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at intervals who follows this practice. The consignees, on account of not having space in their house, or for many reasons, will hold goods on track until they are ready for them. This is a general practice and works a hardship on shippers and railroads alike.
SECTION THREE. Section three cloes not provide for holding cars in the yards for placing, and the receivers could get around it by not orilering cars placed until wanted, and by so doing the force of the law would be lost. In handling the Citrus Fruit crop, it is necessary to “tramp” cars and at times they are held at junction points for periods longer than 5 days. If we did not have this right, it would have serious effect on the industry. The same thing will apply to the Northwestern apple shippers, who are endeavoring to follow our system of selling. Some provision should be made for bail weather and other conditions over which the shipper or receiver has no control.
The California shippers as a rule are taken care of as far as supply of cars is concerned possibly better than any other section, and our experience has been that, if negligent, the common law liability of the carriers will hold them for loss sustained. This is a broad question and, before any bill is passed, all shippers should be heard from. Conditions are different in every section, and what might apply to one district would not to another.
We are not in favor of any bill wordled like the Prouty Bill, but will support one that will have a tendency to improve shipping conditions.
BY HALEY & LANG CO., SIOUX CITY, IA. Noting the report on the “Prouty Bill," H. R. 26678, which was introc'uced in the House of Representatives on December 4th, 1912, beg to say we think this bill is unjust and unfair to the fruit dealers generally, and would cause great inconvenience in handling perishable products that are shipped under ice. In our small markets it sometimes requires several days before they can be disposed of.
Besides, we think the last clause in this bill, as pointed out in your article in the February "Spy," should be stricken from the bill, and we would be glad to assist in anyway we can to defeat the bill.
Legislative Notes and Bills
Food For Thought
THE TARIFF BILL. Some of the striking features of the new Democratic tariff bill, introluced in the House of Representatives on April 7th, are the removal of all duty from many articles of food and clothing, sharp reductions in the rates on all necessities of life and a new income tax that would touch the pocket of every citizen whose net income exceeds $4,000.
The following are some of the agricultural products placed on the free list: Potatoes, raw wool, meats, Hour, bread, milk and cream, corn, corn meal and swine.
It is also proposed to reduce the duty on APPLES and PEACHES from twenty-five cents to ten cents per bushel; fresh vegetables from twenty-five per cent to fifteen per cent; eggs from five cents to two cents per dozen ; butter from six cents to three cents per pound, as well as general reductions on oranges, lemons, grape fruit, limes and other agricultural products.
THE BOVIE BILL.
New York Assembly No. 2069. This Bill, among other things, provides that after October, 1913, no cold storage shall operate without a license to be issued by the State Department of Health. The license is not to be granted until full inspection has been made and the Department is satisfied of the sanitary condition of the plant and that it is properly equipped for the business of coll storage. The license shall be granted for one year only, with right of renewal upon proper application. The fees are $25.00 per year. The Department of Health is given full power of inspection, suspension of the license, condemnation and destruction of any articles of food that are found to be unfit. The bill is now in the Assembly Committee on Rules, Hon. A. E. Smith, Chairman.
What is your judgment of the license principle here involved, as it is more than likely to be invoked elsewhere? The present State law gives the Commissioner full powers of inspection and supervision, but does not provide for a license or the annual payment of $25.00.
THE GALLUP BILL.
New York Assembly 2079. This Bill relates to the payment of claims by Railroads. Its material provisions are as follows: “Ercry claim for freight overcharged or for loss of, or damage to, prop erty and baggage while in the possession of any common carrier, shall be adjusted and paid within thirty days after the filing of such claim with the agent of such carrier either at the originating point or at the point of destination of such shipment; when there is no agent at such point or points, then said claim to be filed with the agent at the nearest station to said originating point or point of destination having an agent; provided, that no such claim shall be filed until after the arrival of the shipment or some part thereoj at the point of destination, or until the lapse of a reasonable time for the arrival thereof. In ciery case such common carrier shall be liable for the amount of such loss or damage, together with interest thereon from the date of the filing of the claim therefor until the payment thereof. Failure to adjust and pay stich claim within the period herein prescribed shall subject cach common carrier so failing to a penalty of fifty dollars for cach and every failure, to be recovered by any consignee or consignees aggrieved in any court of competent jurisdiction.
*This act shall take effect immediately.
Think this over and let us have your opinions. What is your judgment on the thirty day limitation? Is not this too short a time? In all of these matters we should aim to be fair. A National bill similar in principle is liable to be introduced at the regular session. All of our members are much interested in the claim question. Let us have your opinions for guidance.
THE COLE BILL. The Commission Merchants and shippers have at last come together in peace and amity, and as a result a bill has been worked out satisfactory to both sides and which both are supporting. The bill has passed the Assembly, and if it becomes a law, further notice will be made of it for your guidance.