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able notice of the officials at Napking. extension of its settlement more to Mr. When, three years ago, therefore, the Fergusun than to any other man. Viceroy and Sheng-Taotai decided to The three institutions described above found a college at Shanghai, they offered are the leading Government schools of him the presidency. He refused it, and the foreign learning in China. There are a post was offered in succession to the well- few church schools of high grade, whose known American missionary, Dr. Young principals are Americans, which J. Allen, and to Mr. John Fryer, an Eng- equally deserving of notice. Indeed,

, lishman, neither of whom would accept it. their success is more significant than that On this they turned again to Mr. Fergu- of those under Government auspices, for son, and, with the consent of the authori- they have no rewards in the shape of offities of his Church, he agreed to accept the cial positions to offer any of their students position. Very liberal provision has been on graduation. Their chief attraction made for the support and growth of this must be the excellence of their work. College. When I

These schools are met Mr. Ferguson

the Peking Univerat Shanghai two

sity, the Nanking years ago, he was

University, the building a dormi

Anglo-Chinese and tory, at a cost of

St. John's Colleges 71,000 taels,

at Shanghai, the about $57,000 gold,

“Christian College" and several houses

at Canton, and for foreign profes

our own American sors. The specialty

Board and Angloof the College is to

Chinese Colleges be the department

here. In addition of History and Po

to these, in which litical Science, the

English is taught, Professor of which,

there is the PresbyMr. Clement Sites,

terian College at is the son of a mis

Tengchau, in Shansionary, and a grad

tung, where all the uate of the Post

work is done in Graduate School of

Chinese. Columbia Univer

The Peking Unisity in New York.

versity belongs to Mr. Ferguson's

the American Methinfluence with the

odists, and had, Viceroy, one of the

before the recent most progressive

outbreak, about two men and the truest

hundred and fifty friend of foreigners in China, was strik- students. It had one of the finest colingly shown two years ago when the Con- lege buildings in China, and was well suls-General of the Powers were trying equipped in the liberal arts and medito obtain an extension of the Anglo- cal departments. Like the Government American settlement at Shanghai. For schools, it supports its students, though months these gentlemen had been engaged not on so liberal a scale, the money in fruitless negotiations with the Viceroy coming from the home Church. Its Presiat Nanking, and, through the Ministers, dent, Dr. H. H. Lowry, has been in China with the Tsungli-Yamên at Peking. At for over thirty years, and is well and length they asked Mr. Ferguson to act as favorably known in the North. The Nanintermediary for them with the Viceroy. king University, also Methodist, is rather He did so, and an agreement was soon a high school than what its name indireached. One of the leading English cates, and boards its students free. It papers at Shanghai declared editorially has a large field for work, and has been that the community owed the long-desired favorably noticed by Lui-Kung-Yi, the





President of the American Board College. Viceroy of the Kiangsu Province. The and its President, the Rev. F. Hawk Anglo-Chinese College at Shanghai owes Pott, of New York, is well and favorabl its existence to Dr. Young J. Allen, of the known to both Chinese and foreigner: Southern Methodist Church, who twenty He is an able man, a good Chinese scholai years ago saw the need of such a school and largely endowed with the good sens at the great commercial emporium of and tact without which other gifts are o China. A good deal of money was given but little value in China. As at the othe to him by Chinese, and the enterprise was schools mentioned, many of the student begun under the most favorable auspices. at St. John's are supported by the hom Owing, however, in part to the difficulty Church. The Christian College” a of keeping sufficiently long for thorough Canton was founded a few years ago by study students many of whom pay their the Rev. Dr. A. P. Happe, of the America way, in a city where even a little English Presbyterian Mission, the dean of the brings a rich reward, it has had a check- missionary body in China. I visited i ered career, but it still has about three soon after its opening, and found over : hundred students. A much more impor- hundred students in attendance. The tant school, St. John's College, belongs to administration was planning on a large the American Episcopalians, and has about scale for its future. It has a great field two hundred students. It has beautiful of operations, and may be trusted to effect grounds and fine buildings about five desirable results in that most turbulent of miles from the business center of the city, Chinese cities, Canton, The American


Board college here is the outgrowth of a most hope as the leaven of higher thinkschool, and has made a favorable impres- ing and living in the future. sion on the Chinese. One of its profes- It is now time to bring this article to a sors is a Cantonese who graduated a few close, but before doing so I desire to call years ago in the science course at Har. attention to the following: vard. Its President, the Rev. Lyman P. First, the large share taken by AmeriPeet, is a son of one of the early American in educational reform in China. missionaries to Siam.

They have taken far and away the leadOur own Anglo-Chinese College (of ing part, whether under the auspices of which the writer has been President since Christian Churches or under the direc1883) belongs to the Methodist Episcopal tion of the Imperial Government. The Church, and is the largest college in the value of such an American representaEmpire. It is the only one which gives tion to all the interests of this country can nothing to the support of its students. It scarcely be estimated. is conducted in this respect precisely as a Second, the regularity with which the college in America ; every student pays authorities have invited missionaries to for what he gets. The first subscription their aid in this work. Mr. Henry Nortoward its founding, in 1881, was one of man, an English traveler who took a ten thousand dollars from a Chinese mer- flying leap over China a few years ago, chant. It opened with only seventy stu- who did not know a word of the language, dents, and has now over three hundred, and who met a few officials only in the even though for the last five years it has most formal manner, declares in the book been impossible, because of insufficient which records the sights and guesses of room, to receive more than sixty per cent. his journey that “the Chinese themselves of the applicants. It has a faculty of bracket opium and missionaries together seventeen professors and tutors. Its stu- as the twin curses of the country.” To dents come from widely separated places, what extent they make this classification some even from Singapore, two thousand let the above be the gauge. Missionaries, miles away, and they represent nearly because of the very nature of their work, every class eligible for admission to the have given rise to antagonisms, but many Government civil service examinations. of the leading men of China to-day have The College has ample grounds and three more confidence in them than in any large buildings, and is now erecting another. Other class of foreigners. Whatever their The grounds and all but one of the build- mistakes, it is well known to many that ings it owes to Chinese gifts. Though their only object is the welfare of the not in any sense an official school, it is visit- people. I have personally known many ed by the officials, who by speech and gifts highly educated and very intelligent Chihave testified to their interest in its work. nese, some of them officials of the highest

In all these colleges the curriculum is rank, and, while they spoke frankly of very much the same. In addition to the their dislike of the religious propaganda, regular Chinese studies, the aim is to give they showed thorough appreciation of the a good knowledge of English, and in some work of missionaries as educators and of them this language is used in the upper philanthropists. It behooves Americans, classes as the medium of instruction in then, to be fair to their countrymen all the Western branches.

abroad. Honorable criticism is goodAs to the influence of these institutions the more there is of it the better; but in under distinct but not oppressive Chris- face of such facts as I have given sweeping tian auspices, it is not necessary to en- accusations are undeserving of consideralarge. They are the most effective and tion. Fairer and truer is the judgment attractive sources of instruction in the of a recent correspondent of the London higher things of our civilization at work Times," who, writing from Tientsin in in China, and, under the new conditions North China, declared, as quoted by which it is hoped may result from the Archdeacon Moule in his delightful book settlement of the present troubles, their “ New China and Old:” “ The good range and effectiveness will be immensely effected by missionaries is by no means enlarged. It is to such colleges that the to be measured by a list of conversions. foreign friends of China may look with They are the true pioneers of civilization."

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