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he can do and will do to aid in its suc- center of which is a fountain surrounded with cess. Since ästhetic surroundings are

a twenty-foot bed of caladiums. These, to

gether with several beds of cannas planked the constant, silent appeal to the better about the yards, make our surroundings nature of man, that man will do better attractive in the summer-time. It proves a work and do it more quietly, quickly, and pleasure to our workpeople and to ourselves. pleasantly in congenial surroundings than It has taken a long time to convince otherwise. ... Work is many times some business men that there is any profit wearisome and monotonous, and the more to be gotten out of beauty ; but, on the brightness and beauty that is thrown other hand, there are a great many busiaround the worker the better spirit he nessmen who take a broad enough view can put into his work." The President of their interests and who have a sufficient of a large manufacturing concern in Ohio knowledge of conditions elsewhere to writes that tasteful surroundings have know that beauty, to put it on the lowest made it possible for the factory which he possible basis, is an extremely marketable manages to get the best men as workers ; quality, and that as an investment it that their employees appreciate what they often pays a very high per cent. of profit. are trying to do in making the shops at The consensus of opinion secured by the tractive, and that these employees join in editor of “Hoine and Flowers" is encourany effort to take care of the place and aging as showing the broadening view prevent abuse of its privileges. A large of business by able men of affairs, the manufacturer in Pennsylvania writes : clearer discernment of the great truth "If you could induce new factories to that in order to get the best work out of provide for a garden or small park in con- a man you must first develop the best nection with their plant, with a summer possible man. pavilion where workmen could eat their noon lunch and rest, it would be a fine thing for humanity." From a well-known printer in the same State comes this business creed: “I believe there is a very

If any reader of this paragraph failed great business value in having æsthetic to read Miss Miner's article on “ American surroundings to a business plant. This Barbarism and Chinese Hospitality” in value is in ward and outward both, and, if last week's issue, we hope he will turn properly backed up, means better and back to it and read it now. Whoever is more business.” A prominent manufac- responsible for such an injustice as she turer in Illinois is sure that “there is describes, the American people will be always more gain in having attractive

responsible if they allow it to be repeated surroundings than would be lost by the

in the future. The Outlook believes in cost of repairing and maintaining proper a Chinese exclusion law. It believes that conditions.” A firm of representative we have a right to put such limitations manufacturers in Connecticut, who have upon immigration as may be required by long been notable for their care for their a due consideration for our own National operatives, declare that they make their welfare. But these considerations do not mills as clean and attractive as possible,

require a law which excludes Chinese but have very little faith in supplying

students from coming to America to decorative art to workshops. An Ohio

acquire an education to fit them to return manufacturer does “not believe in spend

and work to promote a higher civilization ing much time on flower gardens or sur.

in China and so secure more cordial roundings." but freely recognizes the good relations between China and the United result of “feeding and broadening the state.

States. It would be a perfectly simple intellect, which will mold the surround

thing to prevent the law from operating ings of the workmèn"-which is precisely

to bring about such an exclusion, which the service that gardens and proper

it is not the intent of the law to bring surroundings render.

about. It would only be necessary to A very pleasant picture is suggested by

add to the law a clause something like a Tennessee manufacturer, who writes:

the following: Our mills are covered with ampelopsis and But the Collector of the Port (or the Secreà courtyard walls with the same vines, in the tary of the Treasury) may in his discretion, on

application indorsed by two or more American he had not the winning personal qualities citizens, admit a Chinese immigrant, on satis- of his predecessor, Dr. Benson; but in factory evidence that he is not a laborer and that the irregularity or imperfection of his

force of character, energy of mind, and certificate is due to no fault of his.

the courage of opinion, Dr. Temple rose,

if not into the ranks of great men, cerAn inflexible law, allowing no discretion

tainly into the ranks of those Archin the administration, is not workable.

te; bishops who have enriched the tradition Some discretion in its application should

of intellectual leadership in Lambeth be lodged somewhere in a Federal officiał. The evils of allowing such discretion would

Born on one of the Ionian Islands in be inconsiderable. The evils of not allow

1821, the son of a Governor of Sierra ing it are very serious. It is quite plain

Leone, Dr. Temple, unlike most Englishto all observers that the future commercial

men of his position, was compelled to make prosperity of this country is very closely

his own way in the world. At seventeen bound up with the development of Amer

he was thrown upon his own resources, ican trade with China ; and if we are to o I have known," he said, "what it was to increase our trade with her, it must be by

st be by go without a fire because I could not cultivating the good will of her leading citi.

afford one; and I have worn patched zens. To treat representatives of her cul

clothes and boots.” As a boy and youth tured class as the two young men were hek

he knew at first hand the hard work of the treated whose story Miss Miner told last

farm ; but he was fortunate in securing week is to undo the work done by Secretary

what was absolutely essential for his later Hay's splendid diplomacy. The inhabi

career, a thorough education. He went tants on the Pacific coast are interested in

to the Grammar School at Tiverton, and developing commercial relations between

subsequently to Oxford, where he made the United States and China; the com- his mark and became scholar of Balliol, the mercial future of that coast depends upon Oxford college which in recent times has their success in establishing such relations.

been notably associated with scholarship. They ought to take this matter up, and

His election as Fellow and Mathematical not rest until such a change is made in

in Tutor of Balliol gave him six additional the exclusion law as will render impossible

years of study in the seclusion and the insult and injury to representative friends

stimulating atmosphere of Oxford. He of America among Chinese leaders of

was ordained to the ministry in 1846; public opinion.

two years later he became Principal of the training college for teachers at Kneller Hall. In 1855 he became Instructor of Schools, and three years later was chosen the Head Master of the Rugby School, a

position which he held for eleven years. It is a good many decades since the His masterful hand was felt in every dedingy palace which Wolsey built across partment of the school; and the two sides the Thames has housed a man of more of his nature—his keen sense of justice typical English temper, of greater courage, and his bluntness of manner-were both and of more force than Dr. Temple, Arch- expressed in the well-known phrase of bishop of Canterbury, who died at Lam- the Rugby boy who wrote to his father: beth Palace last week. Among the many “ Temple is a beast, but he is a just forceful and interesting personalities who beast.” have crowded English public life during When the famous volume of “ Essays the last half of the last century, Dr. and Reviews " appeared in 1860, Dr. Temple held a foremost position. He Temple's initial essay on “ The Educawas not a great scholar in the sense in tion of the World” drew a fire of critiwhich Dr. Creighton, late Bishop of cism; and the book was the center of a London, was a scholar ; he was not a great hotly contested battle of opinions. Two theological writer; he was not a great of the essayists were tried and finally preacher, either of the popular type like acquitted. Dr. Temple's essay, which Canon Gore, or of what has been called was regarded as extraordinarily radical at the Cathedral type, like Canon Liddon; the time of its publication, was a very

The Archbishop of Can

terbury

[graphic]

SHOP OF CANTERKURY: THE MOST REV. FREDERICK TEMPLE, D.D., LL.)

Died December 23, 1902.
From the portrait by Hubert von Herkomer

cautious acceptance of the general idea vigorous opposition of the Protestant of progression in the revelation of truth, party in the Church ; the disposition of and its positions are to-day almost uni- great ecclesiastics to seek the safe rather versally accepted.

than the bold course, to speak smooth The opposition aroused by the publica- rather than true things, which has so often tion of “ Essays and Reviews " came to a brought reproach upon the Church, cannot focus when Mr. Gladstone in 1868 nomi- be charged to Dr. Temple. In a series nated Dr. Temple as Bishop of Exeter. of addresses on various ecclesiastical Dr. Pusey, who was a saint, but a very occasions he stated the position of the partisan saint, declared that the selection of Church on all the points at issue with Dr. Temple was “the most frightful enor- absolute candor and clearness. His genmity that had ever been perpetrated by a eral policy was to permit such a latitude Prime Minister.” Dr. Pusey did not under- of opinion as the discipline of the Church stand that such extreme movements as that and the authority of the Bible, as he in which he himself was a leader always understood them, permitted. He regarded produce extreme reactions. The excesses himself as at the head of a national of the Tractarians gave occasion for the Church, not the Archbishop of a party ; broad theology of “ Essays and Reviews." and he stood for tolerance within what he After a hot and prolonged discussion, regarded as the legitimate limits of freeDr. Temple's election was confirmed, dom under the Church order and teaching, and for seventeen years he put his whole Although an old man when he became strength into the many-sided work of Archbishop, Dr. Temple has left the mark an English Bishop, doing everything of his energy and independence on the with energy and decision. In 1885 he English Church. Up to the very end, became Bishop of London; and, in spite in spite of increasing evidence of failing of failing eyesight, he iminediately made strength, he performed his duties with exhis mark on that vast diocese by the traordinary vitality. The faintness which vigor and directness of his administra- nearly overcame him during the long and tion. Many stories were told of his complicated ceremonial of the coronation bluntness. It used to be said that an first directed public attention to his coninterview with the Bishop of London con- dition, and was the occasion of one of sisted of three sentences on his part— those acts of quick-witted courtesy which " Who are you? What do you want? No." are so characteristic of the King. A sec

On the death of Archbishop Benson, ond similar attack, to which Dr. Temple six years ago, Dr. Temple was appointed almost succumbed in a recent speech on Archbishop of Canterbury, being the the Education Bill in the House of Lords, twenty-seventh who has held a position made it evident that the end was not far second in dignity in the English order off. To the last of his life he lived up only to that of the sovereign. Time had to the popular characterization as “ The ripened without weakening the independ- Grand Old Man of the English Church,” ence and vigor of Dr. Temple's mind. With a strong and rugged face, large of He had ceased to be a radical in the stature, a brisk manner, speaking with partisan sense, but he had not parted with great energy without notes in the most his breadth of view or his independence straightforward English, Dr. Temple was of action. In an address delivered in a debater of great skill. Indifferent to 1898 he struck the keynote of his admin- the applause of friends or the condemnaistration when he said : “ The ceremonial tion of opponents, more anxious to speak is the order of the Church ; the teaching what he felt to be the truth than to please must be to a large extent the voice of the or placate, a man of force rather than of individual.” No Bishop in recent years charm, of mental vigor rather than of had more perplexing and difficult ques- intellectual greatness, but one whose very tions to deal with. The Church has been limitations had a certain tonic influence shaken almost to its foundations during in a position the traditions of which all the last three years by the practices of lead towards complaisant conservatism, the extreme ritualistic party, the claims of Dr. Temple was a leader of the English the pronounced Anglo-Catholics, and the Church in a great crisis in its history.

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ELHI, the chief city in the Pun- through five reigns, Delhi, the ancient jab, in India, Aashes prominent- city, the largest and commercially the

ly into the public eye this Jan- most important in the country, filled with uary on account of the great Durbar—the the richest historical and legendary assoproclamation of King Edward as Emperor ciations, is the Rome of India. The old of India. Many English and Americans and the new cities that bear the name are already starting to see this pageant, covered an area of forty-five square miles, which will be the most picturesque and and the ancient palaces of marble and magnificent since the days of native rulers. sculptured stone occupied parallelograms

The four most impressive drives in the measuring sometimes fifteen hundred by world are, to my mind, the one from three thousand feet. Delhi's origin is lost Rome out into the Campagna on the Via in obscurity ; in the tenth century its fame Appia, the one under the acacia-trees had spread far and wide, and during the from Cairo to the Pyramids, the one from great Mutiny it was the chief strategic the Damascus Gate, Jerusalem, to the point of all India. Unless it could be Mount of Olives, and the eleven miles taken, the empire never again would be between the ruined and desolate tombs held by the English ; and when, after the stretching from New to Old Delhi. And desperate attack that demolished the this history-laden road, the main artery of Kashmir Gate, it at last fell, the moral ** all the Delhis,” is singularly like the effect brought about the end of the rebelRoman Via Appia. Desolate and mourn- lion. ing over past glories, unmindful of the And this winter, in January, when present, with moss and weeds clinging to Edward VII. of the United Kingdom of its dismantled monuments, it passes be- Great Britain will be proclaimed Emperor tween tree-dotted plains, mysterious with of India—of that vast continent comprisuntold stories, and oppressively silent. ing the realms of Madras and Bengal, of Only an occasional wheel creaks along its Hyderabad and Rajputana and the Punruts, and the modern world seems far jab, of Mysore and Bombay-Delhi is the away. Here and there, as the morning spot chosen for the ceremony. Emperor sun rises, the shadows from the tombs of of India! Think what it means ! Lord long-dead heroes shrink away from it and of a continent stretching from tropical nestle close to the ruins.

Ceylon to the untrodden and icy peaks of And Delhi, the capital of the great the Kinchinjunga range of the Himalayas, Mogul emperors, whose splendors lasted rising twice as high as the highest Alps;

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