« 上一頁繼續 »
the addition, " that Poetry, like Love, " is a little subject to blindness, which “ makes her mistake her way to prefer“ments and honours; and that she re“ tains a dutiful admiration of her fa-. “6. ther's family; but divides her favours, « and generally lives with her mother's, “ relations.” Poetry, it is true, did not lead Young to preferments or to honours; but was there not something like blindness. sometimes in the flattery which he forced her, and her fifter Prose, to urter? He always, indeed, made her entertain a moff dutiful admiration of riches; but surely Young, though nearlý related to Poetry, had no connexion: with her whom Plato makes the mother of Love. The frequent bounties his
gratitude records, and the fortune he left behind him, clearly show that he could noť complain of being related to Poverty. By The Universal Patsion he: acquired no vulgar fortune, more than three thousand pounds. A fum not much less had already been swallowed up in the South Sea. For this. loss he. took the vengeance of an author.. His Muse makes poetical use more than: once of a South-sea Dream..
It is related by Mr. Spence, in his Manuscript Anecdotes,. on the authority of Mr. Rawlinfon, that Young, upon the publication of his Universal Paffion, received from the Duke of Grafton two thousand pounds.; and that,
when one of his friends exclaimed, Tio thousand pounds for a poem! he said it was the best bargain he ever made in his life, for the poem was worth four thoufand. · This story may be true; but it seeins to have been raised from the two answers of Lord Burghley and Sir Philip Sidney in Spenser's Life. · When Young was writing a tragedy, Grafton is said to have sent him a human skull, with a candle in it, as a proper lamp *.
After inscribing his Satires, not in the hope of not finding preferments and honours, to the Duke of Dorset, Mr. Dodington, Mr. Spencer Compton, Lady * Spence,
Elizabeth Germain, and Sir Robert Walpole, he returns to plain panegyric. In 1726 he addressed a poem to Sir Robert Walpole, of which the title, The Instalment, sufficiently explains the intention. If Young was a ready celebrator, he did not endeavour, or did not choose, to be a lasting one. The Instalment is among the pieces he did not admit into the number of his excuscable writings. Yet it contains a couplet which pretends to pant after the power of bestowing immortality : Oh how I long, enkindled by the theme, In deep Eternity to launch thy name!
The bounty of the former reign seems to have been continued, possibly in. creased; in this. Whatever it was, the: poet thought he deserved it ;-for he was not ashamed to acknowledge whaty, without his acknowledgement, would now perhaps never have been known : My breast, o Walpole, glows with grate
ful fire. The streams of royal bounty, turn'd by
Refresh the dry domains of poesy..
The reign of the new monarch was ushered in by Young with Ocean, an Odc.. The hint of it was taken from the royal speech, which recommended the increase