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Employees (again almost entirely for- Gradually it became known that many eigners) had been warned that should they of them were under orders to leave the accept positions and work under English country. These orders had no reference control they would lose all benefits accru- to the born burgher or to those who had ing from the system of a self-protective become naturalized before the outbreak agency organized years before and amount of hostilities, or to those who were engaged ing to a large sum in the possession of the in occupations that were not inimical to Hollander Directorate. Every day groups the interests of the public, regarded as of men could be seen standing outside of future British subjects. the railway offices. They indulged in long The proscription became more sweeptalks and much gesticulating. Some, ad- ing, until it appeared as if the previous hering to the orders of their former leniency of Lord Roberts (which, beyond employers, refused to work or to assist the all doubt, had been misunderstood and powers now in control. Others admitted abused) had changed to measures appear. the situation and went to work. The ing to be most drastic and severe. town became full of idle persons, whose It seems a strange and sudden jump


est 2001:



allegiance and adherence were to ideas that I have taken from purely personal and interests contrary, under the circum- narrative to a somewhat scattering account stances, to the permanence of English rule. of inner politics, but without this as an

They were people of foreign birth who explanation there could come no coherent had held civil appointments under the understanding of the present condition of Pretorian Government, who could never, things in Pretoria. in the course of events, occupy those And now to tell of the present conditions positions again. The fact that the gov- as they actually exist and are apparent on ernment they had served had deserted the surface. them and paid its indebtedness in worth- It will take a long time before the less money made them much to be pitied. latent hatred and dislike of the unproAt the same time, the fact remained that, gressive party of the Boers will die away. under the existing order of things and in It may take years, it may take another the continuance of English rule and influ- generation. But there exists a strong ence, their services would be no longer progressive party that has already proved required.

itself to greatly outnumber the discontented

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ones. And the leaders of this party have is that England has now before her but a taken hold with a will, and before long big policing job. their work in the reconstruction and Honestly, I have never met with a more amalgamation of this unhappy land will cheerful set than these same volunteers. be evident.

The regular English soldier is a product. It is the unsettled position that is now The volunteer has sprung into existence. galling to every one; and here I must He is not an exotic exactly, but he is new mention something that has arisen very to the world so far as England is consimilar to one of the questions evoked cerned. during our war with Spain—the volunteer. I fell into conversation with a grimyHere in South Africa, serving as ordinary looking trooper the other day. He was troopers, are men from every corner of acting as orderly, and carried a big blue the Empire. There are young clerks and envelope in his hand. barristers from London, men of private We had not spoken two words before I means and fortune, shopkeepers, mine- knew that he was a gentleman. He was owners and sheep-raisers from Cape mounted on a sorry little beast with curly Colony, judges and tea-planters from hide like a Newfoundland dog. Ceylon and India, and hardy Australians “Beautiful creature, this," he remarked, and Tasmanians from the antipodes. by way of beginning the conversation. Our cousins from our own side of the “I am going to have a photograph taken water also-business men from Montreal of him. The fact is, if I can, I'm going and the French Canadians of Quebec, to take him home. Rather big • if,'" he young fellows from the Western cattle concluded. “We're not allowed many ranges, and hundreds of Americans also, privileges." . for one meets them everywhere.

Yet here was a man who had provided They have all had Pretoria before their his own horse (he told me it had been eyes, they should go home with “ Pretoria.” shot back at Kaffir River) and outfit, and, in their throats; and the fact of the matter for that matter, from what I have since learned, he could have outfitted a squadron suddenly. “There's an awful pretty girl from his own private purse and never felt over in that store, but she won't look at it.

me. Every time I go in there that cross“ Tell me,” said I, “ are you glad you eyed Dutchman comes to the counter. I'll came out?”

have to get a new pair of breeches." He thought a little while.

I asked him if he had seen his cousin, “Well," said he, “ I know I will be.” whom I knew. “Yes, I saw him the other He kicked the pony's sides. “Sometimes day,” he replied. “Had to salute him. it's a bit of a bore, but I'm awfully fit, Felt like going up and punching him, but, and won't I have a good time when I get of course, I couldn't do that." back to London !" He slapped the pony It happened that I met his cousin with with the long blue envelope. “I'd like the red lapels and the crowns on his to ride this gee down the Row," he said, shoulder, and told him. He laughed at “just to see what people would say.” the story.

" Dressed just as you are ?" I suggested. “ Cheeky little rascal !” he said.

“Oh, well,” was the answer, “ I would “Would have been just like him to do itlike another pair of breeches. Can't get and I'd had to put him under arrest. another pair for love or money—been all Heard he was here—been trying to get over town. There is only one thing that hold of him. This knocking about will worries me, however,” he added : “ can't do him lots of good." get any letters. We've been knockin' Now, that's one type of volunteer. He's about so that I suppose they're tired send- out for a lark, and I don't think for one ing them after us. Haven't heard from minute that he has regarded anything home for almost two months.”

seriously—even the fact of being shot at. He left me and turned down a side But there is the other sort of chap-of street to deliver his note. Afterwards I whom I have met several; and his lot is met him again and learned his name, not so easy. He is the man who has Some day he may have a title to it. His abandoned business or a practice to take first cousin has one already, and is on a up his military service, and in many cases general's staff.

he has suffered most severely. Crossing the square, I met my friend It is only just now, during this period the trooper again some time later. He is of inaction, when the thing seems almost very young, hardly more than a boy, and finished, that he feels the hardship most. he greeted me boyishly.

But he indulges in little or no complain " I say,” he began, “funny thing justing, and only expresses the hope that the now. Met a Tommy over there who looked war will soon be over. So far as he is at me hard and then came up and spoke concerned it is over, and the English to me. Somehow I thought I'd seen him Government has already done a wise thing before. “Isn't this Master Edward ?' he in beginning to establish the Volunteer asked. Who do you suppose it was—the Police, which calls for a separate enlistgardener's son from my father's place! ment. Before many weeks have gone I We had quite a talk, and he gave me the hope to hear that the transports are ready news of the family. He had got some to take some of the volunteers back to the letters since I had.” He switched off place they came from.

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By the Rev. Enrico Meynier, LL.D.

Pastor of the Waldensian Church in Rome
EO XIII. is the two hundred and portance, in which he expressed the desire

sixty-third Pope of the Roman that the dissensions on account of the - Catholic Church, and as such is May Laws should cease. The Kaiser Bishop of Rome, Vicar of Jesus Christ, passed on the letter to Prince Bismarck, successor of the Prince of Apostles, high- who suggested to his sovereign the proest Prelate of the Universal Church, Patri- priety of accepting the propositions arch of the Occident, Primate of Italy, of the new Pope and of responding to Metropolitan Archbishop of the Roman them in a respectful and well-wishing Province, and finally Sovereign of the manner. From that time the Vatican Temporal Dominions of the Holy Roman received with eagerness every wish exChurch.

pressed by the Iron Chancellor, even if Leo XIII. was born on the 2d of the Center (the Roman Catholic party in March, 1810; he therefore celebrated his Germany) registered its opposition. The ninetieth birthday last March. He was end of all was that Bismarck submitted elected Pope on the 20th of February, more than he supposed to the Papal 1878, and he has thus completed more than authority in order himself to hold the twenty years of his Pontificate. He has Center in check. Throughout all the enjoyed a well-earned fame as an adroit negotiations the Pope in no way endiplomat, and all of his policy has as its dangered good relations with Protestant scope the obtaining and maintenance of Germany. good relations with all the Powers, except, Who does not remember how much naturally, with Italy. His first step was Leo XIII. did in order not to rouse inimito notify all Governments (except the cal feelings in France ? He finished by Italian) of his elevation to the Pontificate, espousing the cause of the Republic, and and to follow this up by letters to the by breaking with the Royalists and the various sovereigns, in which he showed Imperialists. Many Bishops were not how he proposed to dissipate every exist able to swallow the bitter pill, but the ing dissension between the Vatican and Pope never let an occasion pass to prejuthe respective States. Where relations dice them toward obedience to his will, had been broken off, the Pope proposed, although that obedience had to be paswith an equity and courtesy which did sive in some cases, and not active. Even him honor, to take them up again.

when the Radical Cabinets, such as those He began this line of operations by presided over by MM. Bourgeois, Brisson, addressing a letter to the German Em- and Waldeck-Rousseau, had recourse to peror, a letter now of great historic im- energetic acts against the clergy, the Pope

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