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Books of the Week This report of current literature is supplemented by fuller reviews oj such books as in the judgment of the editors are of special importance to our readers. The absence of comment in this department in many cases indicates that extended review will be made at a later date. Any of these books will be sent by the publishers of The Outlook, postpaid, to any address on receipt of the published price. All About Dogs : A Book for Doggie People. illustrated by his presenting the Apocalypse as

By Charles H. Lane. John Lane, New York. a programme of the world's history, and by his Eighty-seven illustrations of Dog Champions drawn from life by R. H. Moore. 9x542 in.399 pages.

finding a particular fulfillment of its predic$2.50.

tions in the orgies of the French Revolution. The writer is an expert in dog-lore, and has Mr. Ingersoll deserves more credit than he often acted as judge in English competitions. has received for his declaration in regard to The amount of information furnished is large, Christ, as given in the discourse here reviewed: and we have no doubt it is also accurate and “ Had I lived at that time, I would have been sound. The pictures are capital, and show his friend; and should he come again, he will life, character, and action. What a pity that not find a better friend than I will be.” the author did not have his work revised by

First Book of Birds, The. By Olive Thorne some one who knows what good English is ! A Miller. (School Edition.) Illustrated. Houghton, worse-written book in point of style we have

Milin & Co., Boston. 734X 594 in. 149 pages. 60c. rarely seen.

In this volume Mrs. Miller endeavors to interAlphonse Daudet's Works. Numa Roumes

est young people in bird life in such a way as tan, translated by Charles De Kay. Kings in Exile,

to give them the habit of observation and translated by Katharine P. Wormeley. The Little study. In a series of thirty chapters she gives Parish Church, translated by George B. Ives. Little, what are practically as many familiar talks on Brown & Co., Boston. $1.50 per volume.

everything relating to the bird's way of living, Three volumes of a new and excellent edition

his occupations, amusements, diet, home-makof Daudet. The first two volumes are devoted

ing, and character. The book is enlivened by to two novels so famous and so familiar that

eight full-page colored illustrations, besides it is needless to comment upon them. “ The

plain plates, and is equally attractive in the Little Parish Church” is less well known in

matter of pictures and of text. this country. It was written in 1894, and was thus one of the last of Daudet's books, and a

From India to the Planet Mars. By Professor striking contrast to the Tartarin stories which

Th. Flournoy. Translated by D. D. Vermilye. Har

per & Bros.New York. Illustrated. 8x 5 in. 447 preceded it. The novel is a profound though

pages. $1.50. often disagreeable study of the passion of Hélène Smith is the name given in this book jealousy, acute psychologically and abound- to a young woman actually living in Geneva ing in passages showing deep knowledge of and employed in a commercial house there. the springs of human action. The volumes of She has been a "medium" for years, but not this edition are of a size pleasant to handle, for pay. M. Flournoy, who is a professor of have a handsome blue-and-gold cover stamp, psychology in the University of Geneva, has and are altogether acceptable in all external studied this medium for several years, knows essentials. Each of the novels has a critical her home life and antecedents, and entirely and biographical introduction.

scouts the theory of conscious fraud or colAnatomy, Physiology, and Hygiene. By Henry

lusion in her “trance manifestations;" he with F. Hewes, M.D. The American Book Co., New

equal positiveness rejects the spiritistic theory York. 64x542 in. 320 pages. $1.

held by the young woman herself, and finds á Brief Course in General Physics. By George

sufficient explanation in sub-conscious brain. A. Hoadley. The American Book Co., New York. action united with telepathy or thought-read74x54, in. 463 pages. $1.20.

ing. Hélène imagines herself to be the reThe author holds the chair of Physics in incarnation of an Indian princess, and also of Swarthmore College. His practical knowl- Marie Antoinette, while her guiding spirit is edge stands him in good stead here by showing Cagliostro, or Joseph Basalmo, now called by what can be done in a given course of study, his spirit manifestation Leopold. The infanwhat experiments are possible with simple tile prattle of the medium about India and apparatus, and how best to combine laboratory Mars (to which latter place she is wont to go and text-book work.

freely in her trances) contains nothing whatCritical Criticiser Criticised; or, Ingersoll's ever to enlighten or instruct mankind, and

Gospel Analyzed. By Page A. Cochran. 812x54 in. nothing inconsistent with the theory that the 176 pages. Sóc.

entire mass of literary rubbish might easily The writer of this critique on Mr. Inger- have been evolved by the active, imaginative soll's discourse, "What Must We Do to Be brain of a young woman of no great culture. Saved?” includes a reprint of this in his book. Whether the construction of these dreams Mr. Ingersoll's incapacity for judicious criti. was made with intent to deceive, or (as Procism is illustrated by his objection that the fessor Flournoy asserts) by latent sub-condisciples of Jesus knew only the Hebrew scious, self-hypnotized brain-action, is impostongue, whereas the Gospels are written in sible to judge at second hand. The story of Greek. Mr. Cochran's similar incapacity is Mars actually includes an elaborately constructed language, self-evidently, artificially that trusts are a necessary product of evolubuilt upon the idiomatic model of the French tion, from which, in turn, will evolve the pubtongue-a thing impossible for any language lic ownership of the monopolized industries. of natural growth, whether in Mars or on the The book is full of telling quotations, the earth.

author's love of fairness and love of epigram General William B. Franklin and the Opera: his own positions. One of these is General

leading him to insert many which tell against tions of the Left Wing at the Battle of Fredericksburg. By Jacob L. Greene, Hartford, Conn. Francis A. Walker's expression of impatience 81% X6 in. 38 pages.

with the economists who are satisfied to call This brief and well-digested monograph, trusts the product of evolution.”. “ A modern recently prepared for the Hartford Monday train-robber," he remarked, “is also a product Evening Club, revives the conviction, long of evolution. Some evolution is worthy only since formed by military critics, of the woeful of condemnation. Some evolutionists ought incompetence of the Federal General in com

to be hanged.” General Walker never lost mand at Fredericksburg, and of the gross in- sight of the moral in dealing with the ecojustice suffered temporarily by General Frank- nomic. What he would have us keep in view lin in being charged by the Congressional respecting capitalistic combinations is the Committee on the conduct of the war with question whether they are evolved from the having caused the loss of the battle by dis- desire to profit at the expense of others, or the obedience to orders. Colonel Greene's terse desire to profit through the service of others. presentation of the facts stirs fresh indigna- If the first, they are to be condemned in ecotion, even at this distance, against the folly nomics as well as morals; if the second, they and duplicity to which the wise commander are to be commended. "The chief shortcomfell a victim, the neglect of whose counsel and ing of the evolutionists among whom Mr. entreaty was responsible for that bloody and Harper must be classed is their assumption ignominious day.

that, in the domain of economics, grapes may Higher Algebra. By John F. Downey, M.A.,

be gathered of thorns, or figs of thistles. C.E. The American Book Co., New York. 874X6 in. 416 pages. $1.50.

Russia Against India. By Archibald R. ColA special feature is made of concise, logical

quhoun. Harper & Bros., New York. 8x5 in. 246

pages. $1.50. demonstrations following each general principle stated, illustrations and verifications being him a recognized authority of high order on

Mr. Colquhoun's books on China have made treated separately. Many new short processes

the Eastern question. He knows India as are used.

well as he does China, and deals with facts Kin-Da-Shon's Wife : An Alaskan Story., By and personal observation rather than with

Mrs. Eugene S: Willard. The Fi H. Revell Co., theorizing. Contrary to the opinion of most New York. 8x5 in. 281 pages. $1.

writers of recent date on the general subject, An excellent book for Sunday-school and mis

Mr. Colquhoun holds that there is real danger sionary libraries.

of a move upon India by Russia, and he urges My Mother's Life: The Evolution of a Recluse. the taking of immediate measures "to safe

By Mary H. Rossiter. F. H. Revell Co., New York, 8% 54% in. 353 pages.

guard the prestige of the Anglo-Saxon in This memoir from autobiographical memo

Asia.” In this he thinks the United States randa is rather remarkable. A delicate woman,

and Germany should join. A main means, he thought to be a consumptive, a recluse dread

thinks, would be the construction of a railway ing publicity, idealist and poetical, is gradu- han and onward. Under the chapter-title

route from Quetta to Seistan, thence to Ispaally led into wide activity in the early “crusading” of the Woman's Christian Temperance extremely frank and cogent criticism of over

“ The British Rule in India” is found some Union, and in service as an evangelist: At taxation, red-tape, defective ideals of educathe age of fifty-eight, being healed of heart tion ; and more might be said about the total disease, according to medical testimony, lack of real sympathy between governing and through the efficacy of prayer at the sanitarium governed classes. In large part the book is of the Seventh-Day Adventists, she devotes the rest of her life with augmented energy to creeping” toward the east and the southeast.

a historical survey of Russia's “bit-by-bit the service of that Church. The record in which these points of historical and psycho- Side-Lights on the Reign of Terror: The logical interest stand out has the attractiveness Memoirs of Mademoiselle des Echerolles. Transwhich belongs to a saintly, unselfish, and heroic

lated by Marie C. Ballour. Illustrated. John Lane,

New York. 9x6 in. 334 pages. $4. spirit.

There is an ever-renewed fascination about Practical Composition and Rhetoric. By Will-memoirs relating to the Revolution, and few

iam Edward Mead, Ph.D. With the co-operation of books of the class have more direct, dramatic Wilbur Fisk Gordy. Sibley & Ducker, Boston. 4x7 in. 371 pages.

human interest than those here presented in “Restraint of Trade;" Pros and Cons of ing portraits. Mademoiselle des Echerolles

admirable typographical form and with pleas“ Restraint of Trade,” Chicago, . 9x6 in. 368 really had the skill of professed romancist pages. 50c.

in framing her dialogue and narrative. The An almost encyclopædic collection of facts, book originally appeared in 1793, and it covers arguments, and opinions respecting trusts. the tragic four years preceding. It was a The collector has done his work dispassion favorite with Lamartine, and deserves to be ately, but has, of course, so marshaled his with a wide circle of American readers. The material as to present his own view, which is present translation is well done.

Seven Gardens and a Palace. By E. V. B. eration. The prayers under review are gen

John Lane, New York. 8x54 in. 298 pages. $1.50. erally superior in expression to the average This is one of the pleasantest of the many vol- extemporaneous effort. The denominations umes which have appeared in late years in represented are the Baptist, Congregationalist, celebration of the beauty, the fragrance, the Disciples, Methodist, Presbyterian, Universeclusion, and the interest of gardens. To an salist, and Independent; but there is nothing American, at least, the English garden never in any of the prayers to indicate the denominaloses its charm; that charm is brought out in tional source, or anything more distinctive seven chapters devoted, with a single excep- than the pervading unity of the Christian tion, to as many different gardens, each gar- spirit. The value of the collection is considden being characteristic, each illustrative of erably enhanced by an introductory essay on some stage of garden culture in England, and “Prayer in the Light of Modern Thought." most of the gardens enriched with historical The writer concludes by quoting with approval or personal associations. The volome is de- a recent editorial utterance in The Outlook. lightfully printed and illustrated.

Whilomville Stories. By Stephen Crane. Way the Preachers Pray, The. With Notes Illustrated by Peter Newell. Harper & Bros., New by One of Them. W. G. Smith & Co., Minneap

York. 712 X 512 in. 199 pages. $1.50. olis. 6/4X43% in. 103 pages. 50c.

Mr. Crane, from his first great popular suç. Ten pulpit prayers of as many prominent min- cess until his recent sad death, did no literary isters of different denominations, having been work more thoroughly and truly artistic than obtained through stenographers, are severally is found in these slight and simple sketches of criticised in this volume by an eleventh min- child life. If they are not hilariously humorister. The purpose is laudable, and the effect ous, they are whimsically droll, and they bridge likely to be beneficial, so far as the criticisms, the interval between the reader's adult life and which are both apt and kindly, obtain consid his boyhood with amazing skill and truth.

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Notes and Queries

It is seldom possible to answer any inquiry in the next issue after its receipt. Those who find expected answers late in coming will, we hope, bear in mind the impediments arising from the constant pressure of many subjects upon our limited space. Communications should always bear the writer's name and address. Any books named in Notes and Queries will be sent by the publishers of The Outlook, postpaid, on receipt of price. Will you please give me all the information What works on Natural History would you

you can regarding the exact relation sustained by recommend for a school library, cost not to exceed the Church of England to the State? For instance, $75 or $100 ?

L. I. D. how are the clergymen appointed? how are they The following list of books relating to Natural History paid ? are the people taxed to support the Church? etc.

C. Y.

and cognate subjects was prepared at our request by a

teacher of experience. Other correspondents and readers Theoretically, every founder of a church had the right

will, we think, find it useful. Any bookseller could proto appoint its minister in perpetuity. At the present

cure the works named, but the prices given are those time 6,092 benefices are in the gift of private persons,

actually obtained by one library buying all the books and 1,144 in the gift of the Crown, 1,853 of bishops, 938 of

receiving a discount : “Autobiography of the Earth," cathedral chapters and other dignitaries, 770 in universi

Hutchinson, %c.; "First Book in Geology,” Shaler, ties and collegiate bodies, and 931 in the gift of the in

95c. ; "Geological Excursions,” Winchell, $1; "Story cumbent of the mother church. The highest officers are

of Our Continent," Shaler, 80c.; "Nature and Man in appointed by the Ministry in the name of the Crown, and

America,” Shaler, 96c.; "Introduction to Geology," the management of the Church is in the hands of the

Scott, $1.71;" Rivers of North America,” Russell, $1.28; bishops and archbishops, subject to the authority of the

How Plants Grow," Gray, 76c.; "How to Know the Queen and Parliament. The bishops and archbishops Wild Flowers," Dana, $1.40; “Botanizing,” Bailey, 48c.; are entitled to seats in the House of Lords. The greater

"Plant Life," Barnes, $1.07 ; "Elementary Botany," part of the revenue of the Church is derived from ancient

Atkinson, $1.19; “Trees of the Northern United States," endowments, and is estimated to be about seven million

Apgar, 95c.; "How to Know the Ferns,” Parsons, $1.20; pounds annually.

"Moulds, Mildew, and Mushrooms," Underwood, $1.43; 1. What books of reference would you recom

"Life and Her Children," Buckley, 96c. ; " Days Out-of

Doors," Abbott, %C. ; “Wild Neighbors," Ingersoll, %6c. ; mend to a Bible class of college students studying the Exile and the period subsequent thereto? 2.

"Boys and Girls in Biology,” Stevenson, 64c. ; " Zoology," What books of the Bible and what portions of books

Packard, $2.28; "Insect Life," Comstock, 96c.; "Ants, are assigned by modern scholarship to these periods? Bees, and Wasps," Lubbock, $1.28; “ Aquatic Insects,"

Miall, $1.12; “Entomology for Beginners,” Packard, 1. See Sanders and Kent's “Messages of the Later $1.33; “ Life of a Batterfly," Scudder, 75c. ; " Brief Guide Prophets" (Scribners, $1), Kent's "History of the Jew- to Common Butterflies," Scudder, 94c.; "Butterflies,” ish People," and Riggs's ditto (Scribners, $1.50 each), Scudder, $1.43; “Life Histories of American Insects," Cheyne's " Jewish Religious Life after the Exile" (Put- Weed, %C ; “Manual of Vertebrate Animals,” Jordan nams, $1.50). 2. The following entire: Ruth, Chroni- $2.03; " Handbook of Birds of Eastern North America,” cles, Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther, Job, Canticles, Ecclesi- Chapman, $1.92; “ Aspects of the Earth,” Shaler, $1.60; astes, Lamentations, Ezekiel, Haggai, Malachi, Joel, "Lakes of North America,” Russell, $1.50; " Trees of Jonah, Zechariah, Daniel. The following in part: Northeastern America," Newhall, $1.12; ' “ Butterfly Psalms, Proverbs, Isaiah, Jeremiah. Additions were Book," Holland, $2.55; “American Fishes," Goode, made to Judges, Samuel, Kings, and the Pentateuch, $2.24; " Bird Neighbors," Blanchan, $1.28; “ Birds that with Joshua, was completed and put into the present Hunt and are Hunted,” Blanchan, $1.28; “Evolution of form. See Bennett's Primer of the Bible" (Holt & Geography," Keane, $1.60; " Winners in Life's Race," Co., $1.25).

Fisher, %c.; "Curious Homes and Their Tenants,"


Beard, 59c. ; “Sparks from a Geologist's Hammer," Win. Hebrews xiii., 20, 21), there is the priestly formula in chell, $1; “Our Native Ferns," Underwood, $1; "Walks Numbers vi., 2+26, and the royal benediction in I King and Talks in the Geological Field,” Winchell, $l; viii., 57. A benediction is often made from Philippians ** Forms of Water in Clouds and Rivers," Tyndall, 9c. ; iv., 7, by a simple change of mood in the verb, also add“ First Book of Physical Geography," Tarr, '990.; "Ele- ing, usually, " And the blessing of God Almighty, Father, mentary Physiology,” Morgan, 58c.; " Elementary Me- Son, and Holy Spirit, abide with you forever." We teorology," Waldo, $1.50; “ Elementary Physiography," have heard of non-Biblical benedictions, but do not admire Thornton, 72c.; Elementary Meteorology," Davis, such, and do not know where they are found. $2.50; “ Physical Properties of Gases,” Kumball, 80c.;

In traveling through the Berkshire Hills, I "Sound, Light, and Heat,” Wright, 72c.; “ Electricity," Brennan, 48c.; “ Wireless Telegraphy," Bottone, 64c.;

came upon the following verse painted upon a board

and nailed to the trunk of a majestic elm standing in “ Electricity,” Caillard, 80c. ; " Whirlwinds, Cyclones, front of a prominent hotel. Neither the proprietor and Tornadoes,” Davis, 38c. ;. “Elementary Meteor- nor any guest present could give the name of the ology," Ward, $1.12; “Minerals, and How to Study author. Can you, for I have examined a half dozen Them,” Dana, $1.13; “ Fairyland of Science,” Fisher,

encyclopædias of poetry and fail to find the name? c.; The Sun," Young, $1.28 ; Volcanoes, Their

Structure, etc.," Bonney, $1.28; “Earthquakes and Cæsar lived fifty, we an hundred years,
Other Earth Movements," Milne, $1.12; "Stories of And still another hundred will stand like seers,
Insect Life," Murfeldt and Weed, 30c.; "Citizen Bird,"

And watch the generations as they come and go Wright and Coues, $1.35; “Our Native Trees," Keeler,

Beneath our branches in their hurried flow.

D. B. C. $1.60; " Familiar Trees and Their Leaves," Mathews,

These lines are evidently of the homespun kind. It not $1.12; "Shrubs of Northeastern America,” Newhall,

by a local rhymer, they are probably by one equally un$1.12; “Guide to the Trees,” Lounsberry, $1.60; “Ex

known to the Muses. tinct Monsters," Hutchinson, $1.26;“ Ice-Work, Present and Past,” Bonney, 96c.; “ Story of the Hills,” Hutchin- 1. I send you a clipping in which I find J. W. son, %c.; "North American Slime-Moulds," Macbride, Philip, of the battle-ship Texas, spoken of as an $2.03; " Lessons with Plants,” Bailey, 99C. ; “ Nature and Admiral. Please write me if he was made an Admiral Work of Plants," Macdougal, 72c.; “Plant Relation," after the battle

of Santiago. 2. Also state what are Coulter, 99c.; " Plant Structures," Coulter, $1.08 ; " Our

the steps in the navy before a line officer can be

made an Admiral, and whether or not more than one Native Birds,” Lange, c.; “Manual of Zoology,"

Admiral can be in one fleet.

L. M. R. Parker and Haswell, $1.44; "Colours of Animals," Poul

1. He was made a Rear-Admiral, which, in colloquial ton, $1.12; “Geographical and Geological Distribution

usage, and by courtesy, gives him the title of Admiral. of Animals," Heilprin, %c. ; " Wonders of the Yellow

2. The grades in the naval service are, Ensign, Lieutenstone," Richardson, %c.; "Gleanings from Nature,”

ant, Lieutenant-Commander, Commander, Captain, Blatchley, $1.13; “ Physiography for Advanced Stu

Commodore, Rear-Admiral, Admiral. There are sev. dents," Simmons, 99c.; “Glaciers of North America,”

eral Rear-Admirals in the United States Navy at presRussell, $1.75; * Physiology of the Senses," McKendrick

ent; Admiral Dewey alone holds the rank of Admiral. and Snodgrass. $1.20; "Introduction to Zoology," Davenport, $1.20.

“ Jesus wept.” Why? Can John xii., 40, be

reconciled with God's love and justice if man is imI am trying to do some mission work among mortal by nature ?

D. H.C. the newsboys of this city, and am anxious to learn The natural tribute of a tender heart to the sorrow of something of the methods used in such work, as it has been very little noticed here, except by the Sal

friends, though assured of their speedy relief. The vation Army. Has anything been published upon

passage as quoted by John is not the same as the origithe subject? If so, please refer me to it.

nal in Isaiah vi., 10, but must not be understood as

J. C. H. affirming a direct act of God. It refers rather to the The League for Social Service, to whose bureau of infor- natural operation of moral causes (divinely arranged, of mation we referred this inquiry, sends us the following: course), whereby neglect of moral and religious faculties The institutional churches and settlement houses of

brings on a weakness or palsy of those faculties, with this city do a great work for street boys, but nothing for resulting inability to discern and lay hold of saving truth. newsboys as a class. There is a newsboys' club at the Willard Y. Settlement, Myrtle Street, Boston. For in

Would you be good enough to mention some formation address Miss Sara E. Coates, at the Settlement of the publications of the Society of Psychical Re house. The National Printer-Journalist,” February, search, and say where they may be had? 1899, gives a full account of the work for newsboys done by

W. M. the "Evening Press," of Grand Rapids, Mich. (Chicago, 25 cts... See also Reports of the Children's Aid Society, "Journal" and semi-annual “Proceedings,” both of

Its publications are mostly contined to its monthly New York City; " Boys' Clubs," by Winifred Buck S North American Review," October, 1898, page 509) ;

which go free to members and Associates paying the anAbout Boys and Boys' Clubs," by Alvan F. Sanborn

nual fee of $5. It also publishes Mr. Edmund Gur("North American Review,” August, 1898, page 254). ney's valuable work on “ Phantasms ” (i.l., apparitions). I have been very much interested recently in

Address the Secretary of the American Branch of the

Society at 5 Boylston Place, Boston, Mass. reading Henry Drummond's - Natural Law in the Spiritual World." What is your opinion of it? Can Will The Outlook please inform me about you give me the names, publishers, and prices

of any other books of a similar character? W. L. D.

Ralstonism, and say whether or not it is indorsed by

intelligent men and women who are not interested We know of no other book that treats the subject so in it financially?

J.Q. R. elaborately. Its merit is in exhibiting some real analo- We have no direct personal knowledge of it, but know gies between the laws of nature and of spirit. Its defect intelligent persons who esteem it highly as a scheme of is in some false analogies, favoring quietism and Calvin

hygienic living. For details of the scheme see the pub ism. Professor Drummond is believed to have changed lications issued at the office in Washington, D. C. his mind on some points, but did not live to rewrite the book. Dr. Bushnell

, in his “ Moral l'ses of Dark Can any one inform me who is the author of Things" (Scribners, New York, $1.50), has, if we remem- these lines : ber correctly, struck the same vein of thought; and Ten- * The poem hangs on the berry-bush nyson refers to it in his line,

When comes the poet's eye;

And the whole street is a masquerade “One God, one law, one element."

When Shakespeare passes by," Can you give in your columns, or tell where

H.C. H. I can find, the best forms of benediction other than Kindly tell me by whom the following poems the Apostolic formulas?


were written: "The Deliverance of Leyden " and Besides the Apostolic formulas (see 2 Corinthians xiii..

" Battle-song of Gustavus Adolphus." 14; 1 Thessalonians v., 28, and 2, ii., 16, 17; iii., 16;

M. W. K.





What Can a Nation Do ?

“ Journal of the American Medical Asso1o the Editors of The Outlook :

ciation "his experience with a new instruYou say, “ The Outlook believes that ment, which some of his professional the United States is a Nation, that it has brethren consider of doubtful value. This all the powers and prerogatives of a Na- instrument, the surgeon assures them, is tion, that it may do whatever it is legiti- a really good thing, and one quite safe to mate and honorable for any Nation to

In order to test the efficiency of it, do." Now for my questions. Some

I selected for hysterectomy two cases. nations may legitimately and honorably They were strictly inoperable cases from make grants for the support of royalty; the standpoint of cure.' The instrument may this Nation do that? Some nations worked satisfactorily, but what of the may legitimately and honorably grant patients? In this instance, two women titles of nobility; may this Nation do incurably diseased with cancer were subthat? Some nations may legitimately and jected to the most severe surgical operahonorably deal with domestic violence tion possible, not with any hope or thought without regard to local authorities; may of effecting a cure, for the cases were this Nation do that? Some nations may “strictly inoperable,” but merely, as he legitimately and honorably pass laws explains with frankness, " in order to test respecting an establishment of religion; the efficiency” of his new instrument. may this Nation do that? Some nations. This surgeon is one of the leading men in may legitimately and honorably alter the medical profession, widely known as boundaries between their different com

a writer, and he is attached to one of the ponent parts ; may this Nation do that? hospitals of New York City. I want to Indeed, what is the relation of this Nation be entirely fair in the statement of the to the Constitution of the United States ? The poor creatures were beyond

J. P.

the possibility of cure, and would have [We think our meaning was clear their lives were a burden, and death a re

died anyway before long. Undoubtedly enough. Any nation may legitimately and lease. Was it right or wrong to use them honorably do in its national capacity what

as tests of the surgical efficiency of a new ever is consonant, first, with the general

instrument? laws of justice and righteousness, and, sec

It seems to me that the answer to this ond, with its own essential principles as question, involving the morality of human incorporated in its constitution, written or unwritten. This principle of national life attitude which one takes towards some of

vivisection, depends very largely upon the belongs to the United States as a nation. It is a nation, not a confederacy of ample, is a man's relation toward re

the vital problems of life. What, for exStates.-THE EDITORS.

ligion ? Here is one who believes in the

Fatherhood of God and the brotherhood Hospital Experiments: The Religious View

of man; in the story of the manger and To the Editors of The Outlook :

the cross; in the mission of Jesus Christ; The letter which appeared in The Outlook in that divine love which touched alike the recently concerning some “ Hospital .Ex- fallen woman at the feast, the blind begperiments” touches questions of much gar by the wayside, Lazarus with his interest. To what extent are investiga- 'sores, and the prodigal among the swine. tions upon sick patients in hospitals mor- How sacred, then, to him is even “ the ally justifiable when made, not for any least of these my brethren”! There is a benefit to the individual, but simply for surgeon in Baltimore-one of the most the general advancement of science ? eminent in America, I am glad to say, That such experiments upon human be- who never performs a capital operation ings are frequently made is only too cer- without going first upon his knees and tain. Only last week (August 4) a noted asking the blessing of God. Can we imNew York surgeon described in the agine such a man "testing the efficiency

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