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The Queen was soon called away from this lower world, to a place where human praise or human flattery are of little consequence. If Young thought the dedication contained only the praise of truth, he should not have omitted it in his works. Was he conscious of the exaggeration of party? Then he should not have written it. The poem itself is not without a glance to politicks, notwithstanding the subject. The cry that the church was in danger, had not yet subfided. The Las Day, written by a layman, was much approved by the miniftry and their friends.
Before the Queen's death, The Firie of Religion, or l’anquished Laze, was sent into the world. This poem is founded
on the execution of lady Jane Gray and her husband lord Guilford in 1554---a story chosen for the subject of a tragedy by Edmund Smith, and wrought into a tragedy by Rowe. The dedication of it to the countess of Salisbury does not appear in his own edition. He hopes: it may be some excuse for his presumption that the story could not have been read without thoughts of the Countess of Salisbury, though it had been dedicated to another. “ To behold,” he proceeds, “ a person only virtuous, stirs in us a “ prudent regret; to behold a person “ only amiable to the fight, warms us “ with a religious indignation ; but to “ turn our eyes on a Countess of Salif“ bury, gives us pleasure and improve
“ ment; it works a sort of miracle, oc“ casions the biass of our nature to fall “ off from fin, and makes our very « senses and affections converts to our “ religion, and promoters of our duty.” His flattery was as ready for the other sex as for ours, and was at least as well adapted.
August the 27th, 1714, Pope writes to his friend Jervas, that he is just arrived from Oxford—that every one was much concerned for the Queen's death, but that no panegyricks were ready yet for the King. Nothing like friendship had yet taken place between Pope and Young; for, soon after the event which Pope mentions, Young published a poem on the late Queen's death, and his Ma
jesty's accession to the throne. It is inscribed to Addison, then secretary to the Lords Justices. Whatever was the obligation which he had formerly received from Anne, the poet appears to aim at something of the same fort from George. Of the poem the intention seems to have been, to fhew that he had the same extravagant strain of praise for a King as for a Queen. To discover, at the very outset of a foreigner's reign, that the Gods bless his new subjects in such a King, is something more than praise. Neither was this deemed one of his excuseable pieces. We do not find it in his works.
Young's father had been well acquainted with Lady Anne Wharton, thefirst wife
of Thomas Wharton, Esq; afterwards Marquis of Wharton—a Lady celebrated for her poetical talents by Burnet and by Waller. To the Dean of Sarum's visitation sermon, already mentioned, were added some copies of verses “ by that “ excellent poetess Mrs. Anne Wharton," upon its being translated into English, at the instance of Waller, by Atwood. Wharton, after he became ennobled, did not drop the son of his old friend. In him, during the short time he lived, Young found a patron, and in his dissolute descendant a friend and a companion. The Marquis died in April 1715.
The beginning of the next year the young Marquis set out upon his travels, from which he returned in about a