ePub 版

cently come from the South. A large of this class had little ambition to create proportion of these people had been a position for themselves, but wanted the drawn to Washington because they felt Federal officials to create one for them. that they could lead a life of ease there. How many times I wished then, and Others had secured minor government have often wished since, that by some positions, and still another large class was power of magic I might remove the great there in the hope of securing Federal bulk of these people into the country positions. A number of colored men- districts and plant them upon the soil, some of them very strong and brilliant- upon the solid and never deceptive foundawere in the House of Representatives at tion of Mother Nature, where all nations that time, and one, the Hon. B. K. Bruce, and races that have ever succeeded have was in the Senate. All this tended to gotten their start, a start that at first may make Washington an attractive place for be slow and toilsome, but one that nevermembers of the colored race. Then, too, theless is real. they knew that at all times they could In Washington I saw girls whose have the pro

mothers were tection of the

earning their livlaw in the Dis

ing by laundrytrict of Colum

ing. These girls bia. The public

were taught by schools in Wash

their mothers, in ington for col

rather a crude ored people were

way it is true, better then than

the industry of they were else

la un drying. where. I took

Later, these girls great interest in

entered the pubstudying the life

lic schools and of our people

remained there there closely at

perhaps six or that time. I

eight years. found that while

When the pubamong them

lic-school course there was a large

was finally finelement of sub

ished, they want. stantial, worthy

ed more costly citizens, there

dresses, more was also a superJOHN H. WASHINGTON

costly hats and ficiality about Booker Washington's brother, who worked in a West Virginia coal-mine shoes.

In a the life of a large to keep his brother in school at Hampton.

word, while their class that greatly alarmed me.

I saw

wants had been increased, their ability young colored men who were not earning to supply their wants had not been inmore than four dollars a week spend two creased in the same degree. On the dollars or more for a buggy on Sunday other hand, their six or eight years of to ride up and down Pennsylvania Avenue book education had weaned them away in, in order that they might try to con- from the occupation of their mothers. The vince the world that they were worth result of this was in too many cases that thousands. I saw other young men who the girls went to the bad. I often thought received seventy-five or one hundred how much wiser it would have been to dollars per month from the Government, give these girls the same amount of who were in debt at the end of every mental training—and I favor any kind of month. I saw men who but a few months training, whether in the languages or mathprevious were members of Congress, then ematics, that gives strength and culture without employment and in poverty. to the mind—but at the same time to Among a large class there seemed to be give them the most thorough training in a dependence upon the Government for the latest and best methods of laundrying every conceivable thing. The members and other kindred occupations.

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By Edward A. Steiner
ITHIN the Kremlin of Tula, the instead, he prefers to let his books go out

Russian Sheffield, stand hun- into the world without money and with

dreds of Russian laborers with out price. One man, who seemed more saw or pickax, mason's or locksmith's intelligent than the rest, after being tools, waiting a chance to earn their daily assured, by careful scrutiny of me, that I bread. I stepped among these men, who was not a Russian spy, told me that he and live but some ten miles from Count his comrades, who had read something of Tolstoï's residence at Yasna Polyana, the Social Democratic movement, and and asked one after the other if he knew had secretly organized themselves into a Count Tolstoï and what he knew about society, had gone out to see Count Tolhim. One said, “ Yes; I see him walking stoï because they considered him one of in Tula many a time. He is a nice old their own. When they laid before him man. They say he writes books, but I their programme and asked his advice, have never read any of them, and I do he said to them, as he says to all : “ The not know what they are about." Another, first thing for you to do is to sacrifice; to who scarcely knew his name, was very ask nothing and give everything.” “And, , much astonished when I told him that of course," continued the workingman, I came from America to visit this man "we went away disappointed." whose name had gone all over the world. The advice one receives in Tula as to Another threw up his hands in astonish- the best way to reach Count Tolstoï's home ment when I told him that Count Tolstoï varies with the persons you ask about him. lives the life of a poor man, though he The police will tell you that you must not might be rich, and that he could earn go at all; the hack-drivers will tell you countless rubles by his pen, but that, that it is an endless distance out in the


country; and Baedeker, faultless Baedeker, appeared, and, after a hearty greeting, will lead you astray. The best way to go asked me immediately to accompany is to take the train to Yasna, where dozens him upon his evening walk. I gladly of drivers are ready to take you to Yasna acquiesced, and side by side we walked Polyana, and who instinctively know that through the park, across fields and pasyou are an American and that you wish tures, accompanied by the Count's favorto see the Count. I was fortunate enough ite dog—“ his only sin," as he calls it, to be recognized by the driver who took me whose welcome to the stranger was no the selfsame way five years ago—the same less hearty than that of the master. Peace, burly, good-natured Istvornick, whose which is more than happiness, was everytelega had seemingly not been dusted or where. The village laborers were coming oiled since I last used it, and certainly from their fields, and, with happy, smiling not washed, which last thing might be faces, gave us their evening greetings. said of the driver also.

These strong children of the soil seemed The nearer you come to the village, to revere their master who called himself which lies asleep behind beech woods, the their brother, but before whom, neverthemore you feel how sacred each spot has less, they bowed respectfully and reverbecome to any one who has kept in touch ently. Every word they spoke to him in with the life and literature of the Count. answer to his questions seemed freighted The village showed some improvement. by love, and each man and woman seemed There were a number of brick houses in to be anxious about his health. Although course of erection, and the inhabitants the Count is now seventy-three years of seemed to me a little more washed than age, his step is still elastic and firm, and they did five years ago. The residence he showed no traces of his recent illness. of the Count lies at the foot of the village, I gave him greetings from friends in buried within the park where giant oaks America, and expressed my delight at hide it completely.

his recovery. “Oh, why are you glad ? I hardly had jumped from my telega Life is a passing away, and my time will when the Count, surrounded by his family, come too." He said this with no sadness

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in his tone, and with a look toward the words: “I just parted from a number of sinking sun, which look revealed no fear workers from Tula who have been impregof the future and some longing for it. nated by Marxism, and they came to me “Did you say,” he continued, “that some with a question akin to that asked of of my friends want to know what I think Christ, 'Master, what shall we do to inherit about the future life? True life is immor- freedom and property ?' and I could say tal, and I have no fear of the grave." nothing to them but what Christ said,

When I told him a great many compli- •Sacrifice.' There is the only solution; mentary things regarding his books and not laws, not organizations, not force of his influence upon men, he seemed pleased, any kind—only sacrifice. Just as soon as but anxious to change the subject of our a man is working for himself only, he is conversation. To the question in regard working for this new slavery. Socialism to his present literary activity he answered is organized selfishness. The future bethat he had just finished a book which longs, not to what you call Christian will be called “ The New Slavery,” and Socialism, but to what I call Christian which will deal with industrial and social Anarchy."

Anarchy.” He saw a look of disapproval problems. It will

on my face, and be a direct attack

quickly said, “Oh, upon the German

no; not terrorismSocial Democratic

that is not Christian, movement, and he

certainly; but anwill try to prove that

archy. The word,” if they succeed in

he said, “ sounds carrying out their

terrible, but we will programme they will

get used to it, as we fall into a worse

have gotten used to slavery. The Count

the just as terrible thinks Socialists

word socialism. In great enemies of the

future years there kingdom of God, and

will be no king, no after I expressed my

president, no solastonishment at this

diers, no force of assertion he replied:

any kind, and that “Socialism differs

is anarchy: where from the slavery of

a man does everythe past only in this:

thing because he the priests and mas

wants to, and nothters of the past said,

ing because

he • You are slaves now and must remain has to. At the root of all evil is the use slaves ; but there is a future life ; there of force. It begets strikes and wars, you will be free and happy regardless of it makes prisons and gallows necessary, what kind of life you live here. The and just as soon as you obey the comSocialist also promises a heaven for the mandment of Jesus we will have no war, future, and Bellamy's apocalyptic vision no prisons, no police, and the perfect is his promise to his followers. The Christian society. Just as if you should Socialist says in substance, . It doesn't say, “ There shall be no interest on money,' matter what you do now and how you live all the banks would disappear; just so now; some day in the future, when we soon will all social evil disappear when make laws enough, you will have a heaven you say, and mean all you say, · Thou upon earth, streets of gold and gates of shalt not kill.' It is a pity,” he continued, pearl.' That, certainly, is no solution of “that Moses gave ten commandments. the social problem," he continued. “It is It would have been much better if he had not what a man will get out of society now, given only these three, • Thou shalt not or in the future. It is what will he sacrifice kill,' • Thou shalt not steal,' and then the now for the future.” He then narrated to seventh commandment—what is that sevme the story I had heard from the lips of enth commandment?”—he said, and beat the Tula workingmen, and these are his himself upon the forehead, saying, "Oh,



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