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Julian Pe. riod, 4779. Vulgar&ra, 60.

who sinned, but cast them down to Hell, confining them Italy or
till the Day of Judgment, in a Place of Wretchedness Rome.
and Darkness, from which they could not escape; and
spared not the old World, nor the Cities of Sodom and
Gomorrah, but made them an Example of the Punishment
to be inflicted on the Ungodly at the last DayFrom the
miraculous Deliverance of Noah and Lot, the Apostle
proves that God would as surely deliver from T'rials and
Dangers those who trust in him, and are his faithful Ser-
vants, as he would destroy with an everlasting Destruc-
tion the false Teachers and the Disobedient.

i But there were false prophets also among the people,
even as there shall be false teachers among you, who pri-
vily shall bring in damnable heresies, even denying the
Lord that bought them, and bring upon themselves swift

. And many shall follow their pernicious ways; by reason of whom the way of truth shall be evil spoken of.

3 And through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandize of you : whose judgment now of a long time lingereth not, and their damnation slumbereth not.

4 For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down to hell, and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment;

5 And spared not the old world, but saved Noah the eighth person, a preacher of righteousness, bringing in the flood upon the world of the ungodly;

6 And turning the cities of Sodom and Gomorrha into ashes, condemned them with an overthrow, making them an ensample unto those that after should live ungodly;

7 And delivered just Lot, vexed with the filthy conversation of the wicked ;

8 (For that righteous man dwelling among them, in seeing and hearing, vexed his righteous soul from day to day with their unlawful deeds :)

9 The Lord knoweth how to deliver the godly out of
temptations, and to reserve the unjust unto the day of
judgment to be punished.

§ 4. 2 Pet. ïi. 10–16.
The Apostle describes the Character of the false Teachers

- Who, like brute Beasts, following the instinct of their
Animal Nature, made to be taken and destroyed on ac-
count of their destructiveness, blaspheming what they do
not understand, shall perish in their own corrupt Doc-
trines and PracticesThey make an open display of
their Vices— They are guilty of Sensuality at their Love

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Julian Pe

FeastsThey beguile Souls not established in the Faith, Italy or riod, 4779, Vulgar Æra,

with the Idea that the Lord's Supper was instituted to 66.

promote Carnal Love Expert in all the Arts of Seduc-
tion and FraudFollowing in the way of Balaam, who
(Numb. xxxi. 16. Rev. ii. 14.) acted contrary to his
Knowledge and Conscience, that he might obtain the pro-
mised hire of Unrighteousness.

10 But chiefly them who walk after the flesh in the lusţ
of uncleanness, and despise government: presumptuous
are they, self-willed ; they are not afraid to speak evil of

11 Whereas angels, which are greater in power and might, bring not railing accusation against them before the Lord.

12 But these, as natural brute beasts, made to be taken and destroyed, speak evil of the things that they understand not, and shall utterly perish in their own corruption;

13 And shall receive the reward of unrighteousness, as they that count it pleasure to riot in the day time. Spots they are and blemishes, sporting themselves with their own deceivings, while they feast with you;

14 Having eyes full of adultery, and that cannot cease from sin ; beguiling unstable souls : an heart they have exercised with covetous practices; cursed children :

15 Which have forsaken the right way, and are gone astray, following the way of Balaam the son of Bosor, who loved the wages of unrighteousness;

16 But was rebuked for his iniquity: the dumb ass,
speaking with man's voice, forbad the madness of the

$ 5. 2 PET. H. 17, to the end.
The Apostle compares the false Teachers to Wells without

Water-to Clouds which promise Rain, bul ending in a
Tempest, destroy instead of fulfilling the Expectations of
Man-who, by permitting all kinds of Lasciviousness,
allure those to become their Disciples, who had separated
themselves from the HeathensThey promised the Liberty
of gratifying their Lusts without restraint, while their own
Conduct proved them the Slaves of Corruption-For he
who is overcome by his Lusts, is by them enslaved— Those
who have been converted by the Knowledge of the Gospel
from the Idolatry and Lasciviousness of the Heathen
World, and are again entangled with them, their latter
Pollutions will be more fatal to them than the first; for
they have sinned against greater spiritual Light and
17 These are wells without water, clouds that are car-

Julian Pe. ried with a tempest; to whom the mist of darkness is re- Italy a riod, 4779, served for ever.

Rome. Vulgar Æra, 66.

18 For when they speak great swelling words of vanity, they allure through the lusts of the flesh, through much wantonness, those that were clean escaped from them who live in error.

19 While they promise them liberty, they themselves are the servants of corruption ; for of whom a man is overcome, of the same is he brought in bondage.

20 For if after they have escaped the pollutions of the world, through the knowledge of the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, they are again entangled therein and overcome, the latter end is worse with them than the beginning

21 For it had been better for them not to have known the way of righteousness, than, after they have known it, to turn from the holy commandment delivered unto them.

22 But it is happened unto them according to the
true proverb, The dog is turned to his own vomit again ;
and, The sow that was washed, to her wallowing in the

$ 6. 2 pet, ii. 1-7.
The Apostle shews that his design in Writing his two

Epistles, was to remind them of the Predictions of the
ancient Prophets, (Psalm i. 1. Dan. xii. 2.) and of the
Doctrines and Instructions of the Apostles founded on
them-knowing that the Prophets foretold the appear-
ance of false Teachers, who should deny the coming of
Christ to judge the World, (Jer. xvii. 15. Ezek. xii.
22—27. Jude xiv. 15. Dan. xii. 2.) wilfully ignorant
that the Firmament, or Atmosphere, and the Earth, were
formed by the Word of God out of Water ; by Means of
which, owing to the Wickedness of Man, it had been al-
ready destroyed— That the present Earth, and its Atmos-
phere, which exist by the same Means, is liable to the
same Destruction, from the same Cause; but they are
treasured up, and preserved from a Deluge of Water,
that they may be consumed by a Deluge of Fire, at the
Day of Retribution and Judgment.

1 This second epistle, beloved, I now write unto you;
in both which I stir up your pure minds by way of remem-
brance :

2 That ye may be mindful of the words which were spoken before by the holy prophets, and of the commandment of us the apostles of our Lord and Saviour :

3 Knowing this first, that there shall come in the last days scoffers, walking after their own lusts,



Julian Pe- 4 And saying, where is the promise of his coming ? for Italy or riod, 4779. ValgarÆra,

since the fathers fell asleep, all things continue as they Rome. 66. were from the beginning of the creation.

5 For this they are willingly ignorant of, that by the word of God the heavens were of old, and the earth standing out of the water and in the water :

6 Whereby the world that then was, being overflowed with water, perished :

7 But the heavens and the earth which are now, by the
same word are kept in store, reserved unto fire against the
day of judgment and perdition of ungodly men.

$ 7. 2 PET. iii. 8–13.
The Apostle exhorts the Christian Brethren not to be de-

ceived by the Scoffers, who inferred from God's delay that
he wanted the Power, or would never fulfil his Promises

- but to remember that no finite Duration bears any pro-
portion to the Eternity of Godthat no period of time
can change his purposes, (Psalm xc. 4.)- T'hat the
coming of the Lord is not delayed for the Reason assigned
by these Teachers; but from his long suffering and un-
willingness that any should perish— The Day of the
Lord, however delayed, will surely and suddenly come,
and will break in upon Man as a Thief in the Night,
(Matt. xxiv. 43.) when the whole Atmosphere, with its
Vapours, shall pass away by the application of Fire,
with tremendous Noise and Explosions-and the Elements
of which they are composed being ignited and separated,
the whole material Fabric, with all its Works of Nature
and Art, shall be utterly burned-Seeing that all earthly
Things shall be dissolved, they have the most powerful
incentives to Holiness of Life, and Piety towards God,
earnestly desiring, instead of fearing, the coming of the
Day of God, when this Mundane System shall be melted,
for they, according to the Promise God made to Abraham
and to his spiritual Seed, (Rom. iv. 13-16. Isa. lxv.
17—23. and lxvi. 22.) are to look for new Heavens and
a new Earth, (Rev. xxi. 27. and xxii. 14, 15.) the end-
less Abode of blessed Spirits.

8 But, beloved, be not ignorant of this one thing, that one day is with the Lord as a thousand years, and a thousand


as one day.
9 The Lord is not slack concerning his promise, as
some men count slackness; but is long-suffering to us-
ward, not willing that any should perish, but that all
should come to repentance.

10 But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the
night; in the which the heavens shall pass away with a
great noise, and the elements shall melt with fervent

heat; the earth also, and the works that are therein, shall Italy or Julian Period, 4779. be burnt up.

Rome. Vulgar Æra, 11 Seeing then that all these things shall be dissolved, 66.

what manner of persons ought ye to be in all holy conver-
sation and godliness ;

12 Looking for and hasting unto the coming of the day
of God, wherein the heavens, being on fire, shall be dis-
solved, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat ?

13 Nevertheless we, according to his promise, look for new heavens and a new earth, wherein dwelleth righte


$ 7. 2 PET. iii. 14, to the end.
As all Christians are promised the Inheritance of the ever-

lasting Canaan-the new Heavens and the new Earth,
(Luke xx. 35.)-the Apostle admonishes them earnestly
to endeavour to be found of Christ, the Judge of Quick
and Dead, holy, innocent, and useful in their Lives, and
at Peace with him— They are to consider the Delay of his
coming as a proof of his Design that all Men should be
saved-as Paul, by divine Inspiration, has written lo
them, (Ephes. ii. 3, 4, 5. Coloss. i. 21. 1 Thess. iii. 13.
iv. 14–18. 2 Thess. i. 7-10. Titus ii. 13.)-- Resur-
rection of the Dead, (1 Cor xv. 22. Phil. iii. 20, 21.) –
Burning of the Earth, (2 Thess. i. 8.)Heavenly Coun-
tryabode of the Righteous, (1 Thess. iv. 17. Heb. iv.
9. and xii. 14. 18. 24.) - General Judgment, (Rom. xiv.
10.)among which Things some are difficult of compre-
hension to Man-which the unlearned and unestablished
in the Faith, distort with other portions of Scripture, to
their own Destruction Corrupting the Morals of Men-
But they, having been forewarned by the Apostles and
Prophets of these erroneous Doctrines, are to be on their
guard against them-daily increasing in the Knowledge of
the Doctrines of Jesus Christ, and as rendering Glory to
him now, and to the Day of Eternity.

14 Wherefore, beloved, seeing that ye look for such
things, be diligent that ye may be found of him in peace,
without spot, and blameless :

15 And account that the long-suffering of our Lord is salvation ; even as our beloved brother Paul also, according to the wisdom given unto him, hath written unto you;

16 As also in all his epistles, speaking in them of these things; in which are some things hard to be understood, which they that are unlearned and unstable wrest, as they do also the other scriptures, unto their own destruction.

17 Ye therefore, beloved, seeing ye know these things

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