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And him by oath they truly honoured .
What could he see, but mightily he noted ?
Her azure veins, her alabaster skin,
As the grim lion fawneth o'er his prey,
" A pair of MAIDEN WORLDS unconquered,] Maiden worlds ! How happeneth this, friend Collatine, when Lucretia hath so long lain by thy side ? Verily, it insinuateth thee of coldness. AMNER.
2 Save of their lord, no bearing yoke they knew,] So, Ovid,. describing Lucretia in the same situation :
Effugiet? positis urgetur pectora palmis,
Nunc primum externá pectora tacta manu. Malone. 3 And him by oath they truly honoured.] Alluding to the ancient practice of swearing domesticks into service. So, in Cymbeline :
“ Her servants are all sworn and honourable.” Steevens. The matrimonial oath was, I believe, alone in our author's thoughts. MALONE. 4 — to HEAVE the owner out.] So, in a subsequent stanza :
“ My sighs, like whirlwinds, labour hence to heave thee." The octavo 1616, and the modern editions, read :
“ to have the owner out.” MALONE. 5 And in his will his wilful eye he tir'd.] This may mean• He glutted his lustful eye in the imagination of what he had resolved to do. To tire is a term in falconry. So, in Heywood's Rape of Lucrece: “ Must with keen fang tire upon thy flesh.” Perhaps we should read" And on his will,” &c. Steevens.
6 by gazing QUALIFIED ;] i. e. softened, abated, diminished. So, in The Merchant of Venice:
His eye, which late this mutiny restrains,
And they, like straggling slaves for pillage fighting,
Anon his beating heart, alarum striking,
His drumming heart chears up his burning eye,
“ I have heard
“ His rigorous courses." STEEVENS. Again, in Othello : “ I have drunk but one cup to-night, and that was craftily qualified too.” MALONE.
7 — fell exploits Effecting,] Perhaps we should readaffecting. Steevens.
The preceding line, and the two that follow, support, I think, the old reading. Tarquin only expects the onset; but the slaves here mentioned do not affect or meditate fell exploits, they are supposed to be actually employed in carnage :
" for pillage fighting,
“ Nor children's tears, nor mothers' groans respecting." The subsequent line,
“ Swell in their pride, the onset still expecting :". refers, not to the slaves, but to Tarquin's veins. Malone. 8 GIVES the hot CHARGE,–] So, in Hamlet:
6 proclaim no shame,
STEEVENS. 9 His eye.commends the leading to his hand ;] To commend in our author's time sometimes signified to commit, and has that sense here. So, in The Winter's Tale:
" commend it strangely to some place,
“ Where chance may nurse, or end it.” Again, in King Richard II. :
" His glittering arms he will commend to rust.” Malcne. VOL. XX.
Smoking with pride, march'd on to make his stand On her bare breast, the heart of all her land”;
Whose ranks of blue veins, as his hand did scale, Left their round turrets destitute and pale.
They mustering to the quiet cabinet
Who, peeping forth this tumult to behold,
Imagine her as one in dead of night
From sleep disturbed, heedfully doth view
Wrapp'd and confounded in a thousand fears,
i On her bare breast, the HEART of all her land :] So, in Antony and Cleopatra :
" the very heart of loss." Again, in Hamlet :
" I will wear him
“In my heart's core; ay, in my heart of heart.” Malone. 2 The sight which makes supposed terror TRUE.] The octavo 1616, and the modern editions, read :
“ which makes supposed terror rue." Malone. 3 Wrapp'd and confounded in a thousand fears,
Like to a new-kill'd bird she TREMBLING lies;] So Ovid, describing Lucretia in the same situation :
Illa nihil ; neque enim vocem viresque loquendi
Aut aliquid toto pectore mentis habet.
Quick-shifting anticks, ugly in her eyes; i . Such shadows are the weak brain's forgeries ;
Who, angry that the eyes fly from their lights 5, In darkness daunts them with more dreadful , sights.
His hand, that yet remains upon her breast,
This moves in him more rage, and lesser pity,
First, like a trumpet, doth his tongue begin
4 Such shadows are the weak brain's FORGERIES;] So, in A Midsummer-Night's Dream :
“ These are the forgeries of jealousy." STEEVENS. Again, in Hamlet :
“ This is the very coinage of your brain :
« Is very cunning in." MALONE. s — the eyes fly from their lights.] We meet with this conceit again in Julius Cæsar :
“ His coward lips did from their colour fly.” Steevens. 6 Beating her bulk, that his hand shakes withal.] Bulk is frequently used by our author, and other ancient writers, for body. So, in Hamlet :
“ As it did seem to shatter all his bulk,
“ And end his being.” See vii. p. 261, n. 1. MALONE.
7 To make the breach, and enter this sweet city.] So, in our author's Lover's Complaint:
“And long upon these terms I held my city,
“ Till thus he'gan besiege me.” Again, in All's Well that Ends Well: “ — marry, in blowing him down again, with the breach yourselves made, you lose your city.”
MALONE. 8 - o'er the white sheet peers her whiter chin,] So, in Cymbeline :
The reason of this rash alarm to know,
But she with vehement prayers urgeth still,
Thus he replies: The colour in thy face 9
Thy never-conquer'd fort”; the fault is thine,
Thus I forestall thee, if thou mean to chide:
- fresh lily,
“ in virgin sheets,
" White as her bosom." Steevens. 9 Under what COLOUR he commits this ill.
Thus he replies : The Colour in thy face-] The same play on the same words occurs in King Henry IV. Part II. :
«- this that you heard, was but a colour.
STEEVENS. 1 And the red rose BLUSH AT HER OWN DISGRACE,] A thought somewhat similar occurs in May's Supplement to Lucan:
- labra rubenus
Et pudor augeret quem dat natura ruborem. Steevens. 2 Under that colour am I come to scale .' Thy never-conquer'd fort :] So, in Marlowe's Hero and Leander :
6 every limb did, as a souldier stout,
“ Much like a globe,” &c. We have had in a former stanza
“ Her breasts, like ivory globes circled with blue." Malone.