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For JANUARY, 1812.

A New and Improved Series.


The Twenty-eight Number.


Ir is not often that it falls to our lot, in sketching the biography of our fair countrywomen, to have an opportunity of recounting both their public and private virtues. The lustre of female excellence shines brightest in the domestic circles; it is for that they are formed and fashioned;liancy was still tinted by those social shades

tions that irradiate a British court; but there are few who, under the semblance of royalty herself, have opportunities of emu. lating the virtues and affability of their ex. alted original. Yet brightly as she shone as Vice-Queen of our sister island, that bril

which soften the irradiated outline into the mild glow of muru, or the softer repose of evening landscape.

and there they find the true scene of their most active benevolence. Yet there are seasons when the most retired dispositions are drawn forward from the still hauuts of This distinguished feniale is descended private virtue to exert themselves in more from a family which has long enjoyed preprominent situations; it is then that supe-eminence in our sister kingdom, and boasts rior merit must and will display itself; it is then that the softer feelings of the female heart are warmed into general philanthropy; and it is then that the true dignity of the modest yet energetic female mind rises to the situation in which its latent powers are called forth.

a long line of ancient Irish blood by intermarriages. The first ancestor particularly on record is Sir Thomas Nugent, Knt. who possessed extensive property in the county of Westmeath, and resided at Car lanstown; he married a grand-daughter of the Lord Slane, of the ancient family of sub-Fleming, a title unfortunately attainted at the Revolution, and now extinct. His grandson married a Cusack, and died in 1599, leaving a son, who by his wife, the daughter of Kedagh Geohegan, of Syonan, in Westmeath, Esq. left Edward Nugent, who also resided at Carlanstown, and had three grants of land under the acts of settle ment. In the troublesome times about the Revolution, he was a member of the parliament called by King James; but was many who glitter in the various constella-friendly to the change, aud married a


Well might we indeed apply to the ject of our present biography the words of

the Poet:

LL -fitted or to shine in Courts, "With unaffected grace, or walk the plain "With innocence and meditation joined "In soft assemblage."

For in courts she has shone with a degree of splendour which it falls to the lot of few ladies to have an opportunity of exhibiting. As stars of different magnitudes, there are

His second son, Michael, by a daughter of Barnwall, Lord Trimlestown, left Robert Nugent, who in early life came into the British Parliament in 1741. He mixed much in the politics of those days, and held the confidential office of Comptroller of the Household of the Prince of Wales, father of his present Majesty. He was afterwards Vice-Treasurer of Ireland in the early part of the present reign, first Lord of Trade and Plantations, and a Privy Counsellor in both kingdoms.

daughter of the Cusack family of Rathgare. | the high and arduous office of Viceroy of Ireland, as successor to the late Duke of Portland, he commenced his important duties with the most serious attention to the true interests of that country; and though his patriotism and philanthropy were undoubted, yet the world were rather surprised at such an early display of judgment, and penetration into the deep mysteries of the politics of that day. His duty was an arduous one; for he had to conciliate parties, and to correct abuses; both of which he executed in such a manner as to gain the applause and esteem of those he was sent to govern.

Thus favoured by royal notice and political connection, we soon see him raised to the honours of the Peerage; which took place in 1767, when he was created Baron Nugent of Carlanstown, and Viscount Clare. At that period, however, or soon after, his only child was a daughter, Mary, by his second wife, Anne, daughter of James Craggs, Esq. Postmaster-General, and who, as heiress to her brother, enjoyed the estates of the Craggs family to a considerable amount; she was also possessed of the estate of Gosfield Hall, in Essex (now occupied by Louis XVIII.), being the widow of Robert Knight, Esq. Secretary for the Leeward Islands.

Mary, this sole heiress, was married on the 12th of April, 1775, to George Grenville Temple, of Wotton, in the county of Bucks, Esq. now Marquis of Buckingham, and at that time heir apparent to his uncle, Richard Earl Temple. On this marriage Mr. Temple added the name of Nugent to his family appellatives; and immediately after, Lord Clare received a patent as Earl Nugent, with remainder to his son-in-law, now Marquis of Buckingham and Earl of Nugent, having succeeded as Earl Temple in 1779, as Earl Nugent in 1788, and having been raised to the dignity of a Marquis four years previous.

To draw a political sketch of the Marquis is here beyond our plan; yet so closely were the virtues of his amiable consort connected with, and so frequently did they spring from the events of his public life, that in recording the one we must notice

the other.

When Earl Temple, at the early age of twenty-eight (in 1782), was nominated to

In these occupations it was necessary to display much elegant hospitality at the Castle, in which he was aided by the taste and good sense of his Vice-Queen, who well knew how to unite the reserve becoming her station, with that affability of manner necessary to conciliate all parties without appearing to give a preference to any. She was hailed as the arbitress of fashion-but what was more, she made charity and benevolence fashionable; and the hospitals, for the relief more particularly of her own sex, owed much both to her munificence and example. Nor was it here alone that her example was of use. When the weavers of the metropolis were suffering the greatest distress, in 1783, from the almost total disuse of Irish manufactures, a deputation waited upon Lord Temple to state their sufferings. His Excellency, immediately began a subscription with a handsome sum, which was soon patriotically followed up; he even prevailed upon the merchants to promise to give a preference to the fabric of their own country in preference to foreign articles. But the honour of overcoming the greatest difficulty was reserved for the Countess; and she did overcome it, not only by her own example in wearing nothing but Irish manufacture, but also by public notice and private intimation, that those only would be welcome at the Castle who should evince their patriotism in like manner. By this, and her general attention to the interests of the country wherever female influence or example could be of any avail, she acquired as great a degree of popularity as her noble

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