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Leavening the Nation: The Story of Ameri- Phillips Brooks. By William Lawrence.

can Home Missions. By Joseph B. Clark, D.D. Houghton, Miffin & Co., Boston. 449x7 in. 51 The Baker & Taylor Co., New York. 712 in. 362

pages. 50c. pages. $1.25, net.

This is the address delivered on the 23d of Reserved for later notice.

January, the tenth anniversary of the death of Mazzini. By Bolton King, M.A. E. P. Dut- Phillips Brooks. It is published just in time

ton & Co., New York. 5x8 in. 380 pages. $1.50, for Easter, and is an appropriate Easter gift. net.

Edward Everett Hale is reported to have said This biography is entirely worthy of such that it is the best interpretation of Phillips admirable paper, print, and binding. It is a Brooks and his work that has been given. dignified, painstaking, acceptable account of We certainly think it is the best that we a great dreamer's life and thought. More have seen in anything like so brief a compass. nearly than any other attempt to deal with either, this book puts that life and that

Principles of Criticism (The): An Introduction

to the Study of Literature. By W. Basil Worssold, thought in truer perspective with other men's

M.A..(New Edition.) Longmans, Green & Co., lives and other men's thoughts. The present New York. 5x7% in. 256 pages. $1.12, net. volume is not only interesting personally and A new edition of a condensed and well-written politically; a sufficient period has now inter- survey of the general subject of literary critivened since Mazzini's death (1872) to enable cism, with citation of principles from Plato, us to judge both the man and the politician. Aristotle, and the earlier and later critics, As we turn page after page of this apprecia- both Continental and English, and with a distion, Mazzini the ethical teacher looms lumi. cussion of the various forms of literary art. nously rather than Mazzini the man or Maz

Proverbs and Common Sayings from the zini the statesman. When he was in the

Chinese, Together with Much Related and Untwenties, his inspiration of duty, and his con- related Matter, Interspered with Observatiors viction that all morality rested on an ideal,

on Chinese Things in General. By Arthur H.

Smith. (New and Revised Edition.) The American seemed to be as stimulating as during his last

Presbyterian Mission Press, Shanghai. 6x919 in. heroic days. Happiness was never the end

403 pages. of his life, but duty. Hence Mazzini's great

Publications of the Mississippi Historical ness as a man, revolutionist, politician, think

Society. Edited by Franklin L. Riley. Vol. VI. er, teacher, was purely that which belongs to Printed for the Society, Oxford, Miss. 6x91% in. character. Circumstance or status—the things

567 pages. which environ so many men's lives, warping

Several of the papers contained in this volume them, or unnecessarily or unreasonably mag

are of National as well as State interest. Sonifying them-had little or nothing to do with ciologists all over the country will be interthe development of Mazzini's character. If

ested in Colonel J. H. Jones's compact account he had not been a revolutionist, if he had

of “ Penitentiary Reform in Mississippi.” It not been a republican, if he had not been an

is written in a spirit of fine humanity, and enthusiast for unity during apparently hope frankly recognizes that a negro legislature. less years, his character must still have stood took the first steps to suppress the horrors of out beyond those even of such distinguished

the convict lease system, and that the first co-laborers as Cavour, Manin, Garibaldi, and

white legislatures after the overthrow of negro Victor Emmanuel. Fortunate it was for an

government permitted the abuses of the system often unpractical man that he had such asso

to develop. The final overthrow of the sysciates—especially Cavour. Wherever we see

tem, instead of bringing the financial losses Mazzini, as described by his latest biographer which

the materialists used to anticipate, has -during the 1831 revolution, at Marseilles, opened the way for a system of State employGeneva, London ; during the 1848 rising and

ment which is more than self-supporting. "The the all too short period of the Roman Repub- long. chapter on “Suffrage and Reconstruclic, and then during the glorious days of the

tion in Mississippi” is of even wider histori. final welding of Italian unity-we learn from

cal interest, and explains better than any him, not only that democracy is the ideal gov

recent work on the reconstruction period how ernment, not only that unity and peace must

the South was led to reject the Fourteenth finally grow out of disintegration, but that Amendment, when its acceptance promised to society cannot rest on morality alone-it must

restore the Southern States to their old places also have religion-and, above all, that the

in the Federal system without negro suffrage. spiritual, not the material, is lastingly para

This offer was, without doubt, made in good mount.

faith by the overwhelming majority of the

Republican Congress, and had it been accepted My Woodland Intimates. By Effie Bignell. the Fifteenth Amendment could not have

The Baker & Taylor Co., New York. 5x7 in. 241 been adopted.

pages. $1, net. All who are pleased to listen to true tales of School History of the United States : Being a how little wild creatures may live on friendly

Revision of a Brief History of the United States,

By Joel Dorman Steele, Ph.D., F.G.S., and Esther and confiding terms with human beings who Baker Steele, Lit.D. The American Book Co., New prove themselves worthy of such distinction York. 512X8 in. 432 pages. $1. will enjoy this volume of quiet nature stories. Selection of the Shorter Poems of Wordsworth Pastoral Visitation. By the Rev. H. E. Sav

(A). Edited by Edward Fulton, Ph.D. The Mac

millan Co., New York. 4x 534 in. 181 pages. 25c. age, M.A. (Handbooks for the Clergy Series) Longmans, Green & Co., New York. 5x7 in. 182 pages.

This latest addition to Macmillan's " Pocket

American and English Classics" is edited Specially designed for the instruction of An- with an introduciion by Professor Edward glican clergymen.

Fulton, of the University of Illinois. It presents


an ample selection from the shorter poems of he adopts a far more interesting and popular Wordsworth, and has an introduction of consid- method: he selects representative men from erable length, which deals with Wordsworth's the fifteenth century to the present as subjects biography, the influences which were brought for his admirable appreciations; for instance, to bear upon him, his theory of poetry, his such educationists as Erasmus, who died in philosophy of life, and the quality and art of 1536; Montaigne, who died in 1592; Bacon the shorter poems. The volume is supplied (1626), Milton (1674), Locke (1704), and Herwith notes.

bert Spencer, who, happily, is still living. Socialist and the Prince (The). By Mrs. Fre

Mr. Laurie's characterization of these and mont Older. The Funk & Wagnalls Co., New York,

other men is striking. Of course he calls 5x8 in. 309 pages. $1.50.

Montaigne and Locke

Rationalists, and Roger Another novel in which the contentions of Aschama Humanist, but Comenius is a labor and capital form the web through which "Sense-Encyclopædist," Milton is a “Clasthe thread of a love-story winds its way. sical Encyclopædist," while Spencer is a The battle is waged in this instance, not in “ Modern Sense-Realist.” According to Mr. Wall Street, but in San Francisco, which is a Laurie, the roots of the Renaissance are to be welcome variation; and the burning question found further back in the Gothic Age than we is not the matter of a coal strike or a corner sometimes think. Certain precursors of the in stocks, but of Chinese labor, the date of Renaissance are evident enough in the Middle the story being that of the anti-Chinese labor Ages, it is true--the Crusades and the age of agitation of some years ago. Paul Stryne, the chivalry, the beginnings of national vernacular workingmen's leader, is the best-drawn char- literatures, and, above all, the freedom of disacter in the book; his love-making to the

cussion at the mediæval universities. These capitalist's daughter, his mastery of his fol- elements, however, in the opinion of many, are lowers, his defection from their cause at a not so notable in foreshadowing the Renaiscritical moment in a political campaign, furnish sance as in adding distinction to the period of chapters of intense and dramatic interest. scholastic philosophy, cathedral schools, and

university foundations—to the age of Dante, Sophocles. Translated by John Swinnerton

Giotto, St. Thomas, St. Francis, St. Bernard, Phillimore, M.A. Illustrated. Longmans, Green & Co., New York. 5x7 in. 355 pages. $2.

and St. Louis. See the note under Euripides in another

Story of the Churches (The) : The Presbycolumn.

terians. By Charles Lemuel Thompson, D.D. The

Baptists. By Henry C. Vedder, D.D.' The Baker Spirals in Nature and Art: A Study of Spiral

& Taylor Co., New York. 45x7 in. Per vol, $1, Det. Formations Based on the Manuscripts of Leonardo da Vinci. By Theodore A. Cook, M.A., F.S.A.

Illiteracy is in more degrees than is popularly Illustrated. E. P. Dutton & Co., New York.' 513x8 supposed. The church member ignorant of in. 200 pages. $2.50, net.

the history of his own Church is not free from The accomplished author of “Old Touraine"

an illiteracy that is not creditable. These has now published an ingenious study of outlines leave less excuse for it than the big spiral formations, specially based on the man

books hitherto dealing with the subject. What uscripts and work of Leonardo da Vinci.

every church member ought to know is here preLeonardo was not only great as a painter, but sented in clear and compact form, sufficiently also as an architect, scientist, engineer, mathe- condensed for the limitations of busy people. matician, biologist. Through him we realize

So briefly is the story told as to make it easy that certain natural laws bind an architect's for one to learn also about other churches work as they bind the growth of all organic than his own-an accomplishment now rare, structure, and in the present essay Mr. Cook but most desirable. suggests one of these laws. The investigation of spiral forms in nature is still incomplete, Theory of Education in Plato's “ Republic" but much has been done by our author in his

(The). By John E. Adamson, M.A. The Macmil

lan Co., New York. 5x714 in. 258 pages. new volume to show how they have been and may be adapted in architecture.

This is a book of no merely antiquarian inter

est. Plato is perennially fresh. His theory Studies in Christian Character, Work, and of education touches modern needs at many Experience. By Rev. William L. Watkinson. In

points, at none more than in regard to the 2 vols, The Fleming H. Revell Co., New York, 5x7 in. Per vol., $i, net.

social interest in education, the making of These two volumes of brief sermons, like good citizens, for which a purely individual "The Blind Spot” and “The Bane and the

interest has too often been substituted. Those Antidote,” by the same author, exhibit insight who are minded to turn from the new wine of and abound' in illustrative writing that really our modern educational literature to the old illustrates. Mr. Watkinson does not hesitate wine of Plato's Academy will find Mr. Adamto emphasize the reverse aspect of a truth, son's book not only instructive, but charming after stating its converse. His way of saying in its setting forth of principles thought out so things is eminently terse, clear, concrete, and long since, and still tasking wisdom to apply. practical.

According to Plato, religious and moral trainStudies in the History of Educational Opinion ing in reverence toward God and the family from the Renaissance. By S. S. Laurie, A.M.,

virtues is primordial. In this a powerful facLL.D. The Macmillan Co., New York. 5*712 in.

tor is literature. But one must guard against 261 pages.

the dangers of imitation. Individuality and In this excellent book Mr. Laurie does not try self-reliance must be cultivated. The teacher to treat the whole question of education from must efface himself, not impress himself upon the Renaissance to our own times. Instead, his pupils; to superintend and guide is his

upon himself.

sole function. Æsthetic and intellectual train- Two Heroes of Cathay: An Autobiography ing are essential constituents of moral culture; and a Sketch. Edited by Luella Miner. The Flemthe beautiful and the true are intimately re

ing H. Revell Co., New York. 5x8 in. 238 pages.

$l, net. lated to the good. “The end of a musical'

Reserved for later notice. education is a good character.” Other chapters deal with physical culture, social welfare,

Under the Rose. By Frederic S. Isham. the cardinal virtue. But one may question if

Illustrated. The Bowen-Merrill Co., Indianapolis,

Ind. 5x772 in. 427 pages. Mr. Adamson rightly conceives of patriotism A love story of the time of Francis I. of as “a dangerous emotion.” Defined as love

France and Charles V. of Spain; the prinof one's countrymen as a brotherhood, rather cipal scenes are laid in the court of the former than of one's country as a place to make one's and the tent of the latter. There are princes fortune in, only the lack of patriotism can be and princesses to spare, and enough jesters to dangerous.

amuse them—the hero being a “fool," who Theism. By Borden P. Bowne. Comprising

came very near to playing a most serious joke the Deems Lectures for 1902. The American Book Co., New York. 5%2X8% in. 323 pages.

“Unofficial:" A Two Days' Drama. By Hon. In this largely augmented revision of his work Mrs. Walter R. D. Forbes (née Farwell). D. Appleon “ The Philosophy of Theism ” Professor

ton & Co., New York. 5x74 in. 275 pages. $1. Bowne holds closely to the essentials of

The combination of several situations which theistic argument, intent wholly on clearing possess the inherent attractiveness peculiar to up and setting its logical principles. Not, the staples of the story-teller's art are so strung however, as if the issue between theism and together as to make this little volume an enits contradictories rested on logic. The office tertaining companion for a leisure hour when of logic ends with determining the correctness one wants to read something very light indeed. of the process of reason from premiss to con- Veronica. By Martha W. Austin. Doubleclusion-a purely regulative function. Tested day. Page & Co., New York. 5x8 in. 256 pages. thus by logical principles, atheism is shown to $1.50. be “a mental outlaw,” and “philosophically One charm of this prose idy! lies in its symilliterate and belated.” Viewed as a presen- pathy with nature, appreciation of her moods, tation of the logical validity of the theistic and acceptance of her ministries. It is a love argument, Professor Bowne's outline might story, and keen and delicate insight is disbe called “the Logic of Theism.” But he played in depicting the tortures of a constant admits that the entire argument rests on the

by an inconstant heart, and in showing the basis of "faith ;" he insists that it must so broadening and strengthening of the former rest, and rests securely so. Faith is rooted through doubt as through faith. not in logic, but in life, in the mind's necessity We Shall Live Again : The Third Series of self-realization and self-preservation. The of Sermons which have Appeared in the New fundamental realities are the principles by

York Sunday Herald. By George H. Hepworth,

D.D. E. P. Dutton & Co., New York. 51/4X734 in. which we live, and live our best life. These

271 pages. $1, net. are assumed by an act of faith in the essential

Of the more than fifty sermonettes in this coltruthfulness of life and reality. He who will lection, which takes its title from the subject assume nothing of this cuts away the basis of of the first, a large number open windows science as well as of religion. But, so much toward the world of spirit. Dr. Hepworth being assumed, the issue between theism and felt himself a citizen of that world as of this, atheism is virtually settled. Regarding these and the uplifting influence of it pervades his as rival hypotheses for the explanation of the thought. "Life was to him worth living, and cosmos and of man, it appears that while these short sermons to the readers of the theism cannot be “proved” without begging New York “Herald” are pointed with an aim the question, it cannot be denied without to make it so. ending in absurdity: Atheism, as Professor Bowne observes, “is a kind of intellectual

What Manner of Man. By Edna Kenton.

The Bowen-Merrill Co., Indianapolis, Ind. 5x8 in. parasite." It has fourished less through any

30 ) pages. vitality of its own than on the faults of some This is a modern version of “ Prometheus theistíc arguments. The thorough work in Bound," the Prometheus being a theistic thought accomplished during the past whose martyrdom comes when she discovers generation has bereft it of this nutriment, and why her artist-husband married her. Thayer,

the atheistic gust” has mostly blown over. the artist, paints the souls of women; he is Professor Bowne has himself contributed to equal to heroic measures in bringing the soul this, especially in the field of epistemology, to the surface while studying the embodiments where the suicidal nature of atheistic thought transferred to his canvas. is demonstrated. Theism still has its puzzles, Wisdom of James the Just (The). By Right to which atheism has given more attention

Rev. W. Boyd Carpenter, D.D. Thomas Whittaker, than to its own desperate ones. The problem New York. 5x72 in. 253 pages. $1.20, net. of " the One and the Many," the inner relation The Bishop of Ripon assumes that the Epistle of the world of individuals to God, is one of of St. James is an epistle and was written by these, and here Professor Bowne himself is James; he does not go into the critical disless clear than elsewhere. Theism will not cussion of this New Testament contribution be perfected till it has absorbed all the truth to Hebrew wisdom literature. His comments there is in Pantheism, and this Professor are exegetical. His work is an elaborate Bowne does not m to have quite done. untechnical commentary.



A Letter from Senator Hoar

contain two Justices of the Supreme Court To the Editors of The Outlook :

of the United States. It also provided I have seen in one of the papers that that other nations should be invited to The Outlook has stated lately that I accede to that treaty. We have only had reproved or rebuked the President nine Judges of the Supreme Court of the of the United States for interfering with United States. It takes five for a quorum. legislation, and, in commenting on that. So if that treaty had become law, and we added that I formerly made a public com- had had a question with Great Britain plaint of persons who ventured to exercise grave enough to be referred to that tributheir constitutional right of petitioning nal, we must have withdrawn two of our Congress or the Senate.

Judges; and if two of the others—all of I have done neither the one nor the them being men of an advanced age—had other, and the statement of The Outlook happened to be at that time ill, we should rests on a total misunderstanding of what have had a bare quorum to settle the I said.

greatest constitutional questions which A Senator stated on the floor that á might affect the fate of the Republic. bill which he desired to have taken up Further than this. The treaty pro and passed was approved by the Presi. vided that any other countries that saw dent and one of the Heads of the Depart. fit might become parties to it. So we ments, and that the President, although might have made treaty oblgations which he had shortly before vetoed a similar would require the taking from their duties bill, was now satisfied that the bill ought for a long period of time the whole of the to pass. Of that statement I complained, Supreme Court of the United States, or a calling attention to the fact that such majority of it. The investigations which statements as to the opinion of the Crown might come up might take, as the Canada are always held a breach of privilege in dispute has taken already, a good many the British Parliament, and I urged that months. We might have boundary quesnobody had the right to undertake to influ- tions, like the Venezuela case, or questions ence legislation by statements of the opin- of commercial or maritime rights, like the ion of the President; to which I added Canada fisheries case, or like the Behring that “the time for the President to make Sea sealing question. In other words, up his mind about legislation is after we the Hay-Pauncefote treaty, as it stood, have passed it and not before, unless he was utterly preposterous. avail himself of his constitutional right to Now, before the treaty had been make recommendations in his messages, printed, and before the papers accomwhich is the proper way.”

panying the treaty had been sent to the I did not in the least reprove President Senate and laid on the table, the press, Roosevelt, and did not complain that he and especially the religious press, was had in any respect departed from pro. clamoring that we should adopt the treaty priety. All that I complained of was the without delay and without amendments. habit that has grown up among some of One well-known paper, published in my the Senators of claiming to be special own city, said: “Let the Senators stop depositaries of the President's wishes. talking about it and vote and go home.”

Second. I never complained of the A very worthy orthodox minister in Worright of petition, or uttered a word or bad cester preached a foolish sermon from a thought inconsistent with it. Some years his pulpit denouncing the Senate for ago there was a proposed treaty agreed thinking that such a humane measure in upon between our State Department and the interests of peace needed any discusthe British Minister which provided, sion. Then the petitions began to come among other things, that when any ques- in-petitions signed in utter ignorance of tion came up between the two countries, what the petitioners were talking about. it should be left to a tribunal which should Now this was not simply harmless folly. I was very eager at that time to get this other hand, while it is quite legitimate treaty ratified with proper amendments. for the press and the public to discuss I got the pledges of many Senators, who the general principles involved in a treaty, would otherwise have voted against it, as the principle of reciprocity involved in that if I would get certain amendments, the Cuban treaty, and of an interoceanic among others one modifying this provis. canal involved in the Colombian treaty, ion in regard to the Judges of the Supreme the details should always be left to be Court, they would vote for it. I got the settled by the authorities in Washington, votes of eleven Senators, nearly enough and, in our judgment, those details should to secure its passage by the necessary be discussed privately in executive sestwo-thirds vote, by that amendment. But sion, and for the reasons which Senator this public clamor which came from the Hoar has so admirably stated.—THE press and the pulpit made it much harder EDITORS.) for us to get Great Britain to amend it. The trouble with this angry talk about

Lend-a-Hand Book Mission diplomatic matters is that the other side To the Editors of The Outlook: to the bargain, when we try to get them I am constantly asked for information to come to our terms, says to our diplo- in regard to the Lend-a-Hand Book Mismatic agents, “Why, your own people are sion. This was its origin. In 1892 a for this thing as it is. Your newspapers

Your newspapers Southern minister and a teacher applied are writing articles for it. Your clergy to me for the gift of second-hand publimen are preaching for it, and your citizens cations to give to people in the rural disare petitioning for it.” It is not a good 'tricts who had no money to pay for them. Yankee method of making a bargain to Generous donations were sent, which were have an agent in the midst of his trade followed by touching expressions of gratireviled by his principal and employer tude. because he does not come at once to the Other calls received a liberal response. other side, unless the other side is to be From this humble beginning has arisen expected to dictate the terms.

a wide educational movement under the What I have said in this letter is in name of the Lend-a-Hand Book Mission. substance what I said in the Senate.

Its object is to collect books and periI am, with high regard, faithfully yours, odicals which the owners have read and

GEORGE F. HOAR. laid aside, and place them in communities Committee on the Judiciary, United States Senate, where the people are scantily supplied. Washington, D. C.

We are now confronted with new and [In this letter Senator Hoar states two important opportunities and responsibiliprinciples: from the first we dissent; ties. In going from city to town and with the second we agree. In our judg- village the past winter, we everywhere ment, the President occupies a position found leading men and women of the much more nearly akin to that of the South fully comprehending the ignorance Prime Minister than to that of the King and destitution of dwellers in remote in England. The King has no politics places, and they are making energetic and belongs to no party. The President, efforts to place higher mental advantages like the Prime Minister, is the official within the reach of the masses. leader of the party which has elected him I have attended meetings of the to office.

There is very good reason, Woman's Clubs in several States, and am therefore, why ne should inform Congress greatly interested in the very successful of the views which he entertains as the philanthropic work they have entered leader of his party, and this has often upon. They are sending traveling librabeen done by Presidents in other ways ries into the rural districts. Each library than through formal messages. We are consists of from fifty to one hundred useinclined to think that it would be well if ful and entertaining books; one-third are the members of his Cabinet had seats in for adults and the remainder are for chilthe House of Representatives and could dren. A library remains in a town from be questioned on the floor of the House, two to six months, and then is transported as the members of the Government can to another equally needy community. be in the House of Commons. On the The country people who read these

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