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MARCH 25, 1830.)

Buffalo and New Orleans Road,

(H. OF R.

is no necessity which demands at our hands the applica- man, if I did not believe that a remedy is within his reach; tion of the public funds for purposes of this kind. Neither that is, to give up his exploded canal system, and embrace the "common defence," por the " general welfare,” demands the railroad plan; and a most bappy opportunity now it. And if the security of either of the points, to which awaits him. Let him unite the interest of the company this road is contemplated to be constructed, did demand over which he now presides, with that of the Baltimore the exercise of those powers, and the application of our and Obio Railroad Company, and, by a unity of action treasure, I ask iu the oame of common sense, sir, if this and community of feeling, they will find their interests road, a mere paltry earthen way, would afford the security mutually advanced, and the most happy results growing desired ?

out of the arrangement. I hope I shall be pardoned for But, four general considerations bave been urged in this digression. But let me ask the honorable chairman support of the bill , and they may truly be said to be most who introduced this bill

, [Mr. HEMPHILL] how he can repliant considerations; for they are brought to bear upon concile it to his vast notions of grand and magnificent inall subjects of internal improvement, requiring the public ternal improvements, and the resources and capacity of lands or the public money.

this Government to prosecute them, to an indefinite exIt shall be my object to show that not one of those tent, as be set forth in bis speech ! But what is more, how considerations requires that this road should be made. I can he reconcile it to himself

, to fall so far behind the shall take them up in the order in which I find them in advance of the age in improvements

, as to propose an the report of the engineers inade to this House at the earthen” road as a means to facilitate commerce, and first session of the nineteenth Congress. And the first in promote the "common defence and the general welfare ?" order is its commercial advantage.

Now, if the gentleman had proposed a plan for the conIt has been gravely maintained that this road is all im- struction of a railroad, on some plan commensurate with portant as a line of intercommunication between distant the greatness and resources of this dation, there would points for the facilities of commercial intercourse, and have been some plausibility in bis arguments. But, upon the transportation of produce and merchandise. Now, what bave we heard his beautiful theories and highsir, admitting the constitutionality and the propriety of wrought figures exhausted? Why, upon an earthen road making roads for commercial purposes, is there any one -a road of raud, liable to be washed by every shower, who seriously believes that this, or'any other road, can and subject to the vicissitudes and casualties incident to possibly be brought to compete, successfully, with the every season. mighty father of rivers, and its tributary streamsWhat, Before I take leave of this branch of the subject, I ask sir ? change the channel of produce from the finest rivers leave to read a brief passage from the report of the engiin the world, with the powerful agency of steam, propel- neers; we shall then be able to judge of their views as to ling boats bundreds of mile in the twenty-four hours, the commercial importance of this road. with a mere “earthen" road! When the nighty Mis I read from the report of the engineers, which may be souri sball turn her current back upon ber source, and found in the 9th volume of Executive papers, session of force a passage through the Rocky Mountains, and empty 1825-1826, document 166, page 22. "In relation to exher vast tribute of waters into the Pacific, and the beau- ternal commerce," say the engineers, “it appears to us tiful Obio shall be brought through the tunnel proposed that a road from Washington city to New Orleans will not to be cut by the gentleman from Virginia, (Mr. MERCER] afford, as to transportation, advantages of national importand pour her waters into the Chesapeake, then, and not ance; for the road will cross generally all the main watertill then; let the gentleman propose the construction of courses perpendicular to the coast; and in the directions roads through that region of country for commercial and by means of which all the transportations are effective purposes.

which relate to operations of external commerce." But wbat kind of road bave we proposed to us by this “However, we have remarked in the foregoing part of bill ? " Au earthed road," sir. Yes, sir, a miserable, pal. this report, that the main watercourses were crossed by try, earthen road. The honorable chairman and his com the eastern route at the head of sloop navigation, and by mittee have not only fallen far in the rear of the march the middle route at the head of boat navigation, therefore of science and the arts in road making, but they have a road in the direction of either will accommodate the disgone entirely back to olden times. Earthen roads were triets through which it passes, for the transportation of the first system of intercommunication known to man. their products to the navigable streams. Under this local They were superseded by turnpikes, as they are called, (mark the words, gentlemen, local, not general) point of which consisted in the application of stone, gravel, and view, the external commerce will become benefited to a other materials, which improved the foundation, and made certain extent," &c. it capable of bearing greater weight. Mr. McAdam has Thus we see that, in the view of the engineers, this road improved upon those roads, by a peculiar and regular would not insure benefits general in their ebaracter, but method of preparing and applying the slone; and from such as are merely local ; and even that, no further than to his celebrity in his improvements, has arisen the name of afford districts through which it may pass the advantage McAdamized roads.

of transporting their produce to the navigable streams. But, above all, is that highest effort of the buman intel This being the case, is there any one who will press the lect, in perfecting a system of road intercommunication, application of the national treasure (which should never which, for ease, safety, and expedition, challenges the be disbursed only with a view to national objects, wherein astonishment and admiration of the world,

all the parts are equally benefited) to purposes local in That system which has outstripped canals, and ruined their character, and that to a limited extent I' It would be their stocks in England; and that system which will su- merging the "general welfare" into local welfare, and, persede cabals here, as well as all other systems of the against all principle, the greater into the lesser. kind, which have been devised by buman ingenuity-yes, Next in order are political considerations." I shall be sir, the honorable gentleman from Virginia (Mr. MERCER] brief upon this branch of the subject, as there is only one must hear the appalling, the heart-rending fact, that this prominent consideration, in a political point of view, which mighty monument, (Chesapeake and Obio Capal,) which, can be urged, which is, that roads and canals will operate for years, he has been laboring with a zeal and exertion to as bonds of union, and more strongly cement us together, erect to his memory, and which, no doubt, he had fondly and prevent a falling off of the parts. Without stopping boped would transmit bis dame down to the latest posteri- to controvert the correctness of the position, it certainly ty, must fall, and must give place to the superior improve- presupposes one of two things : either that there is a disment of railroads. I could sympathize with that gentle-l position in the States to fly off from the centre, or a re

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H. OF R.)

Buffalo and New Orleans Road.

[MARCH 25, 1830.

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pulsive action at the centre to throw them off, and hence So far from New Orleans being in an exposed situation, the necessity of these additional bonds of union.

I do say, and I say it without the fear of contradiction, that Nothing, in my opinion, is to be apprehended from the it is the most strougly fortified place in the nation. Every former; would to Ġud I could say so much for the latter ! pass leading from the Gulf of Mexico to the city, is well If ever the calamities of disucion should be experienced secured by the best and the most costly fortifications. There by this nation, the causes, proximate and remote, will be are no less than five forts (I believe I am not mistaken in traced to the action of the Federal Government.

the number; if I am, the gentleman from Louisiana (Mr. The mismanagement of this central machinery, so beau- WAITE) will correct me) erected for the security of that tiful in its conception, and so perfect in its structure, and city against maritime or otber javasion from the Gulf. which worked so harmoniously whilst kept within the le. These forts are capable of mounting some bundred pieces gitimate sphere prescribed by those rules expressly laid of ordonance, at least enough to sink any fleet that would down for the government of its action, will alone produce ever attempt a passage up the Mississippi to the city. We those fatal consequences. By overlea ping here the con- have already expended near two millions of dollars in de stitutional boundaries so clearly defined, by throwing the fending the territory of Louisiana by permanent fortifica. whole machinery out of gear, and giving a looseness to tions, and estimates are now before us for a continuation our operations, propelled on by the force of combined in. of those works. terests, composing a majority, against a minority, the latter The following is a statement of those expenditures, po will be compelled to take refuge under the old relation litely furnished at my request by a gentleman of the Eoin which the States stood to encb other; that of separate, gioeer Department. (Mr. C. then read the following distinct, and independent sovereignty. The States them- letter :) selves will cling to the Union whilst there is a bope left to * To the Hon. S. P. CARSON, rest on; the oppressions of this Federal Governinent can

House of Representatives : alone drive them off. Perhaps if there were ever a crisis in the affairs of our

DEAR SIR: The following statement will show you pretGovernment which required additional bonds to hold us ty nearly the cost of defending the territory of Louisiana together, that crisis is now at hand. But if this road is to by permanent fortifications, viz. be the remedy, the committee bave certainly mistaken its

Fort Wood, at the Chef Menteur proper location. Western Virginia and Eastern Tennes

Pass,

$ 411,673 11 see are pot about to fly off from the Union, and therefore

Fort Pike, at the Rigolets Pass, 369,393 14 do not require this work; if danger is to be apprehended,

Fort Jackson, Plaquemide Bend, 624.064 63 it is from another quarter. The South is the point to which

Battery at Bayou Bienvenue,

96,447 80 we should direct our attention. Certainly every political

Tower at Bayou Dupre,

16,677 41 consideration would direct us to the metropolitan route. We must encircle South Carolina with some band, or she,

Amount appropriated

1,508,256 99 from report, will be off at a “ tangent," and that suddenly.

Add for å fort on Grand Terre, But let me seriously ask of every member of this commit

Barrataria, estimated at

264,517 52 tee, what stronger bonds of union do freemen need, or the For a fort, in place of Fort St. States require, than those forged out, wrought, and put

Philip, at Plaquemipe Bend, esin order by the master workmen of the revolution : Liok

timated at

77,810 79 connecting lipk, forming a chain of Government more beautiful in its principles, and beneficial in its results,

$ 1,860,584 30" (whilst acting within the limits of the original design) than The estimate for one of those works, (Fort Jackson,) any ever devised by the wisdom of man. What was this for the present year, is eighty-five thousands dollars. Thus design? It was that all the parts Blould share io equal we see, sir, that the attention of the Government has been proportion the benefits or injuries resulting from the com directed to the defen and protection of that point, and pact ; a perfect reciprocity was to be observed and preserv. that the fact, as stated by the honorable chairman who ined Under a strict observance of those sacred principles

, troduced this bill, with regard to the “ exposed situation" sir, what have we to fear? I answer nothing, either from of that city, does not exist. Now, as regards the necessity external or internal causes. If fears are to be entertained, of this road for the transportation of troops and munitions they are upon the other side of the question; and let me of war, I bere take upon myself the responsibility of prohere admonish gentlemen

who are seeking to provide ad. nouncing, although in contradiction to the position of the ditional bonds of upion, by cutting capals and constructiog gentleman who introduced the bill, (Mr. HEMPHILL) that roads, to beware lest they by their operations cut the liga: no such pecessity exists; and 1 further say, that it would inents of the constitution wbich now binds us together, and out only be idle, but the extreme of folly, to expend mowhich forms the only sure and certain ties by which we can Dey upon this road with a view to military advantages. : remain united. No political consideration, therefore, in my What say gentlemen wbo urge this branch of the opinion, does require the construction of this road; but, on subject? Why,“ that New Orleans must always look to the contrary, eminently demands the rejection of the bill

. Tennessee, Kentucky, Ohio, &c. for men and provisions Military considerations” are the next in order, and to to protect and feed them in time of war." Well, I grant which I shall ask the attention of the committee.

this; but wbat further do they urge? Why, " that this The honorable chairman [Mr. HEMPHILL) set out by tell road must be made to transport these troops and proviing us that the two points to which this road is contem- sions 'upon.” Now can it be possible that any pán, in his plated to be run, are dangercusly situated, and eminently sober senses, and under the influence of reason, cnn, for exposed in case of invasion, &c., and that this is important one moment, entertain the belief that, if this road werc as a military road for the transportation of troops and mu: made, even one soldier or solitary barrel of provisions, nitions of war. With regard to the exposed situation of from Tennessee, Kentucky, Obio, or any other state'dorth New Orleans, I beg leave to differ entirely with the honor of those, would travel over it. What I bring men from the able chairman. As to Buffalo, I know but very little about State of Obio across the States of Kevtucky and Tennesit, por have I sought to know, because I looked upon that seel. Aye, and across the Ohio river, too, with its current end of the road as having been tacked' op by the commit- teeming with steamboats, ready to waft the soldiers and tee, merely as a means of buying up votes, and not that provisions to the point of destination. But no, they must the necessity of the nation roquired the work. I shall trudge through the muds of Kentucky and Tennessee, by leave that end, therefore, in the hands of others.

marches of from ten to fifteen miles per day, till they in

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MARCH 25, 1830.]

Buffalo and New Orleans Road.

(H. OF R.

tersect this road (after crossing navigable and inviting by roads, for they might lead to defeat as well as victory. rivers) at Florence, Alabama; and then they will bave the ! And here let me remark that those facilities to military peculiar advantage of travelling this superb national earth. I operations are always occupied by the strongest; and such en road from thence to New Orleans.

a work might prove a curse, instead of a blessing, (as was I invite gentlemen who think despatch and saving of proven, said a geytleman standing near Mr. CARSON (Mr. time important in military operations, to calculate how Davis, of South Carolina) upon the Bladensburg course last long it would take troops to get to New Orleans by this war.)' Yes, (resumed. Mr. C.] but I would rather lose the "national road” from Tennessee, Kentucky, Obio, &c., argument afforded by the mention of that disagreeable and compare it with the ease, convenience, and despatch, subject, than wound the pride of the House by recalling afforded by steam power on the navigable rivers which their recollection to it. pass through those States and empty into the Mississippi. The “transportation of the mail" is the next and last It cannot be denied that troops from any part of Kentucky consideration to which I shall ask the attention of the comor Ohio could get to New Orleans by steamboat convey: mittee. ance before they could reach Florence, in Alabama, the I feel that my strength is failing me too much to go into point of intersection with this road. Vader this view of this branch of the subject to the extent I had desired. I tbe case, the positions laid down by the bonorable chair- will lay it down as my opinion, however, that the framers man, (Mr. HEMPAILL) with regard to the “ exposed cons of the constitution did not intend, by the words “establish dition" of New Orleans, and the necessity of this road as post offices and post roads,” to confer the power to construct affording means of defence, full to ground, and the roads, &c., but only meant that Congress should desiguate whole superstructure of argument based upon them falls the roads over which the mails should be carried, and the also.

pvints at which it should be opened. I sball not attempt If further arguments were necessary to show the impro- an argument, sir, to prove the correctness of this construcpriety, way, the excessive folly, of making this road for tion, but it being mine, it is sufficient to govern me. military purposes, they would be found by a recorrence The first inquiry which suggests itself with regard to the to the bistory of our last war, particularly in the opera- expediency of constructing this road for the transportation tions in the suthern section of the Univn. There was a of the mail, is, does any necessity or impediment exist to time wben New Orleans was dangerously situated and the transportation of the mail, which requires the applicaeminently exposed;" there was a time, sir, when that city tion of this sum of money to remove or remedy! was ipraded by a powerful and well disciplined army : au Has the Post Office Department complained of a want army, too, stimulated to action by the “booty and beauty" of facilities in this particular, and asked the construction of which were promised them. This was a case of great a road at our hands! Or have they even suggested the emergency--this was a time of deep and dreadful anxiety, propriety of the appropriation of any sum of money for but sufficient for the occasion were the spirits convened, purposes of the kind ! and bastily convened, for the defence of the city. Yes, They have not; but, upon the contrary, we are informed an army was convened, defeated the enemy, and saved by the very able report of the distinguished gentleman who New Orleans. Wbat military road, made at vast expense presides over that department, that the facilities are now of time and treasure, were those troops transported over i ample, and will be increased as the means of the departNone; yet they got to New Orleans, fought the battles of ment will justify, or the public interest shall require. I their country, and got home again ; and thus will it be ever : ask the attention of the committee while I read part of that this country will always find security in the stroog arm of report, which treats of the very subject now under conber“ citizen soldiers." Dangers may stand thick around sideration, them; they only stimulate to exertion. The noblest deeds [Mr. C. read the following extract from the report of the are done upon the most dangerous emergencies, and the Postmaster General :) glory of achieving them is the strongest ioceptive to action. “ The mail communication between New Orleans and the Need I say more? Does the history of all ages that have seat of the General Government; by way of Mobile and gone before us, present a solitary example of a nation, at Montgomery, in Alabama, and Augusta, in Georgia, will, peace with the world, and whose policy it is to cultivate from the commencement of the ensuing year, be effected and maintain those pucific relations, preparing for the three times a week, affording comfortable conveyances for transportatiou of troops by large expenditures of public travellers

, and the whole trip performed in the period of money for the construction of roads in this time of pro- two weeks, each way, through the capitals of Virgiuia, fouod peace ! But, on the contrary, does not all history North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia. prove that the first generals the world has produced, ask. "Lines of four-horse post coaches will also be established not roads over which to transport troops for the advance-ed, from the first day of January next, to run three times ment of their military operations ? Let me ask, what engi- a week, both waye, between Nashville and Memphis, in neers designated the route, or wbat nation appropriated Tennessee. This improvement was deemed important to the funds, to construct a passage over the Alps for Happi- keep

a regular and certain intercourse between the Westbal and bis Carthaginiaus, when he pushed his conquests to ern States and New Orleans—Memphis being a point on the very walls of Rome i Or who directed Cæsar to the the Mississippi to which steamboats can come at all seasons point at which to pass the Rubicon, when be pronounced of the year; it being contemplated to extend this line to that "the die was cast," and struck the futal blow at the New Orleans by steamboats, so soon as the means of the liberties of bis country i

department will justify, and the public interest shall reBut to come down to the present time-to things which quire it. To give greater utility to this improvement, a transpired but yesterday, on the other side of the water. weekly line of coaches will also be established at the same Did Nicholas tax bis subjects to raise a revenue to open time from Florence, in Alabama, (where it will connect thor: passes through the Balkan, over wbich Diebitsch led with the line fron Huntsville,) to Bolivar, in Tennessee, at that army which shook the Ottoman empire to its centre? which point it will form a junction with the line from Nasb. and which, bad they not been stopped by pacific measures, ville to Memphis." and, I might add, by the interposition of other European Now, what more can be required! Does not this report powers, jealous of the rising greatness and resources of the also prove that steam navigation will supercede roads for Russian empire, the christian flag would this day bave all purposes, wherever it cau find water for the boats to run been waving on the walls of Constantinople? It is by the on! The dispatch and quickness of steamboat passage energy of powerful minds and capable commanders, that from Memphis to New Orleans has drawn the attention of armies are led to victory and glorious achievements; not the Postmaster General to that point; and it is already

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H. OF R.

Buffalo and New Orleans Road.

[March 25, 1830

viewed as the route which can be travelled with most ex Virginia, the population of which is

1,066,336 pedition, because of the advantages of steam power. Does North Carolina, do.

638,829 not this speak volumes against the expenditure of public Soutb Carolina, do.

502,741 money upon roads, when it must be manifest that they Georgia,

do.

340,989 never would be travelled for the purposes pretended here Alabama, do.

127,901 as the strong reasons for constructing them? It may be possible that, with regard to despatch and saving of time,

Making

2,675,796 a direct road from this place to the Mississippi river, thence The States directly accommodated by the westerni by steamboats to New Orleans, would be the best. But, route, will be taking this as granted, it does not prove the necessity of Virginia,

1,065,336 our constructing a road for the purpose. Roads are al Tennessee,

422,813 ready made. The mail is now trausported from this to Alabama,

127,901 Nashville, Tennessee, seven times a week, io post coaches, at a cost of upwards of thirty-four thousand dollars per an

Making

1,616,050" num; and this line, sir, as we see from the report just read, This shows a difference in favor of the direct route, of is to be continued three times a week to Memphis, and one million fifty-nine thousand seven bundred and forty-six froni thence to New Orleans by steamboats. What more of a population to be accommodated by this road. is wanting or what more, in modesty, can be asked ? [Here Mr. Blair, of Tennessee, requested Mr. C. to

I shall now turn my attention to the relative merits of read further from the report, with regard to the States the differeut routes; and, if this road is to be made, I think that would be indirectly as well as directly accommodated.] I can show the propriety of selecting the most direct, prac Mr. C. resumed. I am requested by my honorable ticable route.

friend from Tennessee, (Mr. B.] I say my friend, sir, For all purposes, connected with the transportation of because I know him to be so, to read further from this re: the mail, the saving of time, cost of construction, distance, port. I will do so, and I assure my frieod that due deferdc., the most “direct, practicable route," as proposed by ence shall be paid to his route, (western route.) the amendment, I had the honor to lay upon your

table “ Bat (8:1y the engineers) if we add Kentucky and Georsome days since, and which was printed by order of the gia, which will be indirectly accommodated by the western House, and which I shall offer to the committee before I route, we shall bave for the population accommodated, take my seat, is certainly the preferable one.

both directly and indirectly, by this route, I lay down, then, as incontrovertible facts, that the route Virgioin,

-1,065,336 I propose will be better, the cost of construction less, the Tennessee,

422,813 distance less, and the number of inhabitants accommodated Alabama,

127,901 much greater.

Kentucky,

564,317 Now, if I establish these positions, what member can re Georgia,

340,989 fuse to vote for the amendment, whether he be for or against the bill ?

Total

2,521,386" The gentleman from Tennessee [Mr. Isacks] has clearly Now, even with the addition of the population of the established the correctness of my three first positions, (ar State of Kentucky, which they say is to be indirectly acto the goodness, cost, and distance,) and the engineers who accommodated, there is a balance still in favor of the direct made the reconnoissance of the different routes have route, of a population directly accommodated, of one proven the fourth, (the number of inhabitants to be accom- hundred and fifty-four thousand four hundred and forty, modated.). The gentleman from Tennessee, (Mr. ISACKS] But why does my friend from Tennessee (Mr. BLAIR] said (and I truly thank him for the argument) that on press this indirect consideration upon the House Does the east of the mountains we had a fine level surface; that he not know, sir, that Kentucky cannot be benefited, nature in her works, bad been kind to us; we bad nothing either directly or indirectly, by this road? And does be to do but throw up a little sand, and we had fine roads, not further know that the State of Kentucky would never &c. With him, [he said) and Jis constituents, and the bave been mentioned, if it had not been to effect political people along the route selected, it was very different; results, favorable to the men in power when this report they had mountains and limestone to contend with, and was made? Does my friend recoilect who was Secretary natural obstructions, which required the band of art to of State at that time and the exertions made to continue alter, and render them in a condition for the use aud nd- bis influence and control over the State of Kentucky! vantage of the country, &c. &c., and therefore the western was not every branch of the “ American system” brought route was the proper one. In answer to this argument, I to benr upon her, and particularly this branch of internal bave nothing to offer; the gentleman has granted all I ask improvement! -nay, more, sir, I did not intend to disparage his route, by Those were the causes which produced this report, or portraying the lofty mountains and the quantities of lime- the name of Kentucky would never have been mentionstone, which it would cost millions to make a road over, ed. But the times were dangerous, the " line of safe prebut only meant to urge, what cannot be denied, that the cedent" was threatened, and every nerve was exerted to direct route is unquestionably the nearest; that the east arrest the blow; but all, all would not do; the line was side of the mountaios afforded abundant materials for the broken, and it is matter of deep surprise to see those wbo construction of a road; that the surface was better, and the gave their aid in producing the result, now using the same graduation more easy, than on the west side of the moun- flimsy, futile, and disingenuous arguments which were taius; and that the cost of construction would be much resorted to by those persons, with a hope of continuing less. The engineers support me in these positions; and their power, merely to effect sectional objects, or with a what they have fuiled to do, has been abundantly supplied view of producing benefits to themselves and their conby the gentleman froin Teppessee, [Mr. Isacks.] With stituents. regard to the population, sir, to be accomodated by this The gentleman from Tennessee (Mr. Blair] also said road, I beg leave to read from the report of the engineers, that nothing had ever been done to advance the interests (the same as before recited,) page 22:

of his constituents, or his State, by this Government. The " Leaviog out the States (say the engineers) of Louisiana gentleman has surely forgotten tbat four hundred thousand and Mississippi, and the District of Columbia, the States acres of land in Alabama, equal to six hundred thousand accommodated directly by the eastern and middle (or di- dollars, were appropriated by this Government for the rect, as I propose) route will be (census of 1820) opening of a canal round the Muscle shoals, on the Ten

MARCH 25, 1830.)

Buffalo and New Orleans Road.

(H. OF R.

nessee river; and that the completion of that work would ceeded in my feeble effort, I must leave to be decided by admit steam navigation into East Tennessee. One steam those who bave been so indulgent as to favor me with a boat has already been (as I am informed) so high up the hearing. Holston as a place called the Boat Yard, which is the dis But, above all the reasons which have been urged against trict of my honorable friend, (Mr. Blair.)

the expenditure of public money at this time, is there not (Mr. B. bere corrected Mr. O. and said the boat had only yet another, wbich should sink deep upon the minds of the ascended as high as Knoxville.)

friends and supporters of our present illustrious Chief Mag. I thank the gentleman for the correction. I bad mistak- istrate? Does he not stand pledged to this nation to pay off en the point, but it does not weaken the argument; for the public debt, and to exhibit the proud and sublime specthe streams leading from the district represented by that tacle to the world, of a nation out of debt; which, indeed, gentleman to Knoxville are navigable, and boats are daily sir, would be “ something new under the sun"-and was passing them. I heard a fact stated the other day, by a he not pledged by his friends, in anticipation, to effect this highly intelligent gentleman who resides Dear Abingdon, desirable, this important object! What said they, sir ! Virgivia, while conversing with the Vice President and Why, elect the plain, old republican, Andrew Jackson ; be some other geotlemen, “ that he had started at one time will bring "order out of chaos;" he will restore republiforty boats, cach cootaining one hundred barrels of salt, can simplicity, will pay off the national debt, and relieve from a point on the north fork of the Holston river, fifteen us from the necessities of high tariffs, &c. And wbat are miles above Abingdon, which salt was probably to supply those very men doing, who were foremost is exciting North Alabama, and part of Tennessee. I mention this those expectations, and pledging him for those results i fact, as an answer to that part of the argument of the gen: Why, sir, we now see them willing, pay, urgent, to squadtleman from Tennessee, which related to the transporta der millions of money, because, percbance, their immediate tion of salt from the salt wells in Virgioia. Certainly, if districts may receive some little benefit. In my opinion, this road were made, no one would think of transporting if ever there was a man anxiously desirous to fulfil the Balt by wagops, incurring the expense of teams, &c., which just expectations of his friends, and to advance the general could not haul more than ten barrels at most, when they interest of this nation, Andrew Jackson is that man. But, could send one hundred barrels by ope boat. But why if we go on in the manner we have started, bow can be talk of those considerations which are merely sectional in discharge those obligations, and meet the expectations of their character ! They should have no bearing in this the Annerican people 1 case, if, indeed, the work is national. But who will say, after Is not every dollar which we appropriate beyond the wituessing the whole proceeding of the committee which current expenses of the year, so much of the money which introduced this bill, that national considerations were the would otherwise go to the payment of the debt of the causes which induced them to report this bill, and to make nation If we appropriate these two millions and a quarthe selection they have done for the location of the road ter, where will the surplus be, or where any money, ex

National considerations bave nothing to do with it ; it is cept the sinking fund, to apply to the payment of our the offspring of a combination, based upon local considera- public debt! Nay, the sinking fund, also, is to be broken tions for the accomodation of gentlemen who compose in upon; that sacred guaranty, pledged to the creditpart of the committee, and through whose districts this ors of the nation, must be taken also, and distributed road is to run; and the location fixed on was for their ac among the States for purposes of education. (Here Mr. commodation, not for the nation. Yet we are called on Isacks said he was not aware of any such intention on Dow to nppropriate millions of the public mooey (two mil. the part of any one.) Mr. C. resumed : I allude to the lions two hundred and twenty-five thousand dollars is the resolution passed by this House, instructing a committee sum wanted for the present) to promote the interests of to bring in a bill for the distribution of the nett proceeds certain sections of the country, and to subserve the views of the sale of public lands among the States for purposes of combined interests upon tbis floor. I say combined; of education; and those lands were solemuly pledged by and, if any have doubted the fact before, has not the intro- this Goveroment to its creditors, and belong to the sinking duction of this bill, for a lateral route, leading from fund, and should not be touched till every farthing of the " Zanesville, Ohio, to pass through Lexington, Kentucky, obligation is discharged. Nashville, Tennessee, and to intersect this road at Florence, Alabama," put the seal upon the arrangement, and de

[Mr. ISACKS said he did not vote for the resolution.]

Nor did I charge the gentleman. I only speak of what veloped the matter, in bold relief, before every eye not is going on, and the effect it will have upon the adminisblinded by interest or other motive ?

tration; and I must further tell the gentlemen from TenBut look who compose the committee who produced

pessee (Messrs. BLAIR and ISAACKS) that if they desired these bills. See the states they are from, and the sections (which I know they do not) to ruid and blast forever the of States they represent ;* then couple the routes and cir-hard-earned fame of that best of men, who, upon all occacunstances together, and tell me if there is room left to sions, has proven his disinterested devotion to his country entertain a doubt as to the causes which have produced and to his friends, they could not have fallen upon a better the effect. I will push this subject of combinatiou no fur: plan than this, of appropriating money, leaving him pow. ther, lest the feelings of some persobal friends might not erless, and without the meaus of doing that which hë escape unscathed. I desist therefore, not that I fear the stands pledged to do. contest, or doubt the results, but for the reason just men. tioned.

Are they prepared to bear him exclaim, as did Cæsar, I have endeavored to show that the considerations urged (when he was struck by, as he thought, bis best friend,) by the supporters of this bill did not exist, or at least did "and you, too, my soo?" Will they bind him in fetters, not exist to that extent which required at our hands 'the and leave him, mangled and bleeding, to the mercy of his application of the public money. How far I have suc political enemies, who would glory in the spectacle ? If I

believed them prepared for this, the line of separation The Committee on Internal Improvements is composed of should be eternally drawn between them and me. I supMessrs. Hem phill of Pennsylvania, chairman, Blair, of Tennessee, ported the election of General Jackson, because I believed Haynes, of Georgia, Letcher, of Kentucky, Vinton, of Ohio, Craig, him honest and meritorious, and I sball support his adminof Virginia, and Butman of Maine. This route passes directly through the districts represented byCraig,

istration, cause now I know him to be 80; and be will of Virginia, and Blair, of Tennessee. The lateral route from Zanes realize the expectations of bis friends througbout the ville, Ohio, and passing through Kentucky, is Messrs. Vinton and nation, if bis friends here, by their misguided policy, Letcher's part of the system. The Buffalo end passes through do not prevent bim. My strength has failed me; I Pennsylvania, the State which the honorable chairman, Mr. Hemp hill, is from. Note by Mr. C.

am done. I only ask leave to tender my thanks to the VOL. VI.-85.

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