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College, Edinburgh. Dr. Davidson, a scholar E. W. Dadson, B.A., D.D.: The Man and His of international reputation, was a man of Message. Edited by Jones H. Farmer, B.A., LL.D. deeply emotional nature protected by a crust

William Briggs, Toronto. 544X784 in.' 379 pages. of reserve. A biographical introduction por

Dr. Dadson, who died in 1900, was a beloved trays his character. The discourses “all deal pastor in Montreal and elsewhere, widely inwith the history-generally with a spiritual editor for some years of the “ Canadian Bap

Auential as a denominational leader and as crisis in the history-of some Scripture per.

tist.” His memorial in this volume is that of sonality.”

a strong and much-loved man. It includes a Characters of Theophrastus (The). A Trans- sketch of his life, with many paragraphs from

lation, with Introduction, by Charles E. Bennett and William A. Hammond.' Longmans, Green & Co.,

his writings on current topics, besides some New York. 444X634 in. 85 pages. 90c., net.

characteristic sermons. Christian Science and the Gospel of Jesus First-Hand Bits of Stable Lore. "By Francis

Christ. By, Rev. George Francis Greene, D.D. M. Ware. Illustrated. Little, Brown & Co., Boston. The Chronicle Print, Cranford, N. J. 44X64, in. 5x8 in. 297 pages. $2, net. 24 pages.

In delightfully conversational language Mr. Vigorous ; effective; a brief description of the

Ware gives us many hints concerning the claims of “ Christian Science,” and an expression of the writer's views of their fallacy.

proper care of horses. Every one who owns

a horse should also own this volume. Christ of the Ages (The): In Words of Holy Hasting the Pirate. By Paul Creswick. Illus

Writ. By William Norman Guthrie. The Western Literary Press, Cincinnati. 649X8% in, 162 pages.

trated. E. P. Dutton & Co., New York. 5x8 in.

303 pages. $1.25. This is in some points a unique work. The demand of Christian thought to-day is for the

This romancer harks back to the age of the

Saxon historical Jesus, as he went about in Palestine, Vikings for his tale of love and war. for the exact reproduction of his personality land, and for possession of two fair maids who

and Dane struggle for supremacy of sea and in word and deed, as it appeared to his disciples. Dr. Caird, the Master of Balliol, has

are stolen back and forth, and gently and shown that, however desirable be the closest roughly wooed by turns. When finally they possible approximation to this, it is beyond

are given to their rightful lovers, it is by Alfred

the Great. In the earlier chapters the two realization; the Christ, through the interpretation of him by his spirit after he had passed where the King holds Witan, persuading his

heroes are Alfred's guests at Corpe Castle, beyond earthly limitations, has necessarily become, and must permanently remain, an ideal

councilors to co-operate with him in building conception-none the less authoritative for

many ships that England's navy may match that, since there is no authority more impera: Castle, and some love-making, while the pirates

the Vikings. There is a fine feast at Corpe tive in conscience than that of the moral and religious ideal, when once conceived. So much busy themselves in stealing such vessels as the is necessary to hold to, if one would fairly esti- good King commands. But everything comes mate the idea on which Mr. Guthrie's work is right in the end, as it was bound to do with based. “The Christ,” he says, “is He we

Alfred for King. The fault of the tale is that sec-not He alone whom the Gospels give" that is the way of heroes in romance.

the heroes rush so foolishly into danger-but Mr. Guthrie's Christian consciousness finds the lineaments of his Jesus in the Hebrew Haunted Mine (The). By Harry Castlemon. equally with the Christian Scriptures, and has

Illustrated. Henry T. Coates & Co., Philadelphia.

5x7% in. 433 pages. 80c. drawn on both to paint his portrait of the Son of Man in the freest exercise of the right Her Majesty the King. By James Jeffrey

Roche. Illustrated. R. H. Russell, New York. of“ Christian appropriation.”. Thus, the story 5x8 in. 149 pages. of the temptation in the wilderness is introduced by a series of prophetic visions given in

Her Wilful Way. By Helen Sherman Griffith. the Old Testament, which Jesus is represented

Illustrated. The Penn Publishing Co., Philadelphia.

5x742 in. 360 pages. c., net. as pondering during the “forty days.” The Girls' stories are rare of late. This is one portrait resulting from this treatment of the about a girl of good heart and mind, but Scriptures is a mosaic, for which not all parts thoughtless and irritable. A quarrel with a of the Gospels were found serviceable; so stepmother and the reconciliation of the two that there are some large omissions. The form part of the plot. literary form is that of the “ loose” blank verse used by the later Jacobean dramatists, History of Christianity (The) : From St. Paul and the sequence of the parts conforms to the

to Bishop Brooks. By William Edward Gardner.

Thomas Whittaker, New York. 5x7 in. 209 pages. order of the Christian year.

50c., net. Collection of the Writings of John James

Mr. Gardner has very fairly accomplished the Ingalls (A): Essays, Addresses, and Orations.

difficult task of condensing into some hundred Hudson-Kimberly Publishing Co., Kansas City, Mo. and seventy pages an account of the develop6x942 in. 536 pages.

ment of primitive into modern Christianity. Commodore Trunnion's Courtship and The It is written in a catholic spirit and serviceable

Cruise of H. M. S. Thunder. By Tobias Smollett. in any Sunday-school. Occasionally the narHerbert B. Turner & Co., Boston. 44x64, in. 245

rative is so condensed as to be misleading: pages. $1.25.

A serious case of this is the representation of Essence of Christianity (The): A Study in

the civil war in England, 1642–1648, as growDefinition. By William Adams Brown, Ph.D., D.D. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York.'' 54x844 in: ing out of a religious rather than a political 332 pages. $1.50, net.

controversy. It is also quite amiss to speak Reserved for later notice.

of Tyndale's version of the Bible as discred

ited by its "inaccuracies.” It was rather its this persevering people for the past three annotations that made it distasteful to the thousand years. Thus in the present volume church authorities. Tyndale's work set the Lord Byron has place as the writer of standard for his successors.

“Hebrew Melodies," the Emperor Caracalla History of the Middle Ages (A). By Dana

of Rome, and the Empress Catherine II. of Carleton Munro. Illustrated. (Twentieth Century Russia, for their friendliness to the Jews. In Text-Books.) D. Appleton & Co., New York. 5x8 whatever field Jewish activity has expressed in. 242 pages. 90c.

itself, it finds a record here; é. g., the British A commendable attempt to simplify an intri- Museum has two pages for an account of the cate subject. Though compact, the book has books and other objects of Jewish interest something more than the dry bones of history; therein. The largest space is accorded to the there are color and dramatic rendering of Bible in various points of view, among which stirring episodes to be found not infrequently. the two pages given to the Bible in MohamThe author's division and arrangement are medan literature illuminate a field too much excellent. He emphasizes three topics—the neglected. Cantillation, the mode of intoning work of the Christian Church, the debt due to in public prayer and reading, is illustrated by Byzantine and Arabic civilizations, and the some eight pages of musical notation. Among life of the times.

the numerous illustrations, those of the censorHorace's Odes, Epodes, and Carmen Sæcu- ship to which Jewish publications have been

lare. Edited by Clifford Herschel Moore, Ph.D. subjected during the last two centuries are The American Book Co., New York. 5x712 in. conspicuous: the first volume of this encyclo465 pages. $1.50.

pædia appears thus defaced by Russian intolImmortality and Other Essays. By Charles erance. The bibliographical department is

Carroll Everett. The American Unitarian Associa- rich both in information and in illustration. tion, Boston. 5x734 in. 280 pages. $1.20, net.

Were it worth while to speak of slips, a This third volume of essays by the late Dean singular one to notice in such a work is the of the Harvard Divinity School bears the stamp of his penetrating and cultivated mind hybrid compound of Greek and Latin, whereas

etymology assigned to “catacomb,” as a and the charm of his felicitous literary style.

it is wholly Greek. It is matter for National While the transient occasions for which he wrote and temporary phases of thought are possible to launch this epoch-marking work,

satisfaction that only in America was it found reflected here and there in these essays, they nine more volumes of which will be req are so pervaded by the ideas of universal rea

for its completion. son as to have permanent value. Theologi. cally Dr. Everett was a rationalist ; religiously Literary Values and Other Papers. By John he was a mystic, as any one must be who is

Burroughs. Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Boston. 334X7

in. 256 pages. $1.10, net. profoundly possessed by the thought of the

Reserved for later notice. immanence of God. To listen to the discourse of such a mind brings enlightenment and Macaulay's Essay on Lord Clive. Introducpeace.

tion and Notes by J. W. Pearce, Ph.D. The Mac

millan Co., New York. 4x6 in. '186 pages. 25c. Isle of Content (The). By George F. Butler, M.D. The Erudite Press, Concord, Mass. 6/4X93%

My Life-Work. By Samuel Smith, M.P. in. 135 pages. $1.50.

Illustrated. Hodder & Stoughton, London, EngThis elegantly made volume contains the re

land. 51%834 in. 630 pages. flections of an educated and thoughtful mind

This volume is doubly interesting. It is of on a variety of themes, the first of which loans moment first as the autobiography of one who its title to the whole. Without any trace of has deservedly occupied a prominent place in originality, and with no special charm of liter- the eyes of all Englishmen, especially of all ary form, they are marked by good sense and Dissenters; secondly, because the book comsincerity, by cheerfulness and human sym- prises a capital history of Parliamentary propathy.

ceedings during the past half-century. Though

Mr. Samuel Smith is a veteran in politics, his Jewish Encyclopædia (The): A Descriptive matured opinions are not always those which

Record of the History, Religion, Literature, and
Customs of the
Jewish People from the Earliest

one might expect-for instance, he thinks that Times to the Present Day. Prepared by more India involves by far the most difficult probthan Four Hundred Scholars and Specialists under

lems confronting the British nation in the the Direction of the following Editorial Board : Cyrus Adler, Ph.D.; Gotthard Deutsch, Ph.D.; future, and adds: “Our future relations with Richard Gottheil, Ph.D.; Joseph Jacobs, B.A.; Mar- America are almost as important as those cus Jastrow, Ph.D.; Frederick de Sóla Mendes,

with India.” Other observers might think Ph.D.; Isidore Singer, Ph.D., and Others. Vol. III. Bencemero-Chazanuth. Illustrated. Funk & Wag

that the South African problems now exceed nalls Co., New York. 744x11 in. 684 pages.

in complexity the Indian ; and that the future Nothing in our day more strongly attests the relations of Great Britain with America are renaissance of the spirit of Judaism than this even more important than the relations existgreat work, Jewish in its inception and design, ing between England and India. The most but supported by the co-operation of Christian noteworthy part of the volume to the student with Jewish scholars. Its field is as wide as is of history and to the student of religion alike the dispersion of the children of Israel

. Every is Mr. Smith's account of his position on country, every town of note, where they have various questions affecting the Anglican become a part of the community, every person Church and the Dissenting bodies. In 1897 of note whose history connects with theirs, he offered a motion to disestablish the Church comes into this record-a record of the relig- of England, and says: “I never undertook ious, political, social, and scholarly activity of anything that was more unpopular. All the Liberal leaders were opposed to it, and made “ Personal and Pastoral,” “ Literary and Conme feel it so in a manner that was very trying, troversial.” The appended “ Album” is a and of course it was resented by the whole series of personal sketches—Gladstone, Conservative party. I was well aware that as Beecher, and others. A royal personality pera politician it was mere folly to raise such a vades the whole. question. None had touched it since Mr. Miall, in 1873, and the cause had greatly gone

Selected Poems. By William Watson. . John

Lane, New York. 41 2x7 in. 143 pages. down in the country. The impelling motive

Reserved for later notice. that urged me to this course was the apparent impossibility of rousing the country to the Short Tales from Storyland. By Evelyn stealthy Romanizing of the Church (of Eng. Everett-Green. Illustrated in Color and Black and

White. E. P. Dutton & Co., New York. 7x972 in. land] except by a motion of this kind." if

% pages. $1.50. disestablishment ever comes, the name of Samuel Smith will be remembered as a cour

Ten Girls from Dickens. By Kate Dickinson ageous protagonist, although the time was not

Sweetser. Illustrated by George Alfred Williams.

J. F. Taylor & Co., New York. 619x91, in. 236 ripe for such an extension of freedom as he

pages. and others have endeavored to bring about.

Triumph of Love (The). By Edmond Holmes. The autobiography is rather too diffusely John Lane, New York. 648*8 in. 68 pages. written; it might have been condensed with

Reserved for later notice. profit to the average reader. It will be found, however, not only a recognized source of

True History of the American Revolution information for the student of English politics,

(The). By Sydney George Fisher. Illustrations.

J. B. Lippincott Co., Philadelphia. 5x8 in. 437 but also a source of inspiration to any man. pages. $2, net. It shows how religion animates not only one Though falling short of a great work, the nardepartment of life but all departments.

rative of this volume sustains its daring title. Myrtle and Oak. By Rennell Rodd. Forbes Passionately patriotic, in fullest sympathy & Co., Boston. 5x734 in. 115 pages. $1.

with the revolutionary elements which carried Orchestral Instruments and Their Use. By

on our great struggle for national independArthur Elson. Illustrated. L. C. Page & Co., Bos

ence, the author puts in the clearest light the ton. 514 8 in. 299 pages.

excesses committed on our side, the divisions An introductory chapter deals with primitive in the ranks of our own citizens, who the and " savage " instruments, and is followed by loyalists were and why they sided with Great one on the growth of the orchestra. The Britain, the moderation shown by the British fral chapter treats of the orchestra as a unit, commander Howe, and innumerable other an1 caracterizes some of the most eminent things which are practically unknown by the o ciestral conductors. The intermediate chap- great body of cultivated Americans-unless téra describe the individual instruments: first they have read Lecky or Tyler-and yet must ineviorin, and then, in order, the other stringed be known if a true or even plausible picture

raments, the reeds, the brass, and the in- of the Revolution is to be presented. It is Ben's of percussion. The book is enliv- a commonplace to say that history is past

*h a large number of pertinent stories politics, but the very historians who repeat it ax, Tric and musicians. . The author has write of our Revolution as if in that political Sa capi:al sense of humor, but also a struggle society, divided in a different way

- zin wii of his own. He has succeeded from that in which it divides to day, and as if 20as in making a necessarily brief and all the arguments were on one side, while abrak zeament of his theme very readable to-day there is so much to be said on both.

** Ibe volume is well worth adding As Mr. Fisher pertinently remarks:
ca! Borary, and deserves a welcome The people who write histories are usually of the class

canaie ur and the concert-goer. There who take the side of the Government in revolution, and chicdex.

as Americans they are anxious to believe that our Revo

lution was dicerent from others more decorous, and Prayers and Thoughts for the Use of the Sick. altogether free from the atrocities, mistakes, and absurd

Frey Bitonzer. The I. B. Lip ties which characterized even the patriot party in the . n. pages Revolutia. They do not like to describe in their full

coloriag the strong Americanism and the doctrines of astich includes many passages the roots of man which inspired the party that put

both cicious and serviceable through our succesvai rebe bon. They have, accordsani patience, not only to the ingv tried to describe a revolution in which all scholarly, ne ise in various kinds of reined and opezervative persons might have unhesitat

urzi takea part, bet sach revolutions have never been

katsappen p**** Lle A: An Autobiography and Farver Drased

Mr. Fisher writas of a revolution in which the radical elements had the same character

isties they hare today, and the story rings CD:. Parker, the manr. true. Fortunately, the narrative is as interestcake, draws trash atten- ing as it is instructive, and therefore, while we Ivane Dare's tive do not take Mr. Fisher's view upon all points,

menya! of we bearer commend his rolume to all who 550s satural Be to understand why the scholarly, e re Parker to be rice, and evaservative" elements in our is ciners saw him. on entr. as well as in Engiand, were gen

;-:::; ::: erar antagonistic to American independence.

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Our Plutocratic Government Convention, comprising Volume V. of To the Editors of The Outlook :

Elliott's Debates, and Mr. Yates's MinThe article in The Outlook of Novem- utes, in Vol. I. of the same work: ber 22, on “ The Trust Problem,” is “ Mr. Madison : Government ought to be so ratifying to me, but at the same time constituted as to protect the minority of the bakes assertions which the facts in the opulent against the majority.”—E. D., 1. 449. ase would seem to refute.

" Mr. Gouverneur Morris : The Senate ought

to be composed of men of great and established For example, on page 671, you assert property-aristocracy; ... and to make them hat this government is “democratic in completely independent, they should be chosen politics, education, and religion ;” and for life. Such an aristocratic body will keep hat the plain people control the govern

down the turbulence of democracy.”—E. D., I.

475. bent of city, State, and Nation.” Now I

“Mr. Madison: In all civilized countries the ay that these statements may be true people fall into different classes, having a real ome day, that they ought to be true to-day, or supposed difference of interest. There jut that they are not true now, nor have

will be particularly the distinction of rich and

poor. În framing a system of government hey ever been true in this country, espe which we wish to last for ages, we should ially since the adoption of our present not lose sight of the changes which ages will Constitution in 1787. The preamble to produce. An increase of population will of hat Constitution is as much out of har

necessity increase the proportion of those

who will labor under all the hardships of life, bony with the Constitution itself as is the and secretly sigh for a more equal distribuConstitution out of harmony with the tion of its blessings. · These may in time out Irinciples of liberty and equality laid down number those who are placed above the feel. n the Declaration of Independence eleven laws of suffrage, the power will slide into the

ings of indigence. According to the equal ears before. One is wholly inconsistent hands of the poor. How is this danger to be rith the other. To say that our present guarded against ?"-E. D., V. 243. overnment is democratic, or even re

“Mr. Hamilton stated that he did not be. ublican, in principle is to say what is not lieve in a republican government, but urged

those who did to tone their government as rue. To say that it is aristocratic is not high as possible. Inequality constituted the o come as near to the truth as to say that great and fundamental distinction in society." tis plutocratic. Our Constitution was

-E. D., V. 244.

“ Mr. Butler insisted that the labor of a written primarily for the defense of private slave in South Carolina was as productive roperty, and hence, of necessity, the and valuable as that of a freeman in Massalowers of government were placed in the chusetts ; that as wealth was the great means ands of private property (capital) by those of defense and utility to the nation, they rho made the Constitution. This act on were equally valuable to it with freemen ; and

that, consequently, an equal representation he part of the framers of the Constitution ought to be allowed for them in a government tas done deliberately, as their own state- which was instituted principally for the proients will show; hence they cannot be tection of property."-V. 296.

“Mr. Hamilton: All communities divide xcused, nor can they be held to be inno- themselves into the few and the many. The ent of the conscious betrayal of the rights first are the rich and well born; the other, the f the people.

mass of the people. . . . The people are turThat our government is not a popular bulent and changing; they seldom judge or overnment in any true sense can be and well born a distinct, permanent place in

determine right. Give, therefore, to the rich hown, first, by the expressed purpose of the government. They will check the unre prominent framers of our Constitution, steadiness of the mass of the people.”— nd, second, by the working of the instru

E. D., I. 421.

“Mr. Gerry: Government should be moved jent itself.

as far as possible from the people."-V. 136. First, as to the purpose of the framers; “In Massachusetts there are two parties : one nd I can take the time to refer to the devoted to democracy—the worst of all politileas of but a few of the men in the Phil- cal evils; the other as violent in the opposite

extreme."--V. 537. delphia Convention. Many other state

“Mr. Randolph : The general object of the jents, with these which I ask your per- Senate was to provide a cure for the turburission to give, may be found printed in lence and follies of democracy.”—V. 138. Ir. Madison's Minutes of the Federal There are several other extracts I

University Congregational Church,

Seattle, Washington.

would like to give, but must limit myself to Executive veto are each checks upon these, with one other from Mr. Madison : and nothing can pass the House up

“In a republican government the majority, which these other powers do not agr if united, have always an opportunity. The But, strangest of all innovations in only remedy is to enlarge the sphere, and establishment of a government, shou thereby divide the community into so great a number of interests and parties that a major these three branches finally agree up ity will not be likely to have a common interest any new measure in the interest of t separate from that of the whole, or of a minor people, and it become a law, the Supre ity; and, in the second place, that in case they Court, with a rigid Constitution back should have such an interest, they may not be so apt to unite in the pursuit of it.”—V. 163.

it, stands ready to kill the measure wi

an absolute veto. This feature of o When it is remembered that the attempt was made by the Convention to

government, which Mr. John Fiske h have these records destroyed, and that highly commended as a purely“ America

idea,” is good if the people want a cons they were not given to the people till more than fifty years after the adoption of the tutional monarchy, but such an absolu Constitution, and that the Constitution negative power placed in the hands of was made so rigid that it is practically few men, naturally aristocratic in tende impossible even to amend it, is there not

cies, or with any tendencies, howev manifest in these facts, as well as in the good they may be, in itself refutes th

statement so often made by the press an statements made in the Convention, that the framers knew that they were robbing by political speakers in this country, tha the people of the United States of their

this government is founded upon dem

cratic principles. rights and liberties?

THOMAS C. WISWELL. Now, in the second place, let us see how the Constitution has worked practically. To show this I append a diagram

[It is impossible for us to refute th statements of our correspondent, becaus he is discussing-it appears to us--no

matters of fact, but matters of opinion. I Supreme

the people and government of the Unite Court

States are in the state which he believe

them to be in, the condition of all con Absolute check cerned-plutocrats, proletariat, editors

clergymen, everybody indeed excepting the members of the Supreme Court and the United States Senators (although thi popular election of Senators which

foresee in the not far distant future i: Senate President

going to knock them out, too) is sorry in Check

deed. In our turn we should like to ask Check

our correspondent what he proposes to do about it. Has he or any other one in di vidual, or set of individuals, invented a system of government to take the place o

our present system? If so, we should be House of

glad to know about it. Our conviction, Representatives

amply confirmed and sustained by history is that governments are the fruits of evo lution, not of invention. The farmer of

the State of Washington who wants to which is almost self-explanatory. The improve his apple crop does it, not with House of Representatives is the only the saw, with the ax, and with fire, but popular branch of the government. This by grafting, plowing, pruning, and spraybranch has a negative check, but practi- ing. This is the method to be followed, cally no power positively to carry out the we believe, in developing a true democwill of the people. The Senate and the racy.—THE EDITORS.)

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