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Mr. WICKLIFFE objected to the resolution, and handed to the Chair a long letter from the Fourth Auditor, explaining his reasons for the construction which he had given to the law; which letter was in part read, and then suspended, at the request of Mr. CARSON, who explained the necessity for the resolution, by referring to the hardships under which the officers labored in consequence of the reduction of their pay, by the construction of the present Auditor. The Auditor himself thought the pay allowed by him was insuffi. cient, but he conceived he was restrained by the law from allowing more. The object of the resolution was to authorize the Auditor to make the same allowance as had been made by his predecessors, until the end of the next session, when Congress would have time to legislate on the subject, and put the matter on his proper footing. Mr. McDUFFIE said, the case which the resolution proposed to relieve, was one of extreme hardship and injustice. He threw no blame on the Auditor for his construction, but it made a most unjust discrimination between the officers in the two branches of the service, which it was ntended should be put on the same footing. The act organizing the marine corps, in express terms says, the colo. nel shall receive the same pay, &c. as a colonel in the army; but the army officers are paid by one construction, and those of the marine corps by another, and that now adopted for the latter has altered the construction which has prevailed for thirty years, and deprived them of a third of their pay. The consequence of this sudden curtailment [said Mr. McD.] is, that some of the officers will have to go to jail unless they are relieved by Congress. Mr. WILLIAMS observed that, if the difficulty was a mere matter of construction, the Auditor could return to the former one, and obviate the grievance; but if the interpretation be matter of legal certainty, we cannot change it by this resolution, and in this point of view he resisted this resolution. A legal provision can only be changed by the same legal formality that established the law complained of, and this resolution, therefore, could not reach the case, as it could not authorize the Auditor to construe the law differently. Mr. MILLER remarked that this was a case of a somewhat extraordinary character. The Auditor had, by his construction, reduced the pay of the officers of the corps below what they could possibly subsist on, and, had it not been for the unfortunate illness of the chairman of the
Naval Committee, a bill would have been reported to
remedy the difficulty; but, as that had not been done, it was thought this joint resolution would answer the pur. ose until Congress could legislate formally on the subject. Mr. DRAYTON would not undertake to censure the Auditor; his construction might be correct, but the officers of the corps suffered great hardship by it, and he thought he could, in a few minutes, satisfy the House that such was not the intention of the law, whatever interpretation its language might admit. Mr. D. then proceeded to show by argument, and by a reference to the laws, that the marine corps was included in all the provisions of the acts relating to the pay of the army, and that something ought to be done to obviate what he conceived to be the miscon. struction of the Auditor. He had not concluded his re. marks, when the expiration of the hour arrested the debate for to-day,
Mr. STORRS, of New York, observed, that, as the Senate would meet to-day as a court of impeachment, for the purpose of receiving the answer of the respondent, Judge Peck, it was indispensable that the House come to some order immediately on the subject. He therefore moved a resolution that the House would, in Committee of the Whole, attend the Senate during the trial of James H. Peck.
Mr. PETTIS said, he would like to know some reasons why the House should attend the Senate during the trial. Unless the attendance were absolutely necessary, it would be better to be employed in the transaction of its ordinary business, and let the managers appointed by the House attend the Senate, and conduct the prosecution. If the House adopted this resolution, [said Mr. P.] the attendance on the Senate would take up the whole time of the next session, and nothing else would be done. Mr. STORRS observed that this resolution was conformable to the usage of the House on former occasions. The House would receive, at twelve o'clock to-day, a message from the Senate, that they are ready to receive the House, and that seats are prepared for them. The House would only have to go there to-day, and be present while Judge Peck puts in his answer to the impeachment: the House will come back, and the Senate will adjourn as a court until the second Monday of next session. If the House be not present, the Senate cannot receive the plea of the accused. Mr. PETTIS insisted that the presence of the managers would be sufficient, and that, if the House resolved to attend the Senate during the trial, there would be little other business done during the next session. Mr. SUTHERLAND thought it would be wrong to adopt the resolution. . It would be very proper to go to the Senate to-day, and be present at the opening of the court for the impeachment, and receiving the answer of the accused; but afterwards, unless some very pressing occasion should require it, the presence of the House would be unnecessary. The object in appointing managers, was to leave it to them to conduct the impeachment. He cited Jefferson's Manual to sustain his opinion, and moved to mo: dify the resolution so as to provide that the House would attend this day. Mr. STORRS. Then we shall have to adopt a similar one every day, as the attendance of the House is indispensable to the continuance of the prosecution. Mr. WILLIAMS said he would like to learn from the SPEAKER what the practice was in such cases. The SPEAKER observed that every member was as competent to inform himself and judge as the Chair; but there was no doubt the uniform practice had been for the House to be present at the trial, as the accusers and prosecutors. Mr. STORRS then entered into a somewhat detailed examination of the subject, in reply to Messrs. PETTIs and SUTHERLAND, to show that the presence of the House was necessary. The appointment of managers was not intended to dispense with the presence of the House, but merely to act for the House, as it would be inconvenient for so large a body to act for itself, and the managers could take no step without consulting the House, which must, therefore, be present. Mr. McDUFFIE hoped his friend from New York would remove the present difficulty by accepting the modification of Mr. SUTheRLAND, and order for future arrangements could be taken hereafter. After a few remarks by Messrs. MERCER and SUTHLAND, Mr. STORRS accepted the modification, and the resolution was agreed to as follows: Resolved, That this House will, this day, at such hour as the Senate shall appoint, resolve itself into Committee of the Whole, and attend in the Senate on the trial of theimpeachment there pending of James H. Peck, judge of the district court of the United States for the district of Missouri.
REMOVAL OF THE INDIANs.
The House having, cn moion of Mr. BELL, postponed the intervening orders, resumed the bill of the Seuate, providing for the removal of the Indians west of the Mississippi; when
M.HEMPHILL rose, and moved that the bill be re
Max 26, 1830.] The Marine Corps.-Removal of the Indians. [H. of R.
committed to the Committee of the Whole House, with instructions to an end the same in the manner proposed last evening by Mr. H. Mr. BELL was decidedly opposed to the recommitment, and deprecated re-opening the general discussion of the bill, which must grow out of the motion. Full opportunity had been given [said Mr. B.] for debating the measure, and every one must have come to the conclusion that the adoption of the amendment would be a rejection of the bill. He opposed the amendment on various grounds, as: serting that no,three living men could perform the duties pop. by the amendment in twenty-four months, much
ess in six months, as was required—and was proceeding
with his argument; when A message was received from the Senate, announcing that it was now sitting as a court of impeachment, and was ready to receive the House of Representatives for the urpose of having the plea and answer of James H. Peck, in answer to the articles of impeachment preferred by the House. On motion of Mr. STORRS, of New York, the House then resolved itself into a Committee of the Whole, Mr. P. P. BARBouh being called to the chair, and proceeded to the Senate chamber, and, after being absent two hours and a half, returned, and The SPEAKER having resumed the chair, the House proceeded to the business which had been suspended. Mr. BELL made a few additional remarks against the recommitment of the bill, and concluded by moving the E. question, (the effect of which, if sustained, would to put aside the motion to recommit, and take the question on the passage of the bill.) Mr. WINTON moved a call of the House, which was ordered: yeas, 86—nays, 76; and The roll being accordingly called over, and one hundred and eighty-six members ...; A motion was made to suspend further proceedings in the call, on which the yeas were demanded and ordered; and, being taken, the call was suspended—110 to 85. Mr. PEARCE then moved that the House adjourn; alleging, as his reason, that a member was absent, who was known to be in the city. On the motion for adjournment. the yeas and nays were required and taken, and the motion was negatived: yeas, 19—nays, 177. [While the yeas and nays were calling, the absent member returned to the House.] Tellers were then appointed to count the House, with a view to ascertain whether the motion for the previous question was seconded, who reported ninety-six in favor of seconding the motion, and ninety-six against it. The Chair voted with the affirmative, and the previous question was ordered. Mr. SUTHERLAND inquired of the Chair whether it was competent for the presiding officer to give a casting vote on seconding a motion; which the SPEAKER relied to in the affirmative. Mr. EVERETT, of Massachusetts, inquired whether every member present was not bound by the rules to vote on every question, [it being obvious that all the members in the House had not voted in the division just taken.]. The previous question, “Shall the main question be now put f" was then put and decided in the negative by the following vote: yeas, 98—nays, 99. So the House decided that the main question should not now be put; and the effect of this decision, according to the rules of the House, was to remove the bill from before the House for the day.
WEDNESDAY, MAY 26, 1830. THE MARINE CORPS.
The House resumed the consideration of the resolution reported by Mr. CARSON, from the Committee on Naval
Affairs, in relation to the compensation of officers of the marine corps; and, After further debate thereon, the previous question was moved by Mr. CARSON, and, being seconded by a majority, the previous question was put and carried; and the main question, on ordering the resolution to be engrossed for a third readiug, was decided in the affirmative by yeas and nays.
REMOVAL OF THE INDIANS.
The House resumed the consideration of the bill to provide for the removal of the Indian tribes west of the Mississippi—the motion of Mr. HEMPHILL to recommit the bill, still pending, Mr. GILMORE, of Pennsylvania, made a remark or two expressive of his approbation of the bill, and read a letter from the late Mayor of Pittsburgh, commending the report of the Committee of this House on Indian Affairs! Mr. G. then moved the previous question. * Mr. CONDICT moved a call of the House; and the yeas and pays being required by Mr. BURGES, the motion for a call was carried—134 to 57. The roll was accordingly called, and it appeared that two members [Messrs. Foad and Ramsey] were absent from the House. Mr. MILLER stated that his colleague [Mr. RAMsky] was indisposed. On motion of Mr. EVERETT, it was ordered that the Sergeant-at arms notify the absent members to attend, and that the House, in the meantime, suspend business. In a short time Mr. Ford came in; and, after waiting nearly an hour, Mr. STERIGERE stated that the messenger sent to Mr. RAMSEY's lodgings had returned, and brought word that he was not there. Mr. LUMPKIN moved that Mr. RAMSEY be excused from attending, and that the House resume its proceedings. Mr.BURGES demanded the yeas and nays on this motion. Mr. MILLER then came in, and said he was obliged to state to the House that Mr. RAMSEY could not be found. Mr. WAYNE said, it would be unprecedented, if a member who, it was stated, was sick, should not be excused. Ought the House to remain longer idle, after suspending its business nearly an hour, because of the anxiety of gentlemen to get an individual member here, who was said, too, to be sick? He thought, if the member was sick, as stated, tenderness to his family ought to prevent his friends from urging his attendance. Mr. BELL hoped the friends of the bill would wait a short time longer for the arrival of the absent member, as gentlemen opposed to the bili desired it—so that the question, when decided, should be decided by the full voice of the House. While Mr. B. was speaking, Mr. RAMSEY entered the Hall, and the House proceeded to business. Tellers were then appointed to ascertain the sense of the House on seconding the previous question, and, on counting the members, reported ninety-eight for, and ninety-six against it. So the motion was seconded. The previous question, i.e. “Shall the main question be now put f" was then put, and decided in the affirmative by the following vote: yeas, 101—nays, 97. So the House determined that the main question should now be put. The question, “Shall the bill pass " was accordingly put, and decided in the affirmative: yeas, 103—nays, 97. So the bill was passed, and ordered to be returned to the Senate for concurrence, in the amendments. [The bill, as it passed the House, was as follows:] “Be it enacted, doc. That it shall and may be lawful for the President of the United States to cause so much of
guished, as he may judge necessary, to be divided into a suitable number of districts, for the reception of such tribes or nations of Indians as may choose to exchange the lands where they now reside, and remove there; and to cause each of said districts to be so described, by natural or artificial marks, as to be easily distinguished from every other. “Sec. 2...And be it further enacted, That it shall and may be lawful for the President to exchange any or all of such districts, so to be laid off and described, with any tribe or nation of Indians now residing within the limits of any of the States or Territories, and with which the United States have existing treaties, for the whole or any part or portion of the territory claimed and occupied by such tribe or nation, within the bounds of any one or more of the States or Territories where the land claimed and occupied by the Indians, is owned by the United States, or the United States are bound to the State within which it lies to extinguish the Indian claim thereto. “SEC. 3. And be it further enacted, That, in the making of any such exchange or exchanges, it shall and may be lawful for the President solemnly to assure the tribe or nation with which the exchange is made, that the United States will forever secure and guarauty to them, and their heirs or successors, the country so exchanged with them; and, if they prefer it, that the United States will cause a patent or grant to be made and executed to them for the same : Provided always, That such lands shall revert to the United States, if the Indians become extinct, or abandon the same. “Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That, is upon any of the lands now occupied by the Indians, and to be exchanged for, there should be such improvements as add value to the land claimed by any individual or individuals of such tribes or nations, it shall and may be lawful for the President to cause such value to be ascertained by appraisement or otherwise, and to cause such ascertained value to be paid to the person or persons rightfully claiming such improvements; and, upon the payment of such valuation, the improvements so valued and paid for shall pass to the United States, and possession shall not afterwards be permitted to any of the same tribe, “Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That, upon the making of any such exchange as is contemplated by this act, it shall and may be lawful for the President to cause such aid and assistance to be furnished to the emigrants as may be necessary and proper to enable them to remove to, and settle in, the country for which they may have exchanged; and, also, to give them such aid and assistance as may be necessary for their * and subsistence for the first ear after their removal. * Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That it shall and may be lawful for the President to cause such tribe or nation to be protected, at their new residence, against all interruption or disturbance from any other tribe or nation of Indians, or from any other person or persons whatever. “Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That it shall and ma be lawful for the President to have the same superintendence and care over any tribe or nation in the country to which they may remove, as contemplated by this act, that he is now authorized to have over them at their present places of residence: Provided, That nothing in this act contained shall be construed as authorizing or directing the violation of any existing treaty between the United States and any of the Indian tribes. “SEC, 8. And be it further enacted, That, for the purpose of giving effect to the provisions of this act, the sum of five hundred thousand dollars is hereby appropriated, to be paid out of any money in the treasury not i. appropriated.” The Senate subsequently concurred in the amendments made by the House.]
BALTIMORE AND OHIO RAILROAD. Mr. HOWARD moved to suspend the orders of the
day, with a view to go into Committee of the Whole on the bill authorizing a subscription to the Baltimore and Ohio railroad. Mr. H. said, that no member of the House was less disposed to be importunate than himself; but he felt himself bound to act, from the deep interest felt in the matter by those whom he had the honor to represent; and he trusted that the House would sustain the motion. The bill to which he alluded, stood upon different grounds, he be: lieved, from every other bill upon the subject of internal improvement now before the House. The State of Maryland had exerted its fiscal powers in promoting the system to a great extent, by the subscription of a million of dollars to this and another object, and, of course, had contracted a debt to that amount. For many years past, she had fostered improvements by legislative aid; and the capital to make them had been drawn chiefly from the city of Baltimore. It had suited the purposes of Congress, for the benefit of the West, to it. the Cumberland road; but of what avail [Mr. H. .." would have been that immense expenditure, unless Maryland had, out of her own resources, continued the road from Cumberland to tide water, at the cost of considerably upwards of a million of dollars, drawn also chiefly from the capital of the people of Baltimore ? In no part of the United States could a spot be selected where the inhabitants had employed a greater proportion of their resources in the forulation of roads than that city—the benefit of which enures to other parts of the Union as well as to themselves. The enterprise in which they are now embarked, was one of a vast and clearly national character, and eminently deserving of the support of Congress. By acceding to the confederacy, Maryland had yielded up the power of collecting taxes by imposts; and having laid as heavy burdens upon her citizens as the reserved power of taxation will justify, having, besides expending large sums of money, contracted a million of dollars, she has certainly a right to call upon the General Government for a portion of those funds which her own citizens pay into the national treasury. Mr. H. said that he knew that every moment of the time of the House was precious, and he would not, therefore, allow himself to say any thing further upon the topic, however interesting to himself. . Mr. SPENCER and Mr. WILLIAMS opposed the motion. Mr. BROWN observed that he had not intended saying a single word on the motion, now pending before the House, because he had heretofore urged, when a similar motion was made, what he thought sufficient reasons to induce the House to consider this bill; but he could not agree to let the remarks of the gentleman from New York [Mr. SPENCER) go unanswered. That gentleman had thought proper to travel out of this House into the other branch of the Legislature, to hunt up something which he could bring to bear on this question. Sir, the gentleman has told this House, that the bill authorizing a subscription on the part of the Government, to the Baltimore and Ohio railroad, in the other branch of the Legisluture, had been indefinitely o. or laid on the table, with the express understanding that it should not be called up again this session. Now, sir, the gentleman is mistaken in his whole statement. The bill in the Senate has neither been indefinitely postponed, nor laid on the table, with the understanding stated by him; the bill has simply been laid on the table, and can be called up again at any time when the Senate may think proper to do so. The gentleman urged another reason why the motion now pending should not prevail. He has told us that we have a number of bills on our table, which have passed the Senate, and must pass the House to become laws. Now, sir, it is well known that, during the three last days of the session, no bill can be taken up in either House of Cougress that has not passed the other House; this I un
derstand to be the operation of the rules of this House during those three days. The House will perceive there will be sufficient time to act upon the bill from the Senate; and unless the railroad bill is acted on either to-day or tomorrow, it must lay over with other unfinished business. With these remarks, he submitted the question to the House, with the hope that the motion of his colleague will prevail. Mr. BELL said, he had never supported any measure of this kind, nor did he expect to support this one; but he would say, that if any measure of internal improvement deserved the patronage of the Government, it was the Baltimore and Ohio railroad. It was a great and patriotic undertaking; a bold experiment entered upon—not upon the faith of the resources of a great State—not with the expectation of assistance from the General Government— but it was planned and proceeded in, and upheld by the public spirit and enterprise of a single public spirited and l." city. The work, if accomplished, was likely to enefit greatly many other parts of the country besides Baltimore and the State of Maryland. The Company have thought that a part of the common treasure of the country might as well be bestowed for the accomplishment of their great work as upon any other; and those who represented them upon this floor, had been compelled, by the vote of the House, to yield their claim to be heard, from month to month, and from week to week, during the greater part of the session, because measures of more general interest and importance, continued to engross the time of Congress. But, [said Mr. B.] would it be anything more than common courtesy, did not a spirit of justice and generosity require that the rule of the House o be suspended, that the gentlemen from Maryland should have an opportunity of laying their claims to an appropriation before Congress He thought so, and earnestly hoped the House, for reasons he had assigned, would sanction the motion. Mr. IRV IN, of Ohio, moved to include in the motion the Senate's amendments to the bill providing for surveys, doc.; and Mr. INGERSOLL moved to include the bill authorizing a subscription to the Farmington and Hampshire canal—a work which he said was of great importance to a large por. tion of the Union; one on which between eight .. and nine hundred thousand dollars have been expended by private subscription, and which needed only a trifling aid from the Government to ensure its completion, &e. Mr. DUNCAN observed, that there were a great many bills which it was equally important to act on ; and if the House commenced taking bills up out of their order, it would be fatal to others. He was in favor of proceeding with the business in regular order, and therefore moved to lay, Mr. HowARD's motion on the table; which motion pre: vailed: yeas, 91—nays, 74.
THE BRITISH COLONIAL TRADE.
The SPEAKER laid before the House the message of the President, respecting the anticipated information from England, relative to our commercial relations with that country; which being read, Mr. CAMBRELENG, chairman of the Committee on Commerce, moved to refer the message to that committee. [Some gentleman around observing that it ought to go to the Committee on Foreign Affairs.] Mr. CAMBRELENG added, that the message related to the commerce of the country, and ought to go to that committee; another reason for moving which, was, that he had for some time given his attention to the subject, and had already prepared a bill to meet the object of the message. Mr, ARCHER, chairman of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, moved to refer the message to that committee. Mr. WILLIAMS expressed the opinion that such messages were always sent to the Committee on Foreign Affairs. Mr. CAMBRELENG was not anxious about the matter. Vol. VI.-148.
but it had been the uniform practice [he said] to refer such subjects to the Committee on Commerce. Mr. RAMSEY was indifferent what committee the message was referred to, so that it did not go to the Committee on Commerce or the Committee of Ways and Means, Those committees were in the habit of taking cognizance of subjects not committed to them, and reporting bills concerning the revenue, without instruction—one tapping the treasury at one end, and the other at the other. He had seen the Committee on Commerce and the Committee of Ways and Means reporting bills, the effect of which would have been to empty the treasury instead of filling it—to throw the country at the mercy of foreign nations, and compel us in the interior even to send abroad to have our horses shod. Mr. DRAYTON referred to the rules to show that the message might go, with propriety, to either of the committees moved; but the practice had been to refer such communications to the Committee on Commerce. As the present message related exclusively to our commercial relations with a foreign country, Mr. D. thought it came properly within the province of that committee, and he made a number of remarks to sustain this opinion. Mr. McDUFFIE said he felt no sort of interest in this contest between the two committees, and cared not how it was decided. But he saw no necessity for the gratuitous charge against the Committee of Ways and Means, which the gentleman had gone out of his way to make, which was utterly false, and could be founded only in gross ignorance. He would defy any old woman in this House or out of it, whether scolding or not scolding, to fix on that committee the charge which had been alleged against it by the gentleman from Pennsylvania. He thought that every member in this House, however ignorant he might be, must know that every branch of the revenue of the country was, by the rules of the House, given in charge to the Committee of Ways and Means, and was always before that committee, and that it would be perfectly competent for that committee to-morrow to bring in a bill to revise the whole levenue system of the country, without any special instruction from the House. Nothing but the grossest ignorance could have given rise to the charge which had been made by the member from Pennsylvania against the committee. Mr. RAMSEY said he was not ignorant of the rules of the House, or the duties of the Committee of Ways and Means; but the chairman of that committee was ignorant of the true policy of the nation, and had evinced that ignorance by the bills which he had reported during the session, affecting the revenue. That gentleman has called me an old woman; but—[the Speaker admonished Mr. R. that the question was on the reference of the message.] Sir, [continued Mr. R.] he has called me an old woman, and it is my duty to repel it. I have always understood that the duty of the Committee of Ways and Means was to take measures to fill the treasury, not empty it, That gentleman has shown his sense of this duty, by just voting for a bill (the Indian bill) which tapped the treasury at one end, while he professed to fill it at the other. I will tell that gentleman that I was in the field of politics before him— but I will not use the expression I was about to do—and now to stand up and be told that I am an old woman. Sir, whatever that gentleman, may think of my knowledge of his duties, he shows but little knowledge of them himself, when he is seen day after day, and time after time, doing all he can to empty the treasury, instead of filling it. Sir, I can say no more. Mr. ÉWor, of Massachusetts, thought the message was certainly of a kind to require the action of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, and that it could go, with propriety, to no other. If the message should be found to contain anything requiring the action of the Committee on Commerce, that part of it could be sent to that committee. . The reason assigned by the chairman of that committee for
moving the reference of the message to it, namely, that he had prepared a bill in anticipation, was a reason with him [Mr. E.] for preferring another committee. He would rather that a committee should take up the subject that had made up no opinion on it, &c.
Mr. CAMBRELENG replied. He did not [he observed] wish to detain the committee on a mere question of reference, but he rose for the purpose of noticing a use which had been made by the gentleman from Massachusetts [Mr. EveRETT] of a remark which had fallen from him. That gentleman had seized on it with avidity, and spoke of the " draught of a bill," which he had referred to. Mr. C. said he had the draught of many bills; he had the draught of one which was rejected by that gentleman and his friends. at half past two o'clock in the morning, in 1827. If that gentleman's friends had not labored so zealously to defeat the very bill which was substantially a copy of the one which would probably now be required—if they had not defeated that measure, the commerce with the British West Indian colonies would never have been interdicted. The “draught” of that bill, which the gentleman and his friends rejected then, will answer our purpose now. The same committee that reported the measure in 1827, were probably more familiar with the commercial regulations which would become necessary in case the trade should be opened during the recess. He was not solicitous about it, but wished to facilitate the business of the House.
After some further debate on the part of Messrs. P. P. BARBOUR and McDUFFIE, the question was taken, and the message referred to the Committee on Commerce : yeas, 86—nays, 81.
THURSDAY, MAY 27, 1830. THE VETO. A message was received from the President of the United States, by Mr. Donelson, his private secretary, returning the bill which originated in this House, and which had passed both Houses, for authorizing a subscription to the stock of the Maysville and Washington Turnpike Road Company in Kentucky, with his reasons at large for refusing to sign the same. [See Appendix.] The message was read through by the Clerk, and heard with great attention. When the reading was concluded, there arose a hurried and anxious debate, involving no principle of the bill, but merely the question whether the bill should be reconsi. dered instanter, or whether the consideration should be postponed until to morrow. During the whole of this proceeding, there was a constant tendeney to debate the main question, and an effort on the part of the Chair to confine the debate to the question of postponement. In this skirmishing. Mr. IRVIN, of Ohio, Mr. DANIEL, Mr. VANCE, Mr. INGERSOLL, Mr. BROWN, Mr. POTTER, Mr. P. P. BARBOUR, Mr. WICKLIFFE, Mr. POLK, Mr. BELL, Mr. COLEMAN, Mr. LETCHER, Mr. BURGES, Mr. YANCEY, and Mr. BARRINGER took some art. p Finally, as by common consent, it was agreed that the reconsideration should be postponed until to-morrow, by which time the message. it was supposed, would be printed, and in the hands of every member. The question of printing the report gave rise to some d.o.o. reason ..]". intervention of the rule requiring one day's notice for an order for an extra number of copies of any document. For the present, under that rule, the usual number only was ordered to be printed.
that the Government of Great Britain will open the ports in its colonial possessions in the West Indies, on the contiment of South America, the Bahama Islands, the Caicos, and the Bermuda or Somer Islands, to the vessels of the United States, for an indefinite or for a limited term, that the vessels of the United States and their cargoes, on entering the colonial ports aforesaid, shall not be subject to other or higher duties of tonnage or impost, or charges of any other description, than would be imposed on British vessels or their cargoes arriving in said colonial possessions from the United States; that the vessels of the United States may import into the said colonial possessions from the United States any article or articles which could be imported in a British vessel into the said possessions from the United States; and that the vessels of the United States may export from the British colonies aforementioned, to any country whatever other than the dominions or possessions of Great Britain, any article or articles that can be exported therefrom in a British vessel, to any country other than the British dominions or possessions as aforesaid; that then, and in such case, the President of the United States shall be, and he is hereby, authorized to issue his proclamation, decliiring that he has received such evidence; and, thereupon, from the date of such proclamation, the ports of the United States shall be opened, indefinitely or for a term fixed, as the case may be, to British vessels coming from the said British colonial possessions, and their cargoes, subject to no other or higher duty of tonnage or impost, or charge of any description whatever, than would be levied on the vessels of the United States, or their cargoes, arriving from the said British possessions; and it shail be lawful for the said British vessels to import into the United States, and to export therefrom, any article or articles which may be imported or exported in vessels of the United States: and the act entitled “An act concerning navigation," passed on the 18th day of April, 1818: an act supplementary thereto, passed the 15th day of May, 1820; and an act entitled “An act to regulate the commercial intercourse between the United States and certain British ports," passed on the 1st day of March, 1823, are: in such case, hereby declared to be suspended, or absolutely repealed, as may be agreed upon with the British Government. “SEC 2. And be it further enacted, That, whenever the ports of the United States shall have been opened, under the authority given in the first section of this act, British vessels and their cargoes shall be admitted to an entry in the ports of the United States from the islands, provinces, or colonies of Great Britain, on or near the North American continent, and uorth or east of the United States.” The bill having been read, Mr. CAMBRELENG said, he would state, for the satisfaction of gentlemen on all sides of the House, that there was no new principle contained in this bill. The principle of it [he said] was precisely that contained in the instruetions from Mr. Clay to Mr. Gallatin, under the late administration, and the friends of that admiuistration would approve of it, as well as others. . When its object was fully understood, he believed that there would be no difference of opinion in the House upon it. Under the unanimous direction of the committee, he should move for the consideration of this bill in the course of the day, giving time only to have it printed for the information of the House. The bill was twice read, and referred to a Committee of the Whole. Mr. CAMBRELENG then, by unanimous consent, under the instruction of the Committee on Commerce, moved the following resolution: Resolved, That the President of the United States be requested to communicate to this House such information in relation to the negotiations with Great Britain, concerning the colonial trade, as he may deem it uot incompatible with the public interest to communicate, The resolution was agreed to.
THE COLONIAL TRADE.
Mr. CAMBRELENG, from the Committee on Commerce, reported the following bill:
* Be it enacted, doc. That. whenever the Presideut of the United States shall receive satisfactory evidence