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THE STELLA POLARE

From "L'Illustrazione Italiana." up in a large kennel of wood had often dred and eight dogs, but the ice was so to be dragged out from the snow, which heaped up that they had to cut it with quickly covered them again. The ampu- axes, and the provisions diminished faster tation of part of two fingers and conse- than expected. He sent back Lieutenant quent illness prevented the Duke from Querini, with two other men, and this degoing with Captain Cagni on the sled tachment was never heard of again. The journey, which in one hundred and five family of this brave young officer living days traversed five degrees of latitude, and at Venice are mourning his death, which proved that by this system, under more now seems certain. Cagni, finding the favorable circumstances, the Pole may provisions were still lessening, sent back some time be reached.

another party, and kept on himself with Captain Humbert Cagni, of the Italian his attendant and two Alpine guides. navy, is the son of a retired general of the These guides would not turn back, and army. The scientific studies, the plan, were determined to reach latitude 87°. the expense, and the execution of this ex- So on they went; the ice became smoother pedition were by the Duke of the Abruzzi, and the air milder, so that the sleds went whose name it will bear. But the actual rapidly, and they traveled sometimes journey from the ship was made by Cap- twenty-four hours without stopping. No tain Cagni, who shares all the honors paid food remained except the flesh of the to the Duke and is constantly with him. dogs, a horrible repast, and these were He set out with twelve men and one hun- now few, so that return was necessary.

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ABRUZZI AT CHRISTIANIA. NANSEN LEADING A CHEER FOR THE EXPLORER

From "L'Illustrazione Italiana.”

The place they reached is neither land him on the way--a joyful meeting after nor sea, only a lonesome desert of ice and such an absence. The population of Turin, mist, where no life, animal or vegetable, is not accustomed to easy enthusiasm, gave visible. Captain Cagni now says that he way to it on this occasion. No expreswill never return there, and he remembers sion of love and enthusiasm was wanting. with horror his journey back to the ships. Even the humblest citizens talked of the He lost all hope of reaching the Duke; legend of the Pole with fervent fancy, only seven of the one hundred and eight and admired the simplicity and modesty of dogs were left; the ice on which they the Duke and Cagni, who came back from found themselves was floating, and often such a heroic struggle with the elements. they were swimming in the water. But The city of Turin, before the departat last he found his way to the camp, and ure of the Duke, offered him a medal, was received by the Duke and his com- which he will now accepi, although he at panions with a perfect ecstasy of joy. that time refused it. He also then refused The disabled condition of their vessel promotion in the navy until his return, if made return necessary, and prevented he returned. At Rome, where the same them from passing another winter in the welcome was given to the explorers, Luigi Arctic regions, and from attempting other di Savoia went to the Pantheon, and, with sled journeys.

tears, left a beautiful metal wreath on the After sixteen days of anxious voyaging tomb of King Humbert, who had been for through fields of floating ice, they reached him a second father, and who had assisted Cape Flora, where letters deposited by his expedition. At Naples King Victor the seal-fishers awaited them. One of Emanuel III., waiting at the station, threw these letters was from King Humbert, his arms passionately around him, and and only six days later they heard the then drove him, with Cagni, to the palace sad news of his assassination. At Chris- at Capodi Monte. He will now visit Queen tiania began that triumphal progress which Margaret at Venice, and then return to culminated in Italy. Generous Nansen Christiania for affairs connected with his led the Norwegian nine hurrahs, and King ship and the companions of his voyage. Oscar decorated the explorers with the He is to prepare the results of the highest honors in his gift ; the Presidents expedition for publication, but this will of various Geographical Societies met them require some time. These results are there, and an applauding crowd followed principally the determination of the norththem to the Victoria Hotel as victors. ern boundary of Francis Joseph's Land,

The “ Order of the Seraphim,” given and the discovery that Peterman's Land to the Duke by King Oscar, is Swedish. does not exist. The Duke will publish a This selection caused such jealousy among new map of the region traversed, adding the Norwegians that on his return to magnetic, meteorological, and astronomiChristiania he will be decorated also with cal observations. an Order of Norway. Captain Cagni re- In November the Duke of the Abruzzi ceived the Order of Saint Olaf of Norway. and Captain Cagni will be invited by the The Duke and Cagni, inseparable, pur- Geographical Society of Rome to a recepsued their journey to Italy, where a fer- tion given in their honor on the historic vent welcome home awaited them. The Capitoline Hill. The King and Queen brothers of the Duke of the Abruzzi, the and the members of the Society will be Duke of Aosta and the Count of Turin, met present.

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The Sulu Archipelago'

A

By Phelps Whitmarsh
Special Commissioner for The Outlook in the Philippines

T the plunge of the little steamer's anchor
and in the still, heavenly coolness of the

early tropical morning, we rose from the steamer chairs upon which we had slept, and stood in our pajamas looking at a rare picture of island loveliness. Isles of the torrid zone were not strange to me; from St. Helena to Ceylon, from the Eastern to the Western Indies, I had been tempted, both as boy and man, to follow in the footsteps of our beloved Robinson ; but seldom has the prospect seemed more enticing, never has my eye been more charmed with the beauties of an ocean oasis, than that morning when, with tints of rose and pearl and fawn and

sulphur, the sun rose behind the hills of Jolo. THE BLOCKHOUSE AT JOLO HARBOR In the clean, clear light of a new day, which brought out each outline and detail with a distinctness almost microscopic, the island rose in slopes and steeps of varied and delightful greenness toward two forestcrowned peaks; it fell in valleys, harboring denser, darker foliage, and its uneven horizon was fringed with palms and greater trees sharply etched against the luminous east. Tumantangis, the Hill of Tears, was overhung by a fluffy, saffron-colored cloud, and about its neck, like a woolen muffler, lay a narrow band of white mist. Backed by this stage-like setting, at the very footlights, as it were, stood the romantic little citadel which Arolas raised against the warring Moros. Its white walls, pierced and turreted as in the days of mediæval Spain, ran out into the placid waters of the open harbor, and in the center a heavy iron gate opened upon a white stone pier, cross-shaped at the end, and having on one arm a small castellated blockhouse. Of the buildings but a few could be seen, for the town within the walls lay fathoms deep in the shade of palms, ilan-ilan, and other leafy trees, the scale of greens being relieved here and there by bursts of scarlet from lofty poincianas in full bloom. To Copyright, 1900, the Outlook Company, New York.

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the right of the town, sheltered by a grove harbor, it seems even more so when one of cocoas, hid the Christian hamlet of enters its sea portal. At every street Tulai, where faint spirals of smoke an- junction the four encompassing walls shut nounced the day's beginning; on the left out the landscape ; and I believe that straggled Bus-Bus, a Moro village, gray, from the center one might throw a basebare, and built on crooked piles out over ball into any corner of the town. It is the water. Further to the left stood the laid out, nevertheless, with all the liberalSultan's palace, a barrack-like place built ity of a great city; and has been so prodifor him by the Spanish so that he might gal of space for wide streets, plazas, garlive near them, but which he, with char- dens, and fountains that but little room is acteristic perversity, declined to occupy. left for inhabitants. Though part of the As the light increased, a scented breeze garrison were quartered in the church, and came wafting down from the hills, and as the houses were so full that there was not if by magic the sleepy harbor awakened. even an extra bed to be had, the populaFrom beneath the nipa thatches of the tion numbered only about thirteen hundred. vintas bright turbaned heads appeared and Of these more than a thousand were voices were heard. Rapidly tha

hes were

United States troops, and the remainder rolled up, wooden anchors hoisted, sails Chinese (who handle the entire business of rainbow colors spread to the wind, and of the Sulu group), and a few Christian ere the sun topped the ridge, half a hun- Filipinos and East Indians. No Moros, dred of these picturesque Moro crafts, except the few who form the small police with tassels flying and lee batangas buried, force, live within the walls. Save for the were speeding to the fishing-grounds. shut-in feeling, which in time must grow The whole scene, especially the town, sug- very irksome, Jolo, though a toy town, is gested a brilliant stage-setting done in also a model one. The streets, smooth miniature. By seven o'clock the doctor as boulevards, have cemented gutters on came aboard and we were allowed to land. each side and encircling the base of every

If Jolo looks tiny when viewed from the tree; the Government buildings are of

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