The Mysteries of Paris and London
University of Virginia Press, 1992 - 415 頁
In this ambitious and exciting work Richard Maxwell uses nineteenth-century urban fiction--particularly the novels of Victor Hugo and Charles Dickens--to define a genre, the novel of urban mysteries. His title comes from the "mystery mania" that captured both sides of the channel with the runaway success of Eugene Sue's Les mysteres de Paris and G. W. M. Reynold's Mysteries of London.
Richard Maxwell argues that within these extravagant but fact-obsessed narratives, the archaic form of allegory became a means for understanding modern cities. The city dwellers' drive to interpret linked the great metropolises with the discourses of literature and art (the primary vehicles of allegory). Dominant among allegorical figures were labyrinths, panoramas, crowds, and paperwork, and it was thought that to understand a figure was to understand the city with which it was linked. Novelists such as Hugo and Dickens had a special flair for using such figures to clarify the nature of the city.
Maxwell draws from an array of disciplines, ideas, and contexts. His approach to the nature and evolution of the mysteries genre includes examinations of allegorical theory, journalistic practice, the conventions of scientific inquiry, popular psychiatry, illustration, and modernized wonder tales (such as Victorian adaptations of the Arabian Nights).
In The Mysteries of Paris and London Maxwell employs a sweeping vision of the nineteenth century and a formidable grasp of both popular culture and high culture to decode the popular mysteries of the era and to reveal man's evolving consciousness of the city. His style is elegant and lucid. It is a book for anyone curious about the fortunes of the novel in the nineteenth century, the cultural history of that period, particularly in France and England, the relations between art and literature, or the power of the written word to produce and present social knowledge.
讀者評論 - 撰寫評論
Figures and Stories
Repeating the Singular in Martin Chuzzlewit
Figures and Heroes
Figures and Knowledge
Writing in the Depths
action allegory appears associated becomes begins bells called cathedral century chapter character close connection creates crowd culture Curiosity dark death describes Dickens Dickens's discussion dream edition effect Esmeralda especially face fact fiction figures finds follows Gamp George George Cruikshank hand House Hugo Hugo's human idea illustration imagine Jonas kind knowledge labyrinth later less letter living London look Master means mind Misérables moment mysteries narrative nature never Nights notes Notre-Dame novel novelist object observes Oliver once panorama Paris passage perhaps person position possible present produce Quasimodo quoted reader reference relation remains revealed ring scene secrets seems sense shows singular social society sort story street suggests tale things thought tion turn understanding urban whole writing written