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21st Cong. Ist Sess.]
Documents accompanying the President's Message.
[ŞEN. AND.H. OF REPS.
engaged in making an inspection of the road, unless he view to improve the navigation of the same, and estimatshould be prevented by snow from performing the duty ing the cost of such improvemeot. assigned him.
7. Survey of the harbor of West Brook, near the mouth 47. Road from Canton to Zanesville : --and 48.-Road of Connecticut river, Coppecticut, with a view to the imwestwardly from Zanesville, in Ohio.-The report of ope- provement of said harbor, and for ascertaining the cost of rations on these roads, up to the 30th of September, not such improvement. having been received, no exact statement can here be 8. Survey of the harbor of Norwalk, Coppecticut, with a made of the work done ; but it is known that travelling view to its improvement. bas been admitted on the road, as far as Zapesville, and 9. Survey of the harbor of Stamford, Connecticut, with that the construction of 26 miles westwardly from that a view to its improvement. place, extending to the crossing of the Ohio canal, bas 10. Survey of the bars at the mouth of Sag Harbor, been contracted for, and is in progress.
New York, to ascertain the best inethod of preventing 49. Road through Indiana.—Under a literal construc- the harbor being filled up with sand, and the cost of the tion of the law for opening this part of the national road, same. two commissioners were appointed to superintend it, and 11. Survey of Flat Beach, alias Tucker's Island, New contracts were made, agreeably to their instructions, for Jersey, with a view to preserve the anchorage of the port, cutting off and removing the timber, and cutting down and to report an estimate of the cost of such improvements the banks, so as to form as good a road as circumstances as may be necessary to effect those objects. would admit of. Subsequently, however, finding that 12. Survey of Deep Creek, a branch of the South the expense of this work would absorb but a small part branch of Elizabeth river, Virginia, for the purpose of of the funds appropriated, the superintendents were au- improving the navigation of the same, and an estimate of thorized to provide for grubbing the trees from the cen the cost. tral part of the road, which will be accordingly done. 13. Survey of Pascotank river, North Carolina, for reContracts were made for opening the road entirely across moving bars and obstructions in the same, and an estimate the State of Indiana, and will probably be completed of cost. this Winter.
14. Survey of the harbor of St. Augustine, and the bar 50. Roads from Detroit to Chicago, Michigan Territory. at or near the entrance of the same, with a view to remove The coutracts made on this road, together with the por- the latter, and to render the access to the harbor sale at tion finished previously to this year, will effect, by the all times, and to make an estimate of the cost of accomclose of this year, the completion of 64 miles of the road plishing that object. commencing at Detroit.
15. Survey of the water tract between Lake Pontchar51. Road from Detroit to Fort Gratiot, Michigan Ter. train and Mobile Bay, with a view to the erection of light. ritory. Of this road, seventeen miles have been put under houses, and placing buoys. contract, a considerable portion of it completed, and the 16. Survey of the passes at the mouth of the Mississippi remainder in a state of forwardness.
river, with a view to the improvement of the navigation, 52. Road from Detroit to Saganaw, Michigan Territory. and building light-houses and buoys. The coustruction of fifteen miles and a quarter of this 17. Survey of the entrance of the river Teche, with a road bas been contracted for, and is in progress.
view to improve and shorten the navigation of the same, 53. Road from Detroit to Maumee.--On the 1st of Oc- and an estimate of the cost of such improvement. tober, this road was finished, except a few sections, which 18. Survey of certain sites on the Olio river, to ascerwere to be completed by the 15th of the present tain the practicability of erecting bridges over said month.
river. III.-SURVEYS UNDER SPECIAL ACTS AND of which have been already received, will be presented as
These surveys have been made; and the reports, some RESOLUTIONS OF CONGRESS.
soon as practicable. of the survey's enumerated under this head, as in
pro 19. The surveys for continuing the location of the pagress at the time of my last Annual Report, all have been tional road to the seat of Government of Missouri, have completed, and were reported to Congress last year, ex. been diligently prosecuted this season. At the date of cepi the survey of the Wabash river, and the examination my last Annual Report, the location had been effected as of sites for an armory on the Western waters, on whieb a far as Vandalia: since that time, experimental surveys report will be made this Winter.
bave been made from Vandalia, through St. Luuis, along Those ordered at the last session of Cougress, are the South Side of the Missouri, to Jefferson ; thence, in
1. Survey of the ship chaudel of Penobscot river, returniog along the North side of the Missouri, back to Maine, from Wbitebead to Bangor, and ascertaining the Vandalia, which place the commissioners expected to reach cost of improving the navigation of the same, and proper about the 25th of October. In the course of this Winter, sites for spindles and buoys.
therefore, such a report may be expected, as will afford the 2. Survey of the Cochico branch of Piscataqua river, means of deciding on the most advantageous route for the New Hampshire, from Dover Falls to its confluence with road, beyond Vandalia. the Piscataqua, for the purpose of ascertaining the practi- IV.-SURVEYS UNDER THE ACT OF THE 30TI cability of removing obstructions to navigation, and the
APRIL, 1824. cost. 13. Survey of North river, between Scituate and Marsh The operations under this bead, during the year past, in field, Massachusetts, to ascertain the expediency of re addition to those reported to Congress at its last session, moving obstructions at the mouth of the same, and to have been as follows: make an estimate of cost.
1. Preparing copies of various maps required by the 4. Survey of the piers erected at Sandy Bay, Massa- Commissioners for settling the Northeast Boundary of the chusetts, to report the condition of the same, and what Uvited States. Maine. works are necessary to make a good and safe harbor at 2. Surveys, with a view to connect the Waters of Lake that place, together with an estimate of the cost.
Champlain with those of the Connecticut river, by the val. 5. Survey of the harbor of Bass river, between Yar- luys of Onion and Wills' rivers. Vermont. mouth and Dennis, Massachusetts, to ascertain the practi 3 Survey, with a view to unite the Connecticut and cability and expense of improving the said barbor. Pemigewasset by the valley of the Oliverian. New
6. Survey of the river Thames, Connecticut, with a Hampshire,
SEN. AND H. oF REPs. ]
Documents accompanying the President's Message.
[21st Cong. 1st Sess.
4. Survey of a canal route from Taunton to Wey-small additional sum for completing the hospital; which mouth. Massachusetts.
will, I hope, meet with your approbation. 5. Survey of a route for a rail road from Catskill to Ithaca, New York.
VII.-OFFICE OF THE CHIEF ENGINEER. 6. Survey to connect the Pennsylvania and Ohio Canal Under an order of the Senate, a contract has been by the valleys of the Big Beaver and Mahoning. Pend- made by this Department, for engraving the map which sylvania and Ohio.
accompanied the report of the Florida Canal. A part of 7. Survey of the Alleghany river from French Creek to the impression ordered will be ready for distribution by Pittsburgh. Pennsylvania.
the 1st of December.! 8. Surveys for the location of a canal round the Muscle In consequence of the great increase of the business and Colbert Shoals, in the Tennessee river. Alabama. of this Department, which an inspection of the annual
9. Surveys for the location of a rail road from Charles- reports for several years past exhibits, two additional ton to Hamburg. South Carolina.
Clerks are necessary for the prompt and efficient dis10. Preparation of a Map of Pensacola Bay. Florida.. charge of the duties of this office. An estimate for their 11. Survey of the country between the Tennessee and salary is therefore submitted. From the same consideraAltamaha rivers, and preparation of a report on the same. tions have also resulted the frequent representations that Georgia and Tennessee.
have been made by the Chiet Engineer, of the necessity 12. Surveys of Licking and Green rivers, in Kentucky, of increasing the number of officers, by whom the opewith a view to improve their navigation. Kentucky. rations entrusted to this Department are conducted. On
13. Surveys, with a view to connect the waters of Lakes this subject. I sball have the honor to present to you a Erie and Michigan with those of the Obio and Illinois ri- special report. vers. Indiana.
All of which is respectfully submitted by, 14. Survey of a canal route to connect the waters of
Sir, your most obedient servant, Lake Michigan with those of the Illinois river. Illinois.
C. GRATIOT, 15. Surveys of the Des Moines and Rock River Rapids,
Brig. Gen, Chief Engineer. in the Mississippi river. Illinois.
16. Survey and examination of the concerns of the Lou REPORT OF THE NAVY COMMISSIONERS. isville and Portland Caval, made at the request of the Secretary of the Treasury. Keptucky.
Copy of a letter from the Secretary of the Navy to the 17. The aid previously afforded by the Department to Board of Commissioners of the Navy, dated the Baltimore and Obie Rail Road Company has been
NAVY DEPARTMENT, Novem. 13, 1829. continued during the year. Maryland. The necessity of withdrawing some of the officers from the present organization of the Navy Department, I
From the reflection I have been able to bestow upon the duties in which they were engaged, for the purpose incline to the opinion that it is susceptible of improve of making the surveys enumerated in the preceding class, has prevented the completion of some of the reports on ment, particularly in its fiscal branch, its forms of adthose of this class, which would otherwise have been ren ministration, and the distribution of its duties. dered.
Should further inquiry confirm this opinion, it will be Pursuant to your instructions, the sum appropriated for proper for me to submit an improved system, for the consurveys at the last session of Congress has been applied sideration of the President, and, with this view, I wish to exclusively to the expenses under that head for the avail myself of your information and experience. current year; and it therefore becomes necessary to present
I request, therefore, that you will lay before me your a special estimate for the payment of arrearages Vue for opinion whether the present organization of the Departservices performed in 1828, priucipally on surveys in ment may not be improved, and, if so, how i with such Virginia, South Carolina, and Georgia, and for the rent
observations as may appear to you to belong to the oc
casion. of a topographical office in Georgetown, in 1826, 27, and '28.
Navy COMMISSIONERS' OFFICE, 22d Novem. 1829. V.-THE BOARD OF INTRENAL IMPROVEMENT.
Sir: The Navy Commissioners have had the honor of Has been occupied this year in completing the report receiving your letter of the 13th instant, requiring of on the Florida Canal, with was presented to Congress them to lay before you, their opinion of the present orat its last session; in preparing a project for a Canal be- ganization of the Nary Department" whether it may tween Buzzard's and Barnstable Bays, wbich is finished ; not be improved, and, if so, bow with such observaand in drawing up instructions for some of the before- tions as may appear to them to belong to the occasion.” mentioned surveys. One member has been also engaged, The duties of the Navy Department are various and in connexion with commissioners appointed by the Pre complicated : so much so, indeed, that no one individual, sident, in completing the project for a Breakwater at the boweter gifted, would be competent even to their geneentrance of Delaware bay, and, as a member of the Board ral superintendence. of Engineers for Fortifications, in preparing plans for the We may be assisted, in forming judicious conclusions, defence of Pensacola bay.
by classing these duties under general beads, and con
sideriug them in their separate distinct nature; and by VI.-THE MILITARY ACADEMY.
referring to the practices wbich bave obtained in the adThe report of the Board of Visitors, a copy of which ministration of them, since the first organization of the is berewith presented, and my personal inspections, com- Department. bine to give perfect satisfaction as to the management of The general heads by which these duties are distinthis valuable institution, and its gradual amelioration. In guished, and under which they may be classed, are : consequence of the representations of the Superintend ist. Administrative or Executive. ent, and the suggestions of the Boards of Visitors, in 2d. Ministerial. 1828 and 1829, I bave added to the usual estimates, an 3d. Financial. item to cover the expenses of constructing a building for Those of an administrative character consist, essenmilitary and other exercises in bad weather and during tially, in dispensing the various offices created by law, isthe Winter; for constructing a military laboratory neces- suing orders and instructions to officers for service; emsary for the course of artillery instruction, and also a fploying the national marine ; convening courts martial;
21st Cong. 1st Sess.]
Documents accompanying the President's Message.
(SEN. AND H. OF REPS.
and generally in seeing that the laws in relation to the stapce-but that law declares that money warrants shall Navy are duly and faithfully executed. In discharging be charged to the specific appropriation under which these bigb functions, consultations with the President of the money is to be disbursed. This produced a change the United States become necessary; the officer vested in the form of keeping the accounts; objects are lost sight with these responsible trusts is the medium through which of, and specific appropriations seem to claim exclusive atthe President makes known his will to the Navy.
tention, Those of a ministerial character: such as the con The act of 1809 declares that all money warrants "shall struction, building, and equipment of vessels of war; specify the particular appropriation or appropriations to their armament; their classification; the procurement which the same shall be charged," and that the moneys, of naval stores and materials; the preservation of ships paid in virtue of such warrants shall be charged to such in ordinary; the construction of docks, arsepals, ship appropriation or appropriations ;” that “the sums appro. houses, store houses, timber sheds, sbeers, shops, &c.; priated by law, for each branch of expenditure, sball be the victualling and clothing of the Navy; and which in solely applied to the objects for which they are respectively volve the necessity of having experieuced professional appropriated, and to no other." But it authorized the Premen to perform them.
sident, on the application of the Secretary, to direct that Those of a fiscal character, which embrace the expen: a portion of the moneys appropriated for a particular ditures of the service, in all its numerous branches, and branch of expenditure, be applied to another branch of exunder all its various heads of appropriation. This branch penditure in the same Department." of the Departınent requires, in the performance of its Thus, under the law of 1809, the President might ordinary duties, a thorough knowledge of accounts, and transfer from any one appropriation to another; but this of all the laws and regulations of the service in any way authority of the President vas, by act of 1st May, 1820, affecting its expenditures; and it would be greatly im- confined to three appropriations, viz: “Provisions, Meproved by a practical knowledge as to all the various dicines and Hospital Stores;" repairs of vessels ; so that stores, munitions, and materials, essential in the different from none of the other appropriations, can a transfer be departments of the service.
made. l'he duties which relate to the execution of the laws; Is the existing organization susceptible of any improvein reference to sick and disabled seamen, discharged ment; and, if any, what? from the service; the apportionment of pensions; the ne The administrative or executive branch of the Departcessary regulations for the government and support of ment, of wbich the Secretary of the Navy is the immediate Hospitals; the Naval Asylum, &c.; have been assigned chief, needs not, it is presumed, the interposition of law, to by law to special Boards, consisting of the Secretary of render it more efficient. It is not improbable, however, the Navy, the Secretary of the Treasury, and the Secre. that improvements might be introduced in the arrangement tary of War.
of its detail duties, which would have a tevdency to secure The office of Secretary of the Navy was established in more prompt information upon various subjects, that would the year 1798. He was charged with the multifarious greatly aid'the Secretary in the discharge of his duties. duties, bere classed under the administrative and ministe- The books of his office should show the extent of the means rial heads; and an Accountant of the Navy was charged at his disposal, and the state and condition of every branch with the fiscal duties, subject to the revision of the of the service; that he may be prepared not only to aet Treasury.
upou all subjects claiming bis persoval attention, but to Under this arrangement, although the Navy, at that answer any call from the President, or from Congress, time, had not attained one-fourth of its present magoi- without delay. tude, it was found that these duties were burthensome in The duties assigned to the Board of Navy Comthe extreme; and although it was very generally admit- missioners are far too extensive to be committed the ted that the Secretary of the Navy was remarkable for management of any one individual; yet one individual, his capacity and industry, and that the office of Account- acting without consultation, and trusting entirely to bis ant was well filled, yet, it is known that the duties were own resources, could certainly perform more of any parvery imperfectly performed—unavoidably so; and that the ticular business than two or three could perform; for inpublic interest greatly suffered. This rose from a multi- stance
, a special report, of importance to the interests of Lude of mixed duties, pressing upon each other, each the Navy, is called for; an individual
, having no one to requiring to be done at one and the same time.
consult in making such report, might probably prepare it While the Department continued thus organized, great in a few hours; but when associated with two other indilosses of treasure and of time were not upfrequently oc viduals, each possessing the same rights, each charged casioned by a single order; among other instances; one with the same duty, each equally responsible, consultation might be cited, in which it became absolutely necessary becomes indispensable; disagreement in opinion may to expend upwards of $60,000, to correct an error in the exist; argument on both sides is adduced ; and finally, the structure and internal arrangements of a ship-an error decision is made; but not, possibly, till one, two, or more arising, solely, from the absence of professional knowledge. days, shall have elapsed. The decision, when thus made,
Cases of this kind, with other considerations, contribu- will probably be more correct, than if it bad been made ted, no doubt, to the existing modification, which as- by one member; yet, it is very obvious, that the coosigns all the ministerial duties to a Board of Navy sumption of time would be much greater in the one case Commissioners, leaving a general superintending direc. than the other. tion to the Secretary of the Navy.
But there are many, very many, cases of too much imBy a subsequent law, Congress abolished the office of portance to the national interest to be committed to any Accountant of the Nary, and created that of Fourth Au- one person, however eminent in his profession, however ditor, as a substitute, attaching it to the Treasury, and extensive his experience. These cases involve principles, Bubjecting its statements to the strict revision of a Comp- essentially bearing upon the vital interests of the Navy; troller.
where an erroneous decision might seriously affect the Prior to the act of Congress, of 3d March, 1809, (An efficiency of our vessels of war, or occasion grent and unact further to amend the several acts for the establish- necessary expenditures of money ; numerous cases might ment and regulation of the Treasury, War, and Navý De be cited, in which it would be certainly unwise to trust the partments,) it was the practice in the office of Account- decision to any one person. ant of the Navy so to keep the accounts of the Navy, as The decision of a fundamental principle is one thing; to sbow the cost of objects—ihe building of a ship for in the carrying that principle into effect is another; the lat
SEN. AND H. OF REPs.]
Documents accompanying the President's Message.
[21st Cong. 1st Sess.
ter duty may be safely trusted, where it would be highly , and the preservation of stores ; supervising the various
dangerous to confide the former. The function of design-factories of anchors, chain cables, blocks, cambooses ; the |ing the dimensions and form of a ship, her armament, her procurement, preservation, and distribution of books, maps, ! out-board and in-board works, her masting, sparring, &c. charts, chronoineters, and other nautical instruments; staL &e. requires, in its performance, the exertion of the highest tionery, fuel, and candles, &c. are among these duties.
professional attainments : and when the designs sball be Any one individual, to give them that vigilant, careful matured, and distinctly indicated by drawings, models, and attention, which the faithful performance of them would instructions, their execution, involving the minutest details, require, would find constant employment : several suborrequires vigilant and laborious attention, to see them faitb- dinates would be essentially necessary in discharging these fully executed in all their parts.
duties. From these premises, we are led to infer, that, in the ! 3dly. The victualling and clothing of the Navy. Under present organization of the Board of Navy Commissioners, this bead, the duties are numerous ; the quantity of the defects exist; that they consist, essentially, in grouping to- ramous articles forming the rations, the quantity of slop gether too great a variety of duties to be performed in the clothing, medicines, and Hospital stores, required for the best manner by the Board itself, collectively, acting upon several ships and squadrons in service, and the several each case; but which might be subdivided, so that each stations on shore, must be ascertained and procured, by member, giving particular attention to the branch confided contract or otherwise, and transported to the ships and to bim, might perform bis own part in the most satisfacto. stations needing them; the ordering of surveys when ry manner.
necessary, upon any of the articles belonging to his deWe have seen, that, as now organized, the Board of Compartment: the receiving of surveys ordered by the commissioners is charged, to speak in general terms,
manding officers of squadrons ; the regulation of labor 1st. With the building, repair, and equipment of our appertaining to this particular branch; the preservation vessels of war.
of its stores, and issuing the necessary iostructions, will 2d. With the construction of docks, arsenals, store-bouses, form a mass of business, abundantly sufficient to occupy wharves, &c.
the time of any individual. Subordinates in this, as in 3d. With the victualling and clothing of the Navy. the other branches, would be indispensably necessary..
Under these three general beads, the duties of the Board Under these three general heads, the present duties of may be classed; but it may be useful to present a brief the Board might be classed; each member taking the view of the detailed duties arising under each head. superintendence of one; each carrying into effect the
1st. The building, repair and equipment of vessels of war. designs and decisions of the whole; each responsible for involve, lst. The designs as to their forms; their length, the execution of such designs and decisions. breadth of beam, depth of hold: their internal arrange As now organized, each member of the Board has to ments; the sizes and position of their masts, and the man give his attention to all the duties arising under the preDer of making them; the dimensions of their spars ; the viously rerited heads; and it is out of the question to quantity and dimensions of their rigging; their sails : suppose that any one can give that careful attention their armament, including the form, size, weights, and which the public interests at all times require. The calibre of their guns ; their small arms of every descrip- miod of man is not so constituted as to be able to embrace, tion, powder, ball, &c.; their gun carriages ; the sizes of digest, and thoroughly understand, such an infinite variety their timbers, with the length and thicknesses of their of subjects ; many of them pressing for decision at one planks; their Boats ; their chain cables, &c. &c. and such and the same moment; many of them being complex in à classification of the whole, that every article of equip their nature, and requiring great researcb, calculation, ment, belonging to any vessel of a particular class, sball and consideration, to enable even the most experienced answer for every other vessel of the same class. 2dly. and intelligent to comprehend them so far as to be able The procurement, by contract or otherwise, of all the va. to pronounce a satisfactory opinion upon them. rious materials and munitions, necessary to build and To general principles, and to new principles and imequip them, agreeably to the designs. 3dly. The ope. provements, each member might give such attention, as rative part, which combines all these materials, and ren would, with his professional experience, enable him to ders the ships complete in their construction; their nu- meet others in discussion, and assist in forming the best merous internal arrangements, and their equipment gener- possible conclusions. The Board, enlightened by the ally.
observations of each of its members, thus prepared for In the repairing of ships, whilst it involves most of the the examination of any question arising, might reasonaduties to be perforined in building them, imposes other du bly be expected to decide judiciously; while each memties, pot included in building. The state of the ship to be ber would proceed to execute the particular part assign: repaired, is one, and this can only be done by a thorough ed to him, with all the advantages afforded by a general examination of all her parts; inspecting all her stores, re- consultatiou. A spirit of emulation would naturally arise medying deficiencies that may be found in her structure, among all the members; each would be ambitious to exintroducing improvements that may have been suggested cel in the discharge of his appropriate duties; and the by experience, &c. are other duties.
happiest results might be coufidently anticipated, and The pumerous estimates, and the voluminous correspond-felt, in the precision, despatch, intelligence, and econoence, indispensable in discharging the duties arising under my, which, it is to be hoped, would distinguish each this head, with the mass of other business connected with branch. them, would give full employment to any one individual, The necessity, 1st. Of a Board to decide upon general however competent. We mean for the superintendence of principles, and upon all new principles and improveany one individual : for no man living could, in his own ments: 2d. Of a subdivision of duties, to be executed in person, go through the drudgery of all its details. He conformity with the decisions of the Board, is deemed to would require several subordinates, which we will present- bave been sufficiently illustrated and established by the ly consider.
preceding remarks. We will now, sir, attempt an ar2dly. The construction of docks,arsenals, store houses, and rangement of the duties of the Board, and of its branches, general attention to Navy Yards. Under this head, nu- upon the most efficient and economical basis. merous and important duties arise; the planning of all The Board, to perform the general duties reserved to the various improvements ; the procurement, by con- it, as a Board, will require a Secretary and a Copying tract or otherwise, of all the materials required in making Clerk; a Secretary to keep a journal of all its proceedthem ; the regulation of labor appertaining to this branchings; statiog the times of meeting; the objecte; the
21st Cong. 1st Sess.)
Documents accompanying the President's Message.
(SEN. AND H. OF REPs.
decisions, whether they relate to the introduction of the preservation of ships in ordinary, and carry into effect new principle, improvement in the mode of building, instructions upon that important subject. Timber masequipping, or repairing of ships, improvement or altera. ters, to inspect, measure, and receive, all timber, keeping tion in any of the buildings, docks, wharves, sheers, fac. special accounts thereof, showing when it was received, tories, &c. in the Navy Yards, ebanges in manner of put- when cut, when immersed in water, when placed under ting up, procuring, or preserving provisions, and other cover, when and for what vessel used, &c. always taking a supplies, with the reasons, at large, for such decisions, care that the best seasoned timber shall be first used. and the results of all the experiments in all the various Surveyors (to be selected from the officers of the yard) branches of service : Also, to draw up, under the direc- to take special accounts of all the stores of a vessel about tion of the Navy Commissioners, when convened as a to be received in ordinary ; to have all their stores, their Board, all reports of a general nature, relating to the du. rigging, their sails, boats, &c. miputely examined, and ties of this branch of the Navy Department; to give to their state and condition accurately reported, that such each member of the Board a copy of any of the decisions disposition may be made of them as the public interest of the Board, affecting his branch of duties, and to aid, may require. as far as may be in his power, the chief of each branch in The Department of Docks, Navy Yards, &c. would rethe execution of his duties. He would have the special quire, besides its chief, a civil engineer, two able clerks, charge of all papers and communications, suggesting im. and one copying clerk. provement in any branch of the service, or relating to A civil engineer, in the construction of docks, wbarves, any discoveries at sea, having a tendency to improve the arsenals, &c. is obviously required. science of navigation. He would, also, be charged with A first clerk, to assist in the correspondence, examine the safe-keeping of all journals describing coasts and bar-all money requisitions, keeping, accounts thereof: to asbors, and of all reports showing the properties of our ships, sist in preparing the general estimates; to prepare all their best trim of sailing, &c. To assist in the perform signal books for distribution, keeping precise accounts, ance of these various services & copying clerk would be showing to whom signals were issued, charging such perrequired.
sous with them, and holding them specially accountable Whenever required by the Secretary of the Navy, or therefor, on their return from a cruise, or on leaving the by either of the members, the Board would convene, ship they may have commanded; and to have the charge and proceed to decide upon the question presented for con- of all papers relating to experiments in this branch of the sideration. It would also bave stated meetings, as the service. public service might render necessary. In particular, it The second clerk to keep account of all stores ; all rewould conveve, at some stated time, to receive, from the turns, as to the cost of docks, arsepals, sheers, &c.; the Secretary of the Navy, the determination of the Execu- employment of labor attached to this branch; the state tive, as to the number and classes of ships intended to be of contracts, keeping accounts thereof; to file all offers for kept in service during the ensuing year, and their stations, supplies, and to prepare scales as to the bids to furnish ibat they might proceed and prepare the estimates for the them; to draw up, under the directiou of bis chief, all Bervice, with a full understanding of the will of the Execu- contracts and agreements, to file all letters and papers, tive upon the subject.
not specially assigned to any other clerk, and keep them The building, repairing, and equipping department so arranged that reference may, at any time, be had to would require, besides its chief, a Naval architect and a them without delay; and to do such other business as his draftsman, an ordnance officer, three able clerks, and one chief may require of bim. copying clerk.
- A copying clerk to keep the letter books, and do such A naval architect would be required in supervising the copying and other business as may be required of bim. building and repairing of ships, and in devising drafts, Other officers would act under the special direction of models, moulds, &c. and a draftsman would have, as at the chief of this branch He would, for instance, require a present, full employment in making the various drafts, special officer to take charge of all the nautical instrumeuts, which are very pumerous, extending, as they do, to all books, and charts, not on board of ship, to keep them in parts of a ship, their armament, gun carriages, &c. &c. order, for use, when required. Among other duties, be
An ordnance officer is essential to the inspection and would be required to attend particularly to the time proving of all guns, arms, and ammunition, and making pieces or chronometers, to ascertain precisely their characreturns, showing their state and condition.
ter, such as their rate of deviation from true time, whether A first clerk, to assist the correspondence, examine all they are affected by changes of weather, &c. &c. for the money requisitions, keeping accurate accounts thereof; information of those who may bave to use them at sea. to assist in preparing the annual estimates ; to have the The character of each chronometer, thus ascertained, cbarge of all papers connected with money requisitions, should be delivered to the officer receiving the chronomeor relating to experiments made in this branch of ser- ter itself. vice.
The victualling and clothing department would require, A second clerk and assistant, to keep an account of all besides its chief, a surgeon, as medical assistant ; two able the stores coming under the cognizance of their chief; of clerks, and one copying clerk. all labor employed in his department; to receive all re The surgeon would be required to assist in procuring turns and pay rolls, showing the cost of new ships, the medicine and hospital stores and surgical instruments, and repairs of old ships, the state of contracts, &c. keeping in distributing them as the service may require. It would accurate accounts thereof; to file all offers for contracts; be his duty to examine all accounts for medicines, &c. and prepare scales, showing the various bids ; to draw up, all requisitions for money to pay such accounts. under the direction of their chief, all, contracts and agree A first clerk to assist in the correspondence; examine ments; to file all letters relating to the duties with which all money requisitions (other than those assigned to the they are charged, and keep them so arranged, that refer- surgeon) keeping accounts thereof to assist in preparing ence may, at any time, he bad to them, without delay, the general estimates ; to draw up all contracts and charand to do such other business as may be required of ter parties, under the direction of his chief; and to keep them.
all papers connected with experiments in this branch of A fourth clerk, to keep the letter books, and do such the service. copying and other business as may be required of him. A second clerk, to keep an account of all provisions
Other officers would act under the directions of the and slop clothing procured for the service; where depochief of this branch. Officers to attend particularly to 1 sited'; from whom obtained ; the prices of each article