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Corinth. riod, 4762. St. Paul writes his First Epistle to the Thessalonians, to Vulgar Æra, establish them in the Faith, when they were exposed to 51.
the Attacks of the Unconverted Jews, by enforcing the
34 Silas and Timothy, with St. Paul, bad preached the Gospel to
The immediate design of St. Paul in writing this epistle, seems to have been to supply the converts with arguments against the reasonings of the philosophers and men of learning, who might have endeavoured, as mere theoretical speculatists have uniformly done, to argue against facts, by suggesting their improbability-or have called the doctrines of Christianity foolishness-its precepts severe-its discipline superstition. The exceeding utility of this epistle to the preachers of Christianity, is particularly evident. In all his epistles, or, as they may be called, his written sermons, he uniformly enforces Chris. tian morality, upon Christian principles; but in this epistle he enters into the evidences on which those principles were founded.
In the Greek Vulgate, the present reading of Acts xvii. 4. is Tūv σεβόμενων "Ελληνων πολυπληθος, which is rendered by our translators “ of the devout Greeks, a great multitude.” The Codex Alex, and Codex Beza, with some others, read Tūv sebóuevwv kai Envwv, which Dr. Paley would render-those who worshipped the true God, and of the Greeks-that is, of those who bad been previously Heathens, (i Thess. i. 9.) He would inser, from the passage thns translated, that the Church at Thessalonica consisted of some few Jews, many who worshipped the one true God, and many of the Heathens, and of the chief women. It was highly necessary therefore that St. Paul, under these circumstonces, should strengthen the faith of these his converts, who bad “turned to God from idols,” by every possible argument and encouragement.
FIRST EPISTLE TO THE THESSALONIANS-CHAP. XII.
Corinth. riod, 4762. Valgar&ra,
The Introduction and Salutation. 51.
1 Paul and Silvanus, and Timotheus, unto the church of the Thessalonians, which is in God the Father and in the Lord Jesus Christ: Grace be unto you, and peace, from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.
2 We give thanks to God always for you all, making
3 Remembering without ceasing your work of faith,
§ 2. 1 Thess. i. 5-10.
tianity, from the Miraculous Gifts of the Holy Spirit
5 For our Gospel came not unto you in word only, but
6 And ye became followers of us, and of the Lord, having received the word in much affliction, with joy of the Holy Ghost ;
7 So that ye were ensamples to all that believe in Macedonia and Achaia.
8 for from you sounded out the word of the Lord not only in Macedonia and Achaia, but also in every place your faith to God-ward is spread abroad ; so that we need not to speak any thing.
9 For they themselves shew of us what manner of entering in we had unto you, and how ye turned to God from idols, to serve the living and true God;
10 And to wait for his Son from heaven, whom he raised
§ 3. 1 Thess. ii, 1–13.
Truth-and thanks God that the Thessalonians had re-
1 For yourselves, brethren, know our entrance in unto
2 But even after that we had suffered before, and were shamefully entreated, as ye know, at Philippi, we were
Julian Pe- bold in our God to speak unto you the gospel of God Corinth. riod, 4762. with much contention. Vulgar Æra, 51.
3 For our exhortation was not of deceit, nor of uncleanness, nor in guile :
4 But as we were allowed of God to be put in trust with the gospel, even so we speak; not as pleasing men, but God, which trieth our hearts.
5 For neither at any time used we flattering words, as ye know, nor a cloke of covetousness ; God is witness :
6 Nor of men sought we glory, neither of you, nor yet of others, when we might have been burdensome, as the apostles of Christ.
7. But we were gentle among you, even as a nurse cherisheth her children :
8 So being affectionately desirous of you, we were willing to have imparted unto you, not the gospel of God only, but also our own souls, because ye were dear unto us.
9 For ye remember, brethren, our labour and travail : for labouring night and day, because we would not be chargeable unto any of you, we preached unto you the gospel of God.
10 Ye are witnesses, and God also, how holily and justly and unblameably we behaved ourselves among you that believe :
11 As ye know how we exhorted and comforted and charged every one of you, as a father doth his children,
12 That ye would walk worthy of God, who hath called you unto his kingdom and glory.
13 For this cause also thank we God without ceasing,
§ 4. 1 THESS. ii. 14—20.
which the Power of the Gospel, and the Faith of Converts
15 Who both killed the Lord Jesus and their own pro-
FIRST EPISTLE TO THE THESSALONIANS-CHAP. XII.
Jnlian Pe- 16 Forbidding us to speak to the Gentiles that they Corinth. riod, 4762.
might be saved, to fill up their sins alway: for the wrath 51. is come upon them to the uttermost.
17 But we, brethren, being taken from you for a short time in presence, not in heart, endeavoured the more abundantly to see your face with great desire.
18 Wherefore we would have come unto you, even I
19 For what is our hope, or joy, or crown of rejoicing ?
§ 5. 1 Thess. ii. 1-5.
reminds them that he had sent Timotheus to confirm their
1 Wherefore, when we could no longer forbear, we
2 And sent Timotheus, our brother, and minister of
3 That no man should be moved by these afflictions :
§ 6. 1 Thess, üi. 6—13.
Account of them-He desires another Opportunity of
6 But now, when Timotheus came from you unto us,
7 Therefore, brethren, we were comforted over you, in all our affliction and distress, by your faith :
& For now we live, if ye stand fast in the Lord.
9 For what thanks can we render to God again for you, for all the joy wherewith we joy for your sakes before our God;
Julian Pe- 10 Night and day praying exceedingly that we might Corinth. riod, 4762.
see your face, and might perfect that which is lacking in VulgarÆra, 51.
11 Now God himself and our Father, and our Lord Jesus Christ, direct our way unto you.
12 And the Lord make you to increase and abound in love one toward another, and toward all men, even as we do toward you:
13 To the end he may establish your hearts unblame-
§ 7. 1 Thess. iv. 1-12.
ness and Purity, and warns them against those Vices to
1 Furthermore then we beseech you, brethren, and
2 For ye know what commandments we gave you by the Lord Jesus.
3 For this is the will of God, even your sanctification, that ye should abstain from fornication :
4 That every one of you should know how to possess his vessel in sanctification and honour;
5 Not in the lust of concupiscence, even as the Gentiles which know not God :
6 That no man go beyond and defraud his brother in any matter; because that the Lord is the avenger of all such, as we also have forewarned you and testified.
7 For God hath not called us unto uncleanness, but unto holiness.
8 He therefore that despiseth, despiseth not man, but God, who hath also given unto us his holy Spirit.
9 But as touching brotherly love, ye need not that I write unto you; for ye yourselves are taught of God to love one another.
10 And indeed ye do it toward all the brethren which are in all Macedonia : but we beseech you, brethren, that ye increase more and more:
11 And that ye study to be quiet, and to do your own business, and to work with your own hands, as we com
12 That ye may walk honestly toward them that are without, and that ye may have lack of nothing.
manded you ;