so long, sat in the council-house, ‘Early and late, debating to and fro ‘How France and Frenchmenmightbekeptin awe“And hath his highness in his infancy “Been crown'd in Paris, in despite of foes? “And shall these labours, and these honours, die? “Shall Henry's conquest, Bedford's vigilance, ‘Your deeds of war, and all our counsel, die “O peers of England, shameful is this league! ‘Fatal this marriage, cancelling your fame: “Blotting your names from books of memory : ‘Razing the characters of your renown; “Defacing monuments of conquered France; “Undoing all, as all had never been ‘Car. Nephew, what means this passionate dis course? “This peroration with such circumstance?” “For France, 'tis ours; and we will keep it still. * Glo. Ay, uncle, we will keep it, if we can; *But now it is impossible we should: Suffolk, the new-made duke that rules the roast, ‘Hath given the duchies of Anjou and Maine * Unto the poor king Reignier, whose large style *Agrees not with the leanness of his purse. *Sal. Now, by the death of him that died for all *These counties were the keys of Normandy:But wherefore weeps Warwick, my valiant son? ' War. For grief, that they are past recovery: “For, were there hope to conquer them again, ‘My sword should shed hot blood, mine eyes no tears. “Anjou and Maine! myself did win them both; “Those provinces these arms of mine did conquer: “And are the cities, that I got with wounds, “Deliver'd op again with peaceful words? “Mort Dieu ! * York. For Suffolk's duke—may he be suffocate, *That dims the honour of this warlike isle! * France should have torn and rent my very heart, * Before I would have yielded to this league. ‘I never read but England's kings have had ‘Large sums of gold, and dowries, with their “And "...si - his own And our king He ves away his own, “Tomatch with oo brings #. vantages. * Glo. A proper jest, and never heard before, * That Suffolk should demand a whole fifteenth, * For costs and charges in transporting her! * She should have staid in France, and starv'd in France, * Before— * Car. Mylord of Gloster, now you grow too hot; * It was the pleasure of my lord the king. * Glo. Mylord of Winchester, I know your mind; ‘'Tis not my speeches that you do mislike, “But 'tis my presence that doth trouble you. ‘Rancour § out: Proud prelate, in thy face “I see thy fury: If I longer stay, “We shall begin our ancient bickerings.4– Lordings, farewell; and say, when I am I prophesied—France will be lost ere long. [Erit. Car. So, there goes our protector in a rage. 'Tis known to you, he is mine enemy: * Nay, more, an enemy unto you all; *And no great friend, I fear me, to the king. * Consider, lords, he is the next of blood, *And heir apparent to the English crown; * Had Henry got an empire by his marriage, *And all the wealthy kingdoms of the west, * There's reason he should be displeas'd at it.
(3) This speech crowded with so many circum stances of aggravation. (4) Skirmishings.
* Look to it, lords; let not his smoothing words
* Bewitch your hearts; be wise, and circumspect.
“What though the common people favour him,
“Calling him—Humphrey, h good duke of Gloster
“Clapping their hands, and crying with aloud voice
lay; * I'll to oil. of Suffolk presently. Erit. “Som. Cousin of Buckingham, though Humphrey's pride, “And greatness of his place be grief to us, * Yet let us watch the haughty cardinal; * His insolence is more intolerable Than all the princes in the land beside; “If Gloster be displac'd, he'll be protector. Buck. Orthou, or I, Somerset, will be protector, * Despite duke Humphrey, or the cardinal. [Ereunt Buckingham and Somerset. Sal. Pride went before, ambition follows him. “While these do labour for their own preferment, “Behoves it us to labour for the realm. ‘I never saw but Humphrey duke of Gloster ‘Did bear him like a noble gentleman. “Oft have I seen the haughty cardinal— “More like a soldier, than a man o'the church, “As stout, and proud, as he were lord of all,— “Swear like a ruffian, and demean himself “ Unlike the ruler of a common-weal.— ‘Warwick, my son, the comfort of my age' “Thy deeds, thy plainness, and thy house-keeping, ‘Hath won the greatest favour of the commons, “Excepting none but good duke Humphrey— “And, brother York, thy acts in Ireland, ‘In bringing them to civil . “Thy late exploits, done in the heart of France, “When thouwert regent for our sovereign, “Have made thee fear'd, and honour'd, of the people:— ‘Join we together, for the public good; “In what we can to bridle and suppress “The pride of Suffolk, and the cardinal, “With Somerset's and Buckingham's ambition; “And, as wenay, cherish duke Humphrey's deeds, “While they do tend the profit of the land. * War. So God help Warwick, as he loves the
an • And common profit of his o * York. And so says York, for he hath greatest
cause. Sal. Then let's make haste away, and look unto the main. War. Unto the main' O father, Maine is lost; That Maine,which by main force Warwick did win, *And would have kept, so long as breath did last: Main chance, father, youmeant; but I meant Maine; Which I will win from France, or else be slain. [Exeunt Warwick and Salisbury. York. Anjou and Maine are given to the French; * Paris is lost; the state of Normandy *Stands on a ticklel point, now they are gone: * Suffolk concluded on the articles;
(1) For ticklish.
pillage, *And purchase friends, and give to courtezans, * Still revelling, like lords, i. be gone: * While as the silly owner of the * Weeps over them, and wrings his hapless hands, *And shakes his head, and trembling stands aloof, * While all is shar'd, and all is borne away; * Ready to starve, and dare not touch his own. * So York must sit, and fret, and bite his tongue, * While his own lands are bargain'd for, and sold. * Methinks, the realms of England, France, and " Ireland, * Bear that proportion to my flesh and blood, * As did the fatal brand Althea burn'd, * Unto the prince's heart of Calydon.2 Aniou and W. both given unto the French' à. news for me; for I had hope of France, Even as I have of fertile England's soil. A day will come, when York shall claim his own; And therefore I will take the Nevils' parts, And make a show of love to proud duke Humphrey, And, when I spy advantage, claim the crown, For that's the golden mark I seek to hit: Nor shall proud Lancaster usurp my right, Nor hold his sceptre in his childish fist, Nor wear the diadem upon his head, Whose church-like humours fit not for a crown. Then, York, be still a while, till time do serve: Watch thou, and wake, when others be asleep, To pry into the secrets of the state; Till Henry, surfeiting in joys of love, With his new bride, o Ejo, dear-bought queen, And Humphrey with the peers befall'n at jars: Then will I raise aloft the milk-white rose, With whose sweet smell the air shall be perfum’d; And in my standard bear the arms of York, To grapple with the house of Lancaster; And, force perforce, I'll make him yield the crown, Whose bookish rule hath pull'd fair England down. [Exit.
SCE.N.E II.-The same. A room in the duke of Gloster's house. Enter Gloster and the Duchess.
Duch. Why droops my lord, like over-ripen'd corn, Hanging the head at Ceres' plenteous load? * Why doth the great duke Humphrey knit his brows, *As frowning at the favours of the world? * Why are thine eyes fix’d to the sullen earth, * Gazing on that which seems to dim thy sight? “What see'st thou there? king Henry's diadem, * Enchas'd with all the honours of the world? * If so, gaze on, and grovel on thy face, * Until thy head be circled with the same. “Put forth thy hand, reach at the glorious gold:— “What, is't too short? I'll lengthen it with mine: * And, having both together heav'd it up, * We'll both together lift our heads to heaven;
*And never more abase our sight so low, * As to vouchsafe one glance unto the ground.
(2) Meleager; whose life was to continue only so long as a certain firebrand should last. His mother Althea having thrown it into the fire, he expired in torment.