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The Convention consisted of one hundred and twenty six members, all of whom, without exception, attended on the third day of the session-Every member & that body (except one) was a native American citizen.

66 were born in the state of New York.
32
do.

do. Connecticut.
9 do. do. Massachusetts.
7 do.

do. New Jersey.
5 do. do. Rhode Island.
2 co. do. Pennsylvania.
1 do. do. Vermont.
1 do. do.

Maryland.
1

do. do. Virginia. 1 do. do.

Maine. 1 do.

Europe, (viz. Wales.?

do.

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The paternal ancestors of 68 were inhabitants of England.

18

Holland. 14

Scotland, 9

Ireland. 5

Wales. 4

Germany 3

France.
1

Italy.
Unknown.

Between the age of 21 and 30 years there was, 1
30 and 40 do.

were 23
40 and 50 do. do. 45
50 and 60 do. do. 45
60 and 70 do. do. 9
70 and 80 do. do. 3

There were forty-three gentleman in that body, who took parts in the discussions

Among the most conspicuous speakers were Messrs. Bacon, Birdseye, Briggs, Buel, Burroughs, R. Clarke, Cramer, Dodge, Duer, Edwards, Fairlie, Hogeboom, Jay, Kent, King, P. R. Livingston, Munro, Platt, Radcliff, Root, Russell, Sharpe, N. Sanford, 1. Suiherland, Spencer, Tallmadge, Tompkins, Van Buren, Van Ness, J. R. Van Rensselaer, Van Vechten, Wheeler, E. Williams, N. Williams, and Young.

The Constitution was drafted at the house of Mr. Lemet in State-Street-The first committee, who digested and prepared the different articles, were Messrs. Yates, King, Van Buren, Root, I. Sutherland, Lawrence, and Kent.-Nr. Kent having left town before the articles were reported, Mr. Jay was appointed in his stead.

This committee met at Mr. Cruttenden's opposite the park.

The last committee were Messrs. N. Sanford, Buel, and Wheaton, who met at Mr. Lemets, and their report was made the basis of the amended constitution in its present form.

Mr. Fairlie, Mr. Young, and Mr. Van Ness, were appointed to superintend the engrossing and printing of the constitution.

The engrossing was attended to by them ; but the printing was referred to the Secretary of State.

Mr. L. H. Clark, one of the reporters, engrossed the constitution on parchment.

It is proper to add, that du ring the session of the Convention, one of its mem. bers (Mr. Jansen of Ulster and Sullivan) suddenly expired while in the hall of ihe Capitol.

CONSTITUTION OF 1777. For the following historical recollections of the convention of 1776 and 1777, which formed and established the existing constitution of this state, the compilers are indebted to a writer in the New-York Columbian, under the signature of Schuyler, who derived his information from the original papers, now in the hands of Jobn M'Kesson, Esq. of New-York, a nephew of one of the secretaries. These memoranda may be relied on as authentic; and are deemed to be of sufficient interest, to entitle them to a place in the appendix to this volume, with the subject of which they are intimately connected :

“ It will be seen, that, by the second resolution of the seventh recital in the constitution, ( 1 Revised Laws, p. 30,) the deputies to be elected to form a constitution, were to meet at the city of New York by the second Monday of July, 1776. This was recommended by the resolution of the Congress of the Colo. ny of New York, May 31st, 1776—and that Provincial congress continued to sit through the month of June. When this congress dissolved or adjourned, as mentioned below, there was no other body to exercise the powers of civil government but the Convention which succeeded it, which being elected for the double purpose of a Convention and legislature, (or rather committee of safety,) organized itself at first under the title of the Provincial Congress of the Colony of New-York—And during this year, and part or all the preceding year, down to the time of organizing a new government under our present constitution in September, 1777, there are no regular printed journals, as there were before and since this gloomy period.

The last body called the Colonial congress, sat till the 30th day of June. 1776, in this city. On that day (Sunday) in the afternoon, under the appre hension that the enemy might ere long attack New-York, this congress resolv. ed that the next Provincial congress should meet at White Plains, in the county of Westchester-and then adjourned.

On the 9th July, 1776, the newly elected deputies (or delegates) assembled at White Plains, (probably not having enough to form a house on ihe 8th) and elected Gen. Woodbull, president of the Convention. In the forenoon of that day, a letter was received from the delegates of this state in the Congress of the United States, enclosing the Declaration of AMERICAN INDEPENDENCE! It was immediately read, and referred to a committee consisting of Messrs. Jay, Yates, Hobart, Brashier, and Wm. Smith.

At the opening of the afternoon session, the same day, the said committee reported resolutions concurring in the reasons set forth in the recitals of said declaration, fully adopting that instrument, and instructing our delegates in the Gencral Congress to support the same, and to give their united support to all-necessary and proper measures to obtain the objects of said Declaration. This report was at once adopted by the Convention.

In the forenoon of the next day (the 10th,) this body “Resolved and ordered, That the style and title of this house be changed from that of “ The Pro. vincial Congress of the colony of New-York,” to that of “ The CONVENTION of the Representatives of the state of New York." This is the first moment we assumed the name of a state ; and the 10th day of July, 1776, may be considered the Birth-day of New-York, as an INDEPENDENT STATE.

Accordingly, in the afternoon of the same (10th) day, the said Convention of the now STATE of New York, Resolved, that, pursuant to the former resolutions of the General and Provincial Congress, (1 R. L. pp. 29, 30, 31,) the subject for establishing a form of government should be taken up in convention on the 16th day of said month of July.

But on the arrival of the said (16th) day, it being expected, from information, that the enemy had entered New York, and on account of a great pressure of urgent business, the subject was postponed to the 1st of August then next; and in the mean time, all magistrates and civil officers well affected towards the cause of Independence, were, by a resolve of the Convention, desired to continue the exercise of their duties, until further orders, as they heretofore had done, cxcept that all process should hereafter be issued in the name of the Stale of New York,

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The Secretary of State being desirous of preserving in bis Office a document containing not only the names of the members composing the present Convention of this state, but also such particulars concerning them as may be interesting to the future enquirer, will thank each gentleman of the Convention to sign his name on the following roll, and to insert opposite therelo in their proper column, the particulars therein mentioned.

J. V. N. YATES, Secretary of State. The following is the document made out from the materials furnished purant lo the foregoing request of the Secretary of State.

Names of the Members of the Con- Representing what Connty.

PLACE OF BIRTH.

Condi Profession or From what European or Foreign vention of 1821

Age. tion in

Kingdom or country, their ances

occupation. State or

City or Town
County.
Life.

tors came.
ty.
STEPHEN VAN RENSSELAER

New York New-York New-York

56 Married Agriculture Holland, AMBROSE SPENCER

New York Dutchess Northeast

55 Married Law

England.
JAMES KENT

Albany.
New York Putnam South East

58 Married Chancellor England,
ABM VAN VECHTEN

New York Albany

Catskill

58
widower Law

Holland,
CHARLES PUMPELLY

Broome.
Connecticut Litchfield Salisbury

Married Merchant Italy,
AUGUSTUS F. FERRIS

New-York
Westchester s. Salem

38

Married Farmer France,
ROWLAND DAY

Massachusetts Hampshire WL Springfield

41

Married Mercbant England,
DAVID BRINKERHOOF

Pennsylvania
York
Mt. Pleasant

45
Married Farmer

Holland,
JARVIS K PIKE

New-York Dutchess Amenia

39
Married Agriculture

England,
THOMAS HUMPHREY

Chenango.
Connecticut Litchfield Goshen

Married Farmer
NATHAN TAYLOR

Rhode Island Wasliington Charleston

Married Farmer
NATHAN CARVER
Clinton and Franklin. Massachusetts Hampshire Northampton

Married Physician

England,
WILLAM W. VAN NESS

Paternal Holland, Maternal France,
New York Columnbia Claverack

Married Law
Connecticut
Wiadham

Pomfret
E. WILLIAMS

49
Married Law

England
Columbia,
J. RUTSEN VAN RENSSELAER

New-York Columbia Claverack

54
Married La

Holland
FRANCIS SYLVESTER
New-York

Paternal England, Maternal Holland,
Albany
Albany

54

Married Law
SAMUEL NELSON

Cortland.
New-York Washington

Hebron

28
Married Law

Ireland,
ERASTUS ROOT

Connecticut
Tolland Hebron

Married Law

England,
ROBERT CLARKE

Delaware.
New-York Washington Salem

Married Physician Scotland,
PETER R. LIVINGSTON

New York
New-York New-York

53
Married Agriculture

Scotland,
ISAAC HUNTING

New York
Suffolk East Hampton

58
Married Agriculture

England,
JAMES TALLMADGE, JUN.

Dutchess,
New-York Dutchess

43
Stamford
Married' Law

England,
ABRAHAM H. SCHENCK

New-York Dutchess Fisbkill

46
Married Agriculture

England,
ELISHA BARLOW

Massachusetts Barnstable Sandwich

71
Married Farmer

England,
AUGUSTUS PORTER
Erie. Chautauque, Connecticut Litchfield Salisbury

51
Married Agriculture

England,
SAMUEL RUSSEL
Niagara and Caitaraugus.Connecticut Hartford

Windsor

61 widower Merchant England,
REUBEN SANFORD

Essex.
Connecticut New Haven

40
Woodbury

Married Farmer England,

Connecticut
JOHN Z. ROSS

Litchfield Kent

i 36
Married Physician

Scotland,
DAVID BURROUGHS

Genesee.
New Jersey Cumberland

46
Deerfield
Married Agriculture

England,
ELIZUR WEBSTER

Connecticut

Hartford Glastenbury 54 Married Farmer England,
JEHIEL TUTTLE

Connecticut

New-Haven Wallingford 50 Married Farmer England,
Greene.
ALPHEUS WEBSTER

Massachusetts Bristol

Berkley

39 Married Mechanick England, SHERMAN WOOSTER

Counecticut New Haven Waterbury

Married Mechanick Engrand.
RICHARD VAN HORNE

49
Herkimer.

New Jersey
Sussex

Married Merchant Holland.
SANDERS LANSING

New-York

Albany
54 Married Law

Holland.
HIRAM STEELE

Vermont Orange Randolph

32 Married Merchant England. EGBERT TEN EYCK

New-York Rensselaer Schodack

Married Law

Paternal Holland, Maternal Ireland.
New-York

Flatbush
JOHN LEFFERTS

Kings

35 Kings.

Holland.

Single Agriculture
ELA COLLINS

Connecticnt
Lewis,

New Haven

35
Wallingford

England.
Married Law

54
JAMES ROSEBRUGH

New Jersey
Livingston.

Ireland,

Married Agriculture BARAK BECKWITH

Connecticut New-London Lyme

40

Married Agriculture England. EDWARD ROGERS

Madison, Connecticut Litchfield

3-4 Cornwall Married Law

England.
JOHN KNOWLES

Connecticut Hartford Weathersfield 52

Married Farmer England,

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do.

The Convention consisted of one hundred and twenty six members, all of whom, without exception, attended on the third day of the session-Every member * that body (except one) was a native American citizen.

66 were born in the state of New York.
32
do.

Connecticut.
9
do.

do. Massachusetts.
7 do. do. New Jersey.
do. do.

Rhode Island.
2 Co.

do.

Pennsylvania.
1
do.

do. Vermont.
1 do. do. Maryland.
1 do. do. Virginia.
1 do. do. Maine.
1 do. do. Europe, (viz. Wales.)

[blocks in formation]

The paternal ancestors of 68 were inhabitants of England.

18

Holland. 14

Scotland, 9

Ireland. 5

Wales. 4

Germany. 3

France.
1

Italy.
Unknown.

45

Between the age of 21 and 30 years there was, 1

30 and 40

do.

were 23
40 and 50 do. do.
50 and 60 do. do. 45
60 and 70 do.

do. 9 70 and 80

do. do. 3

There were forty-three gentleman in that body, who took parts in the discussions

Among the most conspicuous speakers were Messrs. Bacon, Birdseye, Briggs, Buel, Burroughs, R. Clarke, Cramer, Dodge, Duer, Edwards, Fairlie, Hogeboom, Jay, Kent, King, P. R. Livingston, Munro, Platt, Radcliff, Root, Russell, Sharpe, N. Sanford, 1. Suiherland, Spencer, Tallmadge, Tompkins, Van Buren, Van Ness, J. R. Van Rensselaer, Van Vechien, Wheeler, E. Williams, N. Williams, and Young

The Constitution was drafted at the house of Mr. Lemet in State-Street-The first committee, who digested and prepared the different articles, were Messrs. Yates, King, Van Buren, Root, 1. Sutherland, Lawrence, and Kent.--Mr. Kent having left town before the articles were reported, Mr. Jay was appointed in his stead.

This committee met at Mr. Cruttenden's opposite the park. The last committee were Messrs. N. Sanford, Buel, and Wheaton, who met at Mr. Lemets, and their report was made the basis of the amended constitution in its present form.

Mr. Fairlie, Mr. Young, and Mr. Van Ness, were appointed to superintend the engrossing and printing of the constitution.

The engrossing was attended to by them ; but the printing was referred to the Secretary of Staie.

Mr. L. H. Clark, one of the reporters, engrossed the constitution on parchment.

It is proper to add, that du ring the session of the Convention, one of its mem. bers (Mr. Jansen of Ulster and Sullivan) suddenly expired while in the hall of the Capitol.

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