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Either Warton, then, dedicated his book to a patron who disapproved its doctrine; or Young, in his old age, bartered for a dedication an opinion entertained of his friend through all that part of life when he could best form opinions.

From this account of Young, two or three short paffages, which stand almost together in Night Four, should not be excluded. They afford a picture, by his own hand; from the study of which my readers may choose to form their own opinion of the features of his mind, and the complexion of his life.

Ah me! the dire effect Of loitering here, of death defrauded long; . Of old so gracious (and let that fuffice),

My very master knows me nota

I've been so long remember'd, I'm forgot.

When in his courtier's ears I pour my plaint, *They drink it as the Nectar of the Great ; And squeeze my hand, and beg me come to

morrow,

“Twice-told the period spent on stubborn Troy, Court-favour, yet untaken, I besiege.

If this song lives, Pofterity'fhall know,
One, though in Britain born, with courtiers bred,
Who thought ev'n gold might come a day too

Jate;
Nor on his subtle death-bed plann?d his scheme
For future vacancies in church or .state.

By these extraordinary Poems, written after he was fixty, of which I have been led to say so much, I hope, by the wish of doing juftice to the living and the dead, it was the desire of Young to be principally known. He entitled the four volumes which he published himself, The Works of the Author of the Night Thoughts. While it is remembered that from these : he excluded many of his writings, let it not be forgotten that the rejected pieces contained nothing prejudicial to the cause of virtue, or of religion. Were every thing that Young ever wrote to be published, he would only appear perhaps in a less respectable light as a poet, and more despicable as a dedicator: he would not pass for a worse christian, or for a worse man.-His dedications, after all, he had no right to

been

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suppress. They all, I believe, speak, not a little to the credit of his gratitude, of favours received; and I know not whether the author, wlio has, once solemnly printed an acknowledgement of a favour, should not always print it.

Is it to the credit or to the discredit of Young, as a poet, that of his Night Thoughts the French are particularly fond? : Of the Epitaph on Lord Aubrey Beauclerk, dated 1740, all I know is, that I find it in this Body of English Poetry, and that I am sorry to find it there.

Notwithstanding the farewell which he seemed to have taken in the Night Thougbts of every thing which bore the least resemblance to ambition, he dipped

again

again in politics. In 1745 he wrote Reo flections on the publick Situation of the Kingdom, addressed to the Duke of Newcastle-impatient, as it appears, to behold

A pope-bred Princeling crawl afhorė, And whistle cut-throats, with those words

that scrap'd Their barren rocks for wretched suste

nance, To cut his passage to the British throne. This political poem might be called a Night Thougkt. Indeed it was originally printed as the conclusion of the Night Thoughts, though he did not gather it with his other works. .

Prefixed to the second edition of Howe's Devout Mcditations is a Letter from Young, dated January 19,

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