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that this Zoilus had a very long Beard that hung down upon his Breast, but no Hair upon his Head, which he always kept close-shaved, regarding, it seems, the Hairs of his Head as so many Suckers, which if they had been suffer'd to grow might have drawn away the Nourishment from his Chin, and by that means have starved his Beard.
I have read somewhere that one of the Popes refus’d to accept an Edition of a Saint's Works, which were presented to him, because the Saint in his Effigies before the Book, was drawn without a Beard.
WE see by these Instances what Homage the World has formerly paid to Beards; and that a Barber was not then allow'd to make those Depredations on the Faces of the Learned, which have been permitted him of later Years.
ACCORDINGLY several wife Nations have been so extremely jealous of the least Rufile offer'd to their Beards, that they seem to have fixed the Point of Honour principally in that Part. The Spaniards were wonderfully tender in this particular. Don Quevedo in his third Vision on the last Judgment, has carry'd the Humour very far, when he tells us that one of his vain-glorious Country. men, after having receiv'd Sentence, was taken into cuItody by a couple of evil Spirits ; but that his Guides happening to disorder his Muitachoes, they were forced to recompense them with a Pair of Curling-Irons before they could get him to file off.
IF we look into the History of our own Nation, we fall find that the Beard flourish'd in the Saxon Heptarchy, but was very much discourag'd under the Norman Line. It shot out, however, from time to time, in several Reigns under different Shapes. The lait Effort it made seems to have been in Queen Mary's Days, as the curious Reader may find, if he pleases to peruse the Figures of Cardinal Poole, and Bishop Gardiner; tho' at the same time, I think it may be question’d, if Zeal against Popery has not induced our Protestant Painters to extend the Beards of these two Persecutors beyond their natural Dimensions, in order to make them appear the more terrible.
I find but few Beards worth taking notice of in the Reign of King James the First.
DURING the Civil Wars there appeared one,which makes too great a Figure in Story to be passed over in Si
lence; lence; I mean that of the redoubted Hudibras, an Account of which Butler has transmitted to Potterity in the folling Lines :
His tawny Beard was th’equal Grace
The neither Orange mixt with Grey. THE Whisker continu'd for some time among us after the Expiration of Beards; but this is a Subject which I shall not here enter upon, having discussed it at large in a distinct Treatise, which I keep by me in Manuscript, upon the Mustachée.
IF_my Friend Sir Roger's Project, of introducing Beards, should take effect, I fear the Luxury of the present Age would make it a very expensive Fashion. There is no question but the Beaux would soon provide them. selves with false ones of the lighteit Colours, and the most immoderate Lengths. A fair Beard, of the Tapistryfize, Sir ROGER seems to approve, could not come 'un. der twenty Guineas. The famous Golden Beard of Æ/ lapius would liardly be more valuable than one made in the Extravagance of the Fashion.
BESIDES, we are not certain that the Ladies would not come into the Mode, when they take the Air on horseback. They already appear in Hats and Feathers, Coats and Periwigs ; and I see no reason why we may not suppose that they would have their Riding-Beards on the same Occasion.
I may give the Moral of this Discourse in another Paper. X
No 332. Friday, March 21.
Minùs aptus acutis
Dear Short Face, * T N your Speculation of Wednesday last you have giolven us fome Account of that worthy Society of Brutes
the Mobocks ; wherein you have particularly speci. ,' fy'd the ingenious Performances of the Lion-tippers, the « Dancing-masters and the Tumblers: But as you acknow• ledge you had not then a perfect History of the whole ' Club, you might very easily omit one of the most nota• ble Species of it, the Sweaters which may be reckon'd a
fort of Dancing-masters too. It is it seems the Cus• tom for half a dozen, or more, of these well dispos’d « Savages, as soon as they have inclos'd the Person upon ' whom they design the Favour of a Sweat, to whip out * their Swords, and holding them parallel to the Horizon,
they describe a sort of Magick Circle round about him 6 with the Points. As soon as this Piece of Conjuration ' is perform'd, and the Patient without doubt already be• ginning to wax warm, to forward the Operation, that * Member of the Circle towards whom he is so rude as o to turn his Back first, runs his Sword directly into that • Part of the Patient wherein School-boys are punished ; 6 and as it is very natural to imagine this will soon make • him tack about to some other Point, every Gentleman • does himself the same justice as often as he receives the • Affront. After this Jig has gone two or three times « round, and the Patient is thought to have sweat fuffici. • ently, he is very handsomly rubb'd down by some At. • tendants, who carry with them Inftruments for that pur. • pose, and so discharged. This Relation I had from a • Friend of mine, who has lately been under this Disci. • pline. He tells me he had the Honour to dance before
« the Emperor himself, not without the Applause and Ac-' • clamations both of his Imperial Majesty, and the whole • Ring; tho' I dare say, neither I nor any of his Acquain• tance ever dreamt he would have merited any Reputa• tion by his Activity.
• I can assure you, Mr. Spec, I was very near beo ing qualify'd to have given you a faithful and pain• ful Account of this walking Bagnio, if I may so call • it, my self: For going the other Night along Fleet-Atreet, • and having, out of curiosity, just enter'd into Discourse • with a wandring Female who was travelling the fame ' way, a couple of Fellows advanced towards us, drew 6 their Swords, and cry'd out to each other, A Sweat! a • Sweat! Whereupon suspecting they were some of the
Ringleaders of the Bagnio, I also drew my Sword, and « demanded a Parly ; but finding none would be granted o me, and perceiving others behind them filing off with • great diligence to take me in Flank, I began to sweat
for fear of being forced to it: but very luckily betaking • my self to a pair of Heels, which I had good reason to • believe would do me justice, I instantly got possession of ra very fnug Corner in a neighbouring Alley that lay in • my Rear; which Poft I maintain’d for above half an 6 hour with great Firmness and Resolution, tho' not letting • this Success so far overcome me, as to make me unmind• ful of the Circumspection that was necessary to be ob• serv'd upon my advancing again towards the Street; by • which Prudence and good Management I made a hand• som and orderly Retreat, having suffer'd no other Da. • mage in this Action than the Loss of my Baggage, and • the Dislocation of one of my Shoe-heels, which last I • am just now inform'd is in a fair way of Recovery. • Thele Sweaters, by what I can learn from my Friend, 6 and by as near a view as I was able to take of them my • felf, seem to me to have at present but a rude kind of • Discipline amongst them. It is probable, if you would • take a little pains with them, they might be brought into • better order. But I'll leave this to your own Discretion ;
and will only add, that if you think it worth while to in• sert this by way of caution to those who have a mind to • preserve their Skins whole from this sort of Cupping, and tell them at the same time the Hazard of treating
with Night-walkers, you will perhaps oblige others, as well as Your very humble Servant,
Jack Lightfoot. P.S. MY Friend will have me acquaint you, That • though he would not willingly detract from the Merit
of that extraordinary Strokes-man Mr. Sprightly, yet it * is his real Opinion, that some of those Fellows, who are • employ'd as Rubbers to this new-fashioned Bagnio, • have itruck as bold Strokes as ever he did in his Life.
• I had sent this four and twenty hours fooner, if I I had not had the Misfortune of being in a great doubt « about the Orthography of the word Bagnio. I con• sulted several Dictionaries, but found no relief; at last
having recourse both to the Bagnio in Newgate-street, " and to that in Chancery lane, and finding the original • Manuscripts upon the Sign-poits of each to agree lite• rally with my own Spelling, I returned home, full of
Satisfaction, in order to dispatch this Episte.
* Mr. SPECTATOR,
AS you have taken most of the Circumstances of • A human Life into your Consideration, we the un• der-written, thought it not improper for us also to re6 present to you our Condition. We are three Ladies who • live in the Country, and the greatest Improvements we • make is by reading. We have taken a small Journal
of our Lives, and find it extremely opposite to your last “ Tuesday's Speculation. We rise by seven, and pass the • beginning of each Day in Devotion, and looking into " thole Afairs that fall within the Occurrences of a re• tired Life ; in the Afternoon we sometimes enjoy the • Company of some Friend or Neighbour, or elle work • or read ; at night we retire to our Chambers, and take
leave of each other for the whole night at ten o'Clock. • We take particular care never to be fick of a Sunday. • Mr. SPECTATOR, we are all very good Maids but ' are ambitious of Characters which we think more lau
dable, that of being very good Wives. If any of your • Correspondents inquire for a Spouse for an honest Coun• try Gentleman, whose Eitate is not dipped, and wants a