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the extent of the appropriations, should be made the sub
ject of constitutional regulation. This is the more necessary in order that they may be equitable among the several States; promote harmony between different sections of the Union and their Representatives; preserve other parts of the Constitution from being undermined by the exercise of doubtful powers, or the too great extension of those which are not so; and protect the whole subject against the deleterious influence of combinations, to carry, by concert, measures which, considered by , themselves, might meet but little countenance. That a constitutional adjustment of this power, upon equitable principles, is, in the highest degree, desirable, can scarcely be doubted; nor can it fail to be promoted by every sincere friend to the success of our political institutions. . In no government are the appeal to the source of power, in cases of real doubt, more suitable than in ours. No good motive can be assigned for the exercise of power by the constituted authorities, while those for whose benefit it is to be exercised, have not conferred it, and may not be "willing to confer it. It would seem to me that an honest application of the conceded powers of the General Government to the advancement of the common weal, present a sufficient scope to satisfy a reasonable ambition. The difficulty and supposed impracticability of obtaining an amendment of the Constitution in this respect, is, I firmly believe, in a great degree, unfounded. The time has never yet been, when the patriotism and intelligence of the American people were not fully equal to the greatest exigency; and it never will, when the subject calling forth their interposition is plainly resented to them. To do so with the questions involved in this bill, and to urge them to an early, zealous, and full consideration of their deep importance, is, in my estimation among the highest of our duties. " A supposed connexion between appropriations for internal improvement and the system of protecting duties, rowing out of the anxieties of those more immediately interested in their success, has given rise to suggestions which it is proper I should notice on this occasion. My opinions on these subjects have never been concealed from those who had a right to know them. Those which I have entertained on the latter, have frequently placed
me in opposition to individuals as well as communities, whose claims upon my friendship and gratitude are of the strongest, character; but I trust there has been nothing in my public life which has exposed me to the suspicion of being thought capable of sacrificing my views of duty to private considerations, however strong they may have been, or deep the regrets which they are capable of exciting.
As long as the encouragement of domestic manufactures is directed to national ends, it shall receive from me a temperate but steady support. There is no necessary connexion between it and the system of appropriations. On the contrary, it appears to me that the supposition of their dependence upon each other, is calculated to excite the prejudices of the public against both. The former is sustained on the grounds of its consistency with the letter and spirit of the Constitution, of its origin being traced to the assent of all the parties to the original compact, and of its having the support and approbation of a majority of the people; on which account. it is at least entitled to a fair experiment. The suggestions to which I have alluded refer to a forced continuance of the national debt, by means of large appropriations, as a substitute for the security which the system derives from the principles on which it has hitherto been sustained. Such a course would certainly indicate either an unreasonable distrust of the people, or a consciousness that the system does not possess sufficient soundness for its support, if left to their voluntary choice, and its own merits...Those who suppose that any policy thus founded can be long upheld in this country, have looked upon its history with eyes very different from mine. This policy, like every other, must abide the will of the people, who will not be likely to allow any device, however specious, to conceal its character and tendency.
In presenting these opinions, I have spoken with the freedom and candor which I thought the occasion for their expression called for, and now respectfully return the bill which has been under consideration, for your further deliberation and judgment.
ANDREW JACKSON May 27, 1830.
144 21st Cong. 1st SEss.] Statement from the Treasury Department. [H. or R. STATEMENT FROM THE TREASURY DEPART. Of which sum, estimated to be in MENT—Annered to the foregoing Message. the Treasury on 1st January Receipts for 1830, estimated at $23,840,000 | 1880, there are bad debts a Customs 22,000,000 mounting to - 1,426,546 Lands 1,200,000 And there will be required by Bank dividends 490,000 the several Departments to Incidental receipts, including ar- complete the service of the rears of internal duties, direct year 1829 2,457,173 taxes, and l toll es, and canal tolls 150,000 Making the sum to be deducted as unvailTo which is to be added the balance estimat- able for 1830 8,883,719 d to be in the T 1st its. e in the Treasury on 1st January, 4.410,071 |Leaving as applicable to the service of 1880 24,866,352 — Expenditures: Making an aggregate of 28,250,071 |Amount already appropriated up The expenditures for 1880 were estimated at 23,755,326|- to 17th May 1889. 11,988,305 Viz; For payment of public debt 11,500,000 Civil, diplomatic, and miscella- Amount of bills pending between neous 2,478,226 the two Houses on amendments Military service, including fortifi- which will probably pass 486,544 cations, ordnance, Indian af. Amount of bills that will probafairs, pensions, arming the mi- bly pass the present session 1,197,366 litia and internal improve- - - 25,072,215 ments 5,525,189 - - - Naval service, including the gra- Estimated deficiency 705,868 dual improvement 4,257,111 Public debt 11,500,000 Appropriations contained in bills that have -- assed the Senate, and are now pending in the House of Representatives $1,275,201 Which would leave an estimated balance in Aoi. in bills that have passed the the Treasury on the 1st January, 1881, of 4,494,545 ouse of Representatives, and are now - =| pending in the Senate 876,685 Amount of receipts for the year 1880, as es- Appropriations in bills of the Senate that timated by the Secretary of the Treasury $28,840,000|, have not as yet passed that body 5,734,127 Amount estimated to be in the Treasury on Appropriations in bills of the House of Rethe 1st of January, 1880 4,410,071 | presentatives still pending in that House 2,085,271 - -* $28,250,071 $9,471,284
ACTS OF THE TWENTY.FIRST CONGRESS
PAssed AT THE FIRST session, which was BEGUN AND HELD AT THE CITY of washingtoN, IN THE DISTRICT of columbia, on Monday, THE SEVENTH DAY of DECEMBER, ONE. ThousAND EIGHT HUNDRED AND Twenty-NINE, AND ENDED on THE THIRTY-FIRST DAY of MAY, on E THou
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, That the following sums be and the same are hereby, appropriated, to be paid out of any unappropriated money in the Treasury, for repairing and fitting out the frigate Brandywine, viz.
For repairing the said frigate, twenty thousand dollars;
For wear and tear whilst in commission, eight thousand dollars;
Fqr, pay and subsistence of officers and pay of sea: men, thirty-six thousand three hundred and seventy-eight dollars:
For provisions, twenty-one thousand nine hundred and ninety-one dollars;
For medicines, hospital stores, and surgical instruments, one thousand dollars;
For contingent expenses of every description, five thousand dollars.
RESOLUTION authorizing the purchase of fifty copies of the sixth volume of the laws of the United States.
Resolved, die. That the Clerk of the House of Representatives be directed to purchase fifty copies of the sixth volume of the laws of the United States, to complete the sets in the o of Congress wanting that volume, at the rate paid for former purchases of the laws, being four dollars per volume.
Approved, Dec. 29, 1829.
AN ACT making appropriations for the payment of Revolutionary and Invalid Pensioners.
Be it enacted. dée. That the following sums be, and the same are hereby, appropriated, to be paid out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, for pay. ing the Revolutionary and Invalid Pensioners, viz: #. arrearages §: to Revolutionary pensioners, for the Wol. WL-a
year one thousand eight hundred and twenty-nine, one hundred and one thousand seven hundred dollars;
For paying the Revolutionary pensioners, for the year one thousand eight hundred .j nine hundred and sixty-six thousand four hundred and eighty dollars.
For paying the invalid pensioners, for the year one thousand eight hundred and thirty, one hundred and ninety-one thousand four hundred and eighty-one dollars, in addition to a balance in the treasury of one hundred and seven thousand eight hundred and forty-nine dollars and ninety-six cents.
Approved, February 3d, 1830.
AN ACT to alter the time of holding the Circuit Court , of the United States for the District of Maryland. Be it enacted, &c. That the terms of the Circuit Court of the United States for the District of Maryland, which are now directed by law to be held on the eighth day of May, and the eight day of December in each year, shall hereafter be held on the eight day of April and the first day of November in each year, except such days shall occur on Sunday, when the terms of the said Court shall commence and be held on the next succeeding day. Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That all process which may have issued, or which shall hereafter issue, returnable to the next succeeding terms of the said Circuit Court as heretofore established, shall be held returnable, and be returned to those terms to which they are severally changed by this act. Approved, February 11, 1880. AN ACT authorizing the Accounting Officers of the Treasury. Department, to pay to the State of Pennsylvania, a debt due that State by the United States. Be it enacted, &c. That the Secretary of the Treasury be directed to cause to be paid to the proper officers of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, the sum of thirteen thousand seven hundred and ninety-five dollars and #. $our cents, which amount now stands on the books of Treasury Department to the credit of the Agent of Pennsylvania, for paying the militia of that State, in the year one thousand seven hundred and ninety-four; to be paid out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated.
Approved, February 11, 1830.
AN ACT to amend “An Act to continue a copy-right of John Rowlett.” Be it enacted, &c. That, notwithstanding any thing contained in the last proviso of the “Act to continue a copyright to John Rowlett" approved the twenty-fourth day of May, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-eight, only such of the printed books, entitled Rowlett's Tables of Discount or Interest, as were in the possession of the said John Rowlett, at the time of the passage of the said act, are, or shall be, required to contain on the back of the title page of each, a copy of the record of the title of the book in the office of the Clerk of the District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania. Approved, February 11, 1830. AN ACT to authorize the Surveyors, under the direction of the Secretary of the Treasury, to enrol and license ships or o: to be employed in the coasting trade and fisheries. Be it enacted, &c. That, after the passage of this act, the Secretary of the Treasury be, and he is hereby, in: vested with powers to authorize the Surveyor of any port of delivery, under such regulations as he shall deem necessary, to enrol and license ships or vessels to be employed in the coasting trade and fisheries, in like manner as Collectors of ports of entry are now authorized to do, under existing laws. Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That any Survey. or who shall perform the duties directed to be performed by the first section of this act, shall be entitled to receive the same commissions and fees, as are now allowed by law to Collectors for performing the same duties, and no inore.
Approved, February 11, 1830.
AN ACT for the relief of the widow and children of * Benjamin W. Hopkins. * Be it enacted, &e. That the Secretary of the Treasury be, and he is hereby, authorized and directed to pay out of any moneys in the Treasury not otherwise appropriat. ed, to Harriet Strong, widow, Edwin W. Hopkins, and Maria A. Hopkins, children of Benjamin W. Hopkins, deceased, the sum of thirteen thousand two hundred and seventy dollars, being for damages sustained by the said Benjamin W. Hopkins, in consequence of the Government failing to furnish an Engineer to lay out the Fort at Mobile Point, at the time the coutract commenced. Pro vided, however, that from said sum of thirteen thousand two hundred and seventy dollars, there be deducted the amount of three judgments which the United States recovered in the Northern District of New York, before the District, Court of the United States at the January term of said Court, in the year one thousand eight hun dred and twenty-six, against Roswell Hopkins and Thad. deus Laughlin, surelies of Benjamin W. Hopkins, on three different custom house bonds, amounting with the costs, to one thousand seven hundred and sixty-two dollars and thirty-one cents; and the Secretary of the Treasury is hereby directed to discharge said judgments, and to release and cause to be re-delivered to the owner, any and all property on which any execution or executions which have been issued on said judgments, or either of them, has been levied. Approved, February 11, 1880.
AN ACT for the relief of Nancy Dolan.
Be it enacted, &c. That there be paid to Nancy Dolan, of Louisiana, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise * the sum of twelve hundred dollars, which shall be in full satisfaction of the claim of said Nancy, for remuneration from the United States for the loss of a lot of ground at Baton Rouge, in said State,
Approved, February 11, 1880,
AN ACT for the relief of the Church Wardens of Elizabeth City parish in the State of Virginia.
Be it enacted, &c. That the Secretary of the Treasury pay out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, the sum of one hundred and thirty dollars and fifty cents, to the Church Wardens of Elizabeth City parish, in the State of Virginia, to defray the expenses of re-casting a bell, broke during the late war, while used by direction of an officer commanding at that place, as an alarm bell.
Approved, February 11, 1880.
AN ACT for the relief of Joseph Dixon.
Be it enacted, &c. That the proper accounting officers of the Treasury be, and they are hereby, authorized to Joseph Dixon, the sum of thirty dollars, in full for the damages done to his lot of land, in taking part of the soil of said lot, to erect a fortification on Dixon's Point, on the Eastern side of Piscataqua River, in the State of Maine, to be paid out of any money in the Treasury, not otherwise appropriated.
Approved, February 11, 1830.
AN ACT for the relief of Orson Sparks, and John Watson.
Be it enacted, &c. That the Secretary of the Treasury
ay to Orson Sparks, the sum of forty-five dollars, and to }. Watson the sum of sixty dollars, out of any money in the Treasury, not otherwise appropriated, the value of two horses lost by them during the late war, while in the service of the United States.
Approved, Feb. 11, 1830.
AN ACT for the relief of James D. Cobb.
Be it enacted, &c. That the Secretary of the Treasury be, and he is hereby authorized and directed, to pay to James D. Cobb, late a First Lieutenant in the Regiment of Light Artillery, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, the full amount due for the pay, subsistence, and other emoluments of a First Lieutenant of Light Artillery, from the day when the said James D. Cobb was last paid, to the time when the Regiment of Light Artillery was incorporated with the Artillery, by the Act of the second of March, one thousand eight hundred and twenty one.
Approved, Feb. 11, 1830.
AN ACT for the relief of William Jacocks.
Be it enacted, &c. That the Secretary of War be, and he is hereby, authorized and directed, to issue a warrant for his military bounty land, to William Jacocks, who, during the late war, enlisted for five years, as a musician, in a company of bombardiers, sappers, and miners, and who, aster having served the period of his enlistment, was honorably discharged.
Sec. 2, And be it further enacted, That the proper accounting officers of the Department of War do pay to the said William Jacocks all the arrears of pay, of gratuity, allowed by the United States to soldiers honorably dis. charged, and of commutation for clothing, which may appear to be due and owing to him.
Approved, Feb. 11, 1830.
AN ACT for the relief of John Long.
Be it enacted, &c. That the proper accounting officers of the Treasury Department, cause to be paid to John Long, of the State :*::.. or to his legal representative, the sum of one hundred and ten dollars, out of any monev in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, in full, for a horse lost by him, while in the serviee of the United States, during the late war with Great Britain.
Approved, February 11, 1880. *
Laws of the United States.
AN ACT for the relief of Peter Ford.
Be it enacted, doc. That the Secretary of the Treasury pay to Peter Ford, out of any money in the Treasury, not otherwise appropriated, the sum of one hundred and thirty-three dollars, the value of that part of his team of oxen, with a sled and chains, impressed into the service of the United States, on the twenty-first of January, one thousand eight hundred and thirteen, by order of General Simon Perkins, and which were lost on the retreat of the guard having eharge of the same, after the defeat of Gen. Winchester at the river Raisin, without any fault or negligence on the part of said Ford.
Approved, Feb. 11, 1830.
An act for the relief of the legal representatives of Benja. min Clark, deceased. Be it enacted, &c. That the roper accounting officer of the Treasury audit and adjust the claim of the legal representatives of . §. deceased, for the loss of a wagon, horse, and gears, while in the military service of the United States, during the late war, and allow them such compensation therefor as they are entitled to, on the principles and by the rules which have heretofore governed the Department in adjusting claims for the loss of like property, under the law of April ninth, one thousand eight hundred and sixteen, and the act amendatory thereto ; and that said sum, so found due, be paid out of any money in the Treasury, not otherwise appropriated. Approved, Feb. 11, 1880.
AN ACT to continue in force an act authorizing the im. portation and allowance of drawback on brandy in casks of a capacity not less than fifteen gallons. Be it enacted, doc. That the act entitled "an act to authorize the importation of brandy in casks of a capacity not less than fifteen gallons, and the exportation of the same for the benefit of a drawback of the duties,” ap: proved second March, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-seven, be, and the same is hereby, continued in force. Approved, February 27, 1830.
AN ACT making appropriations for the Indian Depart. . for the year one thousand eight hundred and thirty. Be it enacted, &c. That the following sums be appropriated, to be paid out of any unappropriated money in the Treasury, for the Indian Department, for the year one thousand eight hundred and thirty, viz: For pay of the Superintendent of Indian Affairs at St. Louis, and the several Indian Agents, as authorized b law, twenty-nine thousand five hundred dollars. For pay of sub agents, as authorized by law, nineteen thousand and fifty dollars. For presents to Indians, as authorized by the act of one thousand eight hundred and two, fifteen thousand dollars. For pay of Indian . and translators employed at the several surperintendencies and agencies, twenty-one thousand five hundred and twenty-five dollars. For pay of gun and blacksmiths and their assistants, employed within the superintendencies and agencies, under treaty provisions and the orders of the Secreta of War, eighteen thousand three hundred and forty dollars. For iron, steel, coal and other expenses attending the gun and blacksmith's shop, five thousand four hundred and twenty-six dollars. For expense of transportation and distribution of Indian annuities, nine thousand nine hundred and fifty-nine dollars.
For expense of provisions for Indians at the distribu
tion of annuities while on visits of business with the dish ferent superintendents, and agents, and when assembled on business, eleven thousand eight hundred and ninety dollars. For contingencies of the Indian Department, twenty thousand dollars. Approved, February 27, 1830.
AN ACT making appropriations for certain fortifications for the year one thousand eight hundred and thirty. Be it enacted, die. That the following sums be, and the same are hereby appropriated, to be paid out of any unappropriated money in the Treasury, for certain Fortifications, viz: For Fort Adams, one hundred thousand dollars. For Fort Hamilton, eighty-six thousand dollars. For Fort Monroe, one hundred thousand dollars. For Fort Calhoun, one hundred thousand dollars. " For Fort Macon, in North Carolina, sixty thousand dollars. For Fort at Oak Island, North Carolina, sixty thousand dollars. For Fortifications at Charleston, South Carolina, twenty-five thousand dollars. For Fort at Mobile Point, Alabama, ninety thousand dollars. For Fort Jackson, Louisiana, eighty-five thousand dollars. For Fortifieations at Pensacola, in Florida, one hundred and thirty thousand dollars. For contingencies of Fortifications, ten thousand dollars. For a purchase of a site for a Fort at Coekspur Island, Georgia, five thousand dollars. Approved, February 27, 1880.
AN ACT for the relief of Ezra Thurbur, and the legal
representatives of Gideon King.
Be it enacted, &c. That the sum of one thousand two hundred dollars be paid, out of any money in the Treasury, not otherwise appropriated, to Ezra Thurbur, and the legal representatives of Gideon King, in full satisfaction of the claim against the United States, for the capture and detention of sloop Essex, by the British, on Lake Champlain, during the s. war.
Approved, February 27, 1880.
AN ACT, for the benefit of Elijah L. Clarke, of Louisiana, and of the heirs and legal representatives of Lewis Clarke, deceased. Be it enacted, dee. That Elijah L. Clarke, of the State of Louisiana, be, and he is hereby, confirmed in his claim, to a tract of land containing seven hundred and thirtythree aeres, to the extent of one mile square thereof, situated on the Lake St. Joseph, in the eouilty of Concordia, and State of Louisiana, adjoining the claim of one Durosset, on the South, being claim number sixty-eight, as entered for confirmation with the Register of the Land Office, north of Red River, in said State, by the said Elijah L. Clarke. Sec. 2. And be it further enacted. That the heirs and legal representatives of Lewis Clarke, deceased, be, and they are hereby, confirmed in their title to a tract of land containing six hundred and forty acres, situated on the Lake St. Joseph, in the county of Concordia, and State of Louisiana, adjoining the claim of Durosset, on the north, being claim number sixty-nine, as entered for confirmation with the Register of the Land Office, north of Red River, in said State, by said Lewis Clarke. Sec. 8. And be it further enacted. That the Commissioner of the General Land Office shall, upon being presented with plats and certificates of survey of the said.tracts of land, legally executed by a proper officer,