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AN ACT authorizing the County of Allen to purchase a portion of the reservation including Fort Wayne. Be it enacted, &c. That the associate Judges of the County of Allen, and State of Indiana, be, and they are hereby, authorized to enter, at minimum price, for the use and benefit of said county, so much of the forty acres reservation, including Fort Wayne, and reserved for the use of the Indian Agency, established there, as may not fall to the State of Indiana, under the act of the second day of March, one thousand eight hundred and twentyseven, entitled “An act to grant a certain quantity of land in the State of Indiana, for the purpose of aiding said State in opening a canal to connect the waters of the Wabash river with those of Lake Erie.” Approved, May 31, 1830.
AN ACT for the relief of John Reily. Be it enacted, &c. That there shall be granted to John
Reily one thousand acres of land, in full satisfaction of a |Pe*
land warrant, issued by the State of Georgia, on the twenty-second day of December, seventeen hundred and eighty-five, for one thousand acres of land, to be located within the district ceded by the said State of Georgia to the United States. And the said John Reily is hereby authorized to locate the said quantity of land, by legal subdivisions, as near as may be, or any lands now offered for sale by the United States, at the minimum price. And the President of the United States is hereby authorized to cause patents to issue to the said John Reily, for the land so to be located, on producing the certificate of the Register of the Land Office, as in other cases. Approved, May 31, 1830.
AN ACT for the relief of John Baptiste Jerome.
Be it enacted, &c. That it shall be the duty of the Third Auditor of the Treasury to ascertain the value of a certain barn, the property of said Jerome, and marked on a map referred to in the deposition of James Ganou, on file in the office of the Clerk of the House of Representatives, number sixteen, which was destroyed by fire, by order of an American officer, to prevent its use as a cover by the British and Indians, in the battle of the twenty-second of January, one thousand eight hundred and thirteen, at Frenchtown, on the river Raisin; and, also, to ascertain the value of the personal property of said Jerome in and about said barn, and which was destroyed in consequence of such burning; and the sum so found to be due, shall be paid out of any money in the Treasury, not otherwise appropriated.
Approved, May 31, 1830.
AN ACT for the relief of the legal representatives of Simeon Theus, deceased.
Be it enacted, &c. That the proper accounting officer of the Treasury be, and is hereby, authorized to pay, out of any money in the Treasury, not otherwise appropriated, to the legal representatives of Simeon Theus, deceased, the sum of thirty-eight thousand two hundred and eleven dollars and ninety-nine cents, being the amount of bad bonds, for which he receipted to his predecessor, and for which he obtained no credit upon settlement at the Treasury.
Aj. May 31, 1830.
AN ACT for the relief of John F. Carmichael, of the State - of Mississippi.
Be it enacted, &c. That John F. Carmichael, of the State of Mississippi, be, and he is hereby confirmed in his claims to two tracts of land, by virtue of two Spanish grants in favor of Claudio Bougard, one dated the thir. eenth of November, one thousand seven hundred and ighty-nine, for one thousand arpens, the other dated ixth March, one thousand seven hundred and ninety
being partly in each of the States of Louisiana and Mississippi, and on Week's Creek, which rises in Wilkinson county, Mississippi, and runs into the parish of Feliciana, Louisiana, through the line of demarcation dividing said States, near the Lake of the Cross, adjoining the lands of Christian Bingaman on the South; the same having been reported for confirmation by the Commissioners of the É. Office at St. Helena, Louisiana; in their report of January, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-four.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the Commissioner of the General Land Office, upon being presented with plats and certificates of survey of the said tracts of land, legally executed by a proper officer, shall issue patents for the same; which patents shall operate only as a relinquishment, on the part of the United States, of all right and title to said lands.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That, if it shall apr to the satisfaction of the Commissioner of the General Land Office that the claims, or any part, thereof, herein mentioned, shall have been sold, patented or confirmed, to any other person, previous to the passage of this act, then and in that case, the said John F. Carmichael shall be allowed to enter the same number of acres of the claims thus sold, patented or confirmed, to any other person, on any of the unappropriated lands in the State of Mississippi, or in the land district of St. Helena, in the State of Louisiana, that may be subject to private entry, conforming such entry to the divisions and subdivisions established by law.
Approved: May 31, 1830.
AN ACT for the relief of Gabriel Godfroy.
Be it enacted, doc. That it shall be the duty of the Third Auditor of the Treasury to ascertain the value of a certain barn, the property of said Godfroy, and marked on a map referred to in the deposition of John McCalla, on file in the office of the Clerk of the House of Representatives, number fifteen, which was destroyed by order of an American officer, to prevent its use by the British and Indians as a cover, in the battle of the twenty-second of January, one thousand eight hundred and thirteen, at Frenchtown, on the river Raisin; and, also, to ascertain the value of the personal property belonging to said Godfroy, and destroyed in and about said barn, in consequence of the burning of the same; and the sum found to be due, shall be paid out of any moneys in the Treasury, not otherwise appropriated.
Approved: May 31, 1830.
AN ACT for the relief of Samuel Ward.
Be it enacted, &c. That the Secretary of the Treasury be, and he is hereby, authorized and directed to pay Samuel Ward, surviving partner of the late firm of Samuel Ward and brothers, out of any money in the Treasury, not otherwise appropriated, the legal interest due on a final settlement certificate, issued by Benjamin Walker to Abraham Whipple, Esquire, dated the twenty-third day of October, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-six, number two hundred and eighty-one, the principal of which certificate has been paid to the said Samuel Ward, under a law passed the twenty-fourth day of May, Anno Domini one thousand eight, hundred and twenty-eight: Provided, That Samuel Ward shall first execute and deliver to the Comptroller of the Treasury, a bond of indemnity in double the amount of the sum so to be paid, with such sufficient security as the said Comptroller shall direct and approve.
Approved: May 31, 1830.
AN ACT to amend the act, entitled “An act for the relief of certain surviving Officers and Soldiers of the Army of the Revolution.” Be it enacted, &c. That the second section of the act, en
our, for one thousand and thirty-four arpents, lying and |titled “An act for the relief of certain surviving Officers
and Soldiers of the Army of the Revolution,” approved the fifteenth of May, one thousand eight hundred and twentyeight, shall not be construed to embrace Invalid Pensioners, and that the pension of invalid soldiers shall not be deducted from the amount receivable by them under the said act.
Approved: May 31, 1830.
AN ACT to amend the Charter of Georgetown.
Be it enacted, &c. That public notice of the time and lace of sale of any real property chargeable with taxes
in Georgetown, in all cases hereafter, shall be given once in each week, for twelve successive weeks, in some one newspaper in the County of Washington, in which shall be stated the number of the lot or lots, or parts thereof, intended to be sold, and the value of the assessment, and the amount of the taxes due and owing thereon; and that so much of the seventh section of an act of Congress, ap: proved May twenty-sixth, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-four, as requires said notice to be given in the National Intelligencer, and in a newspaper in Alexandria, be, and the same is hereby repealed: Provided, That nothing in this act shall change the manner of giving notice of the sales of property owned by persons not residing in the District of Columbia. o
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That on the fourth Monday of February next, and on the same day biennially thereafter, the citizens of Georgetown, qualified to vote for Members of the two Boards of the Corporation of said Town, shall, by ballot, elect some fit and proper person having the qualifications now required by law to be Mayor of the Corporation of Georgetown, to continue in Office two years, and until a successor is § elected, and the person having at said election, which shall be conducted by Judges of election appointed by the Corporation, the greatest number of legal votes, shall be declared duly elected, and in the event of an equal number of votes being given to two or more candidates, the two Boards in joint meeting, by ballot, shall elect the Mayor from the persons having such equal number of votes.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That in the event of the death or resignation of the Mayor, or his inability to discharge the duties of his office, the two Boards of the Corporation, in joint meeting, by ballot, shall elect some fit person to his the office until the next regular election.
Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the present Mayor of Georgetown shall continue to fill the office of Mayor until the fourth Monday of February next.
Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That so much of the present Charter of Georgetown, as it is inconsistent with the provisions of this act, be, and the same is hereby repealed.
Approved: May 31, 1830.
AN ACT for the relief of David Beard.
Be it enacted, &c. That there be paid, out of any money, not otherwise appropriated, to David Beard, the sum of three thousand nine hundred and ninety-eight dollars and eighty-four cents, being a balance due him, arising from the forfeiture and sale of certain goods, and wares and merchandize belonging to the said David Beard and Joseph Farwell, introduced into the District of Oswegatchie, in the State of New York, in the year one thousand eight hundred and twelve, and which were seized by Officers of the Customs, for an alleged violation of the laws of the United States.
Approved: May 31, 1830.
AN ACT for the relief of Isaac Pinney.
Be it enacted, &c. That the Secretary of War be, and he hereby is, directed to restore the name of Isaac Pin
ney to the roll of Revolutionary Pensioners, and to cause him to be paid at the rate of eight dollars per month, from and after the first day of January, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-eight.
AN ACT for the relief of sundry Citizens of the United States, who have lost property by the depredations of certain Indian tribes. Be it enacted, dec. That the claims of certain citizens of the United States, named in the Senate document at the first session of the nineteenth Congress, number fifty-five, for depredations committed on their property by the Indian tribes therein mentioned, and the claim of James and Jesse Morrison, and the claim of Burd and Abram Smith, for Indian depredations, be and the same are hereby submitted to the Third Auditor of the Treasury, for examination and adjustment; who is hereby directed to be governed in his decisions, by the provisions of the 14th section of the act of March thirtieth, one thousand eight hundred and two, entitled “An act to regulate trade and intercourse with the Indian tribes, and to preserve peace on the frontiers,” and by treaty stipulations with any of the tribes mentioned, applicable to any of the cases: Provided, That no limitation of time for presenting claims under that act shall bar any of the claims herein mentioned. And the amount of each claim, when so established and ascertained, shall be paid to the claimant or claimants, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, and the amount of each claim, when so ascertained and established, shall be reportoo Congress, with the evidence in its support, for final decision and allowance. Approved, May 31, 1830. – RESOLUTION, granting the use of the books in the Library of Congress to the heads of Departments, to certain officers of Congress, and to Ex-Presidents of the United States.
Resolved, &c. That the President of the Senate and Speaker of the House of Representatives for the time being, be, and they are hereby authorized to grant the use of the books in the Library of Congress, to the Secretary of State, the Secretary of the Treasury, the Secretary of War, the Secretary of the Navy, the Postmaster General, the Secretary of the Senate, and Clerk of the House of Representatives, the Chaplains of Congress, and any individual when in the District of Columbia, who may have been President of the United States, at the times, and on the same terms, conditions, and restrictions, as members of Congress are allowed to use said books.
Approved, Jan. 13, 1830.
RESOLUTION for obtaining the aggregate returns of
enumerations of the population of the United States.
Resolved, &c. That the Clerks of the several District and Superior Courts of the United States be, and they are hereby directed to transmit to the Secretary of State, the several returns of the enumeration of the Inhabitants of the United States, filed in their respective offices by direction of the several acts of Congress, passed the first of March, one thousand seven hundred and ninety; the twenty-eighth of February, one thousand eight hundred; the twenty-sixth of March, one thousand eight hundred and ten ; and the fourteenth of March, one thousand eight hundred and twenty.
Approved, May 28, 1830.
RESOLUTION to suspend proceedings against the Cor. poration of the House of Refuge in New York.
Resolved, &c. That the Secretary of the Treasury be, and is hereby, directed to suspend all proceedings for the
collection of a debt due to the United States from the So
SPEECH of MR. FRELINGHUYSEN, ON THE SUBJECT OF SUNDAY MAILS.
[AccIDENTALLY OMITTED IN ITS PROPER PLACE.]
IN THE SENATE of the UNITED STATEs—May 8, 1830.
The following preamble and resolution being under consideration, viz.
“The Sabbath is justly regarded as a divine institution closely connected with individual and national prosperity—no legislature can rightfully reject its claims; and although the Congress of the Łnited States, from the peculiar and limited constitution of the General Government, cannot by law enforce its observance—yet, as they should not, by positive legislation, encroach upon the sacredness of this day, or weaken its authority in the estimation of the people—
“'Therefore, it is
“REsolven, That the Committee on the Post Office and Post Toads be instructed to report a bill. repealing so much of the act on the regulation of post offices as requires the delivery of letters, packets, and F.F. on the Sabbath, and further to prohibit the transportation of the mail on that day :”
Mr. FRELINGHUYSEN spoke as follows:
MR. PREsinest: I have presented this resolution to the Senate, not only in the hope that we may consider and respect the claims of the Sabbath, but also that an occasion may be afforded of disabusing the public in regard to the object of the memorialists.
When it was proposed to our fellow-citizens, during the last Congress, respectfully to petition for a repeal of the law which required the transportation of the mail and the opening of post offices on Sunday, it produced a spontaneous, cordial, and unexampled concert and co-operation, from one limit of the Union to the other. Thousands of our constituents, who would abhor all religious tests and ecclesiastical domination, sent up their request that a profanation of the Sabbath, as destructive of our temporal prosperity as it was offensive to God, might be repressed. Sir, it was a noble tribute to the just claims of a day, held sacred by all Christian men. It was a nation's voice, speaking on a subject deeply involving its best interests. I could wish that the plea had been regarded, and at least rightly apprehended. The petition. ers would not have been charged with the design of uniting Church and State, in any dangerous alliance, had their motives been justly appreciated, or their language distinctly understood. In looking over the memorials that have loaded your tables for the last and present ses. sions, I find among them the first names of our country. The principal merchants in all our important cities, judg: es, jurists, and legislators, the farmer, manufacturer, and mechanic, of every denomination, have combined a weight of influence, and respectability of testimony on the sacred authority of this holy day, as honorable to them as it should be persuasive and prevalent with us.
The honorable committee of the House of Representa. tives, to whom these memorials had been referred, in their report, made on the 3d of February, 1829, observe, “It is believed that the history of legislation in this country af. fords no instance in which a stronger expression has been made, if regard be had to the numbers, the wealth, or the intelligence of the petitioners." - , Sir, what has wrought so sudden and singular a revolution in the public mind, if such indeed be the case ? Whence has arisen this clamorous opposition to an ob. ject that so lately seemed to draw to itself such universal and popular approbation? When we open the volumes of remonstrances against the interference of Government to prevent its own violations of the Sabbath, but one prominent cause is urged. It is gravely assert. de that the petitioners are striving to bring into the oper.
ations of our Government an ecclesiastical dominion to 10, a it over the consciences of men, and to encroach upon the rights and freedom of religious belief and opinion. Sir, it is due to all parties, as well as to ourselves, to examine this charge in the spirit of candor, divested of all prejudice, and with a single, sincere desire that the truth may be known.
The men who have presented their respectful memorials to the Congress, are not among those that have ever been friendly to either civil or ecclesiastical bondage. I have traced among them the names of many illustrious worthies of our Revolution. They seem to have rejoiced in an occasion that would bear their public testimony to the authority of the Christian Sabbath. Moreover, when we seek for the proof of this ungracious charge, we find that instead of desiring any inroad to be made upon the rights of conscience, the manifest design of the memorialists has been to increase the entrenchments around these high iuterests. They saw in this act of Congress, beside other exceptionable features, a direct invasion of religious liberty; that whilst it left all others tranquil, it attacked the principles of every postmaster in the land, with all the multitudes of clerks, assistants and messengers, and mail carriers, and commanded them to disregard the Divine authority and the legislation of almost every State, and to make the Sabbath a day of business, and of distracting servile labor. And without disturbing in the least degree the opinions or creed of any body of Christians, Congress was besought to repeal a statute thus adverse to individual privilege and public welfare. The truth is, Mr. President, the whole spirit and scope of these applications have been tortured from their obvious intention, as I hope to show to every member of the Senate. -
The eleventh section of the act of Congress regulating the Post Office Department, requires that “postmasters shall, on every day of the week, keep open their post offices, for the delivery of letters, packets, and papers, at all reasonable hours, No other statute of similar requirement can be found in our civil or criminal code. It is an anomaly in our legislation. In all our public laws beside, we perceive a very commendable concern for the sanctity of the Sabbath. And when we recur to their provisions we shall be furnished with a conclusive reply to the objection, that is derived from a diversity of sentiment, on the proper season that should be devoted to religious duties. Our predecessors have acted upon a true, republican principle, that the feelings and opinions of the majority were to be consulted. And when a collision might arise, inasmuch as only one day could be thus appropriated, they wisely determined, in accordance with the sentiments of at least nine-tenths of our people, that the first day of the week should be the Sabbath of our Government. - -
This public recognition is accorded to the Sabbath in our Federal Constitution. The President of the United States, in the discharge of the high functions of his legislative department, is expressly relieved from all embarrassment on Sunday. The business of the Supreme Court, the highest judicial tribunal of the country, is b law directed to suspend its session on Sunday. Bot Houses of Congress, the Offices of the State, Treasury, War, and Navy Departments, are all closed on Sunday.
And all the States of the Union I believe, (twenty-three