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and called out Prudence, Piety, and Charity, who, after a little Then Prudence thought good to ask him a few questions,
drink, and consen. desire a better country, that is, a heavenly one, Heb. xi. 15, 18.
hours, in which such things happen to me.
Christian, since we ances, at times, as if they were vanquished: have been so loving to you to receive you into our house this Cur. Yes ; when I think what I saw at the cross, that will night, let us, if perhaps we may better ourselves thereby, talk do it: and when I look upon my broidered coat, that will do it, with you of all things that have happened to you in your pil. also when I look into the roll that I carry in my bosom, that grimage.
will do it; and when my thoughts wax warm about whither I Cur. With a very good will, and I am glad that you are so am going, that will do it. well disposed.
Pr. And what makes you so desirous to go to Mount Zion ? PIETY. What moved you at first to betake yourself to a Chr. Why, there I hope to see Him alive that did hang dead pilgrim's life?
on the cross; and there I hope to be rid of all those things that Car. I was driven out of my native country by a dreadful to this day are in me an annoyance to me; there they say there sound that was in my ears; to wit, that unavoidable destruc. is no death, Isa. xxv. 8; Rev. xxi. 4, and there I sball dwell with tion did attend me, if I abode in that place where I was.
such company as I like best. For, to tell you the truth, I love PIETY. But how did it happen that you came out of your him, because I was by him eased of my burden; and I am country this way?
weary of my inward sickness. I would fain be where I shall CHR. It was as God would have it ; for when I was under die no more, and with the company that shall continually cry, the fears of destruction, I did not know whither to go; but by Holy, holy, holy. chance there came a man, even to me, as I was trembling and Then said Charity to Christian, Have you a family ? are you weeping, whose name is Evangelist, and he directed me to the a married man ? Wicket-gate, which else I should never have found, and so set CAB. I have a wife and four small children. me into the way that hath led me directly to this house.
CHAR. And why did you not bring them along with you ? Piety. But did you not come by the house of the Inter- CHR. Then Christian wept, and said, Oh, how willingly preter?
would I have done it! but they were all of them utterly averse Cur. Yes, and did see such things there, the remembrance of to my going on pilgrimage. which will stick by me as long as I live, especially three things; CHAR. But you should have talked to them, and have en. tc wit, how Christ, in despite of Satan, maintains his work of deavoured to have shown them the danger of staying behind. grace in the heart; how the man had sinned himself quite out of Cur. So I did, and told them also what God had shown to hopes of God's mercy; and also the dream of him that thought me of the destruction of our city; but I seemed to them as one in his sleep the day of judgment was come.
that mocked, and they believed me not, Gen. xix. 14. Piety. Why, did you hear him tell his dream ?
CHAR. And did you pray to God that he would bless your Chr. Yes, and a dreadful one it was, I thought; it made my counsel to them? heart ache as he was telling of it; but yet I am glad I heard it. CHR. Yes, and that with much affection; for you must think
PIETY. Was that all you saw at the house of the Interpreter? that my wife and poor children were very dear unto me.
Cur. No, he took me, and had me where he showed me a CHAR. But did you tell them of your own sorrow and fear of stately palace, and how the people were clad in gold that were destruetion? for I suppose that destructiou was visible enough in it; and how there came a venturous man, and cut his way
to you. through the armed men that stood in the door to keep him Chr. Yes, over, and over, and over. They might also see out; and how he was bid to come in and win eternal glory. my fears in my countenance, in my tears, and also in my trem. Methought those things did ravish my heart. I would have bling under the apprehension of the judgment that did hang stayed at that good man's house a twelvemonth, but that I over our heads: but all was not sufficient to prevail with them knew I had farther to go.
to come with me. Piety. And what saw you else in the way?
Caar. But what could they say for themselves why they Chr. Saw! Why I went but a little farther, and I saw one, came not? as I thought in my mind, hang bleeding upon a tree; and the Cur. Why, my wife was afraid of loosing this world, and my very sight of himn made my burden fall off my back; for I children were given to the foolish delights of youth; so what groaned under a very heavy burden, and then it fell down from by one thing, and what by another, they left me to wander in off me. It was a strange thing to me, for I never saw such a this manner alone.
before: yea, and while I stood looking up (for then I Cuar. But did you not with your vain life damp all that you, could not forbear looking), three Shining Ones came to me. by words, used by way of persuasion to bring them away with One of them testified that my sins were forgiven me; another you ? stripped me of my rags, and gave me this broidered coat which
CAR. Indeed I cannot commend my life, for I am conscious you see, and the third set the mark which you see in my fore. to myself of many failings therein. I know also that a man, by head, and gave me this sealed roll (and with that he plucked his conversation, may soon over hrow what by argument or it out of his bosom).
persuasion he doth labour to fasten upon others for their good. Piety. But you saw more than this, did you not?
Yet this I can say, I was very wary of giving them occasion, by Cur. The things that I have told you were the best; yet any unseemly action, to make them averse to going on pil. some other matters I saw, as namely, I saw three men, Simple, grimage. Yea, for this very thing, they would tell me I was Sloth, and Presumption, lie asleep, a little out of the way as I too precise, and that I denied myself of things (for their sakes) came, with irons upon their heels; but do you think I could in which they saw no evil. Nay, I think I may say, that if what awake them ? I also saw Formalist and Hypocrisy come tumbo they saw in me did hinder them, it was my great tenderness in ling over the wall, to go, as they pretended, to Zion; but they sinning against God, or of doing any wrong to my neighbour were quickly lost, even as I myself did tell them, but they CHAR. Indeed Cain hated his brother, 1 John iii. 12, because would not believe. But, above all, I found it hard work to get his own works were evil, and his brother's righteous; and if up this hill, and as hard to come by the lions' mouths; and thy wife and children have been offended with thee for this, truly, if it had not been for the good man the porter, that they thereby show themselves to be implacable to good; thou stands at the gate, I do not know but that, after all, I might hast delivered thy soul from their blood, Ezek. iii. 19. have gone back again ; but now I thank God I am here, and I Now I saw in my dream, that thus they sat talking together thank you for receiving of me.ro,
until supper was peady So when they had made ready, tha
sit down to meat. Now the table was furnished with fat also with which their Lord will kill the men of sin, in the day things, and wine that was well refined; and all their talk at the that he shall rise up to the prey. They showed him besides table was about the Lord of the hill; as, namely, about what he many excellent things with which Christian was much dehad done, and wherefore he did what he did, and why he had lighted This done they went to their rest again. builded that house; and by what they said. I perceived that he Then I saw in my dieam, that on the morrow he got up to had been a great warrior, and had fought with and slain him go forward, but they desired him to stay till the next day trt had the power of death, Hel. ii. 14, 15, but not without also; and then, said they, we will, if the day be clear, show great danger to himself, which made me love him the more. you the Delectable
For, as they said, and as I believe, said Christian, he did it Mountains; which, with the 'oss of much blood. But that which puts the glory of they said, would g ace into all he did, was, that he did it out of pure love to this yet further add to cou try. And, besides, they were some of them of the house. his comfo t, behold that said they had seen and spoke with him since he did cause they were die on the cross; and they have attested, that they had it from nearer the desired his own lips, that he is such a lover of poor pilgrims, that the like haven than the is not to be found from the east to the west. They, moreover, place where at pregave an instance of what they affirmed; and that was, he had sent he was; so he stripped himself of his glory, that he might do this for the consented and stay. poor; and that they had heard him say and affirm, that he ed, When the would not dwell in the mountains of Zion alone. They said, morning was up, moreover, that he had made many pilgrims princes, though by they had him to nature they were beggars born, and their original had been the the
top of the dunghill, 1 Sam. ii. 8, Psa. cxiii. 7.
house, and bid him look south. So he did, and behold, at a Thus they discoursed together till late at night; and after
great distance, he saw a most pleasant, mountainous country, they had committed themselves to their Lord for protection, beautified with woods, vineyards, fruits of all sorts, flowers they betook themselves to rest. The pilgrim they laid in a also, with springs and fountains, very delectable to behold, Isa. large upper chamber, whose window opened towards the sun. xxxiii. 18, 17. Then he asked the name of the country. They rising. The name of the chamber was Peace, where he slept said it was Immanuel's land; and it is as common, said they, till break of day, and then he awoke and sang,
as this hill is, to and for all the pilgrims. And when thou comWhere am I now? Is this the love and care
est there, from thence thou mayest see to the gate of the Celes. Of Jesus, for the men that pilgrims are,
tial City, as the shepherds that live there will make appear. Thus to provide that I should be forgiven,
Now he bethought himself of setting forward, and they were And dwell already the next door to heaven.
willing he should. But first, said they, let us go again into the
armoury. So they did, and when he came there, they harnessed So in the morning they all got up; and after some more dis
him from head to foot with what was of proof, lest perhaps he course, they told him that he should not depart till they had
should meet with assaults in the way. He being therefore thus shown him the rarities of that place. And first they had him accoutred, walked out with his friends to the gate; and there into the study, where they showed him records of the greatest
he asked the Porter if he saw any pilgrim pass by. Then the antiquity; in which,
Porter answered, Yes. as I remember in
Cur. Pray did you know him ? said he. my dream, they
Port. I asked his name, and he told me it was Faithful. showed him first
Cuk. Oh, said Christian, I know him; he is my townsman, the pedigree of the
my near neighbour; he comes from the place where I was born. Lord of the hill, that he was the Son of
How far do you think he may be before? the Ancient of days,
Port. He has got by this time below the hill.
CAR. Well, said Christian, good Porter, the Lord be with and came by an e. ternal generation.
thee, and add to all thy blessings much increase for the kind.
ness thou hast showed to me. Here also were
Then he began to go forward; but Discretion, Piety, Charity, more fully recorded
and Prúdence would accompany him down to the foot of the the acts that he
hill. So went on together reiterating their former dishad done, and the
courses, till they came to go down the hill. Then said Chris. names of
many tian, As it was difficult coming up, so, so far as I can see, it is hundreds that he
dangerous going down. Yes, said Prudence, so it is: for it is had taken into his service; and how he had placed them in
a hard matter for a man to go down into the valley of Humilia such habitations, that could neither by length of days, nor de- tion, as thou art now, and to catch no slip by the way; there. cays of nature, be dissolved.
fore, said they, are we come out to accompany thee down the Then they read to him some of the worthy acts that some of hill. So he began to go down, but very warily : yet he caught his servants had done; as how they had subdued kingdoms, a slip or two. wrought righteousness, obtained promises, stopped the mouths
Then I saw in my dream, that these good companions, when of lions, quenched the violence of fire, escaped the edge of the Christian was gone down to the bottom of the hill, gave him a śword, out of weakness were made strong, waxed valiant in loaf of bread, a bottle of wine, and a cluster of raisins, and fight, and turned to flight the armies of the aliens, Heb. xi. then he went his way. 33, 34.
But now, in this valley of Humiliation, poor Christian was They then read azain in another part of the records of the
hard put to it; for he had gone but a little way before he espied house, where it was shown how willing their Lord was to re. a foul fieud coming over the field to meet him: his vame is ceive into his favour any, even any, though they in time past Apollyon. Then did Christian begin to be afraid, and to cast had offered great affronts to his person and proceedings. Here in his mind whether to go back, or to stand his ground. But also were several other histories of many other famous things,
he considered again that he had no armour for his back, and of all which Christian had a view; as of things both ancient therefore thought that to turn the back to him might give him and modern, together with prophecies and predictions of things greater advantage with ease to pierce him with his darts; there. that have their certain accomp.ishment, both to the dread and fore he resolved to venture, and stand his ground; for, thought amazement of enemies, and the comfort and solace of pilgrims. he, had I no more in mine eye than the saving of my life, it
The next day they took him, and had him into the armoury, would be the best way to stand. where they showed him all manner of furniture which their So he went on, and A poliyon met him. Now the monster Lord had provided for pilgrims, as sword, shield, helmet, was hideous to behold; he was clothed with scales like a fish, breastplate, all-prayer, and shoes that would not wear out. and they are his pride; he had wings like a dragon, and feet And there was here enough of this to harness out as many men like a bear, and out of his belly came fire and smoke; and his for the serv.ce of their Lord, as there be stars in the heaven for mouth was as the mouth of a lion. When he was come up to multitude.
Christian, he heheld him with a disdainful countenance, and They also showed him some of the engines with which some thus began to question with him. of his servants had done wonderful things. They showed him APOLIYON. Whence came you, and whither are you bound? Moss's rod; the hammer and naii with which Jael slew CHR. I am come from the City of Destruction, which is the Sisera; the pitchers, trumpets, and lamps too, with which place of all evil, and I am going to the city of Zion. Gideon put to flight the armies of Midian. Then they showed APOL. By this I perceive that thou art one of my subjects; hi the ox's goad, wherewith Shamgar slew six hundred men. for all that country is mine, and I am the prince and god They showed him also the jaw.bone with which Samson did of it. How is it, then, that thou hast run away from thy king? such mighty feats. They showed him moreover the sling and Were it not that I hope that thou mayest do me more service, stone with which David slew Goliath of Gath, and the sword I would strike thee now at one blow to the ground.
Chr. I was indeed born in your dominions, but your service could do to avoid it, Apollyon wounded him in his head, his was hard, and your wages such as a man could not live on; for hand, and foot. This made Christian give a little back; Apol. the wages of sin is death, Rom. vi. 23; therefore when I was lyon, therefore, followed his work amain, and Christian again come to years, I did, as other considerate persons do, look out, took courage, and resisted as manfully as he could. This sore if perhaps I might mend myself.
combat lasted for above half a day, even till Christian was Apol. There is no prince that will thus lightly lose his almost quite spent. For you must know, that Christian, by subjects, neither will I as jet lose thee; but since thcu com- reason of his wounds, must needs grow weaker and weaker.
plainest of thy ser. Then Apollyon, espying his opportunity, began to gather vice and wages, be up close to Christian, and wrestling with him, gave him a i content to go back, dreadful fall; and with that Christian's sword flew out of his and what our coun- hand. Then said Apollyon, I am sure of thee now. And with try will afford, I do that he had almost pressed him to death; so that Christian here promise to give began to despair of life. But as God would have it, while thee.
Apollyon was fetching his last blow, thereby to make a full CHR. But I have end of this good let myself to ano- man,Christian nim. ther, even to the bly reached out his King, of princes ; hand for his sword, and how can I with and caught it, say. fairness go back | ing, Rejoice not awith thee?
gainst me, O mine
APOL. Thou hast enemy; when I fall, done in this according to the proverb, "changed a bad for
I shall arise, Mic. worse;" but it is ordinary for those that have professed them
vii. 8; and with that selves his servants, after a while to give him the slip, and return gave him a deadly again to me. Do thou so too, and all shall be well.
thrust, which made Cur. I have given him my faith, and sworn my allegiance him give back, as to him; how then can I go back from this, and not be hanged
that had re. as a traitor?
ceived his mortal APOL. Thou didst the same to me, and yet I am willing to
wound. Christian, pass by all, if now thou wilt yet turn again and go back. perceiving that, made at him again, saying, Nay, in all these
Cue. What I promised thee was in my nonage; and besides, things we are more than conquerors through him that loved I count that the Prince, under whose banner I now stand, is us, Rom. viii. 37. And with that Apollyon spread forth his able to absolve me, yea, and to pardon also what I did as to my dragon's wings, and sped him away, that Christian saw him no compliance with thee. And besides, 0 thou destroying Apol. more, James iv. 7. lyon, to speak truth, I like his service, his wages, his servants, In this combat no man can imagine, unless he had seen and his government, his company, and country, better than thine; heard as I did, what yelling and hideous roaring Apollyon therefore leave off to persuade me further; I am his servant, made all the time of the fight; he spake like a dragon ; and, on and I will follow him.
the other side, what sighs and groans bursu trom Christian's APOL. Consider again, when thou art in cool blood, what heart. I never saw him all the while gi so much as one thou art like to meet with in the way that thou goest. Thou pleasant look, till he perceived he had wounced Apollyon witn knowest that for the most part his servants come to an ill end, his two-edged sword; then, indeed, he did smile, and look upbecause they are transgressors against me and my ways. How wards; but it was the dreadfullest fight that I ever saw. many of them have been put to shameful deaths ! And besides, So when the battle was over Christian said, I will here give thou countest his service better than mine; whereas he never
thanks to him that hath delivered me out of the mouth of the came yet from the place where he is, to deliver any that served lion; to him that did help me against Apollyon. And so he did, him out of their hands; but as for me, how many times, as all saying, the world very well knows, have I delive.ed, either by power
Great Beelzebub, the captain of this fiend, or fraud, those that have faithfully served me, from him and
Devign'd my ruin; therefore to this end his, though taken by them ! And so I will deliver thee.
He sent him harness'd out, and he with rage, Cur. His forbearing at present to deliver them, is on pur.
That hellish was, did fiercely me engage : pose to try their love, whether they will cleave to him to the
But blessed Michael helped me, and I, end; and as for the ill end thou sayest they come to, that is
By dint of sword, did quickly make him fy:
Therefore to Him let me give lasting praise, most glorious in their acount. For, for present deliverance,
And thank and bless his holy name always. they do not much expect it; for they stay for their glory; and then they shall have it, when their Prince comes in his, and the Then there came to him a hand with some of the leaves of glory of the angels.
the tree of life, the which Christian took, and applied to the APOL. Thou hast already been unfaithful in thy service to wounds that he had received in that battle, and was healed him; and now dost thou think to receive wages of him?
immediately. He also sat down in that place to eat bread, and CHR. Wherein, O A poliyon, have I been unfaithful to him ? to drink of the bottle that was given to him a little before ; so
APOL. Thou didst faint at first setting out, when thou wast being refreshed, he addresses himself to his journey, with his almost choked in the Gulf of Despond. Thou didst attempt | sword drawn in his hand; for, he said, I know not but some wrong ways to be rid of thy burden, whereas thou shouldst have other enemy may be at hand. But he met with no other affront stayed till thy Prince had taken it off. Thou didst sinfully sleep, from Apollyon quite through this valley. and lose thy choice things. Thou wast also almost persuaded Now at the end of this valley was another, called the Valley to go back at the sight of the lions. And when thou talkest of, of the Shadow of Death ; and Christian must needs go through thy journey, and of what thou hast seen and heard, thou art it, because the way to the Celestial City lay through the midst inwardly desirous of vain-glory in all that thou sayest or doest. of it. Now, this valley is a very solitary place: the prophet
CHR. All this is true, and much more which thou hast left Jeremiah thus describes it: “A wilderness, a land of deserts ont; but the Prince whom I serve and honour is merciful and and pits, a land of drought, and of the shadow of death, a land ready to forgive. But besides, these infirmities possessed me that no man," but a Christian, "passeth through, and where in thy country; for there I sucked them in, and I have groaned no man dwelt," er. ii.6. under them, been sorry for them, and have obtained pardon of Now here Cnristian was worse put to it than in his fight niy Prince.
with Apollyon, as by the sequel you shall see. APOL. Then Apollyon broke out into a grievous rage, say. I saw then in my dream, that when Christian was got to the ing, I am an enemy to this Prince; I hate his person, his la borders of the Shadow of Death, there met him two men, chil. and people ; I am come out on purpose to withstand thee. dren of then that brought up an evil report of the good land,
Cur. Apollyon, beware what you do, for I am in the King's Numb. xiii. 32, making haste to go back; to whom Christian highway, the way of holiness; therefore take heed to yourself. spake as follows.
APOL. Then Apollyon straddled quite over the whole breadth CAR. Whither are you going? of the way, and said, I am void of fear in this matter. Prepare Men. They said, Back, back; and we would have you do so thyself to die; for I swear by my infernal den, that thou shalt too, if either life or peace is prized by you. go no farther: here will I spill thy soul. And with that he CHR. Why, what's the matter ? said Christian. threw a flaming dart at his breast; but Christian had a shield MEN. Matter? said they: we were going that way as you are in his hand, with which he caught it, and so prevented the going, and went as far as we durst: and indeed we were almost danger of that.
past coming back; for had we gone a little farther, we had not Then did Christian draw, for he saw it was time to bestir been here to bring the news to thee. him; and Apollyon as fast made at him, throwing darts as CHR. But what you met with ? said Christian. thick as hail; by the which, notwithstanding all that Christian MEN. Why, we were almost in the Valley of the Shadow of
THE VALLEY OF THE SHADOW OF DEATH.
Death, but that by good hap we looked before us, and saw the Then was he glad, and that for these reasons. danger before we came to it, Psa. xliv. 19; cvii. 10.
First, Because he gathered from thence, that some who Chr. But what have you seen? said Christian.
feared God were in this valley as well as himself. Men. Seen ? why the valley itself, which is as dark as pitch; Secondly, For that he perceived God was with them, though we also saw there the hobgoblius, satyrs, and dragons of the in that dark and dismal state. And why not, thought he, with pit; we heard also in the valley a continual howling and sell. me, though by reason of the impediment that attends this ing, as of a people under unutterable misery, who there sat place. I cannot perceive it, Job ix. ii. bound in affliction and irons; and over that valley hang the Thirdly, For that he hoped (could he overtake them) to discouraging clouds of confusion; death also does always spread have company by and by. So he went on, and called to him his wings over it. In a word, it is every whit dreadful, being that was before ; but he knew not what to answer, for that he utterly without order, Job iii. 5; x. 22.
also thought himself to be alone. And by and by the day Car. Then, said Christian, I perceive not yet, by what you broke: then said Christian, "He hath turned the shadow of have said, but that this is my way to the desired haven, Psa. death into the morning," Amos v. 8. xliv. 18, 19; Jer. ii. 6.
Now morning being come, he looked back, not out of desire MEN. Be it thy way, we will not choose it for ours.
to return, but to see, by the light of the day, what hazards he So they parted, and Christian went on his way, but sti with had gone through in the dark. So he saw mo pe
the his sword drawn in his hand, for fear lest he should be assaulted. ditch that was on the one hand, and the quag that was on the I saw then in my dream, as far as this valley reached, there
other: also how narrow the way was which led betwixt them was on the right hand a very deep ditch; that ditch is it, into
both. Also now he saw the hobgoblins, and satyrs, and dra. which the blind have led the blind in all ages, and have both gons of the pit, but all afar off; for after break of day they there miserably perished. Again, behold on the left hand, came not nigh, yet they were discovered to him, according to there was a very dangerous quag, into which, if even a good that which is written, "He discovereth deep things out of inan falls, he finds no bottom for his foot to stand on; into that darkness, and bringeth out to light the shadow of death,” Job quag king David once did fall, and had no doubt there been
xii. 22. smothered, had not He that is able plucked him out, Psa.
Now was Christian much affected with this deliverance lxix. 14.
from all the dangers of his solitary way; which dangers, though The pathway was here also exceedingly narrow, and there he feared them much before, yet he saw them more clearly fore good Christian was the more put to it; for when he sought, now, because the light of the day made them conspicuous to in the dark, to shun the ditch on the one hand, he was ready to him. And about this time the sun was rising, and this was tip over into the mire on the other : also when he sought to another mercy to Christian; for you must note, that though escape the mire, without great carefulness he would be ready the first part of the Valley of the Shadow of Death was dan to fall into the ditch. Thus he went on, and I heard him here gerous, yet this second part, which he was yet to go, was, ir sigh bitterly; for besides the danger mentioned above, the possible, far more dangerous : for, from the place where he pathway was here so dark, that ofttimes, when he lifted up now stood, even to the end of the valley, the way was all along his foot to go forward, he knew not where or upon what he set so full of snares, traps, gins, and nets here, and so full of pits, should set it next.
pitfalls, deep holes, and shelvings down there, that had it now About the midst of this valley I perceived the mouth of hell been dark, as it was when he came the first part of the way, to be, and it stood also hard by the way side. Now, thought had he had a thousand souls, they had in reason been cast Christian, what shall I do? And ever and anon the flame and away; but, as I said, just now the sun was rising. Then said
smoke would come
he, His candle shineth on my head, and by his light I go out in such abun through darkness," Job xxix. 3. dance, with sparks In this light, therefore, he came to the end of the valley. and hideous noises Now I saw in my dream, that at the end of the valley lay (things that cared bloc.d, bones, ashes, and mangled bodies of men, even of pilgrims not for Christian's that had gone this way formerly; and while I was musing what sword, as did Apol. should be the
reason, I espied a little before me a cave, where
I lyon before), that two giants, Pope and Pagan dwelt in old time; by whose he was forced to power and tyranny the men whose bones, blood, ashes, etc., lay put up his sword, there were cruelly put to death. But by this place Christian and betake himself went without danger, whereat I somewhat wondered; but I to another weapon,
have learned since, that Pagan has been dead many a day; and called all prayer,
as for the other, though he be yet alive, he is, by reason of age, Eph. vi. 18; so he and also of the many shrewd brushes that he met with in his
cried in my hear. | younger days, grown so crazy and stiff in his joints, that he can sing, O Lord, I beseech thee, deliver my soul, Psa. cxvi. 4.
now do little more than sit in his cave's mouth, grinning at "Thus he went on a great while, yet still the flames would be pilgrims as they go by, and biting his nails because he cannot
come at them. Treaching towards him; also he heard doleful voices, and
So I saw that Christian went on his way; yet, at the sight of irushings to and fro, so that sometimes he thought he should be torn in pieces, or trodden down like mire in the the old man that sat at the mouth of the cave, he could not tell streets. This frightful sight was seen, and these dreadful what to think, especially because he spoke to him, though he noises were heard by him, for several miles together: and could not go after him, saying, You will never mend till more coming to a place where he thought he heard a company of of you be burned. But he held his peace, and set a good face fiends coming forward to meet him, he stopped, and began to
on it, and so went by, and catched no hurt. Then sang Chris.
tian: n.use what he had best to do. Sometimes he had half a thought
O world of wonders (I can say no less), to go back; then again he thought he might be half way
That I should be preserv'd in that distress through the valley. He remembered, also, how he had already
That I have met with here! O blessed be vanquished many a danger; and that the danger of going back
That hand that from it hath deliver'd me! might be much more than to go forward. So he resolved to go
Dangers in darkness, devils, hell, and sin, on; yet the fiends seemed to come nearer and nearer. But
Did compass me, while I this vale was in; when they were come even almost at him, he cried out with a
Yea, snares, and pits, and traps, and nets did lie most vehement voice, I will walk in the strength of the Lord
My path about, that worthless, silly I God. So they gave back, and came no farther.
Might have been catch'd, entangled, and cast down: One thing I would not let slip. I took notice that now poor
But since I live, let Jesus wear the crown. Christian was so confounded, that he did not know his own Now as Christian went on his way, he came to a little ascent voice; and thus I perceived it. Just when he was come over which was cast up on purpose that pilgrims might see before against the mouth of the burning pit, one of the wicked ones them: up there, therefore, Christian went, and looking for. got behind him, and stepped up softly to him, and whisperingly ward, he saw Faithful before him upon his journey. Then said suggested many grievous blasphemies to him, which he verily Christian alond, Ho, ho; so ho; stay, and I will be your com. thought had proceeded from his own mind. This put Chris- panion. At that Faithful looked behind him; to whom Chris. tian more to it than any thing that he met with before, even tian cried, Stay, stay till I come up to you. But Faithful an. to think that he should now blaspheme Him that he loved so swered, No, I am upon my life, and the avenger of blood is much before. Yet if he could have belped it, he would not behind me. have done it: but he had not the discretion either to stop his At this Christian was somewhat moved, and putting to all ears, or to know from whence those blasphemies came.
his strength, he quickly got up with Faithful, and did also When Christian had travelled in this disconsolate condition overrun him; so the last was first. Then did Christian vain. some considerable time, he thought he heard the voice of a gloriously smile, because he had gotten the start of his brother; man, as going before him, saying, Though I walk through the but not taking good heed to his feet, he suddenly stumbled Valley of the shadow of Death, I will fear no evil, for thou art and fell, and could not rise again until Faithful came up to with me, Psa. xxiii. 4.
Then I saw in my dream they went very lovingly on toge- Faite. You cannot think (but that you know something) ther, and had sweet discourse of all things that had happened what a flattering tongue she had; she lay at me hard to turn to them in their pilgrimage, and thus Christian began. aside with her, promising me all manner of content. CHR. My honoured and well-beloved brother Faithful, I am CHR. Nay, she did not promise you the content of a good
glad that I have conscience.
Faity. You know that I mean all carnal and fleshly content.
Faith. Nay, I know not whether I did wholly escape her or no, walk as compa
C#k. Why, I trow you did not consent to her desires ? nions in this so FAIT.. No, not to defile myself; for I remembered an old pleasant a path. writing that I had seen, which said, “Her steps take hold of
Fairs. I bad hell,” Prov. v.5. So I shut mine eyes, because I would not be thought, dear bewitched with her looks, Job xxxi. 1. Then she railed on me, friend, to have and I went my way. had your company
CAB, Did you meet with no other assault as you came? quite from
Faith. When I came to the foot of the hill called Difficulty, crinus
town; but you I met with a very aged man, who asked me what I was, and
did get the start whither bound. I told him that I was a pilgrim, going to the of me; wherefore I was forced to come thus much of the way
Celestial City. Then said the old man, Thou lookest like an alone.
honest fellow; wilt thou be content to dwell with me, for the Chr. How long did you stay in the City of Destruction, be
wages that I shall give thee? Then I asked him his name, and fore you set out after me on your pilgrimage?
where hé dwelt. He said his name was A dam the first, and Faite. Till I could stay no longer; for there was great talk that he dwelt in the town of Deceit, Eph. iv. 22. I asked him presently after you were gone out, that our city would in a then what was his work, and what the wages that he would short time, with fire from heaven, be burnt down to the give. He told me, that his work was many delights: and his ground.
wages, that I should be his heir at last. I further asked him Cur. What I did your neighbours talk so ?
what house he kept, and what other servants he had. So he Faith. Yes; it was for a while in every body's mouth.
told me that his house was maintained with all the dainries of CAR. What! and did no more of them but you come out to
the world, and that his servants were those of his own begetescape the danger ?
ting. Then I askFaith. Though there was, as I said, a great talk thereabout,
ed him how many yet I do not think they did firmly believe it. For in the heat
children he had. of the discourse, I heard some of them deriding\y speak of He said that he you, and of your desperate journey; for so they called this had but three your pilgrimage. But I did believe, and do still, that the end daughters, the of our city will be with fire and brimstone from above; and Lust of the Flesh, therefore I have made my escape.
the List of the Cas. Did you hear no talk of neighbour Pliable ?
and the Faith. Yes, Christian; 1 heard that he followed you till he
Pride of Life, 1 came to the Elough of Despond, where, as some said, he fell in; John ii. 16, and but he would not be known to have so done; but I am sure he that I hould W48 soundly bedabbled with that kind of dirt.
marry them if I CHR. And what said the neighbours to him?
would. Then I Faith. He hath, since his going back, been had greatly in asked, how long derision, and that among all sorts of people: some do mock time he would have me live with him. And he told me, as and despise him, and scarce will any set him on work. He long as he lived himself. is now seven times worse than if he had never gone out of the CHR. Well, and what conclusion came the old man and you city.
to at last? Chr. But why should they be so set against him, since they Faith. Why, at first I found myself somewhat inclinable to also despise the way that he forsook ?
go with the man, for I thought he spake very fair; but looking Fartu. Oh, they say, Hang him; he is a turncoat, he was in his forehead, as I talked with him, I saw there written, not true to his profession! I think God has stirred up even “Put off the old man with his deeds." his enemies to hiss at him, and make him a proverb, because he CHR. And how then? hath forsaken the way, Jer. xxix. 18, 19.
FAITH. 'I hen it came burning hot into my mind, whatever CHR. Had you no talk with him before you came out? he said, and however he flattered, when he got me home to his
FAITU. I met him once in the streets, but he leered away on house, he would sell me for a slave. So. I bid him forbear to the other side, as one ashamed of what he had done; su I spake talk, for I would not come near the door of his house. Then he not to him.
reviled me, and told me, that he would send such a one after Cur. Well, at my first setting out I had hopes of that man, me that would make my way bitter to my soul So I turned to but now I fear he will perish in the overthrow of the city. For go away from him ; but just as I turned myself to go thence, it has happened to him according to the true proverb, “The I felt him take hold of my flesh, and give me such a deadly dog is turned to his vomit again, and the sow that was washed twitch back, that I thought he had pulled part of me after him. to her wallowing in the mire," 2 Pet. ii. 22.
self; this made me cry. “O wretched man!” Rom. vii. 24. So I Faith. These are my fears of him too; but who can hinder went on my way up the hill. that which will be ?
Now when I had got about half way up, I looked behind me, Cur. Well, neighbour Faithful, said Christian, let us leave and saw one coming after me, swift as the wind; so he overtook him, and talk of things that more immediately concern our. me just about the place where the settle stands
selves. Tell me
CHR. Just there, said Christian, did I sit down to rest ne;
lost this roll out of
with Faitu. But, good
man overtook me, Faith. I escaped he was but a word the slough that I and a blow; for perceive you
fell down he knocked into, and got up to me, and laid me for the gate without dead. But when I
that danger; only was a little come I met with one whose name was Wanton, who had like to have to myself again, I done me a mischief.
asked him where. CHR. It was well you escaped her net; Joseph was hard put fore he served me so. He said, because of my secret inclining to it by ner, and he escaped her as you did; but it had like to to Adam the first. And with that he struck me another deadly have cost him his life, Gen. xxxix. 11-18. But what did she do blow on the breast, and beat me down backward; so I laid at to you?
his foot as dead as before. So when i ame to myself again, I