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body with so old a head. I leave him to your gracious Ant. Most heartily I do beseech the court
Por. Why then, thus it is.
Shy. O noble judge ! O excellent young man! And here, I take it, is the doctor come.
Por. Por the intent and purpose of the law
Hath full relation to the penalty,
Which here appeareth due upon the bond.
How much more elder art thou than thy looks!
Por. Therefore, lay bare your bosom.
Shy. Ay, his breast :
Por. I am informed throughly of the cause. Nearest his heart, those are the very words,
Duke. Antonio and old Shylock, both stand forth. The flesh?
Shy. I have them ready.
Por. Have by some surgeon, Shylock, on your Por. Oľ a strange nature is the suit you follow;
charge, Yet in such rule, that the Venetian law
To stop his wounds, lest he do bleed to death. Cannot impugn* you, as you do proceed
Shy. Is it so nominated in the hond? You stand within his dangert, do you not?
Por. It is not so express'd; But what of that?
[Tb Antonio. 'Twere good, you do so much for charity. Ant. Ay, so he says.
Shy. I cannot find it; 'tis not in the bond. Por. Do you coniess the bond?
Por. Come, merchant, have you any thing to say? Ant. I do.
Ant. But little ; I am arm’d, and well prepared. Por. Then must the Jew be merciful.
Give me your hand, Bassanio; fare you well!
Por. The quality of mercy is not strain'd: For herein iortune shews herself more kind
Than is her custom: it is still her use,
An age of poverty ; from which lingering penance
Tell her the process of Antonio's end,
And, when the tale is told, bid her be judge,
Whether Bassanio had not once a love.
Repent not you that you shall lose your friend,
Buss. Antonio, I am married to a wife,
I would lose all, ay, sacrifice them all
that, The penalty and forfeit of my bond.
If she were by, to hear you make the offer.
Bass. Yes, here I tender it for him in the court; I would she were in heaveu, so she could
Entreat some power to change this currish Jew.
Ner. 'Tis well you offer it behind her back : On forfeit of my hands, my head, my heart : The wish would make else an unquiet house. If this will not sutlice, it niust appear
Shy. These be the Christian husbands: I have a That malice bears down truth. “And I beseech you,
daughter: Wrest once the law to your authority:
'Would any of the stock of Barrabas To do a great right, do a little wrong;
Had been her husband, rather than a Christian! And curb this cruel devil of his will.
(A side. Por. It must not be; there is no power in Venice We trifle time; I pray thee, pursue sentence. Can alter a decree established :
Por. A pound of that same merchant's flesh is Twill be recorded for a precedent;
thine; And many an error, by the same example,
The court awards it, and the law doth give it. Will rush' into the state : it cannot be.
Shy. Most rightful judge! Shy. A Daniel come to judgment ! yea, a Da- Por. And you must cut this flesh from off his niel !-
Por. I pray you let me look upon the bund. Shy. Most learned judge !-A sentence; come,
This bond doth give thee here no jot of blood; Shy: An oath, an oath, I have an oath in heaven : The words expressly are, a pound of flesh: Shall I lay perjury upon my soul ?
Take then thy bond, take thou thy pound of flesh; No, not for Venice.
But, in the cutting it, if thou dost shed Por. Why, this bond is forfeit;
One drop of Christian blood, thy lands and goods And lawfully by this the Jew may claim
Are, by the laws of Venice, contiscate
Unto the state of Venice.
Por. Thyself shalt see the act:
For, as thou urgest justice, be assured,
Gra. O learned judge !-Mark, Jew; a learned
judge! There is no power in the tongue of man
Shy. I take this offer then :-Pay the bond thrice, To alter me: I stay here on my bond.
And let the Christian go.
Bass. Here is the money. + "Reach or control. Por. Soft
The Jew shall have all justice ;-soft!-no haste;- Por. I hunbly do desire your grace of pardon;
I must away this night toward Padua,
Por. Therefore, prepare thee tv cut off the flesh. Duke. I am surry that your leisure serves you
(Estunt Duke, Mugnifiioes and Trais, Or the division of the twentieth part
Bass. Most worthy gentlemall, I and my friend,
Ot grievous penalties ; in lieu whereof,
Three thousand ducals, due unto the Jew,
We freely cope your courteous pains withal.
Ant. And stand indebted, over and above,
Por. He is well paid, that is well satisfied;
Gra. A Daniel, still say I ; a second Daniel! I wish you well, and so I take my leave.
Not as a fee : grant me two things I pray you,
Por. You press me far, and therefore I will yield.
Give me your gloves, I'll wear them for our sabe; The law hath yet another hold on you.
And, ior your love, I'll take this ring from you:It is enacted in the laws of Venice,
Do not draw back your hand ; l'll take no more;
And you in love shall not deny me this.
bąus. Thuis ring, good Sir,- Alas, it is a trifle ; He seek the life of any citizen,
I will not shame myself to give you this.
Buss. There's more depends on this, than on the
The dearest ring in Venice will I give you,
Only tor this, I pray you, pardon me.
Por. I see, Sir, you are liberal in offers :
You taught ine first to beg; and now methinks, of the defendant; and thou hast incurru
You teach me how a beggar should be answer'd, The danger formerly by me rehearsed.
Bass. Good Sir, this ring was given me by my
That I should neither sell, nor give, nor lose it.
She would not hold out enemy for ever,
For giving it to me. Well, peace be with you!
(Exeunt Portia and Nerissa. The other half comes to the general state,
Ant. My lord Bassanio, let him have the ring;
Let his deservings, and my love withal,
Be valued 'gainst your wire's commandement.
SCENE II.-The same.-A Street,
Enter PORTIA and NERISSA.
Por. Inquire the Jew's house out, give him this
And be a day before our husbands liome :
This deed will be well welcome to Lorenzo.
My lord Bassanio, upon more advice
Your company at dinner.
Por. That cannot be :
This ring I do accept most thankfully,
I pray you, shew iny youth old Shylock's house.
Gra. That will I do.
Ner. Sir, I would speak with you :-
Which I did make him sv, ear to keep for ever. Had I been judge, thou shonldst have had ten Por. Thou may'st, I warrant; we shal! have old more,
swearing, To bring thee to the gallows, not the font.
That they did give the rings away to men :
(Exit Shylock. Duke. Sir, I intreat you home with me to dinner.
But we'll outface them, and outswear them too. But, whilst this muddy vesture of decay
[Exeunt. Come ho, and wake Diana with a hymn;
With sweetest touches pierce your mistress' ear,
And draw her hoine with music.
Jes. I am never merry when I hear sweet music. SCENE I.-Belmont.--Avenue to Portia's House.
Lor. The reason is, your spirits are attentive :
For do but note a wild and wanton berd, Lor. The moon shines bright:-In such a night as Or race of youthful and unhandled colls, this,
Fetching mad bounds, bellowing, and neighing
You shall perceive them make a mutual stand,
Their savage eyes turu'd to a modest gaze, Did Thisbe fearfully o'ertrip the dew;
By the sweet power of music :--Therefore, the poet And saw the lion's shadow ere himseit,
Did reign that Orpheus drew trees, stones, and And ran dismay'd away.
floods; Lor. In such a night,
Since naught so stockish, hard, and full of rage,
But inusic for the time doth change his nature:
Nor is not moved with concurd of sweet suunas,
Is tit for treasons, stratagems, and spoils; Medea gather'd the enchanted herbs
The motions of his spirit are dull as night, That did renew old son.
And his affections dark as Ercbus:
Let no such man be trusted.-Mark the music.
Enter Portia and Nerissa, at a distance.
Por. That light we see is burning in my hall. Jes. And in such a night,
How far that little candle throw, his cams! Did young Lorenzo swear he loved her well; So shines a good deed in a naughty word. Stealing her soul with many vows of faith,
Ner. When the moon shone, we did not see the And ne'er a true one.
candle. Lor. And in such a night,
Por. So doth the greater glory dim the less : Did pretty Jessica like a little shrew,
A substitute shines brightly as a king, Slander her love, and he forgave it lier.
Until a king be by, and then his state Jes. I would out-night you, did nobody come : Empties itself, as doth an inland brook But hark, I hear the tooting of a man.
Into the main of waters. Music! hark!
Nor. It is your music, maciami, of ihe house.
Por. Nothing is good, I see, without respect;
Ner. Silence bestows that virtue on it, madam. Lor. A friend? What friend! Your name,
Por. The crow doth sing as sweetly as the lark, you, friend ?
When neither is attended; and, I think, Steph. Stephano is my name; and I bring word, The nightingale, if she should sing by day, My mistress will before the break of day
When every goose is cackling, would be thought
No better a musician than the wren.
To their right praise and true pertection !--
Peace, hoa! the moon sleeps with Endymion, Steph. None, but a holy hermit, and her maid. And would not be awaked!
[Music ceases. I pray you, is my master yet return’a ?
Lor. That is the voice,
Por. He knows me, as the blind man knows the
cuckoo, Some welcome for the mistress of the house. By the bad voice.
Lor. Dear lady, welcome home,
Por. We have been praying for our husband's
welfare, Lor. Who calls ?
Which speed, we hope, the better for our words. Laun. Sola! Did you see master Lorenzo, and Are they return'd 3 niistress Lorenzo! Sola, sola!
Lor. Madam, they are not yet; Lor. Leave hollaing, man; here.
But there is coine a messenger before, Laun. Sola! Where? Where?
To signity their coming. Lor. Here.
Por. Go in, Verissa, Laun. Tell him there's a post come from my mas. Give order to my servants, that they take ter, with his horn full of good news; my inaster No wote at all oi our being absent lience ;will be here ere morning.
(Exit. Nor you, Lorenzo ;-Jessica, nor you. Lor. Sweet soul, let's in, and there expect their
Lor. Your husband is at hand, I hear his trumpel:
Por. This night, methinks, is but the day-light
sick, And bring your music forth into the air.
It looks a little paler; 'tis a day,
(Exit Stephano. Such as the day is wlien the sun is hid. How sweet the moon-light sleeps upon this bank! Here will we set, and let the sounds of music
Enter BASSANO, ANTONIO, GTITIANO, and their Creep in our ears ; soft stillness and the night,
followers. Becomes the touches of sweet harmony.
Bass. We should hold day with the Antipodes, şit, Jessica : look how the floor of heaven
If you would walk in absence of the sun.
Por. Let me give light, but let me not be light;
And never be Bassanio so for me;
But God sort all! You are welcome home, my lord. Such harmony is in immortal souls ;
Bass. I thank you, madam: give welcome to my
friend.• A small flat dish, used in the administration of
A flourislı 'on a trumpet.
This the man, this 18 Antonio,
I was beset with shame and courtesy;
My honour would not let ingratitude
For, by these blessed candles of the night,
Por. Let not that doctor e'er come near my
I will become as liberal as you ;
l'll not deny him any thing I have,
If you do not, if I be left alone,
Now, by mine honour, which is yet my own,
I'll have that doctor for my bedfellow.
Ner. And I his clerk ; therefore be well ad-
vised, You swore to me, when I did give it you,
How you do leave me to mine own protection.
with standing. Gra. He will, an if he live to be a man.
Bass. Portia, forgive me this enforced wrong; Ner. Ay, if a woman live to be a man.
And, in the hearing of these many friends,
Wherein I see myself,-
Por. Mark you but that!
In both my eyes he doubly sees himself :
In each eye, une :-Swear by your double self,
And there's an oath of credit.
Buss. Nay, but hear me :
I never more will break an oath with thee.
Which, but for him that had your husband's ring.
[To Portia. Nor pluck it from his finger, for the wealth
Had quite miscarried : I dare be bound again,
Por. Then you shall be his surety: give hin
I lost the ring defending it. (Aside. And bid bim keep it better than the other.
Ant. Here, lord Bassanio ; swear to keep this
ring. Deserv'd it too; and then the boy, his clerk,
Bass. By heaven, it is the same I gave the That took some pains in writing, he begged mine :
For by this ring the doctor lay with me.
Ner. And pardon me, my gentle Gratiano;
In lieu of this, last night did lie with non
Gra. Why, this is like the mendmg of high
ways Por. Even so void is your false heart of truth, In summer, where the ways are fair enough : By heaven, I will ne'er come in your bed
What! are we cuckolds, ere we have deserved it! Until I see the ring.
Por: Speak not so grossly.—You are all amazed:
Here is a letter, read it at your leisure ;
It comes from Padua, from Bellario:
There you shall find, that Portia was the doctor;
Nerissa there, her clerk : Lorenzo here
Shall witness, I set forth as soon as you,
Enter'd my house.-Antonio, you are welcome ;
Por. If you had known the virtue of the ring, There you shall find, three of your argosies
Are richly come to harbour suddenly:
You shall not know by what strange accident
Ant. I am dumb.
Bass. Were you the doctor, and I knew you
not? To urge the thing held as a ceremony ?
Gra. Were you the clerk, that is to make me Nerissa teaches me what to believe
cuckold ? I'll die for't, but some woman had the ring.
Ner. Ay; but the clerk that never means to Bass. No, by mine honour, madam, by my soul,
Unless he live until he be a man.
Ant. Sweet lady, you have given me life, and
Are safely come to road.
Por. How now, Lorenzo ?
And charge us there upon intergatories, My clerk hath some good comforts too for
And we will answer all things faithfully? Ner. Ay, and I'll give them him without a fee.- Gra. Let it be so : The first intergatory, There do I give to you, and Jessica,
That my Nerissa shall be sworn on, is, From the rich Jew, a special deed of gift,
Whether till the next night she had rather stay ;
Or go to bed now, being two hours to-day;
That I were couching with the doctor's clerk,
Well, while I live, I'll fear no other thing And yet, I am sure, your are not satisfied
So sore, as keeping safe Nerissa's ring. (Exeunt. Of these events at rull: let us go in;