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put ourselves in the place of the Chinese. little; I have been swelling out and want Imagine ourselves the weak-heathen if more territory; so I will have New Jersey, you please-country. Imagine all the Delaware, and Maryland !” Last comes various deeds perpetrated in our land that France, with a swing of satisfaction, and exI have written as having occurred in claims, “My brothers, your robberies suit China—and I have by no means exhausted me exactly; Germany is well up there at the subject even in this long article. After the north, and she and England are between all of these irritating experiences, would it me and my dear but ambitious friend be surprising if we in our weakness should Russia. I am more than content with dub all foreign peoples “ foreign devils"? what you have left me, especially as I Finally the “Great Powers,” looking begin with the seat of government, Washaround for “more worlds to conquer," ington, and the District of Columbia! light upon our country as just the territory The Vatican will lend me all aid in ruling they want. Our country is rich with min- —the whole South is mine!” My patient eral wealth undeveloped, our land ought readers, would we be “anti-foreign" under to be honeycombed with railroads, our such conditions? Would our Masonic millions ought to buy their goods, that they and other secret societies have any Boxer may grow richer and greater ; so, while tendencies ? Would there be any little row watching each other with jealous care, they over here, or would we, having received a publicly and with no shame discuss the blow, not on “one cheek” only, but all over monstrous project of carving us up and our body, just lie down and say, " Tramp each stealing a portion, their only concern us out of existence. Come! Take !" being how to do it without a fight among What shall the end be? Who can tell ? themselves! Russia says, “ I'll take all The merest spark of jealousy and self. down to Massachusetts." Germany says,
ishness between the “Great Powers" “All right, I am content with Massachusetts, may precipitate a conflagration that shall Rhode Island, and Connecticut.” England burn around the world. Let the “Great says, and truly, " I do not want a foot of Powers” agree upon China's independence the territory of the United States, but if and solidarity, put in a reform Chinese, not
spheres of influence' are to be [a polite Manchu, Government, demand the open term for stealing], I, in self-defense, must door for commerce, the Bible, and liberty have mine; and, with Germany between me of conscience, no ecclesiastical temporal and my ancient friend Russia, I will just officials or Church temporal power, and the take New York and Pennsylvania.” Next Eastern question can be settled—but let nacomes little Japan—little in size—and she tions unite to cut and carve, and a struggle speaks up honestly and says, “I am too
“ I am too is ahead such as the world has never seen.
By Julian Hinckley
Leaves the wharf.
Waves to disappear.
Athwart the sky.
Outside Pretoria: A' Typical Fight'
By James Barnes
Special Commissioner for The Outlook in South Africa
from Pretoria to see a battle, much or foe—the road was lonely and deserted.
as one would go out to see a foot- It was at Castleton that I first came up ball game or a bull-fight that was sched- with the rear-guard and the transport; uled to take place at a certain hour. All they were laagered near a drift flanked the correspondents had been notified, and by great gum-trees and mimosas; a little carts and riding-horses were at the hotels. desc ted inn stood on the banks, with a
It was dark when we had started, and weed-grown garden about it. The divisthe quiet little town was deserted. Again ion, we were told, was moving on, not far came the confusing sense of unreality-a in front; so on we went. bewildering feeling of not understanding It did not take long to catch up with the situation. Why should they wish to the marching men ; there they were, plodfight any more? Why couldn't they stop ding in and out among the slopes of the now, and have it all over ?
valley; all about were the encircling But Botha had determined to take ridges of the Swartz kopjes meeting in another whack, and it was rumored that low-lying hills some ten miles eastward. it might be his last, and, with his honor We were perhaps twelve miles from Presatisfied, he would cry quits.
toria. Suddenly heavy firing came from Generals French and Hutton, with the north, then heavy firing from the fourteen hundred men—all they could southeast. The Eleventh halted, and the muster mounted out of an original four men sat down. “She bumps," said some thousand—were in the hills to the north. “ What ho !” The guns to the north Hamilton's division was circling from the were the nearer, and they appeared to be southward, and the Eleventh Division, all of eight miles. For a few minutes under Pole-Carew, occupied the valley to they were at it hot and heavy; the wind the eastward of the town. Lord Roberts's blew the sound directly to us. The Vickheadquarters are in the British Residencyers-Maxim “door-knocker" was at work, in Pretoria's pretty little suburb of Sunny- and there were at least one or two big side; and he and his staff also rode out, guns, besides some field artillery, but leaving instructions that they would be which belonged to the English and which back in time for dinner.
to the Boers it was hard to tell. The From the south, across the Vaal, rumors fight on the south was on with a vengehad been coming of De Wet's activity. ance by nine o'clock. First we thought The line was cut; there was no telegraphic of riding over to the kopjes and seeing communication ; we had no reliable in- what was going on. We decided not to, formation of how things were in the Free however, which was wise, or lucky, as State. Botha had taken his third, or you may care to look at it; the ridges fourth, or twentieth “last stand ” in the just then were in Brother Boer's possession, hills, and there was to be a fight. Pre- a fact we were not sure of, but soon toria was cut off from the base, but no learned. one worried. Mackern, of “Scribner's,” The valley was full of troops, and soon and I started together at daylight.
it was easy to perceive that the halt and Not four miles from the market-place the positions of the various bodies were we came across the spoor of the army- for a definite purpose; they were lying the trampled road, the marks of wheels well hidden, but with the glass they could and hoofs, and the myriad prints of hob- , be seen lining the slopes of every little nailed boots; the air was tainted with hill or undulation, for the ground was not dead horses; just across the railway line level. It was a small imitation of the was a broken-down Boer ambulance. country rising beyond the black-shoulExcept for a few scouts—mere dots on the dered kopjes. "Copyright, 1900, the Outlook Company.
There was a volunteer company of the Argyle and Sutherland Highlanders sitting fully, when I heard a voice. “Oh, why upon a hill among some rocks. It was did I leave my little back room in Bloomsreally an escort to the naval gun which buree!" it sang. was in position on the north side of the There, not twenty feet distant, stood an
This company of “kilties" had artilleryman. I knew him by the red-andhad a peculiar history. It was lost! And blue square on the side of his helmet. it had been so since before Kroonstad. “ This is a funny sort of place,” he It had left the Highland Brigade, and had said. “Looks like ruins, them." come across country escorting transport. I told him what I thought they were. Owing to the subsequent movements of “ Have you got any guns out here?” I the various divisions, and incidentally asked. owing to the movements of General De Wet, Two, right over there," he returned, they had not been able to rejoin their own pointing with his thumb. command, which had been cut off from I looked, and, sure enough, there were communication with the main body. So, the two big siege-guns, standing in the they had been assigned to go in with the rocks, and wonderfully well hidden. I sailors as escort to the four-point-seven.
had almost ridden into them. Their muzI was sitting chatting with a friend near zles, lifting high, were pointing at a deep a group of officers, looking out over the passage through the kopjes some six miles peaceful scene, for it was a fine warm day distant, but the men sat about as if they and the valley was flooded with sunlight were out for a holiday. In the meantime, and shivering heat-rays. We were talk- mind you, the battle on the north could ing of something far removed from war, be heard distinctly, while the fight that when all at once we heard the sound of Hamilton was having appeared to be comMausers; hardly a mile away, the reports ing nearer. Added to this, there was the were coming from the direction of a patch continual rattle and snapping and drubof dark trees that evidently lined a stream. bing of the rifle-fire, seemingly just over “Hello!” said my friend ; " there they the hill.
Reaching the crest and going over it It was his only comment.
to the other side, we could see the mounted The firing continued, and one or two infantry galloping from left to right strung of the men sat up and looked in the direc- out in skirmishing order. tion, but, perceiving they could see nothing, peared to be a line of low stone fences they settled back in comfortable positions turned out to be three or four companies in the grass that grew thick among the of infantry, the Welsh taking their ease rocks.
on the slope of the hill. Half an hour or so before, I had Higher up on the crest were others, noticed some mounted infantry bearing behind boulders. One could only see away to the left, and I judged it had been that they were firing from their motions. they who had drawn the fire. I said so Two artillerymen came out in front of to the officer.
the guns and stretched a long wire be“ May be,” replied he; “ but the Welsh tween them. Then they squinted at the are down somewhere in there."
distant kopjes through little things like As it looked as if there might be a toy sextants. They called off some figlively little fight forthcoming, I mounted ures, and then one said, “ Nine thousand and rode forward, first through a ragged eight hundred.” Then they went back mealie-field, then through a gap in a again. wire fence, and came to another small They paid little or no attention to the kopje much like the one I had just left. skirmish going on in front. Skirmishing The grass here, in a sheltered little hol- wasn't their business. It was their job low, grew up to my pony's ears. Evi- to fire by mathematics, and try to hit dently this place had once been a popu- things they could not see. lous kraal of some black tribe, for all about It did not take much trouble to find out were the remains of stone-walled houses, where the Boers were who were doing all and lines of ditches crossed them. It the firing in front. made riding somewhat dangerous.
They occupied a little patch of artificial I was picking my way through care- wood and an empty stone farm-house that
stood near it. I thought how easy it had extricated himself from a dangerous would have been to send a shell or position only with great difficulty—had two over there and dislodge them, so fought at least twice his number all day, that the little brown line could go forward up among the kopjes. Part of his transif it wanted to. But the big guns dis- port had been captured, and his men had dained to enter into a contest with mere come under the fire of two forty-pounders snipers. They remained silent.
at a range of four thousand yards. It was all part of the plan, as I after- As the evening fell the shells from wards learned. The naval guns, the Hamilton's guns could be seen bursting Highlanders, in fact the whole Eleventh along the ridge, showing that there the Division, was lying there in hiding. It
It enemy had fallen back. The Eleventh was an ambush on a big scale, and the Division, except for the little skirmish beplan was for French and Hutton to round fore recorded, had not fired a shot. up the Boers from either side and drive We all returned to town. At the hotel them down into the cup of the valley. dinner-tables it was voted that the show
Suddenly the firing in front ceased. had not been worth the price of admisThrough the glasses five or six men on sion. horseback could be seen chasing away But the next morning we heard more from the back of the little stone house. of what had been going on, and we learned Two more joined them from the wood of the gallant charge of the Twelfth LanSeven Mausers could cause quite a little cers that had saved the two guns on the row, I discovered. Of course there had left of Hamilton's advance. been Lee-Metfords replying to them, and I had ridden out to headquarters next after a few minutes a few mounted infan- morning to get the details of the whole trymen rode forward, visited the white action, and I called upon one of the memhouse, skirted the clump of trees, and bers of the staff in the comfortable little came back again. It was one of the cottage which he, with several other offilittle side-shows of a campaign-the sort cers, occupied at Sunnyside. of a little fight that is reported in a few “What happened out with Hamilton words: “Exchanged a few shots.” yesterday?" I asked. “ Was it much of But when the mounted infantry came
a fight?" back, there were two empty saddles. Some- The officer replied in a low tone that how I could not help the feeling that, if none of the others could hear. “Come I were going to be hit at all, I would out on the stoep,” said he, “and I'll tell rather be hit in a real battle than in a you.” little affair like this. But the mounted He left the group, and we stepped out men, I suppose, have become used to it. into the vine-clad porch. He appeared a At any rate, as they returned, they were little embarrassed. not even talking it over. It was part of “ I didn't want to talk it over in there,” their business to skirmish round and get he said. “So-and-so's brother was killed, shot at, and I suppose they had never and So-and-so's cousin. It was really reasoned about the irony of the order they quite a fight, you know.” And then he had so often received: "Go forward, you told me of the Lancers' charge, and how men, and draw fire." By long practice I Lord Airlie and the others had been shot suppose they have learned to make cau- while leading the regiment. He finished tious targets of themselves, and, whether his remarks with a smile of grim satisfacit is heroic or brave or anything else, I tion. suppose they don't think about it. It is “ They got into 'em with the lance, and part of their business, as I said before. bagged a lot," he said.
But the sun was setting, and it was evi- He did not know the details of the dent that the plan of getting the Boers fight, but assured me that there would be into the valley had failed-in fact, it was another this day, and probably it had rather a surprising idea that they would begun already. ever have gone there at all.
I left feeling sorry and downcast. AlWe learned afterward that French and most all of the officers I had known by Hutton had found them in stronger force sight; splendid, handsome young fellows, than had been supposed. The former who, in all likelihood, had cabled home to their wives and mothers but the week the evening saw the English lines in before, " Pretoria at last !"
possession of the Swartz kops, and they And the laird of the bonnie house of had gained possession by steady advances. Airlie, lately recovered from a wound at Not in the old shoulder-to-shoulder fashThabanchu and just now rid of enteric ion, but in long, spread-out, onward-creepfever—I knew him well. A natural-born ing, not-to-be-stopped manner, availing soldier, who loved his profession and of every rock and gully, preceded by commanded one of the best regiments in the sweeping, searching shells. The all England, with a record behind it part casualties had been few. Yet it was of his own making.
the heaviest firing, so far as rifles were I shall never forget the first time I met concerned, since Magersfontein, and there him, and although it is a digression, I had been marvelous escapes. I saw a will relate it here.
man who had two through his jacket, one It was on the way up from Orange through his water-bottle, and two through River to Modder, back in November of his haversack. last year. We were going by train, and The next morning, looking back over it took us fifteen hours to make the fifty the peaceful valley, the homes of distant miles. It was just after the battle; the Pretoria could be seen nestling among the wounded were coming down the line, and hills like a New England town. A sudden the Boers were reported yet in the hills on puff of white smoke lifted high in the still either side of the railway. Everyone air ; it was eighteen miles away on the wore his arms ready to repel attack. I slope that ran up to Klapperkop. had just joined with the army, and was an “ They are exploding ammunition found utter stranger. Not anticipating so long in the forts,” said some one. a journey, I had sent my outfit on by road. And thus we were brought back to the Night came down, and with it a chilling idea of war and to things near at hand. wind sprang up. Men and officers occu- All about were the little loopholed stone pied open trucks. I was endeavoring to “sconces " built by the Boers the day keep warm by flapping my arms about in before. There were the piles of empty cabman fashion, when some one spoke to cartridge-cases and the Mauser clips. me and asked if I had a blanket. I Down at the foot of the hill there was a explained that I had none.
little group. The chaplain was there, and " Then crawl in here with me-plenty of there was a longish gray bundle ready to room.” And the first thing I knew I was be slipped into the narrow excavation in lying down beside a big, soldierly fellow the stony ground back of the field hospital. with a short, stubby mustache and hair The other side of the Swartz kops looked cropped, Tommy fashion, close to his head. down upon the railway running east and
" I sleep like a log," he laughed. “Do west. Botha and his followers had gone you snore?"
by train. I replied that I didn't know, but I be- “I wish that these bally old Boers lieved not, and I think a moment later we would chuck the game," said a young offiwere both asleep. The next morning he cer, who was juggling for his own amuseshared his breakfast with me-soldier's ment with two bits of stone. fare—“ bully beef” and biscuit. It was were half as sick of it as I am, they'd go some time before I found out that it was home.” Lord Airlie. I don't know why it is, but " It doesn't seem like war any more,” the finer an Englishman is as a soldier put in another. and gentleman, the simpler he seems to "No," observed a third.
" It's just be.
kill, kill, or be killed." Then he changed I felt sad now as I walked away, for the subject, as if it did not much matter. I remembered seeing once, on my way “I say I heard a good story on old • Kempi' from Cape Town, a sweet-faced woman, yesterday," and he detailed a yarn about prematurely gray, and some one told me some member of the mess. it was Lady Airlie, then on her way to I looked back at the town and the valley Bloemfontein to nurse her husband ill in and the group at the foot of the hill. They the fever hospital.
were banking up the mound over the That day there was a bigger fight, and excavation.