« 上一頁繼續 »
1 States for all candidates for President (or, in the case of 2 the primary election first held after the ratification of this 3 article, for electors of President and Vice President) in the 4 most recent previous presidential election, and (2) such 5 petitions are filed with the President of the Senate not later 6 than the 1st day of March of the year in which the next 7 primary election for President is to be held, unless the Con8 gress shall by law appoint a different day. 9 “Upon request made to the chief executive of any State
10 or the District of Columbia by any person on whose behalf 11 any such petition bearing signatures of residents of that 12 State or District has been prepared in any year, the chief
13 executive shall determine, and certify to the President of the
14 Senate, the number of signatures appearing on such petition 15 which are valid signatures of qualified voters of that State 16 or District which have been placed upon that petition on or 17 after the 1st day of January of that year. 18 “On or before the 15th day of March of each year in 19 which a primary election is to be conducted for the nomina20 tion of candidates for President, unless the Congress shall by 21 law appoint a different day, the President of the Senate shall 22 certify to the chief executive of each State and the District of 23 Columbia the name of each person who has qualified under 24 this article as a candidate for such nomination and the name 25 of the political party of such person.
1 “Sec. 4. The time of the primary election for the nomi2 nation of candidates for President shall be the same through3 out the United States, and, unless the Congress shall by law 4 appoint a different day, such primary election shall be held 5 on the third Tuesday after the third Monday in May in the 6 year preceding the expiration of the regular term of President 7 and Vice President. 8 “SEC. 5. Within twenty days after the primary elec9 tion, or at such time as the Congress may prescribe by law,
the chief executive of each State and the District of Colum
11 bia shall make distinct lists of all persons of each political
party for whom votes were cast, and the number of votes for
13 each such person, which lists shall be signed, certified, and
transmitted under the seal of such State or District to the
Government of the United States directed to the President of the Senate, who, in the presence of the Speaker of the House of Representatives and the majority and minority leaders of both Houses of the Congress, shall forthwith open all cer
tificates, count the votes, and cause to be published in an
appropriate publication the aggregate number of votes cast 21 for each person by the voters of the party of his registered 22 affiliation. The person who shall have received the greatest
number of votes cast by the voters of the party of his registered affiliation in all States and the District of Columbia
shall be the official candidate of - such party for President
throughout the United States, if such number be a plurality
2 amounting to at least 40 per centum of the total number of 3 such votes cast.
"If no person receives at least 40 per centum of the total
5 number of votes cast for candidates for nomination for 6 President by the voters of a political party, the Congress 7 shall provide by law, uniform throughout the United States, 8 for a runoff election which shall be held, unless the Congress
9 shall by law appoint a different day, on the third Tuesday 10 after the third Monday in July next following the primary 11 election, between the two persons who received the greatest
12 number of votes cast for candidates for the presidential
13 nomination by voters of such political party in the primary 14 election. No person ineligible to vote in the primary elec
15 tion of any political party shall be eligible to vote in a runoff 16 election of such political party. 17 “The result of any such runoff election shall be ascer18tained and declared in the manner provided by this section
with respect to the primary election the result of which
provided the occasion for such runoff election.
“Immediately upon the ascertainment of the name of
22 the candidate of each political party for President, the
23 President of the Senate shall certify the name of such 24 candidate and party to the chief executive of each State 25 and the District of Columbia.
1 “SEC. 6. Each political party for which the name of a 2 presidential candidate shall have been determined pursuant 3 to this article shall nominate a candidate for Vice President, 4 who, when chosen, shall be the official candidate of such
party for Vice President throughout the l'nited States. No
6 person constitutionally ineligible for the office of President 7 shall be eligible for nomination as a candidate for the office 8 of Vice President of the United States.
"The candidate of each political party for President shall
10 certify forthwith to the chief executive of each State and
11 the District of Columbia the name of the person chosen by
12 that party as its official candidate for Vice President. 13 "Sec. 7. In the event of the death or resignation or dis14 qualification of the official candidate of any political party for 15 President, the person nominated by such political party for
Vice President shall resign the vice-presidential nomination
17 and shall be the official candidate of such party for President. 18 In the event of the deaths or resignations or disqualifications 19 of the official candidate of any political party for President 20 and Vice President, or in the event of the death or resigna21 tion of the official candidate of any political party for Vice 22 President, a national committee of such party shall designate 23 such candidate or candidates, who shall then be deemed the 24 official candidate or candidates of such party, but in choosing 25 such candidate or candidates the vote shall be taken by i States, the delegation from each State having one vote. A 2 quorum for such purposes shall consist of a delegate or dele3 gates from two-thirds of the several States, and a majority
4 of all States shall be necessary to a choice. 5 "Whenever a substitute candidate of a political party for 6 President or Vice President is designated by or chosen under 7 this section, the chairman of the national committee of that
8 party shall certify forthwith to the chief executive of each 9 State and the District of Columbia the name of such candi
10 date and the office for which he is the candidate of that party.
"SEC. 8. The places and manner of holding any primary 12 election or runoff primary election under this article shall 13 be prescribed in each State by the legislature thereof; but
14 the Congress may at any time by law make or alter such
regulations. For purposes of this article, the District of Co
lumbia shall be considered as a State, and elections under this
17 article shall be held in the District of Columbia in such
manner as the Congress shall by law prescribe.
“SEC. 9. The electoral college system of electing the President and Vice President of the United States is hereby
21 abolished. Unless the Congress shall by law appoint a dif
22 ferent day, there shall be held in each State and in the Dis
trict of Columbia on the first Tuesday after the first Monday
in October in the year preceding the expiration of the term
of President and Vice President an election in which the