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ON COLORED SUFFRAGE
Resolved, That at the same time when the votes of the electors shall be taken for the adoption or rejection of this constitution an additional section in the following words, viz: "All male citizens of the African blood possessing the qualifications required by the first section of the article on suffrage and the elective franchise shall have the right to vote for all officers and be eligible to all offices that now are or hereafter may be elective by the people after the adoption of this constitution,” shall be submitted to the electors of this state for adoption or rejection in the form following, to wit: A separate ballot may be given by every person having the right to vote for the adoption of this constitution to be deposited in a separate box. Upon the ballots given for the adoption of said separate amendment shall be written or printed, or partly written and partly printed, the words, “Equal suffrage to colored persons, Yes," and upon the ballots given against the adoption of the said separate amendment, in like manner, the words, "Equal suffrage to colored persons, No," and on such ballots shall be written or printed, or partly written and partly printed, the words, “Constitution Suffrage" in such manner that such words shall appear on the outside of such ballot when folded. If, at the said election a majority of all the votes given for and against the said separate amendmeñt shall contain the words, "Equal Suffrage to colored persons, Yes," then the said separate amendment after the adoption of this constitution shall be a separate section of article of this constitution, in full force and effect, anything contained in the constitution to the contrary notwithstanding.
D. A. J. UPHAM, President.
LA FAYETTE KELLOGG, Secretary.
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES OF THE MEMBERS OF THE CONVENTION
DAVID AGBY, the only member of the convention from the state of Maine, was born at Pittston, August 2, 1794. After graduating from Dartmouth College in 1815 he began the study of law and by 1818 was practicing in Bangor, Maine. A few years later he removed to Louisiana, practiced law at New Orleans and Shreveport, and after several years in the South made his home in New York City. In September, 1840, he removed to Green Bay. In 1842 he was elected to the territorial legislature and served until 1845. In that year he became county and probate judge for Brown, serving until 1846. In 1849 he was reëlected to the same office, which he held until his death, January 30, 1877. Wis. Hist. Colls., viii, 455. Wisconsin Bar Association Proceedings, 1881, 86.
ELIHU LESTER ATWOOD was one of the Massachusetts men in the convention, having been born April 30, 1806, in Alford, Berkshire County. In 1836 he determined to try his fortune in Wisconsin and reached Milwaukee in August of that year. In May, 1837 he moved to his claim in the township of Lake Mills, Jefferson County. Thither his father and several brothers and sisters followed him. His sister Nancy was the first teacher at Lake Mills; his son William Henry is thought to have been the first white child born in the town. ship. In 1841 E. L. Atwood was clerk of the school district and two years later school trustee. His legislative experience was limited to the sessions of the first constitutional convention, after which he retired to his farm at Lake Mills, where he died October 24, 1874. Wis. Hist. Colls., xi, 430. His. tory of Jefferson County (Chicago, 1879).
BARNES BABCOCK was elected to the convention a Democrat from Muskego Township, Waukesha County, whither he had removed in 1839 from Fort Ann, Washington County, New York. He was a farmer and an influential citizen of his county, which he served as supervisor in 1855. This office and that in the convention wherein he acted on the committee on miscellaneous provisions were his only political services. He interested in the development of his community, aided in the growth of its schools, and helped to lay the foundations of the State Agricultural Society. He died at his farm in March, 1869. History of Waukesha County (Chicago, 1880), 903.
JOHN M. BABCOCK, farmer, was elected as a Democrat from Dane Township, Dane County, where he had settled in 1843 upon removal from Vermont. In the convention he served on the committee on admission of the state. He died at the age of forty-nine in the year Wisconsin became a state. Tenney, Horace A., and David Atwood, Memorial Record of the Fathers of Wisconsin (Madison, 1880), 37.
HENBY S. BAIRD was born in Dublin, Ireland, May 16, 1800, and was in his fifth year when his father, who had been concerned in the Irish movement under Robert Emmet, emigrated to America. The Bairds lived for several years at Pittsburgh, and in 1815 removed to Ohio. Henry was destined for the law and studied in 1818 with his father's friend, S. Douglas, in Pittsburgh; the next year he entered a law office in Cleveland, to which place the family had removed. By close application young Baird impaired his health and was advised to try the climate of Mackinac. He taught school here during the winter of 1823 and in June was admitted to the bar by the newly-appointed Michigan judge, James D. Doty. The next year Mr. Baird accompanied Judge Doty to Green Bay and finding the region without a lawyer determined to settle there. Returning to Mackinac, he was married August 12, 1824, to Elizabeth Thérèse Fisher of that place, a descendant of French and Ottawa families of the early Northwest. The life at Green Bay begun by the newly married couple the following September is charmingly described by Mrs. Baird in Wis. Hist. Colls., xv, 205-63. As most of Mr. Baird's clients were of French descent, his wife's services as translator and interpreter were of great value. He accompanied Judge Doty on his early tours for holding court and became acquainted with every section of the territory and with nearly all its early citizens. He obtained in a marked degree the confidence and esteem of all whom he met, and when in 1836 he was chosen member of the first territorial council, it was a natural sequence that he should be elected its president. At the close of the first or Belmont session of the legislature Governor Dodge appointed Mr. Baird the first attorney-general of the new territory, an office which he retained until March, 1839, when he resigned to attend to his private practice. In politics Mr. Baird was somewhat conservative. He belonged to the Whig party and was its candidate for governor in 1853. In the constitutional convention Mr. Baird was one of the strongest Whigs. He served on the legislative committee and was chairman for that on the organization of counties and towns. After the slavery issue grew threatening, he affiliated with the Republican party. As a rule Mr. Baird shunned political office, yielding only to a sense of duty in accepting public responsibilities. He was president of Green Bay village at the time it became an incorporated city in 1853-54, and was elected mayor in the years 1861 and 1862. In addition to the mayoralty, he rendered efficient service to the community and the nation during the troubled years of the Civil War. Again in 1871, when calamity in the shape of forest fires visited northeastern Wisconsin and relief was urgently needed, it was Mr. Baird to whom his fellow citizens turned to administer the relief fund with sympathy and impartiality.
From the time of his advent in Wisconsin Mr. Baird bad been sought for advice and aid by every class in the community. Especially was he helpful to
the needy and oppressed Indians. In 1836 he was secretary of the commission that drew an important treaty with the red men at Cedar Point. Thereafter his services were in constant demand to settle the tribesmen's affairs. To the poor and destitute of the community he was ever an adviser and friend. In all that concerned Wisconsin's welfare he maintained a keen interest. He was interested in the founding of the Wisconsin Historical Society and in 1862 was elected vice president thereof, an office he held until his death. He promoted the Masonic order in Wisconsin and held many of its higher offices. He died April 30, 1875. Wis. Hist. Colls., vii, 426-43. Manuscript record.
CHARLES MINTON BAKER, son of Robert Hall and Elizabeth Price Baker, was born October 18, 1804, in New York City. When Charles was an infant the family removed to Vermont, and there he grew up, entering Middlebury College in 1822. Owing to ill health he was obliged to leave college in 1823, and after a pedestrian tour through the eastern states he taught school for two years in Philadelphia. In 1826 he began the study of law at Troy, New York, where he passed three years in the office of Judge S. G. Hunting. ton. In 1829 he married, and about the same time entered a law partnership with Henry W. Strong at Seneca Falls, where he practiced with a good degree of success until 1834. Then, his health again failing, he returned to Vermont and became a merchant. In 1838 Mr. Baker determined to remove to Wis. consin, whither Marshall M. Strong, brother of his former partner, had preceded him. Mr. Baker took up land near Lake Geneva and in December of that year was domiciled in the village of Geneva. He was the first lawyer in Walworth County; in 1839 he was appointed district attorney. In 1842 he was elected to the territorial council, wherein he served for four years. In politics he was a Democrat, and in the constitutional convention was chairman of the committee that prepared the judiciary provisions. His legal acumen was so great that in 1848 he was made one of the revisers of statutes for the state. In 1856 he was appointed circuit judge to fill a vacancy but refused to stand for an election. During the Civil War he efficiently aided the provost marshal in the first district. He died of apoplexy at his Geneva home, February 5, 1872. All who knew him testified to the purity of his life and character as well as to the breadth of his legal ability and judgment. Wis. Hist. Colls., vi, 436-39; Reed, Bench and Bar, 110.
HIRAM BARBER was a man of means who removed from New York in 1843 to invest in Wisconsin lands. Born at Hebron, Washington County, New York, January 25, 1800, he began his business career as a merchant in Warren County of his native state. In 1829 Governor Van Buren appointed him a local judge, a position he held until his removal to the West. Having become interested in lumbering he sold out his real estate, consisting of 8,000 acres of wild land and six sawmills, and bought a considerable tract of timber and virgin land in Dodge County, Wisconsin. Thither in 1844 he removed his family, and settled two miles east of the county seat, where he led the usual life of the pioneer, clearing and planting, contending with an occasional party of Indians, and opening sawmills, whose product he sold at Milwaukee and Racine. In 1848 he built the Dodge County courthouse