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Which blows these pitchy vapours from their biding, Hindering their present fall by this dividing:
So his unhallow'd haste her words delays,
No penetrable entrance to her plaining :
That twice she doth begin, ere once she speaks. She conjures him by high almighty Jove, By knighthood, gentry, and sweet friendship’s oath, By her untimely tears, her husband's love, By holy human law, and common troth, By heaven and earth, and all the power of both,
The old copy, I think, is correct :-“He knows no gentle right, but still her words delay him, as a gentle gust blows away a blackfaced cloud.” BOSWELL.
I-his vulture FolLY,] Folly is used here, as it is in the sacred writings, for depravity of mind. So also, in Othello :
“ She turn'd to folly, and she was a whore.” MALONE. 2 In the REMORSELESS wrinkles of his face;] Remorseless is. pitiless. See vol. ix. p. 60, n. 7; and p. 391, n. 1. MALONE. 3 She putS THE PERIOD OFTEN FROM HIS PLACE, And 'MIDST THE SENTENCE so her ACCENT BREAKS,
That twice she doth begin,] So, in A Midsummer-Night's Dream :
“ Make periods in the midst of sentences,
That to his borrow'd bed he make retire,
Quoth she, reward not hospitality 4
He is no wood-man that doth bend his bow
4 - reward not HOSPITALITY, &c.] So, in King Lear:
“ - my hospitable favours
“ You should not ruffle thus.” Steevens. - pretended ;] i. e. proposed to thyself. So, in Macbeth :
* — Alas the day!
“ What good could they pretend ?" STEEVENS. 6 End thy ill aim, before thy shoot be ended :] It is manifest, from the context, that the author intended the word shoot to be taken in a double sense ; suit and shoot being in his time pronounced alike. So, in The London Prodigal, 1605 :
“ But there's the other black-browes, a shrood girl,
“ She hath wit at will, and shuters two or three.' Again, in The Puritan, a Comedy, 1607 :
“ Enter the Sutors. “ Are not these archers ?--what do you call them,-shooters,"
Again, in Lilly's Euphues and his England, 1580 : “There was a lady in Spaine, who after the death of her father had three suters, and yet never a good archer,” &c. Malone.
I adhere to the old reading, nor apprehend the least equivoque. A sentiment nearly parallel occurs in Macbeth:
" — the murd'rous shaft that's shot,
“ Hath not yet lighted.” “ He is no wood-man that doth bend his bow," very strongly supports my opinion. STEEVENS.
There is no doubt that shoot was one of the ideas intended to be conveyed. It is, in my apprehension, equally clear, that the suit or solicitation of a lover was also in our author's thoughts. Shoot (the pronunciation of the two words being granted to be the same) suggests both ideas.—The passage quoted from Macbeth, in the preceding note, does not, as I conceive, prove any thing. The word shot has there its usual signification, and no double meaning could have been intended. MALONE,
My husband is thy friend, for his sake spare me ;
thee. If ever man were mov'd with woman's moans, Be moved with my tears, my sighs, my groans ;
All which together, like a troubled ocean,
Melt at my tears and be compassionate!
In Tarquin's likeness I did entertain thee:
name. Thou art not what thou seem'st; and if the same,
Thou seem'st not what thou art, a god, a king;
For kings like gods should govern every thing. How will thy shame be seeded in thine age, When thus thy vices bud before thy spring ? If in thy hope thou dar'st do such outrage,
7 Soft pity enters at an IRON GATE.] Meaning, I suppose, the gates of a prison. STEEVENS. 8 How will thy shame be seeded in thine age,
When thus thy vices bud before thy spring ?] This thought is more amplified in our author's Troilus and Cressida:
66 the seeded pride, “ That Fath to its maturity grown up “ In rank Achilles, must or now be cropt, “ Or, shedding, breed a nursery of evil, “ To over-bulk us all." STEEVENS.
What dar'st thou not, when once thou art a king' ?
From vassal actors can be wip'd away;
This deed will make thee only lov'd for fear,
For princes are the glass, the school, the book,
Where subjects' eyes do learn, do read, do look . And wilt thou be the school where Lust shall learn? Must he in thee read lectures of such shame ? Wilt thou be glass, wherein it shall discern Authority for sin, warrant for blame, To privilege dishonour in thy name ?
9 If in thy hope thou dar'st do such outrage,
What dar’st thou not when thou art once a king ?] This sentiment reminds us of King Henry Fourth's question to his son :
“When that my care could not withhold thy riots,
“ What wilt thou do, when riot is thy care ?" Steevens. 10, be remember'd,] Bear it in your mind. So, in King Richard II. :
“ - joy being wanting
“ It doth remember me the more of sorrow.” Malune. 2 Then kings' misdeeds cannot be HID IN CLAY.] The memory of the ill actions of kings will remain even after their death. So, in The Paradise of Dainty Devises, 1580 : “Mine owne good father, thou art gone; thine ears are stopp'd
with clay." Again, in Kendal's Flowers of Epigrams, 1577:
“ The corps clapt fast in clotted clay,
“ That here engrav'd doth lie.” MALONE. 3 For princes are the GLASS, the school, the BOOK,
Where subjects' eyes do learn, do read, do look.] So, in King Henry IV. Part II. :
“ He was the mark and glass, copy and book,
Thou back'st reproach against long-lived laud,
Hast thou command ? by him that gave it thee,
Think but how vile a spectacle it were,
O, how are they wrapp'd in with infamies,
To thee, to thee, my heav'd-up hands appeal,
And wipe the dim mist from thy doting eyne,
4 — PATTERN'D by thy fault,] Taking thy fault for a pattern or example. So, in the Legend of Lord Hastings, Mirrour for Magistrates, 1587 :
“ By this my pattern, all ye peers, beware." MALONE. 5 Not to seducing lust, thy rash RELIER;] Thus the first copy. The edition of 1616 has—thy rash reply. Dr. Sewel, without authority, reads :
"Not to seducing lust's outrageous fire." Malone. 6 — for exil'd majesty's REPEAL;] For the recall of exiled majesty. So, in one of our author's plays :
" if the time thrust forth