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isfactory facts were numerous, the most of the Holy Communion, and Dr. Harris, crying needs being for a reformatory minister of Temple Israel, conducting for youthful misdemeanants, for a chil- religious service from the Presbyterian dren's court, for probation agents, and for pulpit of the Brick Church, evinced that work for all classes of offenders. There common worship is the natural product of seems to have been a reversal of custom. ihe one spirit of religion. In commenting In old times a man was condemned to upon the omission of the Christian formula prison with hard labor, and the insane (“ for Christ's sake,” or the like) from person was sent to the idle quiet of an some of the collects in the book, Dr. Newasylum. Now the report reads that in one ton pointed out that this was no surrender, of the largest State prisons the men aver- but a return to primitive Christian practice age but one hour a day at work, while in as exhibited in the early liturgies. “We the State hospital for the insane eighty per pray in Jesus' name or spirit,” said he, cent. are happily and usefully employed. “when, in looking around on all other The convict may well envy the harmless worshipers, we agree with Jesus: “Wholunatic this boon of busy hands. This soever doeth the will of God, the same is first State Conference of Charities and my brother.'” Quoting the same passage, Correction has not only collected a large Dr. Josiah Strong, in expressing the “ Mesarray of facts relating to all the subjects sage of the Conference to the Churches,” that come within its ken, but it has inter- said: “You can make no broader basis of woven the interests and sympathies of religious fellowship, and I dare not make the men and women who attended it as any narrower." On the other hand, Dr. nothing else could do. About four hun- Berkowitz, of Philadelphia, speaking from dred accepted the invitation to take part a Jewish point of view, showed amid apin the gathering, and the full sessions, held plause that not communism but community in the beautiful Senate Chamber, testified was the ideal. Variety has rights as well to the earnestness of the officers, trustees, as unity. Differences are not to be oblitmanagers, matrons, superintendents, and erated. We have to pray apart as well as physicians who had come from all over together, so as to give full utterance to our the State to study these subjects together. individuality. In an address of great It was a happy union of practical men beauty and depth of thought and feeling and women with those who are more the Rev. W. C. Gannett, of Rochester, familiar with the academic side-lawyers, author of so many spiritual hymns, exhibjudges, college professors, and clergy. ited the immanence of God as meaning

the consubstantiality of God and man, and The first public meet- the incarnation as the humanizing of the The New York State

ing held by this re- one Divine Life. Among the “UnorganConference of Religion

cently organized body ized Religious Forces,” the Rev. C. F. justified the hopes of its promoters. The Dole, of Boston, found some inside the large attendance at each of its seven churches, as well as outside, clinging to an sessions in this city, November 20–22, individualistic religion, unconscious that has encouraged its General Committee to all members of the church must be its announce another such meeting here in ministers. This narrow conception of the 1902. For 1901 the Executive Committee religious life, as reflected in Bunyan's is authorized to arrange a meeting in any “ Pilgrim's Progress,” Dr. Strong proother city in the State where a sufficient nounced "radically unchristian.” A touchdesire for it may be expressed. This Con- ing testimony to the ethical and spiritual ference of Religion (not “Religions," as uplift of the Conference was borne in the many miscall it) is characterized by the remark at its end of one minister to anpractical aims in which it seeks to unite other: "I feel that I must begin my life men of a religious spirit. Its basis in the anew.” unity of the religious spirit was illustrated by its specially prepared “Book

This religious uplift ex

Practical Topics of Common Worship.” The venerable

pended itself mainly in a Dr. Gottheil, recently minister of Temple practical interest for a religious education, Emanu-El, joining in worship with Chris- economics, and civics. As to the first, tian brethren in the chancel of the Church Professor Schmidt, of Cornell, protested

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against the “truncated history” which our seeing the kingdom of God. Plain the schools teach about the Cæsars, Alex. speaking was not stinted. “How can anders, and Napoleons, leaving out the the moral consciousness be roused ?" said Christs and the Buddhas. The Rev. President Raymond. “Take a concrete C. F. Dole showed that the schools teach case, and appeal to the people. Here is much religion, unlabeled as such, in the the Standard Oil Company, with $100,best reading-books, but Professor Schmidt 000,000 capital, $48,000,000 dividends, would not have religion come in only “at and raising the price of oil.” “The the back door." Dr. Whiton pointed out Unused Power of the Churches in Polithat every coin which bears the legend, tics," the leading subject of the closing “ In God We Trust,” required an expla- session, was presented by Comptroller nation to children of the meaning of those Coler, of New York, who urged the wellwords as well as of the “E Pluribus to-do to get together with the poorer Unum,” the thirteen stars, and the eagle in a practically helpful, neighborly way, bearing arrows and olive branch. Judge and by the Rev. A. W. Wishart, of Baldwin, of Yale, believed that social Trenton, who presented the purification righteousness on the basis of Christ's of political life as the political aspect of teaching may be a leading Sunday-school human redemption, demanding a more subject in the twentieth century. After social conception of the Gospel, in which the New Testament, he relied for ethical one former is equal to a thousand reteaching on biography first, with poetry formers.” Since the stirring anti-slavery as a close second. President Taylor, of days no more inspiring Conference has Vassar, held that the iron lost out of the been held in New York. Its proceedings, blood of this “ungirt generation” must of which only the scantiest outline can be be restored by insisting on the majesty of given here, will be published in full, duty, respect for law as law, and the probably by January. For these, and for single standard in morals, which brands the Book of Common Worship, applicathe man who steals a State as a thief, the tion may be made to the General Secresame as him who steals a pocketbook. tary, the Rev. Leighton Williams, 312 Economics and civics came to the front West Fifty-fourth Street. in addresses by Drs. Wines, of Washing. ton, Gates, of Iowa College, Raymond, of Wesleyan University, Mr. Ernest H.

Andover Theological Seminary

Most of our Crosby. Ponfessor Thomas C. Hall, of

readers will reUnion Seminary, Mr. Edwin Markham, member, at least vaguely, the theological of Brooklyn, and Dr. Gladden, whose difficulties in which, a few years ago, paper was read in his absence. They Andover Theological Seminary found itheld that our democracy is imperiled by self involved. It had an antiquated creed plutocracy; that the most dangerous men in which, literally interpreted, very few are not those known in law as criminals, theologians of our time believe-probably but those business men whose intelligence none in the Congregational denominais prostituted to greed, perpetrators of tion; but every professor was required to corporate crimes not yet taken hold of by subscribe to this creed every five years; law, buyers and sellers of franchises. and a Board of Visitors was appointed Against the practical atheism apparent in whose duty it was, among other things, to political theory and practice the Church secure this subscription. When, a few must rouse the public conscience to ac- years ago, certain men in the Congregaknowledging a divine moral order as tional denomination initiated a prosecuthe basis of the State. The spirit of tion of five of the professors because their fraternity is the condition of stable teaching did not conform to this creed, liberty, but monopoly is the denial of the trouble began. Professor Thayer de fraternity. “The water in watered stock," clined to renew his subscription and said Mr. Crosby, “is the sweat of a resigned. The prosecution came to nothbrother's brow." The test of our eco- ing; but the fact that a party in the nomic theories, said Professor Hall, is denomination insisted that the subscriptheir congruity with the spirit of holy tion was to be taken seriously, not to say brotherhood, on which is conditioned literally, made not only subscription in

in China

creasingly difficult, but the incongruity step in the development of the Seminary between the old creed and the modern may be accomplished as quietly and sucteaching increasingly apparent. This cessfully—its removal from Andover Hill moral incongruity injured the reputation to Cambridge, where its students can have of the Seminary; as older professors died the advantages of a great university while or resigned, it was more difficult to find they are pursuing their theological studies. men to take their places; pupils also fell off, until at length the possibility of continuing the Seminary on the ancient

The comment upon foundation was seriously questioned. The

Missionary Enterprise missions in China in Trustees and Visitors have at length

the just-published volcut the Gordian knot. The Trustees pre- ume by Dr. Pott is illuminative. Dr. Pott sented a memorial to the Visitors stat- is President of St. John's (Episcopal) Coling the difficulties involved in subscription, lege, Shanghai. He points out that though and raising the question whether the pro- to us religion is supremely important, it visions requiring subscription are not " in is not so in China; that the Chinese are their nature directory merely, as distin- not a religious people; that while they guished from a requisite necessary to the respect Confucius's teachings, they convalidity of the tenure of the office held by demn image-worship, as do Christians. a professor upon said foundation,” and But though missionaries cannot be accused whether, therefore, subscription might not of intentionally attacking the Confucian be dispensed with, provided the Visitors code of ethics, Christianity antagonizes approved the professor. The Visitors the Chinese ancestral worship, a practice accepted this view of the case, and have which keeps the people turned toward the decided that “the provision in the Statutes past, while Christianity turns the thoughts as to the repetition of the creed at every from the past toward the future. In this successive period of five years by a pro- respect the influence of Christianity is fessor is directory, and not essential, pro- revolutionary in China, as it is also in vided the professor continues to approve calling upon its converts to exalt God's himself a man of sound orthodox principles will above that of the Emperor. But Dr. agreeably to said creed as in said Statutes Pott is convinced that unless there had provided.” This does not in terms apply been other more active causes, the recent to a professor newly elected; but it does massacre of Christians would not have apply in principle, and we may assume occurred. Indeed, says he, among many would be applied in such case. If it is non-Christian Chinamen Christianity is asked why this distinction between the regarded with favor. At least, they appredirectory and the essential was not earlier ciate the benefits derived from the schools, discovered, the answer may well be that hospitals, and other charitable institutions if the attempt had been made to apply it established by missionaries. To a second at the time of the heated theological con- charge, namely, that Christianity is untroversy, the attempt would have been popular in China because it depends resisted and the tangle only increased. upon the secular arm, Dr. Pott admits Now probably all parties in the Congrega- that Roman Catholic missionaries, at least, tional Church will be glad that a way has must plead guilty. They have urged been found to sever the bonds which officials to decide all cases of litigation threatened not only the liberty but the in favor of their converts; hence, many life of the Seminary. It will now be, not Chinamen have been attracted to Roman for the professor, but for the Visitors, to Catholicism, hoping to

Catholicism, hoping to obtain assistance determine what construction is to be given in lawsuits. Nor, adds Dr. Pott, have to the creed as a symbol of orthodoxy, Protestants been guiltless of such medand it may be assumed that they will give dling, but in their case “the interference to it a free, not a literal, construction. has been attempted only when they beUnder this ruling Professor Hincks was lieved that the cause was a just one, and reappointed last week, without creed sub- has been sometimes justified by the palpascription, to the chair of Biblical Theology ble injustice of the Chinese courts." In which he has ably filled for seventeen the opinion of The Outlook, the Roman years. It is to be hoped that the next Catholics would also say this. Dr. Pott

repels the insinuation that missionariesing of his opportunity and his knowledge clamor for a gunboat on slight provoca of the proper functions of a university tion, and says that it has been only after that the Johns Hopkins so rapidly rose to violent outrages. “ They take up their a first place among the in-titutions for residence in the interior of China, relying higher learning in the United States. Dr. upon treaty rights. When massacres take Gilman did not begin by making a large place, it is the duty of the missionary to investment in buildings; the l'niversity ask for reparation." To a third charge, was very modestly housed. He began by namely, that the missionary arrogates to collecting a group of scholars and teachers himself the prerogatives of the Chinese of the first rank, by creating a system of officials, Dr. Pott again admits that, as fellowships which served the twofold purregards Roman Catholics, the charge is pose of enabling picked students to bejust." The idea of being a society pos- come investigators, and of diffusing through sessed of temporal power has always the University, by the presence of such a been cherished by the Roman Church.” body of students, a spirit of serious and The missionary would probably willingly thorough work. By reason of its teaching plead guilty, says Dr. Pott, to the fourth force, its publications, the fruitfulness of charge, that he disseminates teachings the research of its professors, and the leading to rebellion. “ He is proud to great promise and early achievement of be a leader in the great movement of its students, the Johns Hopkins l'niversity enlightening the Chinese. He establishes rapidly became known to the whole eduschools and colleges, and teaches in them cational world-far better known in Europe what constitutes true civilization." If the than most American institutions. Through missionary has been the founder of reform many difficulties and under many limitain China, must he now desist from his ef- tions Dr. Gilman has steadily pushed on forts? Heought to receive, not adverse crit- the work which he undertook in a spirit icism, but gratitude from the whole human of devotion to the highest interests of edurace. In the last analysis, however, Dr. cation. It is too early to estimate his Pott declares that missionaries have been work, but not too early to recognize the attacked not so much because they were fact that it has been of the highest and propagators of the Christian religion as most enduring character-a contribution because they were foreigners. Therefore to the development of the higher life of missionary enterprise cannot, he says, be the country which will not soon be forheld responsible for the recent troubles. gotten.

Sir Arthur Sullivan,

The Death of
Dr. Gilman's Resignation
The announcement

Sir Arthur Sullivan

who died in London on of Dr. Gilman's pur

Thursday of last week, pose to resign the presidency of the Johns was probably the most widely known and Hopkins University at the end of the most popular English-speaking musical current academic year brings to atten- composer of the time. He was born in tion once more one of the most fruitful London in 1842, and was the son of an educational careers in the history of the Irish military bandmaster. He showed country. Through no fault of his own, at an early age a marked talent for music, Dr. Gilman has had to work under great and before he was ten years of age it is disadvantages during the past few years, said he had learned to play with creditable owing to the shrinkage of the financial skill every wind instrument in his father's resources of the University, but he has band. He became a choir boy, studying set his mark permanently on American harmony and composition during his term education. He came to Baltimore from of service. He afterwards studied in GerCalifornia, with a considerable academic many, but was never reconciled to or much experience behind him, and a clear knowl- influenced by the spirit of the modem edge of the responsibilities and opportu- German school of music. One of his nities of the President of an American fellow-students at Leipsic was the Nor university. The shaping of the new insti wegian Edward Grieg d far greater tution at Baltimore was placed largely in genius than Sullivan. Grieg's songs will his hands; and it is due to his clear read- last beyond the time when Sir Arthur's

« Re

“Lost Chord” is forgotten; but the “Lost of art but also in that of religion is
Chord” has doubtless been sung twenty- immeasurable. Nearly thirty years ago
five times while Grieg's“ The Old Mother” the Oratorio Society of New York was
or his “ Young Birch-Tree” has been sung founded by Dr. Leopold Damrosch. It
once. Sir Arthur Sullivan has written is now conducted by his distinguished
many popular songs, and some church son, Mr. Frank Damrosch. On Saturday
music that has been widely sung—such as night of last week the Society gave
his setting of the hymn “Onward, Christian Bach's Mass in B minor. We are glad to
Soldiers ;” but his fame and popularity note that in December there will be two
rest upon his operettas, of which he brought performances of Handel's immortal “ Mes
out successfully more than a dozen. Of siah," and that in April Dvorák's
these, “ Pinafore,” which ran for seven quiem Mass" will be presented. In the
hundred nights in England at its first pro- domain of instrumental music there are
duction, had an enormous popular success two societies which have done much to
twenty years ago, and “ Patience" and develop taste and appreciation. The Phil-
“ The Mikado” were almost equally as harmonic Society of New York City is now
well liked by the play-going public. “The over half a century old. Its performances
Yeomen of the Guard” is undoubtedly are conducted by Mr. Emil Paur, and this
his best work musically, as it was the most winter they will be sixteen in number,
serious dramatic work of his famous col- including the public rehearsals. Among
league, W. S. Gilbert; it is said to have new works to be given are Josef Suk's Sym-
been the composer's own favorite among phony in E, Richard Strauss's “Hero's
his operettas. Oxford and Cambridge Life," Weingartner's “Symphony in G
both conferred on him the degree of Mus. Major," and Taneïew's “ Overture de
Doc., and he was undoubtedly the most l’Orestie.” The Boston Symphony Or-
eminent and most highly honored musician chestra is now twenty years old. Mr.
in England. This may fairly be said, Wilhelm Gericke is again its conductor.
without any disparagement of his great Its concerts are given, not only in
gifts, to be an indication of the fact, often Boston, but also in New York, Brooklyn,
noted by students of music, that the Anglo- Philadelphia, Baltimore, Hartford, Provi-
Saxon has so far developed little genius dence, Fall River, and Cambridge. It is
for the creation of the higher forms of fortunate that many people in many places
music. Certainly in Germany, and per- have a chance to hear such music as was
haps in France, Russia, and Italy, Sir presented at the first concerts in New
Arthur, while achieving great popular rep- York, when the programmes included
utation, would have been ranked by the works by Beethoven, Berlioz, Weber,
cognoscenti as a minor composer.

Wagner, Raff, Massenet, Goldmark,
Dvorák, and Dohnányi. The perform-

ances given by the three societies above The season of 1900-1 bids fair mentioned take place at Carnegie Hall. Music

to be a profitable one to lovers of music. In the metropolis there are four principal announcements. Attract

Last week the first

The Peary Expedition ing most attention is the announcement

direct news was reof the opera, which is to be presented in ceived from Lieutanant Peary, the Arctic Italian, French, and German, under Mr. explorer, that has reached this country Maurice Grau's direction.

The sea-
for about two years.

The letter to Mrs. son will begin December 18 and last Peary, just received, is dated on March fifteen consecutive weeks, during which 31 of the present year, and was written sixty performances will be given at the at Fort Conger, Lady Franklin Bay. Mr. Metropolitan Opera-House. There will Peary at that date was well, and in better be no supplementary season. The new condition for exploration than he had been works to be presented are “ La Bohême," for years. He was to go at once up the “ La Tosca," “ Salammbo,” “Hérodiade," northeastern Greenland coast, and, if that and “ Le Cid.” Oratorio is a less popu- expedition was as successful as he hoped, lar form of vocal music than opera, but intended to come south and meet the ship its influence not only in the world which is now awaiting him at Etah on the

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