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their work, throughout I acted with every riberality to him; I overlooked many slight (perhaps some considerable) imperfections in their work; and I should be pleased to see some recompense allowed to him for the losses he has sustained, provided that it be not done at the sacrifice of my character.

Nine of the persons who testify in favor of Bargy have an aggregate interest in the success of his application of more than four thousand dollars. After the failure of the enterprise, Bargy stated to me, as to others, that his ability to meet his engagements contracted on account of the dam, depended upon his obtaining funds from Government.

Bargy's workmen could not have learned from me what they have stated, even were what they have set forth correct, because my conversations were withBargy, and not in their presence, Bargy having usually been ashore, and the immediate superintendence of the work on the river left to Norton and Wolverton. As the contract was between Bargy and myself, I felt bound to communicate to him chiefly, which I did; and when I communicated objections that arose to the work to his partners, which I sometimes did, I also made them to Bargy.

It is not true, as stated by Bargy's workmen and others, that there is 4 quick sand in any part of the river in which any of the dams were placed; nor have I ever seen any in that vicinity.

I request that Mr. Martineau's certificate, attached to Bargy's petition, be compared with his report to the Commissioners, dated 14th February, 1827. In the latter he says, “the most favorable places examined gave an average depth of five feet ten inches at low water, to which six inches should be added for the length of the lead used. The bottom was to be very uniform on the surface, a large portion of which is firm sand, and the balance soft mud, into which any heavy structure must necessarily settle indefinitely. Taking it altogether, the foundation is decidedly favorable to build a dam upon, leaving an assurance that, if properly constructed, it will sustain all the vicissitudes to which it will ever be exposed, and answer (as far as any thing of the kind can do the intended purpose." All the dams have been attempted upon the ground upon which Mr. Martineau expressed the above opinion. It is not true that he ever gave me the cautions to which he alludes in his certificate attached to Bargy's petition. The eagerness with which he sought the contracts proves his full confidence in the enterprise. It will be perceived that he preferred a claim for five hundred dollars for his services and the contingency alone upon which he asked it; namely, if he did not get the contracts. I paid him but two hundred dollars, at which he was much dissatisfied.

Wiltberger and Brown are the only citizens of this State who have testified to the good character and conduct of Bargy: for it will be seen by his statements that Mr. Reynolds (the other signer) was deceived as to the character of the certificate presented to him for his signature. Wiltberger and Brown are two of the largest creditors of Bargy & Co. Various other applications were unsuccessfully made for additional testimonials in favor of Bargy.

In the accounts attached to the petition of Bargy, and which it is prayed that Government will pay, at least two items are twice charged: first, at page 12 in Bargy & Co's account, there are entries of two bills of timber by A. A. Smets, $126 06 and $177 16: and again, at page 14, Wiltberger and Green charge for acceptance of drafts in favor of Smets for $177 16 and $126 06. Í herewith send Mr. Smet's certificate.

. Although I cannot imagine what connexion can exist between Bargy

claim for remuneration for his exertions to build a dam between Fig an Hutchinson islands and the operations of the dredging machine upon a para of the main channel called the wrecks, I nevertheless feel it my duty to repel the charge contained in the certificate of the pilots, attached te Bargy petition, that there has been no deepening or improvement of the channel effected by the dredging machine. I have conversed with several of the pilots whose names are attached to that certificate. They declare that it was not their intention to have expressed any opinion on the subject; and they were told that, by giving a certain statement, some individual would be benefitted; that they consented to do so, but did not seem to be further.

I present the letter of Mr. Gaston, addressed to me on the subject deepening of the channel. Other testimony corroborative has beef me, but this gentleman is so well known that I have thought it supe...

I subjoin such certificates as the brief space of time allowed me mitted me to obtain, corroborative of the foregoing statements; letters of Mr. Martineau.

In conclusion, I would respectfully ask what security an agent vernment can feel or have in the disbursements of public money, or perintendence of public works, when contractors, their workmen, a tors, with their whole host of dependents and followers, are allow before a Committee of Congress and arraign him in any and ere that their cupidity and malice may suggest, and when the commit out giving him the slightest intimation of the charges preferred, a grave examination of the subject, and reports with as much sous if the whole matter had really been before them -as if the same! which the accusers had been indulged had in truth been extent accused?

Under such circumstances it cannot be doubted that the past · is a private station.

I have the honor to be,

Very respectfully,

Your obedient servant,

statements; also, it

Y an agent of Com

money, or the e orkmen, and are

preferred, entes as much solens

been extended 13


Commissioner for removing obstructions

Savannah river below the city of sa

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I do hereby cereary'1824, 182 for the above sixth day of MAXI COPE.

Chatham County, 3 $8.

I do hereby certify, that Peter Bargy, Jr. has made no taxi county for the years 1824, 1825, 1826, 1827, 1828, and 1828, carefully examined the returns for the above six years.

Given under my hand, at Savannah, this 13th day of Ma

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time to time regards thest under these letter, my pro


July 26, 1827. RESPECTED Sır: I received your favor of the 10th instant, informing me that by making those alterations in the dam, as stated in your letter, my proposal was accepted. I agree to take the contract under these alterations; but I am somewhat disappointed as regards the advances which I expected would be made from time to time on the contract; I shall, however, make such arrangements as will enable me to go on with the contract with my own funds; I should wish to have the dams in two separate contracts, so that I could receive pay for the one when finished, which would enable me to carry on the work to better advantage. As respects the security on the bonds you mentioned in your letter, would have to be given in Georgia; and as there is no advances to be made on the contract, I know not why security is necessary; but if it should be absolutely necessary, I will make such arrangements as to obtain security in Georgia. I expect to comply with every thing which is required in the contract with Government. I shall write immediately to P. Wiltberger, Jr. of Savannah, to contract for all the materials for the dams. Please have the goodness to write me, immediately after the reception of this, whether it is necessary to give security on the bonds now, or whether it would answer when I go on next Fall, to commence the work. As security is to be given in Georgia, it will be necessary for me to be there. You will please inform me in your next letter in what way it is to be done, and how soon. I am, with respect, your obedient servant,

PETER BARGY, Jr. W.C. Daniell, Esq. (Copy of reply to the foregoing.)

New York, 2d August, 1827. Sir: I have received yours of the 26th ultimo. The contracts for constructing the dams between Hutchinson and Argyle Islands, and the former and Fig Island, I consider you bound for. Upon your return to Savannah, in November next, you can enter into bonds, with the necessary security. In exacting that security, I am merely fulfilling the instructions of the Treasury Department, and have no discretion. The object of that security, no doubt, is to ensure the completion of the work in the time specified in my advertisement; of course, there will be separate bonds for the building of each dam. Respectfully, your obedient servant,

W. Ć. DANIELL, To PETER BARGY, Jr. Frankfort, New York.

I hereby certify that I had frequent conversations with Peter Bargy, Jr. during the time he was engaged in building the dams between Fig and Hutchinson islands. He several times boasted to me of the elegant plan he said he had adopted in sinking the cribs, and said, if the one he had struck upon did not succeed, he did not know what would. This boast was of the last attempt. I never heard him complain, nor of his complaining of being restricted by the Commissioner. I believe the cribs, in the last attempt, blew up very soon after being sunk, which I attribute to his not having had heft enough put in them to keep them down.


I, Samuel Griffin, wishing to be concerned in the constructing a dam be tween Hutchinson and Fig islands, did frequently converse with William C. Daniell on the subject, previous to the contract made by W. C. Daniel with Peter Bargy, Jr.; and that I was prevented from contracting because W. C. Daniell uniformly declared that he could make no advances ef money previous to the beginning of the work, or during the progress of the same, and that all risk of failure was to be encountered by the person or persons contracting to make the said dam: nor do I believe that W. C. Daniell would or did contract with P. Bargy, Jr. on any other terms; and I am clearls of opinion that the failure on the part of P. Bargy, Jr. in not completing the said dam, arose more from want of a sufficient number of labores to fill the cribs speedily, after their being placed in a proper situation, than na any circumstances connected with the bed of the river.

I do further declare, that I have conversed with several masters & Fessels relative to that part of the Savannah river called the Wrecks, a.* their concurrent testimony induces me firmly to believe that the depa 2 water over the said Wrecks has materially increased since the operator ? the dredge boat placed there for that purpose.


STATEMENT of amounts due by Bargy to Co. to certain of his ft

nesses, the payment of which depends wholly upon the success { "

application to Congress.
George Folts' account
Horner Caswell-
P. V. Valkenburg
John W. Hull
Robert B. Bennett
Gilbert K. Bennett
Henry Bull -
P. Wiltberger, survivor of W. & Green
C. J. Brown, of the firm of Wylly & Brown



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I hereby certify, that I have heard Mr. George Folts say, during the attempt they made to stop the channel, that, if they failed, it woul them, and they could not pay their expenses; and after the dam dida signified to me that he had hopes of getting something from the States for their trobule.

the United



Savannah, 13th May, 1880.

SAVANNAH, 13th May, 1830. During the time of Mr. Bargy's driving the piles between Hutchinson and Fig Islands, I was there several times, and observed that they could not stand, for these reasons: that they were not sufficiently driven into the ground; they should have been shod with iron, and well banded, and they hammer three times as heavy as the one in use. When they blew up, many came on shore, and I had an opportunity of judging of the depth they had been driven. I should judge many of them not more than from 24 to 3 feet in the ground. It was generally understood here that Mr. Bargy's creditors would get nothing, unless Government made him some compensation. I believe this was all they calculated upon.


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Cr. i
Dec. 24, 1827.—By P. Wiltberger's acceptance of

their draft, at 90 days Feb. 29, 1828.-By their draft, at 90 days, on Wilt

i berger and Green

By this amount for balance of account

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I hereby certify that the above account includes all the timber and imber sold by me to Messrs. Bargy, Norton, & Co. used by them in he construction of a dam to connect Hutchinson with Fig Island, and that he said account was settled by two drafts on Messrs. Wiltberger and freen, as above stated. I further certify that I never had any other transction with them relative to said dam.

A. A. SMETS. Savannah, May 13, 1830.

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