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The following estimate is based on the supposition that the cut across bars is 120 feet, instead of 100, thus, to increase the draught of water 4 feet, will require (as pear as the soundings taken will furnish indications) the removal of 26,800 tons of sand and mud, which, including all expenses, cannot be put lower than 66 cents per ton, which will make it cost $17.688 00 Making a total cost of

- 44,993 15

: I would be willing to do the above work at this price, or the dams alone; but, in that case, an item must be added for superintendence, which is not provided for in the estimate. Having devoted most of this day, in going carefully over all the calculations in relation to the above work, I feel a pretty strong confidence that it is as low as it can safely be undertaken for. I would be glad to know the final determination of the Board, as soon as converient, that, in case I do not engage here, I may return to the North, in time to get some appointment on some public work in that quarter. I would not, in respect to the bar excavations, like to be confined to less than two seasons, thongh, were I to engage, I should make great efforts to accomplish it in one.

I am, Sir, most respectsully,

Your obedient servant,


New York, October 20, 1827. Sir: Agreeably to my promise, I herewith transmit a proposal for exca vatiog earth from the bottom of Savannah river, in order to improve the channel way for ships, &c. on the following conditions, viz: I will find the mchinery, and excavate the sand, mud, or other material, for seventy-five cents per cubic yard, provided the whole quantity shall not fall short of twenty thousand cubic yards. If the quantity be less, I must charge as much more per yard as, when averaged and added to twenty-five cents per yard on what shall have been done, shall make up a sum total of five thousand dollars, which will nearly cover the expense of the machine. If the whole quantity shall exceed twenty thousand yards, the price to be as first above stated.

I shall require an advance of five thousand dollars (giving good security) immediately, and proceed with due diligence in preparing the machine, which, when completed, shall be put in operation so soon as the nature of the case will permit, and continued, without any interruption, (except for needful repairs) till the whole is completed. The machine, when the work is done, wiil belong to me.

I think it probable that, by having an engine of sufficient power to work a double set of excavators, the work may be completed in all the month of June, 1828. The balance of payments to be made in fair proportion, as the work shall progress.

Most respectfully, yours,

j. MARTINEAU. To W. C. Daniell, Esq. P. S. I am at Steamboat Hotel, foot of Courtlandt-street, North River.

J. M.

Commissioner under the General Government

for improving Savannah harbor, d. Sir: I take this opportunity to inform you that, after matx reflection, I have concluded 10 decline entering into a contract to remove the betruetions in Savannah river, principally because the dams were not als wigned to me; the latter being a more tangible subject, susceptible of a pret accurate calculation of its cost, would therefore confer safety on the cornet, which, for the amount proposed, would authorize, encounter, come rs in the other part, viz: removing the wrecks, &c. that, owing to the indes: nite terms proposed, necessarily attaches to it. I am, sir, very respectfully,

Your obedient servant,

JOHN MARTINEAU New York, August 23, 1827.

To Wm. C. DANIELL, Esq. Commissioner, charged with superintending the appropriation by the General Government for improving Savannah Harder by removing obstructions in Savannah river, and erecting dam between Hutchinson's and Argyle and Hutchinson is

Fig islands. Sir: Having examined the obstructions in the river, usually denty 16 The Wrecks," and the accumulations in their vicinity, I have is estimate of the probable expense of accomplishing the contempt prorement.

In conformity to the decision I have made, I will propose to ren foregoing obstructions, as required by advertisement, for hltech in dollars, in the time required.

I am, with high respect,

Your obedient servant,


Savannah, May 24, 1827

SAVANNAH, May 25, 18

ompensation for series

DEAR Sır: As there is some contingency that may place the traat in other hands, in which event I shall claim compensation to the estimate that I put on services, is $ 500. I submit the matter, N to your discretion, as to the amount that would be proper. Of cou contract (including all that is to be done) should be awarded to would at once, extinguish this claim. If, from any circumstances you would desire to communicate with me during my absence, plea to Amsterdam, Montgomery county, New York; such will allor ticular pleasure, and receive prompt attention.

I am, very respectfully,

Sir, your obedient servant, '.

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SAVANNAH, May 10th, 1830. MY DEAR SIR: In reply to your inquiry, as to my knowledge of the ict, whether the depth of water in the river “Savannah” has been increased y the operation of the dredging machine, under your direction, and also, s to the effect of damming up the water course be' ween Fig and Hutchinson slands, may have had in promoting such increase of water in the main chanel of the river. Not willing to rely on my own observations, in relation to your inquiry, have called on our Harbor Master, Jonathan Cooper, who, previous to his ppointment to that office, was a packet master, for twenty years, in the ade between Charleston and this city; I enclose herein his testimony on le subject, which gives an increase of one foot of water as the result of the perations under your direction.

At this moment I have no vessel in port to my address, but on the 25th pril, ultimo, three ships to my address, passed at the same time, over the recks. The precise periods of their passing over the wrecks, was at least ne hour previous to high water; their names and draught of water are as folws:

Ship Julian, of Duxbury, Smith master, 13 feet 4 inches; ship Tamerne, of Wiscasset, Johnson, master, 13 feet 9 inches; ship viinerva, of ew York, Hussey, master, 13 feet 9 inches. The wind at South, being unvorable to high tides. These vessels, before the commencement of your perations, would have required Spring tides at high water, to have passed ithout grounding. I have called on the following ship masters now in port for informatioti to the facts now under inquiry; namely: Robert Harding, ship Olive ranch, of Boston; C. Varnum, ship Georgia, of Savannah; both of whom iving been in this trade, between Savannah and Liverpool, for fifteen years st. On the 28th April, ultimo, the ship Georgia'come over the wrecks, drawg 13 feet 6 inches water, two and one half hours before the period of high iter; the ship Olive Branch, drawing 14 10 inches(fourteen feet ten inches)

the 20th April, ultimo, came over and anchored at town one hour bere the period of high water, and what is remarkable, this was at a period

neap tides, The British ship Cabotia, of Liverpool, came up on the 7th instant, awing 13 feet 9 inches, and anchored at town, one and one half hours bere high water. Castains Harding and Varnum are unanimous in their opinion, that no aught of that, like their vessels, above nan.ed, could formerly be brought rer the wrecks, at least by one foot.

You will remark that the three first cases that I have cited, as above deiled, are vessels outward bound; the three last are inward bound; it must be served that, in all tide rivers, a greater draught of water can come in an can be generally carried out. I find the Pilots of our port are adverse to allowing that the depth of ater is greater now than formerly; but their testimony must be taken with any grains of allowance for the infiuence of self interest. By the regulaons of the Board of pilotage they are entitled to the sum of six dollars for opping each ship from town over the wrecks, so that they may there comete loading; now, could the river be so much deepened as to admit vessels ' the largest burthen to load entirely at town, they would be totally den. prived of this increase of their income, which they now receive over un above the total amount of the pilotage from Savannah to su: they are thu pecuniarily interested in keeping up the belief that there is an increase 3 water in our river, notwithstanding every testimony on the contry that ca: be adduced

I regret that you have called on me at a period when none oi tose ship masters, generally to my consignment, are in port; but I can here be testimony to their constant assurances to me of an increase of at least oe foot of water more now over the wrecks, than formerly. To obtain such testi mony it must be had when they are in port; awaiting then return, 1 ca add no more on the subject.

In relation to my own knowledge, I beg leave to add, that I bure had a mark on the steps of the public dock, at the wharf opposite ng ung room, which stands as a perpetual gauge, and I have noticed an treo wat-r at all periods of tide, whether neaps or spring tides, of eight 4. inches, higher now than previous to the commencement of the appearing under your direction. I ascribe this rise, mainly, to the dam berken and Hutchinson Islands, because I have found latterly, as that barriers more elevated and complete, that this rise was more decided and enter

I have resided here, as the consignee of ships, for the last twear years, and have cleared at the custom house at least 25 to 30 ships. num, of the largest class, and there is no improvement around us, been so desirable to have terminated with success as the deepening river, and I am happy to add that, as far as you have progresser realized that hope; it may happen that your excavations may in! of s'or 10 years be filled up again and require the same operator repeated, but this apprehension cannot remove the fact of the prezof your labors being in existence at this period of time.

Yours, respectfully, ..


ne precht



SAVANNAH, May 10th, 188 The undersigned, Harbor Master of the Port of Savannah, be his testimony, that, since the working of the dredging machine of the river of Savannah called the wrecks, under the diret C. Daniell, Esq. the depth of water has been increased full all periods of the tides; vessels now pass drawing 14 to 15 te fore the highest period of flood tide, by one hour. A fact unknow in the navigation of this river.


'g machine on that para

the direction of IT reased full one faca 4 to 15 feet mata,

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Harber Masto




May 26, 1830.
Read, and committed to the Committee of the Whole House to-morrow.

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Mr. WAITTLESEY, from the Committee of Claims, to which was referred is the claim of B. H. Reeves, G. 0. Sibley, and Thomas Mather, made the following

REPORT: The Committee on Claims, to which was referred the claim of B. H. : Reeves, G. C. Sibley, and Thomas Mather, report:

That the Secretary of War addressed a letter to the Chairman of the Committeee of Ways and Means, accompanied by an account of the persons above named, on which there is said to be due $ 1,504 54, for which he requested an appropriation to be made. The chariman of that committee presented the account and the letter mentioned, to the House, and they were referred to this committee. The claimants were appointed by the President commissioners to lay out a road from the Western frontiers of Missouri to the confines of Mexico, under an act passed on the 3d of March, 1825. By the act $20,000 were appropriated to extinguish the Indian title to the land, or to purchase the right of way over which the road was to pass; and $ 10,000 for marking and constructing said road. Copies of the instructions, marked 1 and 2, are filed herewith, and made a part of this report. It appears that the instructions given to the commissioners by the Secretary of War were specific, positive, and definite, as to their duty, and is to the disbursement of the money. They were told that each expendilure must be kept within its appropriate object, and in no event exceeded; ind that the expenditures must be arranged under their appropriate heads. The commissioners were informed that they would be entitled to receive $3 per day, when negotiating treaties, and $5 per day, when employed in layng out and making the road; and that, when they were acting in the two old capacities, and were engaged in the two fold duties assigned to them, hat they would be entitled to $8 per day, besides their expenses; but that hey would be entitled to the per diem compensation mentioned, when disharging the separate duties. ' In the account presented, B. H. Reeves has harged for his personal services $3,600, G. C. Sibley $5,352, and Thos. Mather $2,360; but they do not state the number of days by either or all f them employed in this business; nor do they discriminate as to the serices performed in one or the other capacity. It does not appear from the ccount that they arranged the expenditures under their appropriate heads, t the time they were made; but after the services were performed, and the xpenses incurred, they have attempted to make a distribution, and have laced under the head of expenses for Indian negotiations $12,827 10, and or making the road, $18,677 44. They say they found it impracticable

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