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Showing votive offerings in wax, which are hung in the Italian churches as an incentive to the Divine Being to heal the

diseased member. The small figures in the center of the picture are for Christmas presents.

steel-factory, and the supply of Italian can towns. Boston has an Italian poputoilers with the pick and spade about lation of 25,000 and New Haven a colony equals the demand. In the central and of 12,000, while the factory towns of southern portions of the State there are the Connecticut Valley-Hartford, Waterestimated to be 25,000 more, while in bury, Meriden, Danbury, Derby, and AnAlbany, Troy, and Utica (with a specially sonia-have each permanent settlements large colony), and in the southern Hudson of from 1,000 to 4,000 persons. The New River towns, there is an additional total Jersey colonies at Hoboken, Hackensack, of 18,000.

Passaic, Paterson, and Jersey City are The Italians of New England are quite growing rapidly. In the last-named place generally engaged in factory work. Thus, Italians occupy several important political the shoemakers go to Lynn, Haverhill, positions, and their Fifth Ward RepubliBrockton, and East Weymouth in Massa- can League has an enrollinent of five chusetts; while the marble workers and hundred names. Here a police captain, stone-cutters throng to Quincy, Milford, the clerk of the City Hall, and a Justice and Bay View, and the silk workers to of the Peace are Italians, while at Hoboken Lawrence and Fall River. The immigra- their race is represented by a health intion to Massachusetts is more largely spector, health commissioner, school comfrom Genoa and the north than is that missioner, public works commissioner, centering in New York State, for the New assessor of taxes, and a commissioner of England quarries draw hundreds of work

the police board. Here are a number of men directly from the marble hills of large Italian factories, while considerable Massa-Carrara in Tuscany, while the silk- real estate is held by the older residents. mills of eastern Massachusetts attract the At Union Hill, West New York, and silk workers of Lucca and adjoining Tus- Homestead several thousand Italians are

employed in the silk-mills. The larger in the Eastern States and do not go far part of these people come from Piedmont West. But Italians are numerous in and Lombardy, where silk-weaving is the Detroit, and at Denver there is a colony principal industry. Skilled labor of this which sustains three Italian newspapers, kind requires a considerable degree of while that at Pueblo publishes another. training and adaptability, and there is In Galveston and New Orleans are large undoubtedly more intellectual activity bodies of these people, and California among New Jersey Italians than among has an Italian population of fifty thousand, those engaged in the Pennsylvania coal- mainly devoted to grape and fruit raismines or on the railroads. Coming from ing. These last are chiefly North Italian northern Italy, they generally possess vine-growers. a common-school education, and their Of the Italians of Chicago we need not literary and argumentative tastes find speak, for Miss Jane, Addams, of Hull expression in the newspapers which they House, has already pleaded their cause publish at Paterson, Newark, and Jersey with ability.

She says:

“ There are City.

women's clubs in Chicago which study Philadelphia is, after New York, the Italian history, read Dante, and go into largest center of Italian population in this the art of Italy, but fail to know that right country. Some twelve thousand of these at their doors is this very interesting colony people occupy twenty blocks in the south- of ten thousand South Italians, reproducem part of the city between South Fifth ing their country's habits and manners, and South Fifteenth Streets and along carrying on their transplanted life with a Christian, Fitzwater, and Bainbridge great deal of charm and a great deal of Streets. The total Italian population beauty, and yet these women's clubs know is estimated at 45,000. They sustain nothing about them. These colonies are sixty-six mutual aid societies, and their just as interesting, just as worth while chief organ is a daily newspaper, “ Mas- making an effort to know, as is village tro Paolo." Other journals are, La life in Italy. We lack imagination. We Liberta," “ La Voce della Colonia,” and change the color of our tablecloths and * Il Vesivio,” a rather volcanic sheet. the shades of our candlesticks in order to Thirty miles southeast of Philadelphia, at get a variety in our social life, and yet Vineland, N. J., is a large settlement of here are these people full of color, charm, thrifty Italian agriculturists, who own history, who with their new life would several thousand acres devoted to vines offer a genuine addition to our own life and small fruit. It is sometimes wrongly and give us a type of social endeavor and assumed that our Italians prefer to settle stimulus."

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THE MARIONETTE SHOW Here is given night after night a play that extends through an entire year. It is usually founded on some ancient tale of valor,



On Being Abroad in Winter

By Oscar von Engeln

Illustrated with Photographs by the Author
HEN the first few snowflakes falling; won't those hills look fine all cor-

float downward in November ered with white?” Thus deftly are we

late, we watch them strainedly; ever off with the old love and on with the something seems to grip at our hearts. new. For then first we realize that winter has The herald flakes melt ere they have surely come ; that for a long time, aye barely touched the ground. After a few months, we must bid good-by to the fair brief seconds the sun again shines; the summer weather. Before the advent of scene is the same, yet the view has those white harbingers we walked in the changed, the world is different. The idyllic days of Indian summer, hypocritic- joy of life is now in futures ; with the ally asserting, with an air of conviction, coming of those few crystals we date a " This weather cannot last; to-morrow will new time. Some weak days of watery be winter." Yet all the time our hearts sunshine follow. Thenbelied us; deep in our breasts we exulted A night closes in after a gray all-day, at every warm day, and lived each night and the twilight atmosphere is filled with through in the hope that the sun would a myriad flecks of white. A hush descends rise again to-morrow from out those yel- o'er the land; only the soft murmur of low mists wherein it and the earth had breathing snowflakes is heard. One by both disappeared in the evening. Yet, as one, distant landmarks fade out. Already week succeeded week, and ever the wind a thin veil is spread over the surface of blew softly, even the brain grew sanguine, earth, a winding sheet for the few lonely and the tongue said, “It will be a very survivors of the plant relationship. The late and mild winter.” Perhaps, even, air temperature hovers between freezing there was planned yet another all-day and thawing. A puff of wind from the excursion afield, to breathe in full the northeast; colder, and with it a gust of lusty autumn odors.

snow. A quiet again filled with heavy, And now—now snowflakes are falling. straight-down-falling flakes. Then the We stand at the window with inheld wind rises, slowly at first, giving the breath, while a few more slowly descend. Aakes only a slight slant in their descent. Out of the west gray-black clouds have As the night grows late, the hurrying come; the wind is no longer a friend; his fakes fall ever faster, the wind roars and manner has a quality of disagreeableness, howls among the trees in crescendos, and not of cold, which hurts us. In those again decreases to a minor wail. Anon moments we cast aside, utterly, all our a blast buffets its way with dull thuds as summer dreams. And, after the first pang it sweeps past. The storm is at its height, of such a parting, we turn and say to our and out in the darkness the flakes are fellows, oh, so blithely, “Hello! snow's being hurled into up-rearing drifts, only

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