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ington Irving, by his nephew, Pierre M. Irving, 4 vols., New York, 1862–64, and Mr. Charles Dudley Warner's Wasbington Irving, Boston, 1881, in the American Men of Letters series.

JAMES FENIMORE COOPER

Book IV. Chapter III. Editions of Cooper's novels abound; his other works are not in print. The best life of Cooper is that by Prof. T. R. Lounsbury, Boston, 1883, in the American Men of Letters series. It has a considerable bibliography. An excellent monograph on Cooper, by W. B. S. Clymer, has since been published in the Beacon Biography series at Boston.

WILLIAM Cullen BRYANT

Book IV. Chapter IV. Of Bryant's works the standard edition is that of Parke Godwin: Poetical Works, 2 vols., New York, 1883; Prose Writings, 2 vols., New York, 1884. The best life of Bryant is Parke Godwin's, in two volumes, New York, 1883.

Griswold's collections and Duyckinck's Cyclopædia have already been referred to in the list of general references. Drake and Halleck are generously represented in Stedman and Hutchinson's Library and in the collections of Griswold.

EDGAR ALLAN POE

Book IV. Chapter V. Stedman and Woodberry's edition of Poe, in 10 vols., Chicago, 1894-95, is admirable. The best biography of Poe is Professor Woodberry's, Boston, 1885, in the American Men of Letters series. For Poe bibliography, see Stedman and Woodberry's tenth volume, pp. 267-281.

THE KNICKERBOCKER SCHOOL

Book IV. Chapter VI. On American periodical publication between 1815 and 1833, see Dr. W. B. Cairns : On the Development of American Literature

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from 1815 10 1833, with Especial Reference to Periodicals, Madison, Wisconsin, 1898.

For the Knickerbocker writers in general, one should glance, if possible, at The Knickerbocker Gallery: a Testimonial to the Editor of the Knickerbocker Magazine from its Contributors. . New York: Samuel Hueston, MDCCCLV.

On Willis, Professor Beers writes : « Of the various collective editions of his [Willis's] verse, published since 1844, • . . the final

and most complete is ... the Clark and Maynard edition Willis.

of 1868. No really complete edition of Willis's writings has ever been printed. The first collective edition which laid claim to being complete was entitled The Complete Works of N. P. Willis, I vol., 895 pp., New York, J. S. Redfield, 1846. The thirteen volumes in uniform style, issued by Charles Scribner from 1849 to 1859, form as nearly a complete edition of Willis's prose as is ever likely to be made.” (Beers's Willis, p. 353.) A volume of selections from Willis's prose writings appeared at New York in 1885, under the editorship of Prof. H. A. Beers. The best biography of Willis is that by Professor Beers, Boston, 1885, in the American Men of Letters series.

Mrs. Kirkland's books, originally published by Francis, of New York and Boston, seem to be no longer in print; they are chiefly A New Home : Who'll Follow ? 1839; Forest Life, 1842 ; Western Clearings, 1846.

Hermann Melville's best-known stories are: Typee, 1846 ; Melville.

Omoo, 1847 ; Moby Dick, the White Whale, 1851. Standard biographies of Bayard Taylor are his Life and Letters,

edited by Marie Hansen-Taylor and Horace E. Scudder, Taylor.

2 vols., Boston, 1884, and Albert H. SMYTH's Bayard Taylor, Boston, 1896, in the American Men of Letters series.

The principal writings of George William Curtis, with their dates of publication, are: Nile Notes of a Howadji, 1851; Lotus Eating :

A Summer Book, 1852; The Potipbar Papers, 1853 ;

Prue and I, 1856; Works; Collected and Newly Revised by the Author, 5 vols., 1856; Essays from the Easy Chair, three series, 1892-'93–94. Mr. Edward Cary has written a life of Curtis for the American Men of Letters series, Boston, 1894.

Curtis.

BOOK V. THE RENAISSANCE OF NEW ENGLAND

SOME GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS OF NEW ENGLAND

Book V. Chapter I. The outlines of New England history in the colonial period are well depicted in John Fiske's The Beginnings of New England, Boston, 1889, which has a good bibliography, and in Brooks Adams's The Emancipation of Massachusetts, Boston, 1887. WINSOR's Amer. ica, Vol. III., and CHANNING AND Hart's Guide, § 109 ff., contain extensive bibliographic notes on New England colonial history.

Of the later records of New England life mentioned in the text, Mrs. Stowe's Oldtown Folks, originally published at Boston in 1869, where also her Uncle Tom's Cabin appeared in two volumes in 1852, nay be found in the lately published Riverside edition of her works ; WHITTIER's Snow Bound, first printed at Boston in 1866, is prominent in any edition of his poems; Lowell's Cambridge Thirty Years Ago (1854) is in the first volume of the Riverside edition of his works, and his A Great Public Character (1867) is in the second volume of the same edition ; Miss Larcom's chief works, with the dates of publication, are : Ships in the Mist and Other Stories, 1859; Poems, 1868; Childhood Songs, 1874; An Idyl of Work, 1875; Wild Roses of Cape Ann, and Other Poems, 1881; A New England Girlhood, 1889; Miss Jewett's principal works up to 1895 may be found in Foley's American Authors, pp. 158–9; since 1895 she has published The Country of the Pointed Firs, 1896, and The Queen's Twin, and Other Stories, 1900 ; Dr. Edward EVERETT Hale's New England Boybood, first published at Boston in 1893, may be found in the sixth volume of his lately collected works, Boston, 1900 ; Miss Wilkins has written The Adventures of Ann, 1886; A Humble Romance and Other Stories, 1887; A New England Nun and Other Stories, 1891 ; Young Lucretia and Other Stories, 1892; The Pot of Gold and Other Stories (1892); Jane Field. A Novel, 1893 ; Giles Cory, Yeoman. A Play, 1893; Pembroke : A Novel, 1894 ; Madelon. A Novel, 1896; Jerome, A Poor Man. A Novel, 1897 ; Miss Alcott's Little Women was published at Boston, 1868–69. On the literary history of New England, see W. C. Lawton's New England Poets, New York, 1898.

THE NEW ENGLAND ORATORS

Book V. Chapter II. Webster's Works, in 6 vols., were published at Boston in 1851; for select speeches, see E. P. WHIPPLE's The Great Speeches and

Orations of Daniel Webster, with an Essay on Daniel Webster.

Webster as a Master of English Style, Boston, 1879. Good biographies of Webster are George TICKNOR Curtis's Life of Daniel Webster, 2 vols., New York, 1870, and Henry CABOT LODGE's Daniel Webster, Boston, 1883.

EDWARD Everett's Orations and Speeches on Various Occasions, in 4 vols., were published in Boston, 1853–68. On the renascent in

fluence of Everett's teaching, one should read Emerson's Everett.

“ Historic Notes of Life and Letters in New England,” Works, Riverside edition, Vol. X. pp. 307 ff.

Rufus Choate's Works, with Memoir by S. G. Brown, Choate.

were published in Boston, 1862. Robert CHARLES WINTHROP's Addresses and Speeches on Various

Occasions were published, in 4 vols., Boston, 1852–86. Winthrop.

The standard life of Winthrop is the Memoir by his son, Robert C. Winthrop, Jr., Boston, 1897.

The New ENGLAND SCHOLARS AND HISTORIANS

Book V. Chapter III. For an article on “Libraries in Boston ” by the late Justin Winsor, see his Memorial History of Boston, Vol. IV. pp. 235 ff.

Prince's Chronological History of New England may be Prince.

conveniently found in Arber's English Garner, Vol. II. pp. 287 ff., London, 1879.

GEORGE TICKNOR's History of Spanish Literature was published in three volumes at New York, 1849; his Life of William Hickling

Prescott appeared at Boston in 1864. The best biography Ticknor.

of Ticknor is The Life, Letters, and Journals of George Ticknor, by Miss Anna Ticknor, 2 vols., Boston, 1876.

Sparks's historical labours may be suggested by these chief titles : Library of American Biography, first series, 10 vols., Boston, 1834

38; 2d series, 15 vols., Boston, 1844-48; Wasbington's Sparks.

Writings, 12 vols., Boston, 1834-37; Franklin's Works, 10 vols., Boston, 1836-40; Correspondence of the American Reurlution, 4 vols., Boston, 1853; The Diplomatic Correspondence of the American Revolution, 12 vols., Boston, 1829-30. For further detail, both biographical and bibliographical, see Herbert B. Adams's The Life and Writings of Jared Sparks, 2 vols., Boston, 1893. Sparks's MSS. may be seen in the reading room of Harvard College Library.

Prescott's History of the Reign of Ferdinand and Isabella, the Catbolic, 3 vols., appeared at Boston in 1838; his History of the Conquest of Mexico, etc., in 3 vols., at New York in 1843;

Prescott. his Biographical and Critical Miscellanies, at New York in 1845; the History of the Conquest of Peru, etc., 2 vols., New York, 1847; and the History of tbe Reign of Pbilip the Second, King of Spain, 3 vols., Boston, 1855-58. The best biography of Prescott is George Ticknor's Life of William Hickling Prescott, Boston, 1864.

Motley's Merry-Mount; A Romance of the Massachusetts Colony, 2 vols., appeared at Boston and Cambridge, in 1849; The Rise of the Dutch Republic. A History, 3 vols., New York, 1856;

Motley. History of the United Netherlands, etc., 4 vols., New York, 1861-68; The Life and Death of Fobn of Barneveld, etc., 2 vols., New York, 1875. Motley's letters have been edited by George William Curtis, in 2 vols., New York, 1889. See also the Memoir by Dr. Holmes, Boston, 1879.

George BANCROFT'S A History of the United States, etc., vols., was published at Boston and London, 1834-74;

Barcroft. • The Author's Last Revision," in 6 vols., was published at New York, 1883-85. RICHARD HILDRETH's The History of the United States of

Huldreth. America was published, in 6 vols., at New York, 1851-56. PalFREY's History of New England, in 5 vols., Boston,

Palfrey. 1858-90. Palfrey died in 1881; the fifth volume was edited by his son, F. W. Palfrey.

FRANCIS Parkman's works, of which he personally retained the copyright, are published, in various editions, by Little, Brown & Co., of Boston. For accounts of Parkman's life and estimates

Parkman. of his work, see John Fiske's A Century of Science and Other Essays, Boston, 1899; and Mass. Hist. Soc. Proceedings for 1893, 2d series, Vol. VIII. pp. 349-369. The authorized biography of Parkman, by C. H. Farnham, has just been published in Boston.

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