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THE PILGRIMS PROGRESS,
IN THE SIMILITUDE OF A DREAM.
2 so many Va price.
SI walked through the wilderness of this world, I lighted Then said Evangelist, Why not willing to die, since this life ons, full
on a certain place where was à den, and laid me down is attended with so many evils? The man answered, Because Bible,
in that place to sleep: and as I slept, I dreamed a I fear that this burden that is upon my back will sink me
dream. I dreamed, and behold, I saw a man clothed lower than the grave, and I shall fall into Tophet, Isa. xxx. 33. that it
with rags, standing in a certain place, with his face And, sir, if I be not fit to go to prison, I am not fit to go to in the
from his own house, a book in his hand, and a great judgment, and from thence to execution; and the thoughts of burden upon his back, Isa. lxiv. 6; Luke xiv. 33; Psa. xxxviii. 4. these things make me cry.
I looked, and saw Then said Evangelist, If this be thy condition, why standest 30
him open the book, 'thou still ? He answered, Because I know not whither to go,
bled; and not be. very carefully, said, Whither must I fly? Then said ÉvanSimulated
ing able longer to gelist (pointing with his finger over a very wide field), Do you
contain, he brake see yonder wicket-gate? Matt. vii, 13, 14. The man said, Ne. much the
out with a lamen. Then said the other, Do you see yonder shining light? Psa. table cry, saying, cxix. 105; 2 Pet. i. 19. He said, I think I do. Thensaid Evan
"What shall I do?" gelist, Keep that light in your eye, and go up direetly thereto, notes,
Acts ii. 37; xvi. so shalt thou see the gate; at which, when thou knockest, it
30; Hab. i. 2, 3. shall be told thee what thou shalt do. So I saw in my dream cs."
In this plight, that the man began to run, Now he had not run far from his
therefore, he went own door, when his wife and children, perceiving it, began to home and restrained himself as long as he could, that cry after him to return; but the man put his fingers in his his wife and children should not perceive his distress; ears, and ran on, crying, Lite! life ! eternal life! Luke xiv. but he could not be silent long, because that his trouble 26. So he looked not behind him, Gen. xix. 17, but fled towards ' increased. Wherefore at length he brake his mind to his the middle of the plain. wife and children, and thus he began to talk to them, O The neighbours also came out to see him run, Jer. xx. 10; my dear wife, said he, and you the children of my and as he ran some mocked, others threatened, and some cried bowels, I, your dear friend, am in myself undone by reason of after him to return; and among those that did so, there were a burden that lieth hard upon me; moreover, I am certainly two that resolved to fetch him back by force. The name of informed that this our city will be burnt with fire from hea. the one was Obstinate, and the name of the other Pliable. Now ven; in which fearful overthrow, both myself, with thee my by this time the man was got a good distance from them; wife, and you my sweet babes, shall miserably come to ruin, but, however, they were resolved to pursue him, which they except (the which yet I see not) some way of escape can be did, and in a little time they overtook him.
Then said, Elling,
found, whereby we may be delivered. At this his relations the man, Neighbours, wherefore are ye come? They said,
were sore amazed; not for that they believed that what he had To persuade you to go back with us. But he said, That can cds to
said to them was true, but because they thought that some by no means be; you dwell, said he, in the city of Destruction, most frenzy distemper had got into his head; therefore, it drawing the place also where I was born: I see it to be so; and dying
towards night, and they hoping that sleep might settle his zable
there, sooner or later, you will sink lower than the grave, into brains, with all haste they got him to bed. But the night was a place that burns with fire and brimstone; be content, good as troublesome to him as the day; wherefore, instead of sleep- neighbours, and go along with me.
ing, he spent it in sighs and tears. So when the morning was OBST. What! said Obstinate, and leave our friends and daily come, they would know how he did. He told them, Worse and comforts behind us ! andal worse; he also set to talking to them again; but they began to CHR. Yes, said Christian (for that was his name), because
be hardened. They also thought to drive away his distemper that all which you forsake is not worthy to be compared with by harsh and surly carriage to him ; sometimes they would a little of that I am seeking to enjoy, 2 Cor. iv. 18; and if you deride, sometimes they would chide, and sometimes they would will go along with me, and hold it, you shall fare as I myself; quite neglect him. Wherefore he began to retire himself to for there, where I go, is enough and to spare, Luke xv, 15.
his chamber, to pray for and pity them, and also to condole me.
Come away, and prove my words. I his own misery; he would also walk solitarily in the fields, OBST. What are the things you seek, since you leave all the sometimes reading, and sometimes praying: and thus for world to find them? some days he spent his time,
Chr. I seek an inheritance incorruptible, undefiled, and Now I saw, upon a time, when he was walking in the ihat fadeth not away, 1 Pet. i. 4, and it is laid up in heaven, and
fields, that he was (as he was wont) reading in his book, and and
safe there, Heb. xi. 18, to be bestowed, at the time appointed, on greatly distressed in his mind; and as he read, he burst out, as them that diligently seek it. Read it so, if you will, in my book. he had done before, crying, “What shall I do to be saved ?" OBst. Tush! said Obstinate, away with your book; will Acts xvi. 30, 31.
you go back with us or no'? I saw also that he looked this way, and that way, as if Chr. No, not I, said the other, because I have put my
he would run;
et hand to the plough, Luke ix. 62.
he stood still, be. will
Obst. Come, then, neighbour Pliable, let us turn again, and cause (as I per- go home without him; there is a company of these crazy.
ceived) he could headed coxcombs, that when they take a fancy by the end, are P of
not tell which way wiser in their own eyes than seven men that can render a
I looked reason. then, and saw
Pur. Then, said Pliable, Don't revile; if what the good man named Evan Christian says is true, the things he looks after are better than gelist coming to ours: my heart inclines to go with my neighbour. him, and asked, OBST. Wbat! more fools still! Be ruled by me and go baek, Wherefore dost who knows whither such a brain-sick fellow will lead you ? thou ery?
Go back, go back, and be wise. 1. Heanswered, Sir, Cur. Nay, but do thou come with thy neighbour, Pliable; I perceive by the there are such things to be had which I spoke of, and many
book in my hand, more glories besides. If you believe not me, read here in this that I am condemned to die, and after that to come to book; and for the truth of what is expressed therein, hehold, judgment, Heb. ix. 27; and 'I find that I am not willing all is confirmed by the blood of Him that made it, Ileb, iz. to do the first, Job xvi. 21, 22, nor able to do the second; 17-21. Ezek. xxii, 14.
Pli. Well, neighbour Obstinate, said Pliable, I begin to
come to a point; I intend to go along with this good man, and not get out because of the burden that was upon his back; to cast in my lot with him; but, my good companion, do you but I beheld in my dream, that a man came to him know the way to this desired place?
whose name was Help, and asked him, What he did there? CHR. I am directed by a man, whose name is Evangelist, to Cur. Sir, said speed me to a little gate that is before us, where we shall receive Christian, I was instruction about the way.
bid to go this way Pli. Come then, good neighbour, let us be going. Then by a man called they went both together.
Evangelist, who OBST. And I will go back to my place, said Obstinate ; I will directed me also be no companion of such misled, fantastical fellows.
to yonder gate, Now I saw in my dream, that when Obstinate was gone that I might esback, Christian and Pliable went talking over the plain; and cape the wrath to thus they began their discourse,
come. And as I Chr. Come, neighbour Pliable, how do you do? I am glad was going there you are persuaded to go along with me. Had even Obstinate I fell in here. himself but felt what I have felt of the powers and terrors of HELP. But why what is yet unseen, he would not thus lightly have given us the
did not you look back.
for the steps ? Pui. Come, neighbour Christian, since there are none but
CHR. Fear fol. us two here, tell me now farther what the things are, and how lowed me so hard, that I fled the next way, and fell in. to be enjoyed, whither we are going.
HELP. Then said he, Give me thine hand: so he gave hin CHR. I can better conceive of them with my mind than speak his hand, and he drew him out, Psa. xl. 2, and set him upon of them with my tongue; but yet since you are desirous to sound ground, and bid him go on his way. know, I will read of them in my book.
Then I stepped to him that plucked him out, and said, Sir, Pui. And do you think that the words of your book are wherefore, since over this place is the way from the city of certainly true ?
Destruction to yonder gate, is it that this plat is not mended, Cur. Yes, verily; for it was made by Him that cannot lie, that poor travellers might go thither with more security? And Tit. i. 2.
he said unto me, This miry slough is such a place as cannot be P1.1. Well said; what things are they?
mended, it is the descent whither the scum and filth that attend Chr. There is an endless kingdom to be inhabited, and conviction for sin doth continually run, and therefore it is called everlasting life to be given us, that we may inhabit that king. the Slough of Despond; for still as the sinner is awakened dom for ever, Isa. Ixv. 17; John X. 27–29.
about his lost condition, there arise in his soul many fears, and Pur. Well said; and what else?
doubts, and discouraging apprehensions, which all of them set Chr. There are crowns of glory to be given us, and garments together, and settle in this place. And this is the reason of the that will make us shine like the sun in the firmament of heaven, badness of this ground. 2 Tim. iv. 8; Rev. xxii. 5; Matt. xiii. 43.
It is not the pleasure of the King that this place should Pli. This is very pleasant; and what else ?
remain so bad, Isa. xxxv. 3, 4. His labourers. also have, by the CHR. There shall be no more crying, nor sorrow; for He direction of his Majesty's surveyors, been for above these sis. that is owner of the place will wipe all tears from our eyes, teen hundred years employed about this patch of ground, if Isa. xxv. 8; Rev, vii. 16, 17; xxi. 4.
perhaps it might have been mended: yea, and to my knowledge, Pli. And what company shall we have there?
said he, here have been swallowed up at least twenty thousand Cur. There we shall be with seraphims and cherubims, cartloads, yea, millions of wholesome instructions, that have at Isa. vi. 2; 1 Thess. iv. 16, 17; Rev. v. 11, creatures that will all seasons been brought from all places of the King's dominions, dazzle your eyes to look on them. There also you shall meet (and they that can tell, say, they are the best materials to m-ke with thousands and ten thousands that have gone before us to good ground of the place,) if so be it might have been mended; that place; none of them are hurtful, but loving and holy; but it is the Slough of Despond still, and so will be when they every one walking in the sight of God, and standing in his have done what they can. presence with acceptance for ever. In a word, there we shall True, there are, by the direction of the Lawgiver, certain see the elders with their golden crowns, Rev. iv. 4; there we good and substantial steps, placed even through the very shall see the holy virgins with their golden harps, Rev. xiv. midst of this slough; but at such time as this place doth 1-5; there we shall see men, that by the world were cut in much spew out its filth, as it doth against change of weather, pieces, burnt in flames, eaten of beasts, drowned in the seas, these steps are hardly seen; or if they be, men, through for the love they bare to the Lord of the place, John xii. 25, the dizziness of their heads, step beside, and then they are all well, and clothed with immortality as with a garment, bemired to purpose, notwithstanding the steps be there, 2 Cor. v. 2-4.
but the ground is good when they are once got in at the Pli. The hearing of this is enough to ravish one's heart. gate, 1 Sam. xii. 23. But are these things to be enjoyed ? How shall we get to be Now I saw in my dream, that by this time Pliable was got sharers thereof?
home to his house. So bis neighbours came to visit him; and Chr. The Lord, the Governor of the country, hath recorded some of them called him wise man for coming back, and some that in this book, Isa. lv. 1, 2; John vi. 87; vii. 37; Rev. xxi. 6; called him fool for hazarding himself with Christian: others xxii. 17; the substance of which is, If we be truly willing to again did mock at his cowardliness ; saying, Surely, since you have it, he will bestow it upon us freely.
began to venture, I would not have been so base to have given Pli. Well, my good companion, glad am I to hear of these out for a few difficulties: so Pliable sat sneaking among them. things : come on, let us mend our pace.
But at last he got more confidence, and then they all turned Chr. I cannot go so fast as I would, by reason of this burden their tales, and began to deride poor Christian behind his back. that is on my back.
And thus much concerning Pliable. Now I saw in my dream, that just as they had ended this Now as Christian was walking solitarily by himself, he talk, they drew nigh to a very miry slough, that was in the espied one afar off, come crossing over the field to meet him ; midst of the plain; and they being heedless, did both fall sud. and their hap was to meet just as they were crossing the way denly into the bog. The name of the slough was Despond. of each other. The gentleman's name that met him was Mr. Here, therefore, they wallowed for a time, being grievously Worldly Wiseman: he dwelt in the town of Carnal Policy, a bedaubed with the dirt; and Christian, because of the burden very great town, and also hard by from whence Christian came. that was on his back, began to sink in the mire.
This man, then, meeting with Christian, and having some Pli. Then said Pliable, Ah, neighbour Christian, where are inkling of him, (for Christian's setting forth from the city of you now?
Destruction was much noised abroad, not only in the town Chr. Truly, said Christian, I do not know.
where he dwelt, but also it began to be the town talk in some Pli. At this Pliable began to be offended, and angrily said other places,)-Mr. Worldly Wiseman, therefore, having some to his fellow, Is this the happiness you have told me aủ this guess of him, by beholding his laborious going, by observing while of? If we have such ill speed at our first setting out, his sighs and groans, and the like, began thus to enter into what may we expect between this and our journey's end? May some talk with Christian. I get out again with my life, you shall possess the brave country WORLD. How now, good fellow, whither away after this alone for me. And with that he gave a desperate struggle or burdened manner ? two, and got out of the mire on that side of the slough which Cur. A burdened manner, indeed, as ever I think poor was next to his own house: so away he went, and Christian saw creature had? And whereas you ask me, Whither away? I him no more.
tell you, sir, I am going to yonder wicket-gate before me; for Wherefore Christian was left to tumble in the Slough of there, as I am informed, I shall be put into a way to be rid of Despond alone: but still he endeavoured to struggle to that my heavy burden. side of the slough which was farthest from his own house, WORLD. Hast thou a wife and children? and next to the wicket-gate; the which he did, but could CHR. Yes, but I am so laden with this burden, that I cannot
take that pleasure in them as formerly: methinks I am as if I
here, therefore, he did sweat, and quake for fear, Heb. xii. 21. had none, 1 Cor. vii. 29.
And now he began to be sorry that he had taken Mr. Worldly WORLD. Wilt thou hearken to me if I give thee counsel ? Wiseman's counsel; and with that he saw Evangelist coming Cur. If it be good I will; for I stand in need of good counsel. to meet him, at the sight also of whom he began to blush for
WORLD. I would advise thee, then that thou with all speed shame. So Evangelist drew nearer and nearer, and, coming get thyself rid of thy burden; for thou wilt never be settled in
up to him, he looked upon him with a severe and dreadful thy mind till then; nor canst thou enjoy the blessings which countenance, and thus began to reason with Christian. God hath bestowed upon thee, till then.
EVAN. What dost thou here, Christian ? said he; at which CHR. That is that which I seek for, even to be rid of this words Christian heavy burden: but get it off myself I cannot; nor is there any knew not what to man in our country that ean take it off my shoulders; therefore
answer, wheream I going this way, as I told you, that I may be rid of my
fore at present burden.
he stood speechWORLD. Who bid thee go this way to be rid of thy burden ? less before him,
CHR. A man that appeared 10 me to be a very great and Then said Evan. honourable person, his name, as I remember, is Evangelist. gelist farther, Art
WORLD, I beshrew him for his counsel-there is not a more thou not the man dangerous and troublesome way in the world than is that into
that I found cry. which he hath directed thee; and that thou shall find, if thou ing without the wilt be ruled by his counsel. Thou hast met with something, walls of the city as I perceive, already; for I see the dirt of the Slough of Des. of Destruction ? pond is upon thee; but that slough is the beginning of the Cur. Yes, dear sorrows that do attend those that go on in that way. Hear me, sir, I am the man. I am older than thou: thou art like to meet with, in the way Evan. Did not which thou goest, wearisomeness, painfulness, hunger, perils, I direct thee the way to the little wicket gate? nakedness, sword, lions, dragons, darkness, and, in a word, Cur. Yei, dear sir, said Christian. death, and what not. These things are certainly true, having Evan. How is it then that thou art so quickly turned aside ? been confirmed by many testimonies. And why should a man For thou art now out of the way. so carelessly cast away himself, by giving heed to a stranger ? Cor. I met with a gentleman so soon as I had got over
Chr. Why, sir, this burden upon my back is more terrible to the Slough of Despond, who persuaded me that I might, in the me than all these things which you have mentioned ; nay, me. village before me, find a man that could take off my burden. thinks I care not what I meet with in the way, if so be I can 'EVAN. What was he? also meet with deliverance from my burden.
CHR. He looked like a gentleman, and talked much to me, WORLD. How camest thou by thy burden at first ?
and got me at last to yield: so I came hither; but when I beChr. By reading this book in my hand.
held this hill, and how it hangs over the way, I suddenly made World. I thought so; and it has happened unto thee as to a stand, lest it should fall on my head. other weak men, who, meddling with things too high for them, Evan. What said that gentleman to you? do guddenly fall into thy distractions; which distractions do Chr. Why he asked me whither I was going; and I told him. not only unman men, as thine I perceive have done thee, but Evan. And what said he then ? they run them upon desperate ventures, to obtain they know Cab. He asked me if I had a family, and I told him. But, not what.
said I, I am so laden with the burden that is on my back, that Chr. I know what I would obtain ; it is ease from my heavy I cannot take pleasure in them as formerly. burden.
EVAN. And what said he then ? WORLD. But why wilt thou seek for ease this way, seeing Cur. He bid me.with speed get rid of my burden; and 80 many dangers attend it? especially since (hadst thou I told him it was ease that I sought. And, said I, I am therebut patience to hear me) I could direct thee to the obtaining fore going to yonder gate to receive farther direction how I of what thou desirest, without the dangers that thou in this may get to the place of deliverance. So he said that he would way wilt run thyself into. Yea, and the remedy is at hand. show me a better way and short, not so attended with difficulBesides, I will add, that instead of those dangers, thou shalt ties as the way, sir, that you sent me in, which way, said he, meet with much safety, friendship, and content.
will direct you to a gentleman's house that hath skill to tako CAR. Sir, I pray, open this secret to me.
off these burdens; so I believed him, and turned out of that WORLD. Why, in yonder village (the village is named way into this, if haply I might soon be eased of my burdenMorality) there dwells a gentleman whose name is Legality, a
But when I came to this place, and beheld things as they are, very judicious man, and a man of a very good name, that has I stopped for fear (as I said) of danger; but I now know not what skill to help men off with such burdens as thine is from their to do. shoulders ; yea, to my knowledge, he hath done a great deal of Evan. Then said Evangelist, Stand still a little, that I may good this way; ay, and besides, he hath skill to cure those that show thee the words of God. So he stood trembling. Then. are somewhat crazed in their wits with their burdens. To him, said Evangelist, “See that ye refuse not him that speaketh; as I said, thou mayest go, and be helped presently. His house for if they escaped not who refused him that spake on earth, is not quite a mile from this place; and if he should not be at much more shall not we escape, if we turn away from Him home himself, he hath a pretty young man to his son, whose that speaketh from heaven," Heb. xii. 25. He said, moreover, name is Civility, that can do it (to speak on) as well as the old "Now the just shall live by faith; but if any man draw back, gentleman himself; there, I say, thou mayest be eased of thy my soul shall have no pleasure in him," Heb. X. 88. He also burden: and if thou art not minded to go back to thy former did thus apply them: Thou art the man that art running into habitation (as indeed I would not wish thee), thou mayest send misery; thou hast begun to reject the counsel of the Most High. for thy wife and children to thee in this village, where there and to draw back thy foot from the way of peace, even almost are houses now standing empty, one of which thou mayest have to the hazarding of thy perdition. at a reasonable rate ; provision is there also cheap and good, Then Christian fell down at his feet as dead, crying, Woe is and that which will make thy life the more happy is, to be sure me, for I am undone! At the sight of which Evangelist caught there thou shalt live by honest neighbours, in credit and good him by the right hand, saying, "All manner of sin and blasphefashion.
mies shall be forgiven unto men,” Matt. xii. 31. "Be not faithNow was Christian somewhat at a stand; but presently he less, but believing," Jok n xx. 27. Then did Christian again concluded, If this be true which this gentleman hath said, my a little revive, and stood trembling, as at first, before Evanwisest course is to take his advice; and with that he thus gelist. further spake.
Then Evangelist proceeded, saying, Give more earnest heed to CHR. Sir, which is my'way to this honest man's house? the things that I shall tell thee of, I will now show thee who it WORLD. Do you see yonder high hill ?
was that deluded thee, and who it was also to whom he sent CAR. Yes, very well.
thee. That man that met thee is one Worldly Wiseman and WORLD. By that hill you must go, and the first house you rightly is he so called - partly because he savoureth only of the como at is his.
doctrine of this world, 1 John iv. 5 (therefore he always goes So Christian turned out of his way to go to Mr. Legality's to the town of Morality to church), and partly because he house for help; but behold, when he was got now hard-by she
loveth that doctrine best, for it saveth him from the cross, Gal. hill, it seemed so high, and also that side of it that was next vi. 12, and because he is of this carnal temper, therefore, ko the way-side did hang so much oyer, that Christian was afraid seeketh to pervert my ways, though right. Now there aro to venture farther, lest the hill should fall on his head; where. three things in this man's counsel that you must utterly abhor, fore there he stood still, and wotted not what to do. Also his 1. His turning thee out of the way. burden now seemed heavier to him than while he was in his 2. His labouring to render the cross odious to thee. way. There came also flashes of fire, Exod. xix. 16, 18, out of 3. And his setting thy feet in that way that leadeth unto the hill, that made Christian afraid that he should be burnt the administration of death,