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Thirty-first District-Norfolk city and Princess Anne-W. W. Sale.
Thirty-third District-Portsmouth and county of Norfolk-E. Finley Cromwell.

Thirty-fifth District-Richmond city and county of Henrico—George Wayne Anderson and Julian Bryant.

Thirty-seventh District-Accomac and Northampton-George W. LeCato. Thirty-ninth District-King and Queen, Middlesex, Gloucester, Essex, and Mathews-J. Boyd Sears.

Eighteenth District—Buckingham, Fluvanna, and Appomattox-F. C. Moon (for an unexpired term).

The roll was then called, and the following senators responded to their names:

Messrs. George Wayne Anderson, W. P. Barksdale, R. P. Bruce, Julian Bryant, J. C. Byars, John S. Chapman, Graham Claytor, P. V. Cogbill, E. F. Cromwell, J. A. Dinwiddie, S. R. Donohoe, George T. Ford, W. A. Garrett, Carter Glass, Thomas D. Gold, J. N. Harman, E. J. Harvey, J. N. Hutcheson, A. R. Hobbs, George B. Keezell, George W. LeCato, S. L. Lupton, Edward Lyle, William Hodges Mann, Bland Massie, W. B. Mcllwaine, Frank C. Moon, J. N. Opie, George A. Revercomb, W. W. Sale, .J. Boyd Sears, George S. Shackelford, William Shands, P. F. St. Clair, D. G. Tyler, C. H. Walker, G. M. Wallace, A. D. Watkins, and Henry T. Wickham-39.

A quorum being present, the following senators, having previously filed in the office of the Clerk of the Senate certificates of their election, came forward, and the Clerk of the Senate administered to each of them the oath prescribed by law:

Messrs. George Wayne Anderson, W. P. Barksdale, Julian Bryant, J. C. Byars, John S. Chapman, E. F. Cromwell, George T. Ford, W. A. Garrett, J. N. Harman, J. N. Hutcheson, A. R. Hobbs, George W. LeCato, Bland Massie, W. B. Mellwaine, Frank ('. Moon, J. N. Opie, George A. Revercomb, W. W. Sale, J. Boyd Sears, George S. Shackelford, P. F. St. Clair, and G. M. Wallace-22.

On motion of Mr. WICKILAM,

Resolved, That the rules for the government of the Senate shall be the rules adopted at the session of 1899-1900:

I.

ATTENDANCE AND ADJOURNMENT.

1. Yo member shall absent himself from the service of the Senate without leave, unless he is sick or unable to attend.

2. A majority of senators shall be necessary to proceed to business; five may adjourn, and nine may order a call of the Senate, send for absentees, and make any order for their censure or discharge. On a call of the Senate, the doors shall not be closed against any senator until his name shall have been once enrolled.

3. When the Senate adjourns each day, every senator shall keep his seat until the President leaves his seat.

II.

TIIE PRESIDENT.

4. If any question be put upon a bill or resolution, the President shall state the same without argument.

5. The President may call any senator to the chair, who shall exercise its functions for the time; but no senator, by virtue of such appointment, shall preside for a longer period than three days.

6. At the commencement of each session the Senate shall elect four pages, who shall receive for their services two dollars per day each.

III.

THE CLERK.

7. The Clerk of the Senate shall not suffer any records or papers to be taken from the table or out of his custody by any person except a chairman of a committee; but he may deliver any bills or papers, directed to be printed, to the Superintendent of Public Printing, or to any senator, on taking his receipt for the same.

S. The Journal of the Senate shall be daily drawn up by the Clerk, and shall be read the succeeding day; it shall be printed under the supervision of the Clerk and delivered to the senators without delay.

9. The Clerk of the Senate shall appoint a first assistant and a second assistant clerk and five committee clerks, not more than one of whom shall be appointed from the same congressional district. One of the committee clerks shall be clerk of the Committee on Roads and Internal Navigation, and of Agriculture, Mining, and Manufacturing; one of the ('ommittee on General Laws, and of Privileges and Elections; one of the Committee for ('ourts of Justice, and on Public Institutions and Education; one of the Committee on Finance and Banks; one of the ('ommittee on County, (ity, and Town Organizations, and on Fish and Game. The clerks so appointed shall remain in the Capitol during the sessions of the Senate, and shall perform any duties that the other standing committees may require, when not employed by their respective committees; and the Clerk of the Senate may also require said clerks, when not employed by the standing committees, to assist in engrossing bills or aid him in the Senate chamber when necessary. The said clerks shall be removable by the Clerk of the Senate or by the committees of which they are clerks. The second assistant clerk, who shall act as clerk of the Committee on Education, shall receive the same compensation as a clerk of a committee.

10. Before reading each bill, the Clerk shall announce whether it is the first, second, or third time of the reading of the bill.

11. The clerks of the Senate and House of Delegates may interchange messages at such time between the hour of adjournment and that of meeting on the following day, as that the said messages may be read immediately after the orders of the day.

12. The Clerk of the Senate shall, at each session, have printed and bound with the manual of rules, etc., the Constitution of Virginia for the use of the senators.

IV.

SERGEANT-AT-ARMS AND DOORKEEPER.

13. No senator shall be taken into custody by the Sergeant-at-Arms on any complaint or breach of privileges until the matter is examined by the Committee of Privileges and Elections and reported to the Senate, unless by order of the Senate.

14. It shall be the duty of the Doorkeeper of the Senate to preserve, in chronological or numerical order, a copy of every printed document distributed in the Senate, and to deliver the same at the close of the session to the Clerk of the Senate, whose duty it shall be to have them bound and preserved in his office for the use of this body.

15. In order to prevent interruption of the business of the Senate, the Doorkeeper shall be constantly at his post during the sessions of the Senate, and shall admit within the chamber no person except officers of the government of this and any other State and of the United States; members and ex-members of Congress and House of Delegates; their officers; ex-members of the Senate of Virginia; ministers of the gospel and reporters of the proceedings of the Senate; but ladies and their escorts may be assigned privileged seats. It shall be the duty of the Doorkeeper to show all persons not entitled to privileged seats to the

gallery. It shall be his duty, when any person desires an interview with a senator or the President, or the Clerk of the Senate, to send a messenger to him, and such person may be admitted to one of the privileged seats, if so invited by either of them. And the President of the Senate shall, moreover, be permitted to invite to a seat near the chair any person he may deem worthy of such distinction.

V.

COMMITTEES.

16. At the commencement of each session the following committees shall be elected :

I. A Committee of Privileges and Elections, to consist of not less than seven nor more than ten senators.

II. A Committee for Courts of Justice, to consist of not less than seven nor more than thirteen senators.

JII. A Committee on General Laws, to consist of not less than seven nor more than eleven senators.

IV. A Committee on Roads and Internal Navigation, to consist of not less than seven nor more than fifteen senators.

V. A Committee on Finance and Banks, to consist of not less than seven nor more than thirteen senators.

VI. A Committee on Public Institutions and Education, to consist of not less than seven nor more than fifteen senators.

VII. A Committee on County, City, and Town Organizations, to consist of not less than seven nor more than ten senators.

VIII. A Committee on Agriculture, Mining, and Manufacturing, to consist of not less than seven nor more than ten senators.

IX. A Committee on Fish and Game, to consist of not less than seven nor more than eleven senators.

X. A Committee on Enrolled Bills, to consist of not less than seven nor more than nine senators.

The following committees shall consist of three senators, viz. :
To examine the office of Clerk of the Senate.
On Rules.
On the Library.
On Executive Expenditures.
To examine the office of Auditor of Public Accounts.
To examine the Second Auditor's office.
To examine the Treasurer's office.
To examine the office of Register of the Land Office.
To examine the Bonds of Public Offices.
On the Public Printing:

17. The standing committees shall be elected by the Senate, unless the Senate direct otherwise, and the senator first named by the President shall be the chairman, unless the committee direct otherwise.

18. The several committees shall in all cases report whether other cases comprised within the principal of the matter referred may arise; and if a bili be ordered, it shall provide for all such cases; and upon any matter referred, the committee shall have power to report by bill.

19. Select committees shall consist of not less than three nor more than nine senators, unless the Senate direct otherwise.

20. The Committee of Privileges and Elections shall examine the oaths taken by each senator and the certificate of election furnished by the proper officer, and report thereon to the Senate.

21. The Committee of Privileges and Elections shall report in all cases of privileges or contested elections the principles and reasons on which their resolutions are founded.

22. The Committee on Finance and Banks shall, at each session, examine into the indebtedness of the Commonwealth, the revenues and expenditures of the preceding year, and prepare an estimate of the expense of the succeeding year, and make such report thereon as they may deem proper.

23. The Committee on General Laws shall, at each session, examine into the state and manner of administration of the literary fund and make such report thereon as they may deem proper.

24. To the Committee on General Laws shall be referred all resolutions and bills concerning the militia, private claims, propositions and grievances, and other matters of a general nature not properly referable to any other standing committee.

25. To the Committee on Public Institutions and Education shall be referred all bills and resolutions concerning education, the penitentiary, lunatic asylums, the institution for the deaf and dumb and blind, the armory and other public property at the seat of government. And it shall be the duty of the said committee to examine at each session into the condition of the penitentiary and make such report thereon as they may deem proper. Neither said committee, nor a subcommittee thereof, shall visit any public institution outside the city of Richmond, without leave of the Senate first authorized and obtained.

26. To the Committee on Agriculture, Mining, and Manufacturing shall be referred all bills, resolutions, and petitions concerning agriculture, mining, manufacturing, commerce, and mechanic arts.

27. The committee to examine the Clerk's office shall see that all papers belonging thereto are properly filed, labeled, and put away in the presses, and that the books belonging to the office are chronologically arranged, and shall make an annual report thereof to the Senate.

28. When a bill seeking relief or for an act of incorporation is referred to a standing committee of the Senate, the committee shall examine whether the object can be obtained by application to the courts under the general laws; and if so, it shall be the duty of the committee to report that it shall not pass, unless there be special reasons for its consideration by the General Assembly. And no variation of maximum capital or quantity of land which the courts are authorized to empower corporations to hold, not shown to be indispensably necessary to the object of the corporations, shall be deemed by the committee as exempting the bill from the operation of laws conferring on the courts the power of granting charters or affording relief.

29. The President of the Senate, the President pro tempore, and the chairman of the Committee on Privileges and Elections shall constitute a standing committee on rules, to whom all resolutions amending or altering the rules of the Senate shall be referred; and said committee shall report such amendments to said rules as in their judgment are necessary and proper.

30. A majority of any committee shall constitute a quorum.

VI.

ORDER OF BUSINESS.

31. After reading the Journal, one hour, to be called the "morning hour," shall be devoted as follows:

I. To dispose of communications from the House of Delegates and the Executive.

II. To receive reports from standing committees (for which purpose they shall be called by the Clerk).

III. To receive reports from select committees.
IV. To receive resolutions, petitions, and bills, on leave.

32. At the expiration of the morning hour the Senate shall proceed to the consideration of the calendar, as follows:

I. The unfinished business of the preceding day.
II. Bills and resolutions in the order in which they stand on the calendar.

33. When a bill or resolution of the House of Delegates is passed or rejected by the Senate it shall remain under the control of the Senate for the space of two days, and the fact of the passage or rejection, with the bill or resolution, shall then be communicated to the House of Delegates, unless otherwise ordered.

34. All bills or other business originating in the Senate shall be dispatched in the order in which they are introduced, and all bills and resolutions sent from the House of Delegates shall be dispatched in the order in which they are sent, unless in either case the Senate direct otherwise.

35. All bills originating in the Senate shall be read on three separate days, and in case they be of a general nature they shall be printed after their first reading

36. Bills and resolutions originating in the House of Delegates, and not requiring immediate action, shall be read the first and second times when received and referred to their appropriate committees, unless the Senate direct otherwise.

37. A bill presented by a senator, by leave of the Senate, may be committed before its first reading; but no bill reported from a committee of the Senate shall be recommitted or amended until it has been twice read, nor shall any bill be amended after its third reading, except by the unanimous consent of the Senate.

38. Joint resolutions originating in the Senate shall lie on the table one day at least, unless otherwise ordered.

39. The yeas and nays on any question shall, at the desire of five senators, be entered on the Journal. After the yeas and nays shall have been taken, and before they are counted or entered on the Journal, the clerk shall read over the names of those who voted in the affirmative and of those who voted in the negative, at which time any senator shall have the right to correct any mistake committed in enrolling his name.

40. l'pon the determination of a question, any senator may enter his protest upon the Journal, with the consent of one-third of the senators present; and on the question, “Shall the protest be entered on the Journal ?" no privileged motion shall be in order except to adjourn.

41. Whenever the Senate proceeds to consider any nominations of the Governor which are subject to the choice or ratification of the Senate, the same shall be considered in executive session, with closed doors, and the proceedings thereon shall be in secret, unless the injunction of secrecy be removed by a vote of the Senate.

42. A motion to take from the table shall not be in order unless the bill, resolution, or other matter proposed to be taken up would be appropriate for consideration under the order of busiress then in hand, as prescribed by Rules 31 and 32.

VII.

ORDER AND DECORUM.

43. While the President is reporting or putting any question, or the Clerk is reporting a bill or calling the roll, or a senator is addressing the chair, strict order shall be observed.

44. If words be spoken in debate that give offense, exceptions thereto shall be taken the same day, and be stated in writing; and in such case, if the words be decided by the President or by the Senate, upon an appeal, to be offensive, and they be not explained or retracted by the senator who uttered them, he shall be subject to such action as the Senate may deem necessary.

VIII.

ASCERTAINING THE QUESTION.

45. A motion for a second reading, and a motion for committing the bill, may be submitted at the same time; but the questions upon these motions shall be put separately, if required by any senator.

46. Any senator may call for a division of the question, which shall be divided if it comprehend propositions so distinct in substance that, one being taken away, a substantive proposition shall remain for the decision of the Senate; and a motion to strike out, being lost, shall preclude neither amendment nor a motion to insert, nor a motion to strike out and insert.

47. When a question is pending, no motion shall be received but to adjourn, to pass by for the pending question, for the previous question, to lie on the table, to postpone indefinitely, to adjourn the question to a different day, to commit, or amend; which several motions shall have precedence in the order in which they are arranged.

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