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Egypt, that he fancied himself reading a “ Presently morals began to loosen,” and chapter of “ Arabian Nights' Entertain- theft, cruelty, and license reigned. Having ment." “He transcends probability ; his for a companion a beautiful Lithuanian girl ideas and actions are all marvel.” Dur- called “ Nidia,” Ida forded rivers, suffered ing the first part of the Consulate it was cold and hunger, kept Cossacks at bay, resolved to exclude the ladies of the and witnessed the horrible and pathetic contractors and bankers from the society scenes of that terrible catastrophe. Upon of the Tuileries, whose ranks were already her return she began again to travel restmeager enough. “ Hence,” is the com- lessly, and introduced herself at Gratz to ment, “the Consular Court was for some Louis Bonaparte, former King of Holland, time a sort of magic-lantern show, with whom she characterizes as a bard grafted mixed pictures and a great many changes.” on a burgomaster, “but besides writing It is possible that a prejudiced view is poetry he did a great deal of good ”! taken by the narrator of some witty en- Established once more in Paris, she counters between herself and “ Citizen renewed her intrigues, and tried to restore Talleyrand.” When she writes of him, Ney's waning enthusiasm for Napoleon, she explains that there was not a vestige with but small success. left in hun of his former episcopal station In 1814 Ida had an interview with except the manner of wearing his hair- “ Madame Mère,” as Napoleon's mother as she expresses it, the Bishop of Autun was called. She was seated at a table had nothing left of the church but his strewn with small pieces of bead-work, powder and his good manners. “ His which she bought from poor women and cleverness in speech might have been distributed among the ladies about her. exceeded, but not that of his reticences.” “I can easily believe that any one would At one time, in playful mood, the hand be flattered to receive a gift from Mme. that was wont to sign treaties for France Mère,” said Ida. condescended to use thousand-franc bank “A gift? A gift, did you say? What notes as curl-papers for the fair hair of can you be thinking of l I pay for them, the “Contemporary.” She was patient and am paid back. I

see, my dear, that enough to have many tresses curled. Very you are not at all economical. As for early in her career she adopted the fashion me, I am not like my daughters; I don't of donning men's clothes whenever the play princess, as they do!” fancy seized her. Being filled with a The year 1814 opened under dark desire to share the experiences of an auspices. Trade was languishing, and the active campaign, she endured great exer- hostility of the middle classes and society tion and fatigue and even suffered wounds, to the Emperor was evident. On Marc in order to follow the fortunes of Marshal 29, 1814, a mournful procession left the Ney. In 1807 an appointment to the Tuileries, and the Empress-Regent and court of Elisa, Grand Duchess of Tus- her son, the King of Rome, took their cany, sister of Napoleon, was secured for departure, never to return. The next day the adventurous Ida, just recovered from the fate of Paris was to be decided. a wound received in battle, and she Of less heroic mold than was the weak entered with zest into the intricacies of Louis XVI. when facing the final catascurrent politics in Tuscany.

trophe, Napoleon is represented by the From this Court she went to visit that “ Contemporary” as having attempted to of the Queen of Naples. Of her she re- take his own life by poison. She was in marks, " The Queen had a sneering chuckle the palace of Fontainebleau, and, roused by whenever she spoke, which grew both unwonted noises, rushed to the Emperor's tiresome and painful. By nature awkward apartments, where she heard the word and dull, she did her utmost to be affable "poisoned "twice repeated. She remarks, that day."

in a true Gallic spirit, “Reawakened to Then came the campaign of 1812, and his sense of moral greatness by the failIda made up her mind to brave the perils ure of his attempt on his own life, Napoof the famous Russian expedition dis- leon resolved to submit to his fate, since, gnised, as usual, as a man. The horrors forsaken by all, he could not even find of the retreat from Moscow are briefly refuge in death." described, and, as she says quaintly, After all was over, the "Contemporary” was instructed with a secret mission to immortal soul, and addressed to him these Elba, where she had a private interview words : “ Ney, thou illustrious shade, how with the great exile. Upon writing to full of hope were

full of hope were the supplications I Marshal Ney her observations gathered poured out in the presence of thy spirit ! during her journey to and from Elba, he The promise I made in the depth of my replied, “Whoever desires a change de- sorrow I have faithfully kept. My vow sires the ruin of France, Our sole want has been observed. And, holding it is peace.

What matters it who governs ? sacred, Ida, in keeping before her mind All that matters is France—her welfare thy noble nature, dares to trust her faults and her dignity. Let us think of nothing will be forgiven." but our country.” But, as is known, Ney The translator and editor, Lionel returned to his allegiance and met Napo- Strachey, has preserved to a remarkable leon, on his return, with loyalty.

degree the vivacity of the original, and in The final chapters are devoted to the his editing shows a judicious appreciation calamitous history of 1815, and the book of the taste of English readers. Two ends with an outburst of French sentiment portraits of Ida Saint Elme represent her and religion. Ida, dressed in the garb of as still a beautiful woman, though past a Sister of Mercy (borrowed for the occa- her youth. A third shows her with short sion), knelt beside Ney's bier, her “hero hair, in men's clothes, as she appeared in struck down by French bullets." Upon 1806. Many illustrations from old prints rising she made a vow to live henceforth and many interesting portraits of more according to the religion which granted than ordinary value are scattered through her the blessing of praying for the hero's the volume.

pages. Oc.

Books of the Week This report of current literature is supplemented by fuller reviews of such books as in the judgment of the editors are of special importance to our readers. Any of these books will be sent by the publishers of The Outlook, postpaid, to any address on receipt of the published price, with postage added when the price is marked " net." Adventures du Dernier Abencerage. By a historical appendix and elaborate indexes.

Chateaubriand. Edited by James D. Bruner, Ph.D. The whole takes up about six hundred closely The American Book Co., New York, 5x7 in. 96

printed pages, at least nine-tenths of which

relate to the century just closed. The book Andromaque Britannicus and Athalie. By might have been made smaller without greatly

Jean Racine. Edited by F. M. Warren. Henry
Holt & Co., New York. 412X61, in. 350 pages.

injuring its value, by such omissions as a few

out of the twelve entries under “ Tytler, Art in the Nineteenth Century. By Charles Sarah," or one or two of the eight under Waldstein. The Macmillan Co., New York. 42X7

“ Crane, Stephen,” and in other like cases. in. 110 pages.

But perhaps all-inclusiveness was thought Reserved for later notice.

essential. The general usefulness of the work Christ the Apocalypse. By the Rev. James as a reference-book is apparent. So far as

Cooke Seymour. Jennings & Pye, Cincinnati. we may judge, the work has been done ade5x72 in. 350 pages. $1.

quately and carefully. The thought unfolded in this book, that Christ is the revealer of God's being, character, law,

Down the Orinoco in a Canoe. By S. Perez

Triana. Thomas Y. Crowell & Co., New York. and grace, is thoroughly sound, but the expo- 5x7!, in. 253 pages. $1.25. sition of it is continually injured by loose and This is no stereotyped book of travels. The careless or extravagant statements, 1.g., “If it first chapter reads like the beginning of an old is impossible for the Son of God to lie, then Spanish romance. The region Señor Triana the first chapter of Genesis is true.” No

covered by muleback and canoe is one of the writer is trustworthy, however well-meaning, richest and most beautiful in the world, and who regards it as "blasphemy" to say that has rarely been visited by civilized man since Jesus used fermented wine at the Last Supper. the old Spanish conquerors came that way. Descriptive Guide to the Best Fiction, British

The Señor, son of an ex-Governor of Colom. and American (A). By Ernest A. Biker, M.A.

bia, and a true South American, is thoroughly The Macmillan Co., New York. 51. <8 in. 610 familiar with the history and legend of his pages. $2.50.

native land, and wields a pen at once poetic, This contains brief descriptions and some- humorous, and picturesque. It is often too times critical comment on about 4,500 novels, philosophic, giving pages of sage reflections arranged alphabetically under classifications where one would rather have descriptions of of century and nationality. There are added what he saw. Information as to South AmeriThen a new surplus will appear.” the basis of consolidation, and also its extension, very

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can resources, opinions regarding South Amer- for, half Oriental as the Russian is, he knows ica's place in the worla's future, plans for better than do pure Europeans or Americans industrial development which might form a how to deal with Oriental races. For the sake basis for the permanent pacification of Venez- of getting these first-hand observations we uela and Colombia, contribute to the value can afford to read some of the occasionally and timeliness of the book.

rather too literal transcripts from the author's Epoch-Making Papers in United States His- daily journal. Mr. Shoemaker's account will

be specially appreciated by those who have tory. Edited by Marshall Stewart Brown. The

Macmillan Co., New York. 4, X6 in. 207 pages. 25c. enjoyed his previous volumes, particularly his Euripides. Translated into English Rhyming

" Quaint Corners of Ancient Empires." Verse by Gilbert Murray, M.A., LL.D. Iilustrated Heredity and Social Progress. By Simon N. Longmans, Green & Co., New York. 5x7!2 in. 355

Patten. The Macmillan Company, New York. pages. $2.

5x74in. 214 pages. $1.25. This and the volume on Sophocles, the full Under this title Professor Patten solves an title of which is given under that name, form

economic problem by the aid of biology. The the third and fourth volumes in the very com

problem is whether the temporary surplus, petent series entitled “ The Athenian Drama.”

which forms part of each year's product The volume devoted to Sophocles contains through human effort, can be transformed into translations of“ (Edipus Tyrannus," " (Edipus pirmanent conditions or into mental traits. Coloneus," and "Antigone,” by Professor On the possibility of this depends all progress. John S. Phillimore, of the University of Glas- The answer is sought in a study of biologic gow; the volume of Euripides presents “ Hip life, as a field the changes in which are parallel polytus," " The Bacchæ," and " The Frogs," in to those of economic life. Even an epitome the translation of Dr. Gilbert Murray, both of the analogy thus presented in this original volumes being supplied with elaborate intro

and striking essay would exceed the present ductions, with commentaries, notes, and illus

limits. It is not perfectly easy reading for trations. Dr. Phillimore discards blank verse,

the non-scientific reader, but it is simplified to and his translation is in rhyme-couplets. the extent it will bear, and very clearly preExplorations in Bible Lands During the sented to those who will take care to under

Nineteenth century. By H. V. Hilprecht, Ph.D., stand. There is, of course, a certain analogy D.D., LL.D. lllustrated. A. J. Holman & Co.,

between “ecology"—the term here preferred Philadelphia. 642 x 94g in. 810 pages. $), net.

to economics, as free from technical limitation Reserved for later notice.

—and biology; for there is an analogy between From the Unvarying Star. By Elsworth

the life of the community and that of the indiLawson. The Macmillan Co., New York, 5x734 vidual. There is also an analogy between a in. 292 pages. $1.50.

social and a physical science, as ecology and This romance has real poetical feeling, a

biology; for physical forces have to do with charming love story, and closer character

each. But the analogy between these two study than is to be found in the average novel.

fields is limited; they but partly coincide ; The plot deals largely with the trials of a

man and society are dominated by superphysyoung English Dissenting minister, who is not only " pestered for opinion's sake” by a hypo fessor Patten does not seem to press the

ical as well as physical forces. While Procritical and hard-grained elder, but is accused

analogy beyond its worth, he sometimes so wrongfully of having an illicit love affair, the

expresses himself as to tempt that way a fact being that he has rescued his sister from

reader who is not on his guard; e. 8:, a scoundrel (the excessive villainy of this man

ethical impulse begins in improved bodily and his melodramatic death are the weakest

mechanisms." His conclusions run counter points in the book) and is sheltering her from

to some widely held doctrines in economics public scorn. With the exception named, the

and in education. story is natural, simple, and sincere.

Progress is the develop

ment of the strong, not where they are strong, Great Siberian Railway from St. Petersburg but where they are weak ;” and the strongest

to Pekin (The). By Michael Myers Shoemaker. men are weak in some point. “Education Illustrated, G. P. Putnam's Sons, New York. 512X8 in. 243 pages. $2.

cannot improve natural characters ”-the Though twenty years have elapsed since Mr.

strong side-it is for the strengthening of the Shoemaker's first visit to Russia, he detects

weak side of nature. Men and women tend but little improvement in the condition of

to be different. They must be kept on an intelligence among the rank and file of the equality by an education that shall give to inhabitants, “and the worst of it is that they

each sex the qualities that are natural to the appear indifferent to their ignorance." This other.” So in the field of reform : “ Every author doubts if the building of the trans

class must give its strength and characters to Siberian railway will, after all, really consoli- other classes, and each race to its neighbors. date the Russian Empire. He regards its

continued progress. The whole course of much as an intelligent Russian would, appre

thought which issues in these conclusions is ciating the peciliar advantages of the Czar's

eminently fresh and suggestive. government as applied, for instance, to Man- History of Woman Suffrage (The). Edited by churia; Mr. Shoemaker hopes that Russia

Susan B. Anthony and Idi lusted Harper. Illus

trated. In 4 vols. Vol. IV. ISS3-1900). "Published "will hold on to that province as tightly as by Susan B. Anthonv. 17 Madison Street, Rochester, England has to Egypt." In any case, he NY. 6x91, in. 1,141 pages. thinks one feature fortunate when the control- This volume covers the bistory of the woman's ling element in Asiatic expansion is Russian, rights movement during the past two decades,


and summarizes the present state of the law hidden, undisclosed. The volume will be inin all the American States not only as regards teresting to the student of Scripture, but we the voting and office-holding privileges of do not think it will carry conviction to the women, but also as regards the whole field of average modern mind. Its scheme of life is their civil rights. The editorial work is well too unnatural, the critic would say too artindone, and the narrative of events in nearly all cial, the author would perhaps say too spiritthe commonwealths is compact with signiti- ual. cant facts. The work, therefore, is of value

Human Personality and its Survival of Bodily particularly for reference purposes-to the Death. By Frederic W. H. Myers. Longmans critics of the movement as weil as to its advo- Green & Co., New York. In 2 vols. 6x979 in. $12 cates. The deleats are recorded as fully as Reserved for later notice. the victories—though of course the arguments presented by the opponents are not recorded

In Piccadilly. By Benjamin Swift. G. P.

Putnam's Sons, New York. 5x75 in. 24 pages. with anything like the fullness accorded to the

A wild and tumultuous tale dealing with prim arguments in its favor. The defeats-except that in Kansas in 1894-seem not in any meas

itive passions in modern fashionable London.

One always feels in Mr. Swift's books that he ure to have discouraged the suffragists. In

really should have been a tragic poet of the each State where cqual suffrage has been

Elizabethan age rather than a modern realistic twice submitted to the voters-Colorado, Ore

novelist. He uses an abrupt staccato style; gon, and Washington-they point out that the

his characters are mostly unlovely and often suffragists were much stronger at the second

unreal; be often “writes at the top of his election than at the first. In most of the

voice;" he has no sense of humor; nevertherecent Western campaigns the chief support

less there are here and there flashes of real ers of woman's suffrage have been the Populists and Silver Republicans. The regular

power and something very like real genius.

This story of jealousy, illicit passion, hatred, Republican conventions have been noncom

and murder is far from pleasant, but it has mittal and the Democratic conventions hostile

virile force, nevertheless. toward the movement.

Italy and the Italians. By Edward Hutton. Human Destiny in the Light of Revelation, illustrated. E. P. Dutton & Co., New York. 543

By John F. Weir, M.A. Houghton, Mifflin & Co.. in. 343 pages. $1.50, net.
Boston, 49X7 in. 186 pages. $1, net.

Mr. Hutton's impressions of Italy are printed This book is founded on the dualistic philoso- on exquisite paper, as befits the often exquiphy. Its teaching may be summarized briefly site thought-a thought peculiarly attuned 10 as follows: There are two worlds, a physical those subtler charms of the Peninsula which and spiritual, a natural and supra-natural. are apt to escape the quick traveler. In Mr Science deals with the first, revelation deals Hutton we have a writer who seems to have with the second. Man by nature is of the lived in Italy, to have absorbed it, to have earth, earthy; he is not a son of God. He was been absorbed by it, not merely to have seen not made in the image of God. The state- it in a cursory manner. His language seenis ment in the first chapter of Genesis, that God instinctively poetic, and we see through a made man in his own image, refers to a per- poet's eye Genoa, Pisa, Siena, Orvieto, Rome fected creation, a perfect man. The statement -in fact, the principal Italian cities. We see in the second chapter of Genesis, that he was notable personages too, and at close range: formed of the dust of the ground, states the for instance, the Pepe, the King, Cardinal historic fact, and in this it is not affirmed that Rampolla, the poet Carducci, the novelis: he was made in the image of God. The divine Foggazzaro, and the dramatist Gabriele d'An. life, which alone is capable of transforming nunzio. The last named becomes a somewbat man into God's image and making him a son more interesting character than in other de. of God, was brought into the world by Jesus scriptions of him. Mr. Hutton acknowledges Christ, and it is only through Jesus Christ that that this Italian is “not without the words of men are made in God's image. They then the sensualist,” in which madness he, like all become partakers of his nature, and so sharers in its grip, becomes “minute, dreary, intinitely in his destiny. The author leaves us in doubt infinitesimal.” This, however, seems almost respecting those patriarchs and prophets of forgotten in the enthusiastic phrases which the Old Testament dispensation who were describe the genius of one who has often created before Jesus Christ, and those men of been regarded principally as a dicadent. Anthe pagan world who have never heard of him. other interesting allusion in this interesting The writer makes full and large use of Scrip- book concerns the talent of the late Mr. Shortture in support of his theory, but the Scripture house. Mr. Hutton declares that *• John which he uses seems to us, in many cases, not Inglesant' has caught more of the spirit of to justify the conclusions which he deduces; Italy than has any other book;" undoubtedly thus : “ It is plain that man was not created a he meant to add - by a foreigner.” child of God in the order of nature: for it is Jewish Ceremonial Institutions and Customs. said that the creature waiteth for the mani

By William Rosenan, Ph.D. Mlustrated. The festation of the sons of God'-that is, for that Friedenwald Co., Baltimore. 5x71, in. 19 pages new birth, of the Spirit,' which implants in An interesting book, well illustrated. A note man 'the divine nature.' But "manifesta- worth making is that at the present time no tion" is not equivalent to “creation." The divorce can take place according to Jewish very fact that the creation waiteth for the law except upon mutual agreement of husband manifestation of the sons of God indicates and wife--a great mitigation of the Mosaic that sonship already exists, though dormant, rule.



403 pages.

567 pages.

Leavening the Nation : The Story of Ameri- Phillips Brooks. By William Lawrence.

can Home Missions. By Joseph B. Clark, D.D. Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Boston. 42x7 in. 51 The Baker & Taylor Co., New York. 742 in. 362

pages. 50c. pages, $1.25, net.

This is the address delivered on the 23 of Reserved for later notice.

January, the tenth anniversary of the death of Mazzini. By Bolton King, M.A. E. P. Dut

Phillips Brooks. It is published just in time ton & Co., New York. 5x8 in. 380 pages. $1.50, for Easter, and is an appropriate Easter gift. net,

Edward Everett Hale is reported to have said This biography is entirely worthy of such that it is the best interpretation of Phillips admirable paper, print, and binding. It is a Brooks and his work that has been given. dignified, painstaking, acceptable account of We certainly think it is the best that we a great dreamer's life and thought. More have seen in anything like so brief a compass. nearly than any other attempt to deal with either, this book puts that life and that

Principles of Criticism (The): An Introduction

to the Study of Literature. By W. Basil Worssold, thought in truer perspective with other men's

M.A. (New Edition.) Longmans, Green & Co., lives and other men's thoughts. The present New York. 5x7"2 in. 256 pages. $1.12, net. volume is not only interesting personally and A new edition of a condensed and well-written politically; a sufficient period has now inter- survey of the general subject of literary critivened since Mazzini's death (1872) to enable cism, with citation of principles from Plato, us to judge both the man and the politician. Aristotle, and the earlier and later critics, As we turn page after page of this apprecia- both Continental and English, and with a distion, Mazzini the ethical teacher looms lumi. cussion of the various forms of literary art. nously rather than Mazzini the man or Maz

Proverbs and Common Sayings from the zini the statesman. When he was in the

Chinese, Together with Much Related and Un. twenties, his inspiration of duty, and his con- related Matter, Interspered with Observatiors viction that all “morality rested on an ideal,

on Chinese Things in General. By Arthur H. seemed to be as stimulating as during his last

Smith. (New and Revised Edition.) The American

Presbyterian Mission Press, Shanghai. 6x919 in. heroic days. Happiness was never the end of his life, but duty. Hence Mazzini's great

Publications of the Mississippi Historical ness as a man, revolutionist, politician, think

Society. Edited by Franklin L. Riley. Vol. VI, er, teacher, was purely that which belongs to Printed for the Society, Oxford, Miss. 6x944 in. character. Circumstance or status—the things which environ so many men's lives, warping

Several of the papers contained in this volume them, or unnecessarily or unreasonably mag

are of National as well as State interest. Sonifying them-had little or nothing to do with

ciologists all over the country will be interthe development of Mazzini's character. If

ested in Colonel J. H. Jones's compact account he had not been a revolutionist, if he had

of “ Penitentiary Reform in Mississippi.” It not been a republican, if he had not been an

is written in a spirit of fine humanity, and enthusiast for unity during apparently hope- frankly recognizes that a negro legislature less years, his character must still have stood took the first steps to suppress the horrors of out beyond those even of such distinguished

the convict lease system, and that the first co-laborers as Cavour, Manin, Garibaldi, and

white legislatures after the overthrow of negro Victor Emmanuel. Fortunate it was for an

government permitted the abuses of the system often unpractical man that he had such asso

to develop. The final overthrow of the sysciates—especially Cavour. Wherever we see

tem, instead of bringing the financial losses Mazzini, as described by his latest biographer

which the materialists used to anticipate, has -during the 1831 revolution, at Marseilles, opened the way for a system of State employGeneva, London ; during the 1848 rising and

ment which is more than self-supporting. The the all too short period of the Roman Repub- long. chapter on Suffrage and Reconstruclic, and then during the glorious days of the

tion in Mississippi” is of even wider histori. final welding of Italian unity-we learn from

cal interest, and explains better than any him, not only that democracy is the ideal gov

recent work on the reconstruction period how ernment, not only that unity and peace must

the South was led to reject the Fourteenth finally grow out of disintegration, but that Amendment, when its acceptance promised to society cannot rest on morality alone-it must restore the Southern States to their old places also have religion-and, above all, that the

in the Federal system without negro suffrage. spiritual, not the material, is lastingly para

This offer was, without doubt, made in good mount.

faith by the overwhelming majority of the

Republican Congress, and had it been accepted My Woodland Intimates. By Effie Bignell. the Fifteenth Amendment could not have

The Baker & Taylor Co., New York. 5x714 in. 241 been adopted.

pages. $1, net. All who are pleased to listen to true tales of School History of the United States : Being a how little wild creatures may live on friendly

Revision of a Brief History of the United States,

By Joel Dorman Steele, Ph.D., F.G.S., and Esther and confiding terms with human beings who Baker Steele, Lit.D. The American Book Co., New prove themselves worthy of such distinction York. 512X8 in. 432 pages. $1. will enjoy this volume of quiet nature stories. Selection of the Shorter Poems of Wordsworth Pastoral Visitation. By the Rev. H. E. Sav

(A). Edited by Edward Fulton, Ph.D. The Mac

millan Co., New York. 4x534 in. 181 pages. 25c. age, M.A. (Handbooks for the Clergy Series.) Longmans, Green & Co., New York. 5x7 in. 182 pages.

This latest addition to Macmillan's “ Pocket

American and English Classics” is edited Specially designed for the instruction of An- with an introduciion by Professor Edward glican clergymen.

Fulton, of the University of Illinois. It presents

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