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FROM LOUISVILLE, KY. Dear Sir:
I was very much surprised to think that any one should even contemplate discontinuing the “Spy." I do not think there is a member but who appreciates the “Spy."
Don't think for a minute of discontinuing it. You are doing work, the value of which cannot be estimated in dollars and cents.
John H. Hile. FROM T1OOD RIVER, OREGON. Dear Sir:
"Shall the 'Spy' be discontinued ?" "No."
It is read, and should be read more. The "Spy" is doing splendid work, beyond ordinary comprehension, for the benefit of the apple grower and apple dealer. It is an advocate for wider distribution and greater consumption.
I would suggest that at the next meeting every member be asked to subscribe for five years in advance.
Just to show you that my heart is in the right place and that I want to help with something substantial besides words, I am enclosing copy for one-half page ad to run in May, June and July.
E. H. Shepard. FROM CINCINXATI. We note in the current issue of the "Spy" that there is some question as to whether or not this publication should be continued. You can count on us as strongly favoring the continuance of this publication. We have always found all matters published therein to be of interest and profit and we should very much hate to have the "Spy" discontinued.
Very truly yours:
S. & 11. Weil & Co. The Executive Committee as well as the officers have also set the seal of their insistence upon the continuance of the "Spy:" Nothing therefore remains but to continue.
Many matters of importance appear from time to time, and especially along legislative lines. Self-protection demands your attention. This is an epoch when every business man is in grave danger from the many half baked ideas that are sought to be stamped by National and State approval. We should arouse ourselves. These are facts. It is necessary to be armed. Therefore when your opinion is asked, kindly give the matter consideration in the full knowledge that by so doing you are conferring a favor upon your own business and fortunes.
Once upon a time, Fate gave a man the silver tongue.
-- Detroit Journal
Apple Men Should Face The Facts
More European Testimony By George Dietrich, of the American Fruit Product Co., Rochester, N. Y.
Recently there appeared in one of the local papers an editorial commending the apples that are grown and packed in New York State. The article in question stated that New York State apples were growing in favor in Europe because of their superior favor, goo<l keeping qualities and excellent pack. I think such statements are misleading and are not borne out by the facts. There is too much praise given, and too little fair, honest criticism.
The facts are. New York State is fast losing its prestige as a quality apple State, due to reasons which are known to most all of the dealers and packers who are interested as buyers and shippers of barreled apples. The grading and packing is not uniform, and the fruit is not as carefully selected or carefully packed as is the fruit in the West. Too much poor fruit
goes into the barrel that should find its way to the dry house or cider mill.
The Western States are fast encroaching upon the trade that New York State once enjoyed and should always control.
I quote from a letter received from a large European concern a few
"New York State, like the previous seasons, did not give any satisfaction. The fruit was by far not well enough graded. Under one and the same brand, there happened to be large apples and rather small apples, well-colored apples, and entirely green apples, to such an extent that samples did not give a proper idea of the entire lot. Until a few years ago, the largest percentage of barreled apples imported into Germany and other foreign countries originated from New York State, and the apples were very much appreciated on account of fine flavor and the good keeping qualities. For some vears New York State apples have steadily lost their reputation in consequence of carelessness in packing and grading, and we presume that in future they will lose further ground in Germany."
Such statements ought to be brought to the attention of every grower, shipper and packer of apples. There ought to be more genuine co-operation for better grading and better packing, and for a uniform barrel holding full three bushels.
In this connection the dry house men, as well as the dealers in evaporated apples, will have to be alert, or this part of the apple industry will also be lost to this great Empire State.
The Western men are fast learning the ways of how to take care of apples that will not grade up according to their ideals and standards, and the apple not good enough in grade to go into boxes is now being used by the evaporator in the West
. Unless the evaporator men in New York State look after the quality, and make their fruit much drier than heretofore, California and other Western States will put out a better quality and take away the trade that the dry house men and dealers in evaporated apples in the East are now enjoying.
Europe is by far the greatest buyer of evaporated apples, and complaints about the apples not being dry enough are many. There is too much moisture left in the fruit, and this causes the apples to ferment, become sour and discolored. Evaporated apples should be so dry that they will keep in the hands of the consumer in an ordinary temperature
Every business man, banker and newspaper man is vitally interested in this great industry, and we cannot afford to see others taking away our trade and prestige.
Living In A Fool's Paradise
An Unchecked Evil Elsewhere in this issue is an article by Mr. George Dietrich which again brings to our attention the ever increasing evils of packing and its specific effects upon export markets. It is cumulative and fresh testimour. It adds to the array of facts and figures adduced one year ago in support of the Sulzer Bill. It is another indictment for the same old violation.
TESTIMONY OF THE PAST. Last year we published in the Brief on the facts in Support of the Sulzer Bill several letters from our consuls, which were called forth by letters asking them this question: "Low Can Our Foreign Markets For Apples Be Exten led?" We reprint one of those letters. . The others are like it.
Quotation from a letter by a Cnited States Consul in Europe written to the Secretary of the International Apple Shippers' Association:
"There is no coubt, however, that the sale of American apples could be greatly extended if our shippers would be more careful in the sclection and packing of apples intended for this market.
“There has been so much dishonesty practiced in the past **** that a number of dealers would not handle the American fruit if ther were not obliged to co so
"The following is a translation of a letter received from one of the more important handlers of fruit in
* * * * in answer to interrogatories sent from this Office:
*(1) "During the past season American apples in barrels have arrived badly damaged, owing to the careless manner in which the fruit was packed. American packers do not use the same care in sorting apples as in former years. In most cases the barrels contain apples of three or four different sizes and vary greatly in appearance. The top layers are good, while the middle and bottom rows are very different both in size and quality:
"Inferior fruit should remain in the United States. In my opinion the trade in American barrel apples will decrease from year to year.
"I am also of the opinion that the imports of American apples into this country would increase enormously if the prevailing defects could be eliminated."
The letter to Mr. Dietrich brings the testimony down to date and covers the present year. On any rule of cvidence in existence, the guilt must be deemed established in the absence of a defense and there can be no (efense. The statements are true. We have seen the evidence with our own eyes this present year, both at home and in fruit intended for export.
These facts by no means apply to New York alone. They have been and now
are general over the barreled apple territory, with possible exceptions here and there. They are becoming true in the boxed apple section. This year has seen thousands of boxes of apples which ought never to have been packed.
The effect on home markets is even worse than abroad, for when it comes to foreign shipments there is some little attempt made now and then to select the best. At home everything goes, with the result that there is not a market in this country where dissatisfied and disgusted consumers cannot be found by the score. And vet indifference prevails and the feasting and the drinking to old practices continues.
"* A prudent man foreseeth the evil and hideth himself, but the simple pass on and are punished."
A FOOL'S PARADISE. “Belshazzar the King made a great feast to a thousand of his lords, and drank wine before the thousand, and his princes, his wives and his concubines drank, and praised the gods of gold and of silver, of brass, of iron and of stone. In the same hour came forth fingers of a man's hand and wrote over against the candlestick upon the wall of the King's palace."
THE JUDGMENT. "O, thou King, the most high God gave thy father a kingdom, and wajesty', and glory, and honor, but when his heart was lifted up and his mind hardened, he was c'eposed from his kingly throne, and they took his glory from him. And thou, his son, () Belshazzar, hast not humbled thine heart, though thou knewest all this. This is the interpretation of the thing:
MENE: GOD HATH NUMBERED THY KINGDOM AND FINISHED IT.
TEKEL:THOU ART WEIGUSED IN THE BALANCES AND FOUND WANTING.
PERES:-TITY KINGDOM IS DIVIDED UND GIVEN TO THE JEDES AND PERSIANS. “In that night was Belshazzar, the king of the Chaldeans, slain."
THE APPLICATION. Never was a fairer kingdom or greater majesty and glory and honor spread before the gaze of man than center about the apple. Its possibilities are limitless, but the minds of producers and dealers have become hardened, and we make a feast and drink to the gods of cider apples, windfalls, tree run packing, stuffed packages and slip-shod methods. And all the while the moving fingers of public sentiment, alienated consumers, depressed markets and the figures of trade write upon the walls of the King's palace:
TEKEL:-WE ARE WEIGHED IN THE BALANCES AND FOUND WAXTING. IS IT DENIED?
PERES:-THY KINGDOM SHALL BE DIVIDED. Can there any other result? Sot unless the one remedy be speedily used.
THE REMEDY. We have the remedly at hand in the Sulzer Bill. That bill guarantees to the world at large a square deal from the head clear through to the cushion. It establishes a three bushel barrel and an honest commodity in that barrel. The box states are now working on a bill to standar:lize their packages and pack. With both laws in effect, there is no reason under high Heaven why the apple business cannot enjoy unprecediented prosperity.
But—the whole thing is up to the individual. You can lead a horse to water, but you can't make him drink. It is up to us. The water of success lies before us, both producers and dealers. If we perish of thirst, what are we, horses or - ?
The "Spy" has absolutely no patience with the man who says he cannot pack under the Sulzer Bill. IF HE CANNOT, THEN HE ADMITS THAT HE IS UNABLE TO PUT UP WHAT USED TO BE TERJED A NUMBER ONE BARREL OF APPLES. It shows to what depthis of degradation the packing of apples has descended when even the old idea of a number one apple is looked at with fear and trembling. The two and one-half inch size provided by the Sulzer Bill is nothing more than the original idea of a No. 1 enacted into law, with a ten per cent limit of tolerance attached.
Is it impossible to pack a so-called lumber One barrel of apples, or what used to be a lumber One? Have modern methods of spraying, cultivating: pruning and thinning reduced the quality to the vanishing point? Ilave our experiment stations depreciated the output until no more socalled Number One apples are raised? Has intelligence (lisappeared so that it is no longer possible to distinguish the good from the bad when the packing season is on? If so, let us quit all these modern methods. Stop the waste and useless effort.
NONSENSE AND RUBBISIT! LISTEN! DOESXT AVY ALLEGED INABILITY TO PACK UNDER THE SULZER BILL, OR, IN OTIIER WORDS, TO PACK A NUMBER ONE BARREL OF FRUIT, LIE EXCLUSIVELY IN AN OVER-REACHING CUPIDITY AND THIE DESIRE TO GET SOMETHING FOR NOTHING?
Comments On The Prouty Bill
BY EDMUND PEYCKE CO., LOS ANGELES. In the March issue of the "Spy" attention was called to the "Prouty Bill," which was published in full in the February issue, and, speaking for ourselves, would state that the matter was overlooked at the time. There is no question but that this bill will come up at some future date. and, if presented in the same form, will benefit the carriers more than the shippers.
In a general way we will voice our opinion from a shipper's standpoint on the various sections of the bill:
SECTIONS ONE AND TIVO. Cars should not be used for storage purposes for a period of over 5 vars, and we believe that at the present time this storage practice is abused by receivers more than by shippers. There are very few large shippers holding cars for loading, and it is only the individual who ships