Commoners: Common Right, Enclosure and Social Change in England, 1700-1820
Cambridge University Press, 1996年1月26日 - 400 頁
This is a paperback edition of one of the most important and original contributions to English rural history published in the past generation. Winner of the Whitfield Prize of the Royal Historical Society in 1994, Commoners challenges the view that England had no peasantry or that it had disappeared before industrialization: rather it shows that common right and petty landholding shaped social relations in English villages, and that their loss at enclosure sharpened social antagonisms and imprinted on popular culture a pervasive sense of loss.
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The question of value
Who had common right?
Threats before enclosure
Ordering the commons
Enforcing the orders
The uses of waste
Making freeman of the slave
Using the Land Tax
Correcting and editing the Land Tax
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acreage acres Agriculture animals appear argued argument Award Bill Book Burton Latimer cattle cent Chapter claimed common pasture common right common-field cost cottage court critics decline depended described disappearance early economy eighteenth century enclosed enclosure Act England English evidence example families farmers farms fences fields five forest four grazing half History holdings horses House included interest John jury labourers Land Tax landholders landless landlords landowners later less lived Lord loss lost manors means Midland Northampton Northamptonshire Northants noted occupiers open-field opposition orders owner-occupiers owners paid parishes Parliamentary Enclosure pasture peasant peasantry poor population Present Raunds reason Records regulation rented resistance returns shared sheep social Society stints tenants third Thomas tithe took View villages wage waste West Haddon wood Young
第 5 頁 - These paths are stopt — the rude philistines thrall Is laid upon them and destroyed them all Each little tyrant with his little sign Shows where man claims earth glows no more divine On paths to freedom and to childhood dear A board sticks up to notice 'no road here...