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is not to be found in the creeds nor yet ally supplanting. The nature of a true in the Bible, though both are to be used theology is not metaphysical ; it can dea! as a part of the material ; still less in only with vital experiences, nou with ideas the egoistic and purely personal experi. unverifiable by experience. Thus its ence of the individual. The material for doctrine of the Trinity cannot be a meta a rational philosophy of the life of faith physical conception of the tri-personality is to be found in the life itself—that life of God; it can only be a truthful explanawhich, having its historic origin in and its tion of the threefold experience of God in actual inspiration from the life, death, and Christian consciousness. And the authorresurrection of Christ, and by its vital ity of a true theology cannot be ecclesias efficiency transforming the thought, the tical-neither the authority of the living experience, and the ethical principles and Church, nor of the ancient Church, Apospractices of humanity, we call Christian tolic or Hebrew, nor of the records of these life. This we understand is what Pro- churches; it must be the same authority fessor Lobstein means by the Gospel : as that of art, science, and philosophy for it is quite clear that he does not mean namely, the actual consciousness of mes the four Gospels, that is, the mere historic testifying to the facts of spiritual life as biography of Jesus, still less any philoso- that consciousness testifies to the facts of phy drawn from and based alone on that the æsthetic, the physical, and the inte? biography. The most serious defect in lectual life. It is not to be supposed that his volume is a certain vagueness, if not the traditionalist will look upon this book contradictoriness, in his definitions, or as safe; and yet we should think, if he is rather description, of the Gospel which he but reasonably open-minded, that it migh: declares to be the material for Protestant serve to convince him that the men of theology. His best definition is contained the school whom Professor Lobstein so in the following sentence, which seems, admirably represents are not infidels, and standing by itself, to be entirely clear: that “the programme which he believes The experience which the dogmatician ization” is not a programme of unbelief

is already on the way to progressive realattempts to analyze and translate is the collective experience of the Christian community, or irreligion. the experience of which the consciousness of Dr. King's book, “ Theology and the Jesus is at once the source, the material, and

Social Consciousness," we regard as a the norm.

valuable contribution to current discus We shall not undertake to indicate the sion, which because of its value it is diffiworking out of this fundamental principle, cult to report to our readers. For that the effect of which on Protestant theology value consists partly in its conciseness, Professor Lobstein indicates, but only and further condensation is well-nigh imindicates, in his last chapter. We hope possible. It might almost be said to that he may fulfill the intimation of his consist of a series of theses. The author closing sentence, and hereafter elaborate states rather than argues, and leaves his the programme which here he only traces. statements to carry conviction by their It will be clear, however, to the thoughtful own reasonableness. He amplifies very reader, even from this mere hint as to little, illustrates practically not at all. the contents of this book, that its teach- His book is therefore one for thinkers; ing involves some important and radical it does not belong to the quasi-periodical results as to the material for Protestant and wholly popular literature of which theology, the nature of Protestant theol- we have so much. And yet it is not ogy, and the authority of Protestant the scholastic; it is not phrased in the tech ology. The material is not a Book; the nical language of the schools ; the thoughtscientist cannot construct a scientific the- ful layman will readily understand it; its ology by proof texts deftly woven together. style is unconnected but lucid, as clear He must study Christian life, and the and as colorless as spring water; one looks whole Christian life, and learn, in the through it to the truth beneath. complex phenomena of Christian con- Social consciousness the author defines sciousness as seen in history, to distinguish as “a growing sense of the real brotherthe Christian from the pagan with which hood of man;" but this social conscious it is intermingled, and which it is gradu- ness is capable of analysis ; it includes

i deepening sense (1) of the likeness or our presuppositions; and these, says Dr. ikemindedness of men, (2) of their mu- Illingworth, are either Christian or nonual influence, (3) of the value and sacred- Christian. But his sharp parting between ness of the person, (4) of mutual obli. the sheep and the goats is not quite accordzation, and (5) of love. Sustained by ant with facts. Among the doubters of the jatural science, psychology, philosophy, Johannine authorship of the Fourth Gospel and Christianity, the conviction is growing are some evangelical Christian scholars. and deepening that "mutual influence is To assert that men take sides on this nevitable, isolation impossible.” Com question according to their belief or nonnercial, industrial, social, religious organ- belief in the Incarnation is more loose zation is compelled, not only by natural than exact. orces working from without, but by this Dr. Illingworth rightly holds that one growing social consciousness working from who would understand any part of a book within. It is based on and has its ground must understand its full context. The ind reason in the immanence of God in context of the Gospel story of the Incarhuman experience; it is therefore a divine, nation is the whole of Christian experience in irresistible force, not to be resisted, in its communion with God and conflict out to be welcomed, accepted, guided, in with sin. Christian belief in that "stuĮ true sense obeyed. And its effect is pendous event” consequently rests, not on ind will be against the falsely mystical tradition only, but on the congruity of the vhich disowns and denies personality, tradition with the innermost conscience for this social consciousness is a con- of mankind, which needs and seeks just iciousness of individuals united by a such divine assistance. The logical falcommon bond and to a common end; lacy here is that of the undistributed oward a true mysticism, namely, a con- term." Because divine assistance in some cious personal relation with God as the way is needed, is therefore divine assistbasis of our conscious personal relation ance in this miraculous way likeliest ? Dr. vith one another ; toward a greater em- Illingworth accepts the doctrine of the hasis on the ethical in religion, because divine immanence, and yet does not entert emphasizes human brotherhood and tain its implicate of a divine incarnation nutual duties; and, finally, toward the con- in the race of which the Christ as “ the retely, historically Christian in religion, son of Abraham " is the flower. because it calls for and emphasizes the The question, What is Revelation ? he need of the revelation of a living God in thus answers: “Briefly, that God is Love, iving relation to men, which is exactly and that this is possible, because there is vhat historical Christianity gives. The a Trinity of persons within the Godhead, atter half of the volume is devoted to a between whom the reciprocity of love can consideration of the influence which this exist, a divine society.” If this is so, then, ocial consciousness will have upon theo- unless there is a Trinity, there is no divine ogical doctrine.

love. Against this conclusion Dr. IllingDr. Illingworth's preceding works have worth's criterion of “the context” in Chrisrought him recognition as an eminent tian experience protests—many genuine heologian of the Anglican Church, and Christians rejoicing in the divine love, he present volume is likely to add to while they discard as tritheism the notion ris reputation. It is, as he says, primarily of a divine society within the Godhead. concerned with some permanent principles The central doctrine of Christianity, hat underlie the grand argument of says Dr. Illingworth, is “that Jesus Christ Christianity. In many parts it is admi- was God incarnate,” and “rests on the ably strong. If at all weak, it is in some claim that Jesus Christ made for himself.” undamental misconceptions. In its care- This uncritical way of identifying certaia ully reasoned defense of Trinitarian statements of Jesus with certain interpretaloctrine there are also points which one, tions of them ought by this time to be however attached to the Trinitarian idea, obsolete. It is notorious that Christian nust in any impartially critical estimate scholars variously understand such a saypronounce ill sustained.

ing as, “ I and my Father are one." And It is doubtless true, as stated, that all when Dr. Illingworth declares it “ beyond controversies about the Gospels turn upon controversy the belief of St. Paul and St. John ” “ that God incarnate had Himself perils. Of this the increasing number of revealed the existence of a Trinity in the such voices, now no longer crying in a Godhead," it seems beyond controversy wilderness, is a hopeful presage. that he has read into the Apostolic writ- President Hyde's little book, " Jesus ings the ideas of a later age.

Way," both supplements and simplifits What is Revelation ? is a question vari- its valuable predecessor, “God's Educaously answered. Traditional theology, tion of Man." While the age of dogmatic with its overemphasis on the divine tran- theology is not yet past, with the skepscendence, conceives of Revelation as ticism that its exaggerations provc ke, the coming down into the world from an simplicity of Christianity, as not a dogna opened heaven. Modern theology, recog- but a life, needs all the prominence it can nizing the transcendent Deity as imma- obtain. The emphasis given to this by nent in his world, conceives of Revelation the Revised Version, representing Chris as a divine unfolding within the world, tianity in its earliest period as simply the welling up of feeling and thought in “the Way,” Dr. Hyde sustains in his seekers after God from his life in the exhibition of all the cardinal truths oi roots of their being. The conception of Christianity: the Fatherhood of God is Revelation underlying Dr. Illingworth's the central principle of the Way; folargument is the older of these two. It is lowing the Way is imitating Jesus' transan element of weakness in a work whose lation into human life of the Father's noble purpose, Christian spirit, intellectual character; the kingdom of heaven is the power, and literary finish no dissent community of these followers of the Way; should leave without full recognition. faith is the grasp of the Way; repentance,

Mr. Selleck's survey of present relig- the entrance to it; forgiveness, restoration ious life as related to progress has been to it; love, its law; loyalty, its witness; adequately characterized, though briefly, sacrifice, the cost of it; etc. The Chrisin our notices of current publications. It tian life is simply the Way in successful is deserving of special mention here as operation ; it is an experience; to it among the books of formative power, con- there is no valid intellectual objection. tributing to the change of emphasis now “If a man is not a Christian, he cannot, going on in the religious world from in these days of the supremacy of the ancient affirmations to present obligations, empirical method, throw the blame on anyand redeeming the social and ethical thing so respectable as intellectual diffiinterests of religion from long neglect. culties, or conscientious scruples, or theoWith a generous appraisal of religious logical doubts." He either misunderforces now organized, and with a generally stands Jesus' way, or prefers some other. hopeful outlook, Mr. Selleck affirms a Those who inquire for books helpful to wide deficiency in ethical sensitiveness friends entangled in mental confusion or and vigor that requires an ethical revival prejudice on the subject of religion will in the churches as the way out of serious hardly find one more satisfactory than this.

Books of the Week This report of current literature is supplemented by fuller reviews of such books as ir the judgment of the editors are of special importance to our readers. Any of these books will be sent by the publishers of The Outlook, postpaid, to any address on recißt of the published price, with postage added when the price is marked net." Advent and Ascension. By D. W. Faunce, shows vigor and acuteness in his argument for

D.D. Eaton & Mains, Cincinnati. 5x744 in. 215 the virgin birth and the corporeal resurrection

pages. 75c. The cardinal thought of this latest of the stituting one event. The argument may be

and ascension, the two latter regarded as con author's works is the miraculous character of criticised as resting too much on a priert Christianity, viewed as “a series of events considerations, such as what we might expect belonging to the earthly career of Jesus Christ.” God to do, etc. The miraculous character of the beginning and the end of that career, “if duly proved,” Canterbury Pilgrims (The): A Comedy. By carry in harmony therewith a miraculous life.

Percy Mackaye. The Macmillan Company, Nes This is the point, therefore, to the proof of York. 596x8 in. 210 pages. which the volume is devoted. Dr. Faunce Reserved for later notice.

Care and Feeding of Children (The): A Cate- ary knowledge and taste. Mr. Duffield was

chism for the Use of Mothers and Children's for some time instructor of literature at HarNurses. By L. Emmett Holt, M.D., LL.D. (Third Edition, Revised and Enlarged.) D. Appleton &

vard ; and Mr. Fox is a brother of John Fox, Co., New York. 5x7 in. 149 pages. 75c.

Jr., the well-known Kentucky novelist. Cartells et Trusts. By Martin Saint-Léon, Felicitas. By Felix Dahn. Translated from

Librairie Victor Lecoffre, Paris, France. 41,X714 in. the German by Mary J. Safford. A. C. McClurg & 248 pages.

Co., Chicago. 544x8 in. *341 pages. $1.50. The author's clear account of the European A tale of a little Roman outpost town at what “cartells” through which producers combine is now Salzburg. The plot is slight, has little to maintain prices makes his work exception- originality, but there is considerable charm in ally valuable to American students of the the telling of the story, which is excellently trust problem. He discusses, of course, our translated own trust problem, and his work here also is excellent in temper and in execution. As a

First Course of Practical Science, with Full

Directions for Experiments and Numerous Exfactor in the production of wealth the author's

ercises. By J. H, Leonard, B.Sc. (Home and School judgment is in favor of the trusts, but as a Library.) E. P. Dutton & Co., New York. 484x7 factor in the distribution of wealth he con

in. 138 pages. 60c., net. demns them, and urges strict public control.

This manual, prepared for British schools,

deals with a few fundamental subjects, such Christopher Columbus : His Life, His Work, as solids, liquids, the air, heat, filtration, disHis Remains, as Revealed by Original Printed

tillation, etc. and Manuscript Records. By John Boyd Thacher. In 3 vols. Illustrated. Vol. I. G. P. Putnam's

French Impressionists (The), 1860-1900. By Sons, New York. 8x111 in. Orders taken for sets

Camille Mauclair. Illustrated. E. P. Dutton & only. Per vol., $9. This work is the result of long-continued study Reserved for later notice.

Co., New York. 4x6 in. 211 pages. 75c., net. of manuscripts and early printed volumes, and is printed and published in an exterior Impeachment and Trial of Andrew Johnson form worthy of the subject. On the comple- (The): By David Miller Dewitt. The Macmillan tion of the three volumes we shall review the

Co., New York. 6x812 in. 646 pages. $3, net,

Another valuable addition to the now rapidly work as a whole with some care.

growing literature of the reconstruction epoch. David and Bathshua: A Drama in Five Acts. The author is a warm defender of the im

By Charles Whitworth Wynne. The Knickerbocker peached President, and finds in his subsePress, New York. 512X8'2 in. pages.

quent re-election to the United States Senate, Discourses of Keidansky. By Bernard G. the collapse of the Republican party at the

Richards. The Scott-Thaw Co., New York. 5x734 South, and the growing antagonism to negro in. 228 pages. $1.25, net.

suffrage, a complete vindication of Mr. JohnThe smart epigrams and paradoxes of a dis

son's policy. illusionized radical of the Ghetto-a mere jester, however, without either the wit or the

In Argolis. By George Horton. Illustrated. seriousness of a true satirist.

A. C. McClurg & Co.Chicago. 572x7in. 226

pages. Electric Wiring: A Primer for the Use of A new, handsomely made edition of a delight

Wiremen and Students. By W. C. Clinton, B.Sc. ful book, upon which The Outlook commented Illustrated. E. P. Dutton & Co., New York. 4!2X7 in. 179 pages. 60c., net.

at length a year ago ; one of those rare books Teaches how to put in lamp and bell circuits.

which deal with modern Greece, with a happy The practical problems involved are worked

blending of reverence for its past and an intiout for the benefit of the student, and a good

mate knowledge of its present. This book index is added.

has a delightful quality of humor, and has the

interest of a story. In fact, Mr. Horton has Ethics of the Body. By George Dana Board

interwoven a story element into his description man. The J: B. Lippincott Co., Philadelphia. 44x634 in. 154 pages. $1, net.

of life, manners, and people in this little Greek

town. The volume is furnished with the most Evelina, or the History of a Young Lady's

Entrance into the World. By Frances Burney. generous margins, there are a number of In 2 vols. (The Temple Classics.) The Macmillan interesting illustrations, and the book is handCo., New York. 4x6 in.

somely and substantially bound. A very fine edition of one of the earliest Eng

“ International ” Christian Worker's New lish novels of classical quality.

Testament (The): Indexed and Marked by the

Best Methods of Bible Marking on All Subjects Everyman: A Moral Play. Fox, Duffield &

Connected with the theme of Salvation. The Co., New York, 51 X8 in. 43 pages.

John C. Winston Co., Philadelphia. 4x5 in. 432 “Everyman" in book form will be welcomed pages. by the large number of people whose attention Marked with red lines and letters ; an attempt has been called to this ancient morality play to do for evangelists and mission “workers” by its admirable presentation in different what, if they do it at all, they ought to do for cities. This is said to be the fourth reprint themselves. Another crutch. since the sixteenth century, and is an admira

Keswick Movement (The): In Precept and ble piece of work; well printed, on strong Practise. The Funk & Wagnalls Co., New York, paper, from clear type, and with reproductions 323 X 614 in. 124 pages. 50c., net. of old woodcuts. The publication is note- A concise history of this influential religious worthy as the initial volume of the new pub- movement, with an exposition of its characlishing house of Fox, Duffield & Co. The teristic principles and practices. A critique members of this firm are young men, gradu- of it, “ The Highest Life,” was recently pubates of Harvard University, and men of liter- lished by Armstrong & Son, New York, which any one desiring to make a thorough study of raphy of Poe, with the collection of letters the subject may find it profitable to consult which appeared in two volumes in the Virafter reading the present volume.

ginia Edition of Poe, published last autumn. Leaders of Public Opinion in Ireland. By' Major's Niece (The). By, Sara Van Buren

Brugiere and Adeline Brady. The Abbey Press, William Edward Hartpole Lecky. In 2 vols. (New .) , .

New York. 512X812 in. 263 pages. $1.25. 5x7 in. $4.

Mannerings (The). By Alice Brown. HoughThe new edition of this work brings it to ton, Mifflin & Co., Boston. 5x8 in, 82 pages the level of its distinguished author's later

$1.50. knowledge and into harmony with his matured An unusually well-written story, dealing with opinion. Many years out of print, Mr. Lecky's some rather' morbid types of New England Leaders of Public Opinion in Ireland" now

character, but full of insight, of discrimination, stands enlarged, revised, and in a great meas

of sensitive feeling of nature, and stamped ure rewritten. It was first published anony

throughout by a high degree of refinement mously forty-odd years ago. In 1871 Mr.

both of thought and of manner; a story which Lecky published a revised edition under bis has little in common with the average novel own name. This attracted attention, not only of the day, so superior is it in point of workbecause of the author's repute, but also be

manship cause the disestablishment and disendowment Maria Stuart. By Friedrich Schiller. Edited of the Irish Church, and the Land Act of by Carl Edgar Eggert, Ph.D. (The Lake German 1870, had been recent events. The great popu

Classics.) Scott, Foresman & Co., Chicago. 43.77

in. 276 pages. larity of the book, however, was not evident until after Mr. Gladstone's conversion to

Mission Methods in Manchuria. By John Home Rule. The Liberal Premier and sev

Ross, D.D. The Fleming H. Revell Co., New York

5x8 in. 251 pages. $1, net. eral members of his Cabinet appealed to Mr.

Reserved for later notice. Lecky's work as justifying their policy. Some use, no doubt, might have been plausibly

Mr. Brodrick's Army. By Winston Spencer made of Mr. Lecky's persuasion that a dis

Churchill, M.P. Arthur L. Humphreys, London,

England. 6x9 in. 102 pages. 25c. linct national feeling caused a large amount of the Irish discontent. We are not surprised,

New America (The): A Study of the Imperial

Republic. By Beckles Willson. E. P. Dutton & however, to read Mr. Lecky's protest against Co., New York. 574x874 in. 268 pages. $2.50, net. the Gladstonian argument that there was any This is not literature, nor philosophy, nor real analogy between the Parliament of 1800 political economy, nor history. It is journaland the Land League Parliament proposed by ism. There are evident signs that it has been the Gladstonians-a Parliament morally sure thought out in haste, written in haste, and to begin legislation by the plunder of the very

some indications that it has been printed in classes of which Grattan's Parliament really haste. The author imputes to the President consisted. The most striking change from autocratic powers, saying that he might be the previous edition is in the omission of the called “Emperor Theodore of the Empire of sketch of Swift which once began the work. America." "He bases this on the assumption Mr. Lecky has replaced it by an illuminative that the President's command of the adminisessay on phases of Irish life during the first

trative system, including control of the offices, half of the eighteenth century. The introduc- is absolute and unqualified, and gives him tion to the present edition furnishes, however, control over the distribution of a total fund of the most interesting reading of the entire work. eighty millions of dollars during his term of Looking back over the past thirty years, Mr. office. Of course this entirely ignores the fact Lecky admits that his forecast in 1871 has that his appointments to office are subject to been in some respects lamentably falsified.

the approval of the Senate, and that in point The aspect of Irish politics has totally changed of fact they are to a large extent dictated by (1) because of the close alliance between the Senate. The author misinterprets the Fenianism and Home Rule, once altogether insular decisions of the Supreme Court, errodistinct, and (2) because of the success of neously stating that the Court ruled that Parnell and Davitt in combining with these a instantly upon the cession of Porto Rico by great agrarian movement. We trust that Mr.

Spain to the United States that island be Lecky will publish another volume, to contain

came part of America, whereas what the appreciations of such men as Isaac Butt, Par- Court ruled was that Porto Rico became a nell

, McCarthy, Redmond, and Russell. We possession of America, and not a part of it. could well spare some of the entire volume He assumes that the Constitution is violated devoted to O'Connell to a consideration of because an Electoral Commission was created these latter-day leaders; but it must be admit- in 1887 for the purpose of determining a disted that the student of history, and especially puted Presidential election by arbitration, inthe student of the accurate history which Mr. stead of settling it by war; violated by the Lecky writes, will take great satisfaction in exclusion from the House of the member the work in its present shape, reflecting as it elected from Utah, though the Constitution does the ripe judgment of a great scholar. explicitly makes the House sole judge of the Life and Letters of Edgar Allan Poe. By

qualification of its members; violated by James A. Harrison. In 2 vols. Illustrated. Thomas

the treaty made by the Senate agreeing to Y. Crowell & Co., New York. 5x792 in. Per set, give Spain the sum of twenty million dollars $2.50, net.

for the Philippine Islands without the consent These two attractively made volumes present of the lower house, a treaty which could not in a separate form Professor Harrison's biog. have gone inio effect until the House appro

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