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21st Cong. 1st Sess.]
Laws of the United States. For transportation of the said annuity and salt, and ex. visions of the act, entitled " Ao act in addition to an act pense of provisions at the delivery of the same, one giving pensions to the orphans and widows of persons thousand dollars.
slain in the public or private armed vessels of the United For the payment of claims provided for by the fifth ar States," and the act to which the same is an addition, ticle of the said treaty, eleven thousand six bundred and subject to the conditions and limitations therein com ope dollars.
tained For the expense of surveying the boundaries of the Approved, March 3, 1830. cession made by the said treaty, two thousand dollars,
For the payment for the year one thousand eight hun AN ACT for the relief of Elizabeth Mays. dred apd thirty, of the limited appuity provided by the Be it enacted, de That a pension of one hundred and secopd artiele of the treaty made at Prairie du Chien, the fourteen dollars per annurn, for the term of five years from second August, one thousand eight bundred and twenty. the third day of September, one thousand eight hundred pine with the Winnebago lodians, eighteen thousand and twenty-nine, be allowed and paid, in half-yearly paydollars.
ments, out of the Navy Pension Fund, to Elizabeth Mays, For purchasing goods to be delivered at the treaty as the mother of Wilson Mays, late a Carpenter's Mate in stipulated by the said second article, thirty thousand dol. the Navy of the United States: Provided, however, That lars.
such pension shall be deemed to continue only during the For purchasing three thousand pounds of tobacco, per life and widowhood of the said Elizabeth Mays. same article, for one thousand eight hundred and thirty Approved, March 25, 1830. three hundred dollars, For transportation of the same, sixty dollars.
AN ACT for the relief of Henry Dickins and others. For purchasing fifty barrels of salt, per said second ar Be it enacted, do. That the Collector of the Customs for ticle, one hundred and twenty-five dollars.
the district of New Londou, in Connecticut, is hereby authoFor the transportation of the same, one bundred dol rized to pay to Henry Dickins, Thomas Dunbar, jr. and lars.
Trustum Dickins, owners of a fishing schooner called the For support of three blacksmiths' shops, including pay Whale, of sixty-eight tous and sixty-eight pipety-fifths of a of smiths, and assistants, also, tools, iron, steel, &c. for ton burther, and to the persons composing her late trew, the year one thousand eight hundred and thirty, as per such allowance
, to be distributed according to low, as they third article of said treaty, three thousand dollars. would bare been entitled to receive had she completed ber
For the purchase of two yoke of oxen and a cart, and fishing term; the said schooner having returned into port for the service of a man at the portage of Wisconsin and three days before the expiration of the four months reFox rivers, for one thousand eight hundred and thirty, quired, in consequence of the death of obe, and the sickness as per same article, five huodred and thirty-five dollars. of three others of ber erew.
For the payment of sundry claims against the Winne. Approved, March 25, 1880. bagoes, as provided for by the fourth article of said treatv, twenty-three thousand five hundred and thirty-two AN ACT to provide for taking the fifth Census or enumedollars.
ration of the Inbabitants of the United States. For expense of surveying the boundaries of the terri Be it enacted, &c. That the Marshals of the goveral tory ceded by the said treaty, one thousand seven bun- Districts of the United States, and of the District of Codred and forty dollars.
lumbia, and of the Territories of Michigan, Arkansas, and Approved, Mareb 25, 1830.
of Florida, respectively, shall be, and are hereby, ro
quired, under the direction of the Secretary of the DeAN ACT to provide for the payment of sundry citizens partment of State,
and according to sued instructions as of the Territory of Arkansas, for trespasses committed he shall give, pursuant to this act, to cause the number • on their property by the Osage Indians, in the years of the inhabitants within their respective Districts and
one thousand eight bundred and sixteen, ove thousand Territories, (omitting in such enumeration, Indians pot eight bundred and seventeen, and one thousand sight taxed) to be taken, according to the directions of this hundred and twenty-three.
act. The said enumeration shall distinguish the sexes of Be it enacted, do. That the Secretary of War be, and all free white persons, and ages of the free white males be bereby is, directed to pay to Robert Kerkendali, the and females, respectively, under five years of age; those sum of four thousand four hundred and ten dollare, in full of fire and under ten years of age those of ten years and compensation for sixty-three horses and mules, taken under fifteen; those of fifteen and under twenty those from him by the Osage Indians, in the year one thousand of twenty and under thirty ; those of thirty and under eight hundred and sixteen, that he likewise pay to Joceph fortys those of forty
, and under fifty; those of fifty and English, eight bundred and fifteen dollars, in full.com under sixty; those of sixty and under seventy: those of pensation for six horses, taken from him by said ladians, seventy and under eighty ; those of eighty and under in the year one thousand eight bundred and seventeen : Dinety; those of ninety and under one hundred; those also, to John Bowman, eight hundred and seventy dollars, of one hundred and upwards; and shall further distinin full cempensation for eleven horses, taken from him in guish the number of those free white persons included in the year one thousand eight bundred and twenty-three : such enumeration, who are deaf and dumb, under the age and likewise to Antoine Barrague, six hundred and sixty of fourteen years, and those of the age of fourteen years pe dollars in full compensation for property of bis de- and under twenty-five, and of the age of twenty-five years
, stroyed and takea, by the Orage Indians, 'in the year ane and upwards; and shall further distinguish the number thousand eight bundred and twenty-three.
of those free white persons included in such enumeration, Approved, March 25, 1880.
who are blind. The said enumeration shall distinguish
the sexes of all free colored persons, and of all other AN ACT for the relief of Abigail Appleton. colored persons bound to service for life, or for a term of Be it enacted, de. That the Secretary of the Navy be years, and the ages of sucha free and other colored persons and hereby is, authorized and required to place the name respectively, of each sex, under ten years of age; those I of Abigail Appleton, the widow of Daniel Appleton, of ten and under twenty-four; those of twenty-four and
upon the pension list, aod to allow to her a pension, to under thirty-six; those of thirty-six and under fifty-five ; i commence from the third day of September, one thou- those of tifty-five and under one buodred; and those cand eight hundred and twenty-nine, pursuant to the pro-l of one hundred and upwards; and shall further distig
guish the number of those free colored and other to the Secretary of State, with the Clerks of their respec colored persons, including, in the foregoing, those who tive District or Superior Courte, as the case may be, who are deaf and dumb, without regard to age, and those are hereby directed to receive, and carefully to preserve, who are blind. For effecting which, the Marshals afore the same; and the Marsbals, respectively, shall, on or be said shall have power, and are hereby required, to fore the first day of February, in the year one thousand appoint one or more assistants in each city and county eight hundred and thirty-one, transmit to the Secretary in their respective districts and territories, residents of State one copy of the several returns received from of such city or county for which they shall be ap- each assistant, and also, the aggregate amount of eack pointed, and shall assiga to each of the said assistants a description of persons within their respective Districts or certain division of territory, which division shall not con- Territories ; and every Marshal failing to file the returns sist, in any case, of more than one county, but may in. of his assistants, or the returus of any of them, with the clude one or more towns, townships, wards, bundreds, Clarks of the respective Courts, as aforesaid, or failing to precincts, or parishes, and shall be plainly and distinctly return one copy of the several returns received from each bounded; the said enumeration shall be made by an ac- assistant, and, also, the aggregate amount of each destual inquiry by such Marsbals or assistants, at every dwelcription of persons, in their respective Districts or Terriling, house, or by personal inquiry of the head of every tories, as required by this act, and as the same shall apa family. The marsbals and their assistants shall
, respec- pear from said returns, to the Secretary of State, within tively, before entering on the performance of their daty the time limited by this act, shall for every such offence under this act, take and subscribe on oath or affirmation, forfeit the sum of one thousand dollars, which forfeit before some Judge or Justice of the Peace, resident shall be recoverable in the
Courts of the Districts or Ter within their respective districts or territories, for the faith ritories where the said offences shall be committed, or ful performance of their duties. The oath or affirmation within the Circuit Courts held within the same, by action of the Marshal shall be as follows: “I, A. B., Marshal of of debt, information, or indictment ; the one balf thereof the District (or Territory) of
do solemnly to the use of the United States, and the other half to the swear, (or affirm) that I will truly and faithfully cause to informer ; but, where the prosecution shall be first instibe made, a full and perfect enumeration and description tuted on behalf of the United States, the whole shall acof all persons resident within my District, (or Territory) crue to their use; and, for the more effectúal discovery and return the same to the Secretary of State, agreeably of such offences, the Judges of the several District Courts
, to the directions of an act of Congress, entitled . An act in the several Districts, and of the Supreme Courts, in to provide for taking the fifth Census or enumeration of the Territories of the United States, as aforesaid, at their the inhabitants of the United States,' according to the next session, to be held after the expiration of the time best of my ability.” The oath or affirmation of an Assist- allowed for making the returns of the emüperation, bere ant shall be as follows: " I, A. B., appointed an assistant by directed, to the Secretary of State, shall give this act to the Marshal of the District, (or Territory of in charge to the grand juries, in their respective Courts, do solemnly swear, (or affirm) that I will make a just, and shall cause the returns of the several assistants, and faithful, and perfect enumeration and description of all the said attested copy of the aggregate amount, to be laid persons, resident within the division assigned to me for before them for their inspection. And the respective that purpose, by the Marshal of the District, (or Territo Clerks of the said Courts shall, within thirty days after
, and make due return thereof to said the said original returus sball bave been laid before the Marshal, agreeably to the directions of an act of Congress, Grand Juries aforesaid, transmit and deliver all such ort entitled An act to provide for taking the fifth Census orginal returns, so filed, to the Department of State. enumeration of the inhabitants of the United States," Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That every assistant according to the best of my ability, and that I will take sball receive at the rate of one dollar and twenty-five the said enumeration and description, by actual inquiry at cents for every hundred persons by bim returned, where every dwelling house within said division, or personal in- such persons reside in the country; and, where such per quiry of the head of every family, and not otherwise.” sono reside in a city or town, containing more than three The enumeration shall commence on the first day in thousand persons, such assistant shall receive at the same June, in the year one thousand eight hundred and thirty, rate for three thousand, and at the rate of one dollar and and shall be completed and closed within six calendar twenty-five cents for every three hundred persons over months thereafter: the several assistants shall, within the three thousand residing in such city or towo; but, where, Baid six months, and on or before the first day of Decem- from the dispersed situation of the inhabitants, in some di ber, one thousand eight bundred and thirty, deliver to the visions, one dollar and twenty-five cents will not be suffi. Marshals, by whom they shall be appointed, respectively, cient for one hundred persons, the Marshals, with the aptwo copies of the accurate returns of all persons, except probation of the Judges of their respective Districts, or Indians not taxed, to be enumerated, as aforesaid, within Territories, may make such further allowance to the astheir respective divisions; which returns shall be made in sistants, in such divisions, as shall be deemed an adequate ! a schedule, the form of which is annexed to this act, and compensation : Provided, the same does not exceed one which shall distinguish, in each county, city, town, town dollar and seventy-five cents for every fifty persons by ship, ward, precinct, bundred, district, or parish, according them returned : Provided further, Tbat, before any assisto the civil divisions of the States or Territories, re- tapt, as aforesaid, shall, in any case, be entitled to receive spectively, the several families, by the name of their said compensation, he shall take and subscribe the followmaster, mistress, steward, overseer, or other principal ing onth or affirmation, before some Judge or Justice of
the Peace, authorized to administer the same, to wit: Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That every assistant " I, A. B., do solemnly stear, (or affirm) that the vumber failing or neglecting to make a proper return, or making of persons set forth in the retur» made by me, agreeably a false retorn, of the enumeration, to the Marshal, withiu to the provisions of the act, entitled, • An act to provide the time limited by this act, shall forfeit the sum of two for taking the fifth census or enumeration of the inhabi. hundred dollars, recoverable in the manner pointed out in tants of the United States " bave been ascertained by an the next section of this act.
actual inquiry at every dwelling house, or a personal Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the Marsbals inquiry of the head of every family, in exact conformity shall file one copy of each of the several returns aforesaid, with the provisions of said act; and that I have, in every and, also, an attested copy of the aggregate amount bere respect, fulfilled the daties required of me by said set, in directed to be transmitted by them, respectively, to the best of my abilities; and that the return aforesaid is
correct and true, according to the best of my knowledge be inserted in the column of the schedule which is allot and belief." The compensation of the several Marshals ted for the heads of families, in the division where he or shall be as follows:
she shall be, on the first day in June ; and every person The Marshal of the District of Maine, three hundred occasionally absent at the time of the enumeration, as bedollars.
longing to the place in which he or she usually resides in The Marsbal of the District of New Hampshire, three the United States. hundred dollars.
Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That each and every The Marshal of the District of Massachusetts, three free person, more than sixteen years of age, whether hundred and fifty dollars.
beads of families or not, belonging to any family within The Marshal of the District of Rhode Island, two hun. any division, District or Territory, made or established dred dollars.
within the United States, shall be, and hereby is, obliged The Marshal of the District of Vermont, three hundred to render to the assistant of the division, if required, a dollars.
true account, to the best of his or her knowledge, of every The Marshal of the Distriet of Connecticut, two hun person belonging to such family, respectively, according dred and fifty dollars.
to the several descriptions aforesaid, on pain of forfeiting . The Marshal of the Southern District of New York, twenty dollars, to be sued for and recovered in any action three hundred dollars.
of debt, by, such assistant; the one half to his own use, and The Marshal of the Northern District of New York, the other half to the use of the United States. three hundred dollars.
Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That each and every The Marshal of the District of New Jersey, two bun- assistant, previous to making his return to the Marshal, dred and fifty dollars.
shall cause a correct copy, signed by himself, of the The Marshal of the Eastern District of Pennsylvania, schedule containing the number of inhabitants within his three hundred dollars.
division, to be set up at two of the most public places The Marshal of the Westera District of Pennsylvania, within the same, there to remain for the inspection of all three hundred dollars,
concerned; for each of which copies the eaid assistant The Marshal of the District of Delaware, one hundred shall be entitled to receive five dollars : Provided, Proof and fifty dollars.
of the schedule having been set up, sball be transmitted to The Marshal of the District of Maryland, three hundred the Marshal, with the return of the number of persons ; and fifty dollars.
and, in case any assistant shall fail to make such proof to The Marshal of the Eastern District of Virginia, three the Marshal, with the return of the dumber of persons, as hundred dollars.
aforesaid, he shall forfeit the compensation allowed him by The Marshal of the Western District of Virginia, three this act. hundred dollars.
Sec. 8. And be it further enacted, That the Secretary The Marshal of the District of Kentucky, three hundred of State, shall be, and hereby is, authorized and required and fifty dollars.
to transmit to the Marshals of the several Districts and The Marshal of the District of North Carolina, three Territories
, regulations and instructions, pursuant to this hundred and fifty dollars.
act, for carrying the same into effect ; and, also, the forms The Marshal of the District of South Carolina, three contained therein, of the schedule to be returned, and such hundred and fifty dollars.
other forms as may be necessary in carrying this act into - The Marshal of the District of Georgia, three hundred execution, and proper interrogatories, to be administered and fifty dollars.
by the several persons to be employed in taking the enuThe Marshal of the District of East Tennessee, two meration: hundred dollars.
Sec. 9. And be it further enacted, That those States comThe Marshal of the District of West Tennessee, two prising two Districts, and where a part of the County may hundred dollars,
be in each District, such County shall be considered as bet The Marshal of the District of Ohio, four hundred dol: longing to that District in which the Court-house of said lars.
County may be situnte. The Marshal of the District of Indiana, two bundred and Sea. 10. And be it further enacted, That, in all cases fifty dollars.
where the superficial content of any County, or parish, The Marshal of the District of Minois, two hundred shall exceed twenty miles square, and the number of indollars.
habitants in said parish or county, shall not exceed three The Marshal of the District of Mississippi, two hundred thousand, the Marsbals or assistants shall be allowed, with dollars.
the approbation of the Judges of the respective districts or The Marshals of the Districts of Louisiana, one hundred territories, such further compensation as shall be deemed and twenty-five dollars each.
reasonable: Provided, The same does not exceed four The Marshal of the District of Alabama, two hundred dollars for every fifty persons by them returned ; and when and fifty dollars.
any such county or parish shall exceed forty miles square, The Marshal of the District of Missouri, two hundred and the number of inbabitants in the same shall not dollars.
exceed three thousand, a like allowance sball be made, The Marshal of the District of Columbia, one hundred not to exceed six dollars for every fifty persons so redollars.
turned. The Marshal of the Michigan Territory, one hundred Sec. 11. And be it further enacted, That, when the and fifty dollars.
aforesaid enumeration shall be completed, and returned The Marshal of the Arkansas Territory, one hundred to the office of the Secretary of State, by the Marshals and fifty dollars.
of the States and Territories, he sball direct the printers, The Marshals of the Territory of Florida, respectively, to Congress to print, for the use of Congress, three one hundred dollars.
thousand copies of the aggregate returns received from Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That every person the Marshals: And provided, That if any Marshal, jin apy whose usual place of abode shall be in any family, on the District within the United States or Territories, sball, di
said first day in June, one thousand eight hundred and rectly or indirectly, ask, demand or receive, or contract Ņ thirty, shall be returned as of such family; and the name to receive, of any assistance to be appointed by him
of every person who shall be an inhabitant of any District under this act, any fee, reward or compensation, for the or Territory, without a settled place of residence, shall appointment of such assistant to discharge the duties re
21st Cong. 1st Sess.]
Laws of the United States. quired of such assistant under this act, or shall retain Of one hundred and upwards. from such assistant, any portion of the compensation al
Of fifty-tive and under one hundred. lowed to the assistant by this act, the said Marshal shall
Of thirty-six and under fifty-five. be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor in office, and shall forfeit and pay the amount of five hundred dollars, for
Of twenty-four and under thirty-six. each offence, to be recovered by suit or indictment in any
Of ten and under twenty-four. Circuit or District Court in the United States, or the Ter
Under ten years of age. ritories thereof, one half to the use of the Government, and Of one hundred and upwards. the other half to the informer; and all contracts which
Of fifty-five and under one bundred. may be made in violation of this law, shall be void, and
of thirty-six and under fifty-five. all sums of money or property paid, may be recovered
thirty six. partikel bey the party paying the same, in any court having of eventyr fondendo
Of ten and under twenty-four.
Under ten years of age,
Of ninety and under one hundred.
of eighty and under nioety.
Of seventy and under eighty. Sec. 13. And be it further enacted, That the President Of sixty and under seventy. of the United States is hereby authorized to cause to be
Of fifty and under sixty. made a careful revision of the statements heretofore or forty and under fifty. trnnsmitted to Congress, of all former enumerations of
under and of
. population in each State and Territory, to be printed by the Of fifteen and under twenty. the printer to Congress, (designating the number of inhabi
Of ten and under fifteen. tants of each description, by counties or parishes.) to the of five and uuder ten. number of two thousand copies, which said copies shall be distributed as Congress shall hereafter direct, and for that
Under five years of age. purpose, the sum of two thousand dollars is hereby appro
of one hundred and upwards. priated, to be paid out of any money in the treasury, not
Of ninety and under one hundred. otherwise appropriated.
Of eighty and under ninety.
and under SCHEDULE of the whole number of persons within the Of sixty and under seventy. division allotted to A B, by the Marshal of the District
Of fifty and under sixty. (or Territory) of
Of forty and under fifty.
Of thirty and under forty,
Of twenty and under thirty.
Of fifteen and under twenty.
Of ten and under fifteen.
of five and under ten. Who are deaf and dumb under fourteen years
Under five years of age.
Names of Heads of Families.
Names of County, City, Ward, Town, Township, Parish,
Precinct, Hundred or District.
Approved, March 23, 1830.
AN ACT for the relief of Cread Glover.
pay to Cread Glover, out of any money in the Treasury, TOTAL.
not otherwise appropriated, the sum of sixty dollars, the
value of a horse lost by bim while in the military service Of one hundred and upwards.
of the United States, during the late war, in the expedition of tifty-five and under one hundred.
under the command of Governor Shelby, by reason of said Of thirty-six and under fifty-five.
Glover's being dismounted and separated from his borse
at the mouth of Portage river in the State of Ohio.
Approved, March 25, 1830.
AN ACT for the relief of Francis Comparet.
he is hereby authorized to to Francis Comparet, five Of thirty-six and under fifty-five.
hundred dollars, that being the sum stipulated to be paid Of twenty-four and under thirty-six.
to him, by the name of Jean B. Comparet, in the treaty Of ten and under twenty-four,
held with the Pottawattamie tribe of Indians, at St. JoUnder ten years of age.
seph, September, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-
stas AN AOT for the relief of Thomas Buford. which shall, at the time of payment, be the minimum e Be it enacted, de. That the sum of six bundred dollars price per acre of the United States' public lands; and, be paid to Thomas Buford, out of any money in the in addition thereto, the same amount per acre heretofore Treasury, not otherwise appropriated, for his services as paid thereod, and applied to other lands, subject to a de a Deputy Quartermaster General, from the twenty-ninth duction of thirty-seven and a balf per cent. on the last day of June, one thousand eight hundred and twelve, to mentioned sum: Provided, That the sum to be paid sball the third day of July, one thousand eight hundred and not, in any case, exceed three dollars and fifty cents per thirteen.
acre : Provided also, That such persons only sball be enApproved, March 25, 1880.
titled to the benefits of this section, who shall apply for the same, apd prove their possession, to the satisfaction of
the Register and Receiver of the District in which the AN AOT the relief of the purchasers of public lande, land may lie, in the manner to be prescribed by the Coma
and for the suppression of fraudulent practices at the missioner of the General Land Office, within dine months public sales of the lands of the United States.
from the passage of this act; for which such Register and Be it enacted, &c.. That all purchasers, their heirs, or Receiver, shall each be entitled to receive from such apassignees, of such of the public lands of the United States plicants, the sum of fifty cents each: And provided as were sold on a credit, and on which a further credit bas further, That the provisions of this section shall not extend been taken, under
any of the laws passed for the relief of to any lands that have, in any manner, been disposed of purchasers of public lands, and which lands have reverted by the United States. to the United States, on account of the balance due Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That, on failure to thereon Dot baving been paid or discharged agreeably to apply for, and show a right of pre-emption, under the baid relief laws, such persons may avail themselves of any second section of this set, within the time allowed thereone of the three following provisions contained in this for; and also, on failure to complete payment on any of section, to wit: First, They shall have a right of pre- the lands, Agreeably to the provisions of this aet, within emption of the same lands, until the fourth day of July, the period allowed for that purpose, in either case, the one thousand eight buodred and thirty-one, upon their whole of such lapds shall be forthwith offered for sale paying into the proper office the sum per acre therefor, without delay. which shall, at the time of payment, be the minimum Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That if any person price per acre of the publio lands of the Voited States, in or persons shall, before or at the time of the public sale addition to the amount beretofore paid thereon, and for of any of the lands of the United States, bargain, feited: Provided, That the price, including what has contract, or agree, of shall attempt to bargain, contract, already been paid, and the amount to be paid, shall not, or agree with aby other person or persong, that the last in any case, exceed three dollars and fifty cents per aere: named person or persons, shall not bid upon, or purchase Second, They shall have the right of completing the pay the land so offered for sale, or any parcel thereof, or ment of said lands, by paying the balance of the principal shall, by intimidation, combination, or upfair managedebt due thereon, in éash, subject to a deduction of thirty, ment, hinder or prevent, or attempt to hinder or prevent seven and a balf per cent, as heretofore, at any time any person or persons, from bidding upon, or purchasprevious to the fourth day of July, one thousand eigbt ing any tract or tracts of land so offered for sale, every hundred and thirty-one : Third, they shall have the such offender, his, her, or their aiders and abettore being right, within nine months from the passage of this act, in thereof duly convicted, sball
, for every such offence, be all cases wbere the price for which said lands were sold foed not exceeding one thousand dollars, or imprisoned did not exceed two dollars and fifty cents per aere, to not exceeding two years, or both, in the discretion of the draw scrip for the amount paid thereon, in the manner Court. prescribed in the act, approved the twenty-third day of Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That if any person or May, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-eight persons, sball, before, or at the time of the public sale of entitled, "An act for the relief of purchasers of public any of the lands of the United States, enter into any conlands that have reverted for non-payment of the purchase tract, bargain, agreement, or secret understanding with money;" and which scrip, shall be receivable in the same any other person or persons, proposing to purchase such manner as directed by said act, except only that it shall land, to pay or give to such purchasers for such land, a not be taken in payment for lands hereafter bought at sum of money, or other article of property, over and public sale.
above the price at which the land may, or shall be bid off their heirs, or assignees, of such of the public lands of ment, or secret understanding, and every bond, obligathe United States as were sold on credit
, and which tion, or writing of any kind whatsoever, founded upon or lands have, by such persons, been relinquished under growing out of the same, shall be utterly pull and void.
any of the laws passed for the relief of purchasers of publie And any persons or persons being a party to such contract, lands, and the amount paid thereon applied in payment bargain, agreement, or seeret understanding, who shall of other lands retained by them, and which relinquished or may pay to such purchasers, any sum of money or laods, or any part thereof, may now be in possession other article of property, as aforesaid, over and above the of such persons : or in case the certificate of purchase purchase money of such land, may sue for and recover and part payment of said lands, has been transferred, such excess from such purchasers, in any Court having by the persons now in possession of said land, or part jurisdiction of the same. And if the party aggrieved thereof, or the persons under whom the present occupants have no legal evidence of such contract, bargain, agreemay hold such possession, to some other person not in pos-ment, or secret understanding, or of the payment of the session thereof, and the payment made thereon applied excess aforesaid, be may, by bill in equity, compel such by such other person or his assignee, in payment for purchasers to make discovery thereof; and if, in such land beld in his owo name:- In either case, the persons so case, the complainant shall ask for relief, the Court in in possession shall have the right of pre-emption of the which the bill is pending may proceed to fioal decree Bame lande, according to the legal subdivisions of seed between the parties to the same: Provided, every such tions, not exceeding the quantity of two quarter sections, suit, either in law or equity, shall be commenced within in contiguous tracts, until the fourth day of July, one six years next, after the sale of said land by the Upited thousand eight hundred and thirty-one, upon their pay- States. ing into the proper office, the sum per scre therefor, Approved, March 31, 1890.