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trap fellow trying to bid for votes. There such men as it has found it can corrupt.” is no judge upon the bench and no private Evening after evening he reiterated the citizen who has stood more steadily than same charges, evening after evening the 1, within the limits of such power as I applause swelled louder. But on October could exercise, for ihe sanctity of prop- 30th, without the smallest warning to erty. I am not attacking corporations any friend or counselor, he began the simply as corporations. I believe that in chief speech of the night with words the present economic organization of which to the minds of all his friends society corporations are absolutely neces- spelled ruin. It was one thing to attack sary to carry on the business of this or Mr. Whitney: Mr. Whitney was, when any other community ; I believe that with all was said, a Democrat, and a Democrat out them it would be impossible to bring already formally enlisted on the side of together the great aggregations of capital the Democratic political machine. that in the economic world are necessary fusion was a fusion of the whole Republito the winning of your bread and mine. can party with a portion of the DemoI ain not even attacking trusts. They cratic; the political machine on which the may be expedient, they may be inexpedi- Fusionists relied was the Republican maent'; I believe that they are inevitable chine. The mainspring of the Republidevelopments of the conditions of the can machine, supposedly or actually, was modern economic world, and that we shall Thomas Platt. “There is a man by the learn to manage them so that they shall name of William Whitney,” Mr. Jerome serve the people's interests, as we have said that evening, as the beginning of his learned to manage other facts and forces speech in Lyric Hall," and there is a man of the material world. I do not believe by the name of Thomas Platt, and the in subjecting corporations to any form of man named William Whitney and one extortion, legal or illegal. They have Ryan of evil State Trust fame met to-day; their rights; other people have theirs. and they conferred ; and when they had But when their vast resources are expended conferred they sent for Thomas Platt, and to gain possession of our Legislatures and Thomas Platt went to that office. He is our courts, and even our ballot-boxes, a man more accustomed to send for others then it is time to call a halt ; then it is than to go to them. He went up in the time to spring to the defense of our rights back elevator, and was taken to the priagainst the money power. You can call vate room of William Whitney, and then a halt by your ballots, if you will, the William Whitney and Thomas Ryan, who sixth of next November; you can never had been waiting in the office of the Morcall a halt by criticism and comment. ton Trust Company, went to the room Criticism and comment take as little hold where Thomas Platt was, and they conon corporations as on politicians. The ferred. giving and the taking of bribes are crimi- “Now, I have no use and never have nal offenses ; you can call a halt by voting had any use for Thomas Platt, any more for an equal and impartial enforcement than for Richard Croker or for William of the law.”
Whitney, and I tell you this to-night “ The little looters !” he exclaimed at because it serves to show you how things still another meeting that evening : “ what stand, and because I believe that if the are they to the octopus that holds the people of New York knew really how whole city in its grasp ? I have at heart things stand, they would arm our hands the suppression of vice in this city; I at this election against corruption both have at heart the suppression of crimes Democratic and Republican. of violence in this city; I have at heart " It may be that they conferred about the suppression of public gambling in the parallax of Jupiter or the dark side of this city ; but far more deeply than any the moon, but they didn't. It may be or all of these, I have at heart the libera- that Mr. Whitney talked with Mr. Platt tion of this city from the power that sys about the Philippine Islands, but he tematically corrupts its public service- didn't. He talked, as I believe, with corrupts the courts, corrupts the Legisla. Mr. Platt about the District Attorneyture, corrupts the City Council, and seeks ship of the County of New York. Mr. to keep in power against the people's will Whitney's memory is not so short that it
cannot go back to the days, scarcely a faces on the platform were those of Mr. year ago, of the State Trust Company, Jerome's own party. They sought one when a loan of $2,000,000 was made to another's eyes for a time in mute amazeD. F. Shea, an office-boy of Thomas ment. Finally they found speech-in Ryan, though that loan was forbidden by whispers. “It looks as if I had seen a the State of New York, and was, in con- man commit suicide,” said one; “he is sequence, a criminal transaction.
either à martyr or a hero." Suicide! " It is no new thing, the alliance He has killed the whole ticket along between Tammany Hall grafters and Re with himself. Why didn't you stop him publican grafters-or do you think that off?” This inquiry was addressed to the graft is a monopoly of Tammany Hall? writer, because he had happened to be Do you think the rule of Thomas Platt is alone with Mr. Jerome in the carriage any better than the rule of Richard Croker, when he arrived at Lyric Hall. The except that the one may be compared to notion of stopping him off from saying petty larceny and the other to grand anything he had made up his mind to say, larceny? I have had occasion to know which would in any case have been amussomething of the power of bosses in this ing, was in this case the more so since he city, and I have seen the fair fame of the had not dropped a word of his intention city prostituted year after year by infa. to name Senator Platt. He had said only, mous collusion between the persons who as we neared our destination, “ Hodder, I misrepresent the Republican party and am going to put the fat in the fire." I the persons who misrepresent the Demo- said that I was not surprised, that he had cratic party. It is no new thing, the been doing nothing from the beginning of alliance between the bosses upon either the campaign but put the fat in the fire. side and the alliance between those bosses “ It makes small difference,” he answered, and the money power. But do you realize with an accent of brooding meditation what that alliance means? There are that was by no means usual with him, sincere men, and I am one of them, who “whether Low and I be elected; it is believe the principles of the Democratic important only that some one have the party essential to the welfare of the coun- pluck to tell the people the truth;” and he try; there are sincere and loyal men, and jumped out of the carriage. many of them, who believe the principles There was nothing improbable or even of the Republican party essential to the unusual in the sort of understanding welfare of the country. Such men must between political adversaries which Mr. fight it out together at the polls, and may Jerome was thus ascribing to Mr. Platt be content to fight it out together loyally, and Mr. Whitney: it was precisely because with a true, square count.
But in the such compacts are become a commonplace meanwhile in a back room there sit in of politics, and yet are unfamiliar to the conference a little group of men who have public, that this one with overwhelming control of the elections and decide the force seemed to him to point a moral and questions we contend about, with no to symbolize a danger. It is between the regard to principles at all."
rank and file of either party that there That speech in Lyric Hall was given obtains in matters politic a warfare to the under the auspices of a local Republican death. The leaders on either side—not organization. The audience enjoyed it, the orators, but the true leaders, the men but the faces on the platform went white who govern the machine, the men who with dismay at the first mention of Sen- constitute the power behind the throneator Platt. The chairman, who had said are for the most part on amicable terms. the prettiest words he could command a The Republican machine is to all intents few minutes before and sat down smiling, and purposes a trust; the Democratic looked as if he had just discovered that machine is to all intents and purposes a some one had been making a fool of him. trust; like other trusts, they pool. When He was a big man, with a big face that the Republicans come into power, most lent itself to angry expression ; he had the offices, but by no means all, go to Repubaspect of a disappointed, savage bulldog, licans ; when the Democrats come into held back by a collar and chain from a power, most offices, but by no means all, g) at his natural prey. The foolishest are given to Democrats; the distribution
of places is arranged by conference his own eyes, justified him in making that between the opposing powers. Before speech. His offhand reply was: “ If Platt election the distribution of votes is not wants a fight, he can get it. I was not infrequently arranged in the same manner: going to wait for him to strike the first one candidate is sacrificed to save or to blow. I do not want public office badly defeat another candidate of more impor- enough to be a puppet in the hands of tance, the last days of the campaign any man or set of men. I am not makprecisely such a compromise was openlying this campaign to win out as District attempted and enjoined by Tammany for Attorney; I am making it to tell the the defeat of Mr. Jerome. The instruc- people of New York the things they ought tions that went out from Tammany head- to kuow.” Later in the day there came quarters were to trade votes in any manner to visit him at headquarters a man in that would keep the District Attorney's whose integrity he was known to have office safe. That the District Attorney's implicit confidence, commissioned to office should be friendly, or at least assure him that to his personal knowlquiescent, is a matter of supreme necessity edge there had been at the conference in to all the systematic violators of the law; question or elsewhere no consultation or it is necessary, not indeed for their agreement between Mr. Platt and Mr. immunity-the District Attorney is far Whitney with regard to any political enough from being omnipotent--but for matter whatsoever. That the secret contheir peace of mind. Witnesses may be ference had taken place was by this insuborned or else removed, be the District formant not explicitly denied. There are Attorney and his staff never so active or persons who still affirm themselves to so vigilant ; juries and judges still may have good and sufficient reason to beliete intervene between the offenders and the that the subject of the conference was in law. But between the indictment and the fact precisely that declared by Mr. Jerome, verdict, and even between the beginning and that a conspiracy was in fact defeated of the investigation and the formulation by being brought so soon and so auda: or abandonment of the indictment, the ciously to light. Mr. Jerome himself acviolators of the law are sure to pass cepted his informant's word. “I have unquiet hours. It is worth to thein what received assurances,” he said that night ever it may cost to go their wonted way at his first public meeting, “ from a gentlein peace.
man who is in a position to know, and in The next morning there were published whose honor and integrity I believe, that interviews with Senator Platt and Mr. at the conference of which I spoke last Whitney denying that they had been night there was no discussion between recently in conference, and newspapers Mr. Platt and Mr. Whitney of any matter which had given Mr. Jerome steady sup- bearing on this election. These state port dealt in unfriendly criticism. Men ments I accept. I am satisfied from the who had worked for him and candidates assurances that I have received to-day that on the ticket with him visited his head- the Republican organization in this city quarters with long faces. Word came that will loyally support the whole ticket-the Senator Platt had given orders that he whole ticket, without exception ; and that should not be permitted to speak in any the returns on election day will show this hill controlled by the Republican organ- support to have been given. To this iz ition until he had publicly recanted and extent I qualify what I have said, and to apologized. Practically every one held this extent only. What I have said, as it hin to blame for two things : for sacri- touches the broad facts and issues of our ficing a notable career for himself, and for politics, I stand for, if I stand alone.” jeoparding even his associates on the The attack on Senator Platt and Mr. ticket, both for a freak of temper. I set Whitney was in a manner the turningthese things down because they place in point of the campaign. For Mr. Jerome high relief the fact that the men who are bimself it was a turning point. In the to reform American politics must be pre- attack on Senator Platt he had at last pired at times to stand alone. I asked given complete expression to his own Mr. Jerome that same day what had, in conception of the essential nature of the
state of things to be reformed. He had man he found that he could trust. There made appeal to those, and to those alone, had been applause for Mr. Jerome, and by whom alone, as he believed, it could vehement applause, from first to last belastingly reformed. He had made whenever he appeared ; but never such appeal to the unattached, plain man. He applause as when he struck into a course had grown weary of inveighing against in which it was supposed that he would Tammany and only Tammany. The
only Tammany. The find himself alone. Tammany administration was corrupt; he Those who were about Mr. Jerome in had fought and was fighting with a will the few remaining days of the campaign to have it overthrown. He was far from must often have had running in their dreaming that the battle of reform would minds the well-worn lines descriptive of have been won when Tammany was over- the “ happy warrior;" he, too, was “ happy thrown. He knew well that in Tammany as a lover," and was “fired with sudden lay neither the sole root nor the sole fruit brightness, like a man inspired.” His of the administrative lie. He knew well energies, astonishing before, seemed quadthat no system different in essentials from rupled; he spoke at even more meetings, that of Tammany ever has existed, or he spoke longer; what his speeches lost will ever enduringly exist, under the sway in picturesque detail they gained in of the administrative lie. The govern- impetus and scope. In every speech he ment of the city, he had repeatedly de- pressed home his appeal to the plain clared, was in the hands of a gang of man. In the very experiences, the very criminals; it is an exact description, from preoccupations, that had seemed to sepaa legal point of view, of illegal licensers rate him from the generality of men, he and liberal enforcers of a mendacious found a vital ground of unity with the law. Besides the gang of criminals actu- plain people of the land. There is small ally in power, there is sure to be at least difference of opinion concerning the main one other gang of criminals that has been outlines and enactments of the criminal and still desires to be in power. As law. There is small difference even of against the plain people, there was to his feeling, except as feeling may be found thinking a natural alliance between the dishonorably inert or honorably strong. rival gangs, as also between whatever In the broad lines laid down by the crimgang might chance to be in power and inal law he found the lines of demarcathe richest violators of the law. The tion between the party of the criminal difficulty lay in bringing home to the and the party of the plain people of the plain man the fact of this alliance and its land. scope; the difficulty lay in rousing the · They tell me,” he said, in response plain man to a sense of his own interest to his applauders at the Murray Hill in the strife and to a sense of his own Lyceum,“ that I should have made none power. The hostile intervention—the at of the speeches I have lately made. They least apparent hostile intervention of tell me I have been needlessly arraying Senator Platt, the open hostile interven- against our cause great and powerful tion of Mr. Whitney, had given him his enemies. But I judge your hearts by mine, opportunity, without departing from the and I think that there are enemies whom question of the hour, to make appeal with it rejoices and exalts and fortifies men's passionate explicitness to the plain man hearts to encounter face to face. I think against the plain man's natural foes. The that the great corporate interests that attack on Senator Platt had been to the have entered into a corrupt alliance with plain man a convincing proof that here corrupt politicians to despoil the people was not the ordinary office-seeker, with a of this city of their rights have not waited loud voice and much to say of the iniqui- until these last days of the campaign to ties of those upon the other side. The know which side to fight on, and that it applause that in a virtually Republican is for the people of this city of the last mass-meeting rewarded the attack upon importance, and animating and invigorthe party chief of the Republicans was a ating and well-omened, to know at last convincing proof that the plain man in beyond a peradventure on what side those every party was prepared to stand by the interests mean to fight. In finding them
arrayed against us we find arrayed against all my heart, unswervingly and absolutely, us interests which the hearts of men that the plain people Abraham Lincoln love to defeat."
trusted to the end of his magnificent “ By happy force of circumstance,” career are to be relied on now as then to Mr. Jerome said on November 2 at see the fact and do the right. I have Cooper Union, “this campaign has grown been taught, boy and man, that rectitude in visible importance since the day it was means something; that on it, in their hour opened in this hall until to-night. Its issues of trial, human beings may rely. I may have been defined more and more impos- be young and an enthusiast, as they tell ingly, until they have been seen to merge me; but I have had time to know all themselves in one great issue, not whether sorts and conditions of men in this great this or that man is the better, not whether country, and I have had time to read this or that man is less vile than in his nearly every word the fathers of this public actions he seems to show himself country ever spoke or ever wrote; and to be, but whether the American people is the wise men may be right who tell me fit to rule itself under democratic institu- that I am doomed to disappointment; but tions. We have had as yet only a hun- I do not think I am. The plain people dred years of so-called self-government, are slow to judge, and rightly; they are and we are just attaining our full growth slow to act, and rightly; but here in this as a Nation ; and the hour of our trial is city they have had before their eyes for at hand.
long years the actions and the lives of the • Within the memory of man there has gang of criminals that rules it, and I think been no campaign fought on the line of the fullness of the hour is come. this campaign, and if at the election it is “ There is no controversy possible not plain beyond a doubt that we have about the acts of the administration that had the people with us, I believe that we have been living under; there is a there is no man here to-night who will question only whether acts like those live long enough to see a great campaign shall be continued and condoned. And I fought on these lines again. There has believe that God Almighty placed in all been implicit faith put in the plain peo- men's hearts a clean-cut line between right ple; there has been not one single word and wrong; and that when an appeal is uttered that is not absolutely true; we grounded, not on this man's merits or on have fought a clean fight, every one of that man's merits, but on those eternal us, from start to finish ; and it is for the laws that will remain immutable when you plain people of this city to decide what and I and all of us are gone, the hearts shall be the outcome of our fight.
of English-speaking men throughout the " Not that in my heart I have one habitable globe are certain to respond.” instant's fear of a defeat. I believe with
[TO BE CONTINUED]
They Keep His Memory Green
By Robert Truslow
In days of old, as legends tell,
Good Bishop Valentine.
Three maidens fair within his see
Each girl remained alone.
The maids were caged in towers high,