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The New Standard Barrel Law
Text of the Law
AN ACT TO FIX THE STANDARD BARREL FOR FRUITS, VEGETABLES, AND OTHER DRY COMMODITIES.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the standard barrel for fruits, vegetables, and other dry commodities other than cranberries shall be of the following dimensions when measured without distention of its parts: Length of stave, twentyeight and one-half inches; diameter of heads, seventeen and oneeighth inches; distance between heads, twenty-six inches ; circumference of bulge, sixty-four inches, outside measurement; and the thickness of staves not greater than four-tenths of an inch: Provided, That any barrel of a different form having a capacity of seven thousand and fifty-six cubic inches shall be a standard barrel. The standard barrel for cranberries shall be of the following dimensions when measured without distention of its parts: Length of staves, twenty-eight and one-half inches; diameter of head, sixteen and one-fourth inches; distance between heads, twenty-five and one-fourth inches; circumference of bulge, fifty-eight and one-half inches, outside measurement; and the thickness of staves not greater than four-tenths of an inch.
That it shall be unlawful to sell, offer, or expose for sale in any State, Territory, or the District of Columbia, or to ship from any State, Territory, or the District of Columbia to any other State, Territory, or the District of Columbia or to a foreign country, a barrel containing fruits or vegetables or any other dry commodity of less capacity than the standard barrels defined in the first section of this Act, or subdivisions thereof known as the third, half, and three-quarters barrel, and any person guilty of a wilful violation of any of the provisions of this Act shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and be liable to a fine not to exceed $500, or imprisonment not to exceed six months, in the court of the United States having jurisdiction: Provided, however, That no barrel shall be deemed below standard within the meaning of this Act when shipped to any foreign country and constructed according to the specifications or directions of the foreign purchaser if not constructed in conflict with the laws of the foreign country to which the same is intended to be shipped.
SEC. 3. That reasonable variations shall be permitted and tolerance shall be established by rules and regulations made by the Director of the Bureau of Standards and approved by the Secretary of Commerce. Prosecutions for offenses under this Act may be begun upon complaint of local sealers of weights and measures, or other officers of the several States and Territories appointed to enforce the laws of the said States or Territories, respectively, relating to weights and measures: Provided, however, That nothing in this Act shall apply to barrels used in packing or shipping commodities sold exclusively by weight or numerical count.
SEC. 4. That this Act shall be in force and effect from and after the first day of July, nineteen hundred and sixteen.
Approved, March 4, 1915.
Lock Up These Fellows
From North Yakima Farmer
W. H. Kingrey made a speech at the Yakima court house on the eight hour day, and according to the morning paper, he said that there is over production of foods and therefore men go hungry. He argued that if an eight hour law was enforced, more men would be employed, less food produced and therefore every hungry mouth would be fed. Now that's what we call logic upside down and backwards. This man Kingrey came into our office the next day after he made his speech and requested us to publish an article.
Kingrey says he is a member of the Grange, that he was a member of the last legislature, that he is the author of the initiative measure to limit hours of labor to eight hours per day. He claims he is a farmer in Mason county.
He told us that the reason that thousands of tons of fruit rotted under the trees was because the poor could not buy it.
We told this agitator that the main trouble with the country is there are too many men running around trying to make men believe they ought not to work; and that those agitators ought to be
We also told him that we do not propose to favor any law that will increase the burdens of the farmer and eventually drive him from his home.
Why such a creature as Kingrey is allowed the use of the court house for the purpose of increasing the burdens of those who built and who maintain the court house, is more than the average citizen can figure out.
AN UNRELIABLE DOG "Come right on in, Sambo," the farmer called out. "He won't hurt you. You know, a barking dog never bites."
"Sure, boss, Ah knows dat," replied the cautious colored man; "but Ah don't know how soon he's going to stop barkin'!"
“We are pained to announce that, owing to the almost complete suspension of the importation of chemicals, obituary poems will cost you 10 cents a line hereafter.
Legal Aspects of Standard Barrel Law
United States Standards now Supersede all State Standards
By Dr. Louis A. Fischer, Chief, Division of Weights and Measures,
Bureau of Standards, Washington, D.C.
Your letter of the 5th instant, referring to the passage by Congress of the barrel bill and requesting certain information as to the scope of the law, has been received and contents carefully noted.
The recent barrel bill differs from the apple barrel law approved August 3, 1912 (PublicNo. 252) in one important particular. The latter was passed under the general authority of Congress under the Constitution to regulate commerce among the states and left to the states the authority to standardize the sizes of barrels used in intrastate trade. This, of course, allowed the states to fix standards not in conformity with the Federal Act for this distinctive purpose.
The act just passed standardizing the barrel for fruits, vegetables, produce, and other dry commodities is not based upon the interstate commerce provision of the Constitution, however, but depends for its validity on the fifth clause of section 8 of Article 1 of the Constitution, which reads as follows: "The Congress shall have power:
* * * To coin money, regulate the value thereof, and of foreign coin, and fix the standard of weights and measures."
The Act under discussion, in making the use of barrels unlawful other than the standard established, reads in part as follows:
"Sec. 2. That it shall be unlawful to sell, oífer, or expose for sale in any State, Territory, or the District of Columbia, or to ship from any State, Territory, or the District of Columbia or to a foreign country, a barrel containing fruits or vegetables or any other dry commodity of less capacity than the standard barrels defined in the first section of this Act, or subdivisions thereof known as the third, half, and three-quarters barrel, * * *.” The question which you present for consideration is whether