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COPYRIGHT, 1901, BY D. T. DUCKWALL, JR.

BAKING DAY AT A NEW MEXICO HOME

Roman Church. There are some prob- and a cook-stove. None, however, were lems in the Southwest akin to those which used for their intended purposes. The face us in the Philippines and not unlike bed was an ornament used only by visitors those with which President Diaz has dealt who did not know better, the trunk had a so summarily in Mexico.

few precious things in it, and the stove An Indian pueblo which we passed was a cupboard, a fire never having been through further on differed but little from lighted in it. By an open fire Mrs. the Mexican towns—a little more com- Apodacca cooked our supper, which we pactly built, that was all.

ate sitting crosslegged on the floor, the By evening we had reached the home dishes set upon a sheepskin which at night of a friend, Abel Apodacca, and drove was part of some one's bed. We ate from through the big gate into the court. Here common dishes without knives or forks, we unharnessed our horses, watered them dipping out the frijoles (beans), chille con at the old-fashioned well, and, throwing the carne (chunks of meat swimming in the feed on the ground, turned them loose. quintessence of red pepper), with pieces of Baking was in progress in the beehive- tortilla (pancake). We drank our coffee, like oven in the courtyard, the progress which was strong and vile, from a gourd. of which we watched with interest. Fire Being wise in matters of Mexican houses, having been kept in it for hours, the coals we made our bed in the open court. and ashes were raked out and bread and The men of this race are seldom handmeat put in. These ovens do the best of some, nor the women pretty. The handbaking. Abel is quite American, and we some, dashing cavalier and the beautiful were not surprised on entering his house señorita with whom the fictionist has peo(the walls of which were of adobe nearly pled the Southwest land are more romantic two feet thick, the floor and roof of the than real. The people are small. dark, same useful material, in the first case swarthy, unusually dirty, and meanly clad. tramped as hard as rock, in the latter The women wear black shawls over their spread thick on poles and baked hard by heads, thinking thus to look like the rain and sun) to find a trunk, an iron bed, Mother Mary, but they delight in bright colors and often indulge in them to the the sheriff, without other income than his total disregard of harmony. They inva- office, openly spends two or three times riably smoke cigarettes, men and women his lawful salary. He only makes a presitting idly in the sun for hours smoking tense of turning in fees; but the majority and chatting.

of the Mexicans vote for him and his Until recently the children were taught gang because he is lavish to them with in Spanish, and even now there are many his, or rather the county's, money. In private schools in which Spanish is used. another county there is not one cent of The church schools as well as the public the public money turned into the treasury, schools are now teaching in English, but but the dishonest officeholders are conthe teachers oftentimes have a better tinued in office. The people care little knowledge of Spanish than of English for Statehood, being influenced by the and little real headway is made against political office-seekers and large propertythe mother tongue. Upon visiting a owners. school in charge of two Sisters, they had I have often been asked whether these the twenty children sing for me:

people are at heart loyal citizens of the “Good-morning, gentle sunshine,

United States, and in turn I have many What made you come so soon?

times asked the question. It is too You drove the little stars away,

sweeping to answer directly ; but there is And scared away the moon."

no doubt that, in case of war between They sang without expression or tune, the United States and Mexico, a large and a Latin verse would have been as portion of the uneducated non-Englishintelligible to them and as easily learned. speaking population would sympathize Some of the Protestant churches have with, if not openly aid, the enemy. Few established missions and schools in which speak English or want to learn. Amercommendable work is being done.

ican customs and the spirit of progress Most impartial people who have become do not appeal to them. Now and then acquainted with the people and affairs of you find a spark of it, and it gives you New Mexico feel that it would be a mis- joy. One night I stopped at a hut in the take to grant the Territory Statehood. mountains. The two boys of the family The people spring from a stock which has had been to the Presbyterian mission ever shown itself incapable of self-govern- school in Albuquerque, and spoke fairly ment, and they have improved very little well. Finding in the house a little United since they became Americans. They are States flag which they had brought home, led by dishonest and unscrupulous men, I pointed to it and said to the old man, neither demanding nor expecting honesty “ Americano ?” and with great feeling he in office. In one county in New Mexico replied, “O, mucho Americano."

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T HE preservation of old and inter- and the Colonial Dames are also working

esting places which have been along similar lines, and it is hoped that a 1 hallowed by association or are little at least of our heritage of the past attractive for beauty is interesting several in beauty and history may be saved from National organizations, notably that of the hands of vandals and the ravages of the American Scenic and Historic Pres- time. ervation Society. This National organi- Prominent among efforts in these direczation of men and women has for its aim tions is the purchase by the State of New the protection of beautiful features of the York and the rehabilitation of the historic natural landscape from destruction either Stony Point Battlefield on the Hudson, by physical alterations or the erection of and the thirty-odd acres at the head of unsightly structures, the preservation of Lake George, made famous by events remarkable geological formations, and the during the French and Indian and Revsaving from obliteration of names, places, olutionary Wars, and selected by Cooper and objects identified with National or as the principal scene of his romantic local history.

novel • The Last of the Mohicans.” This Society was founded by its Presi- Efforts are also being made to preserve dent, the Hon. Andrew H. Green, of New Watkins Glen as a State Reservation and York, and numbers among its active mem- to make it a free country park. In this bers such influential persons as George case it is hoped visitors will be attracted W. Perkins, of the New York Life Insur- from all over the country and the place ance Company; J. P. Morgan ; the Hon. will become more familiar to the traveling Abram S. Hewitt, and others. The public. Daughters of the American Revolution No visitor to historic places can help a

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THE MORRIS MANOR-HOUSE-WASHINGTON'S HEADQUARTERS Last year the Society secured the passage of an ordinance to take the mansion and grounds as pullic property. This was vetoed on a technicality, but will probally pass this year.

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PHILIPSE MANOR-HOUSE, YONKERS, N. Y. Now used as the City Hall. The Society hopes to have it bought by the State, to be preserved.

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