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Names very rudely handled, and the great Benefits they • did this Nation treated slightly and contemptuously. I • have lived to see our Deliverance from Arbitrary Power • and Popery, traduced and vilified by some who for• merly thought it was their greatest Merit, and made it o part of their Boaft and Glory, to have had a little hand " and share in bringing it about; and others, who, without • it, must have liv'd in Exile, Poverty, and Misery, • meanly disclaiming it, and using ill the glorious Instru''ments thereof. Who could expect fuch a Requital of < such Merit? I have, I own it, an Ambition of exempt• ing my self from the Number of unthankful People: • And as I loved and honoured those great Princes living, • and lamented over them when dead, so I would glad• ly raise them up a Monument of Praise as laiting • as any thing of mine can be ; and. I choose to do it at • this time, when it is so unfashionable a thing to speak • honourably of them.
"THE Sermon that was preached upon the Duke of • Gloucester's Death was printed quickly after, and is now, < because the Subject was so suitable, join'd to the others. • The Lofs of that most promising and hopeful Prince ' was, at that time, I saw, unfpeakably great; and many • Accidents fince have convinced us, that it could not • have been over-valued. That precious Life, had it • pleased God to have prolonged it the ufual Space, had • saved us many Fears and Jealoufies, and dark Distrusts, • and prevented many Alarms, that have long kept us, • and will keep us ftill, waking and uneasy. Nothing re-, o mained to comfort and support us under this heavy • Stroke, but the Necessity it brought the King and Na• tion under, of settling the Succession in the House of • HANOVER, and giving it an Hereditary Right, • by Act of Parliament, as long as it continues Protefiant. • So much good did God, in his merciful Providence, • produce from a Misfortune, which we could never • otherwise have sufficiently deplored.
• THE fourth Sermon was preached upon the Queen's • Acceffion to the Throne, and the first Year in which that • Day was solemnly observed, (for, by fome Accident or • other, it had been overlook'd the Year before;) and • every one will fee without the date of it, that it was
• preached very early in this Reign, since I was able only • to promise and presage its future Glories and Succefles, • from the good Appearances of things, and the happy • Turn our Affairs began to take ; and could not then • count up the Victories and Triumphs that for seven
Years after, made it, in the Prophet's Language, a
Name and a Praise among all the people of the Earth. • Never did seven such Years together pass over the • head of any English Monarch, nor cover it with so 6 much Honour : The Crown and Scepter seemed to be
the Queen's least Ornaments; those, other Princes wore « in common with her, and her great personal Virtues s were the same before and since ; but such was the Fame
of her Administration of Affairs at home, such was the • Reputation of her Wisdom and Felicity in choosing • Ministers, and such was then esteemed their Faithfuls
ness and Zeal, their Diligence and great Abilities in exe• cuting her Commands; to such a height of military • Glory did her great General and her Armies carry the • Britih Name abroad; such was the Harmony and Con• cord betwixt her and her Allies, and such was the Bles« fing of God upon all her Counsels and Undertakings, " that I am as sure as History can make me, no Prince of • ours was ever yet so prosperous and successful, fo be.
loved, eleemed, and honoured by their Subjects and
their friends, nor near so formidable to their Enemies. • We were, as all the World imagined then, just entring • on the Ways that promised to lead to such a Peace, o as would have answered all the Prayers of our religious • Queen, the Care and Vigilance of a most able Ministry, " the Payments of a willing and obedient People, as • well as all the glorious Toils and Hazards of the Sol• diery ; when God, for our Sins, permitted the Spirit of • Discord to go forth, and, by troubling fore the Camp, o the City, and the Country, (and oh that it had alto• gether spared the Places sacred to his Worship!) to o spoil, for a time, this beautiful and pleasing Prospect, • and give us in its stead, I know not what- Our • Enemies will tell the rest with Pleasure. It will be. ' come me better to pray to God to restore us to the • Power of obtaining such a Peace, as will be to his Glory, the Safety, Honour, and the Welfare of the
· Queen • Queen and her Dominions, and the general Satisfaction
of all her High and Mighty Allies.
N° 385. Thursday, May 22.
— Theseâ pectora jun&ta fide.
T Intend the Paper for this day as a loose Essay upon
Friendship, in which I shall throw my Observations
together without any fet Form, that I may avoid repeating what has been often said on this Subject.
FRIENDSHIP is a strong and habitual Inclination in towo Perfoms to promote the Good and Happiness of one another. Tho'the Pleasures and Advantages of Friend thip have been largely celebrated by the beit moral Writers, and are considered by all as great Ingredients of human Happiness, we very rarely meet with the Practice of this Virtue in the World. · EVERY Man is ready to give in a long Catalogue of those Virtues and good Qualities he expects to find in the Person of a Friend, but very few of us are careful to cultivate them in our selves.
LOVE and Efteem are the first Principles of FriendMhip, which always is imperfect where either of these two is wanting
AS on the one hand, we are foon ashamed of loving a Man whom we cannot esteem: so, on the other, tho* we are truly sensible of a Man's Abilities, we can never raise our felves to the Warmths of Friendship, without an affectionate Good-will towards his Perfon.
FRIENDSHIP immediately banishes Envy under all its Disguises. A Man who can once doubt whether he should rejoice in his Friend's being happier than himself, may depend upon it that he is an utter Stranger to this Virtue.
THERE is something in Friendship fo very great and noble, that in those fictitious Stories which are inven
ted to the Honour of any particular Person, the Authors have thought it as necessary to make their Hero a Friend as a Lover. Achilles has his Patroclus, and Æneas his Achates. In the first of these Instances we may observe, for the Reputation of the Subject I am treating of, that Greece was almost ruin'd by the Hero's Love, but was preserved by his Friendship.
THE Character of Achates suggests to us an Observation we may often make on the Intimacies of great Men, who frequently choose their Companions rather for the Qualities of the Heart than those of the Head, and prefer Fidelity in an easy inoffensive complying Tenaper to those Endowments which make a much greater Figure among Mankind. I do not remember that Achates, who is represented as the first Favourite, either gives his Advice, or strikes a Blow, thro' the whole Æneid.
A Friend thip which makes the least noise, is very often most useful: for which reason I fhould prefer a prudent Friend to a zealous one.
ATTICUS, one of the best Men of ancient Rome, was a very remarkable Initance of what I am here speaking. This extraordinary Person, amidst the Civil Wars of his Country, when he saw the Designs of all Parties equally tended to the Subversion of Liberty, by conftantly preserving the Efteem and Affection of both the Competitors, found means to serve his Friends on either side : and while he sent Money to young Marius, whose Father was declared an Enemy of the Commonwealth, he was himself one of Sylla's chief Favourites, and always near that General.
DURING the War between Cafar and Pompey, he still maintained the same Conduct. After the Death of Cælar he sent Money to Brutus in his Troubles, and did a thousand good Offices to Antony's Wife and Friends when that Party seemed ruined. Lastly, even in that bloody War between Antony and Aurusius, Atticus ftill kept his place in both their Friend hips; insomuch that the first, fays Cornelius Nepos, whenever he was absent from Rome in any part of the Empire, writ punctually to him what he was doing, what he read, and whither he intended to go; and the latter gave him constantly an exact Account of all his Affairs.
A Likeness of Inclinations in every particular is so far from being requisite to form a Benevolence in two Minds towards each other, as it is generally imagined, that I believe we shall find some of the firmelt Friendships to have been contracted between Persons of different Humours; the Mind being often pleased with those Perfections which are new to it, and which it does not find among its own Accomplishments. Besides that a Man in Tome measure supplies his own Defects, and fancies himself at second hand possessed of those good Qualities and Endowments; which are in the possession of him who in the Eye of the World is looked on as his other felf.
THE most difficult Province in Friendship is the letting a Man see his Faults and Errors, which should, if poflible, be fo contrived, that he may perceive our Advice is given him not so much to please our felves as for his own Advantage. The Reproaches therefore of a Friend hould always be strictly just, and not too frequent.
THE violent Desire of pleasing in the Person repro ved, may otherwise change into a Despair of doing it, while he finds himself censur'd for Faults he is not conscious of. A Mind that is softened and humanized by Friend hio, cannot bear frequent Reproaches; either it must quite sink under the Oppreffion, or abate confiderably of the Value and Eiteem it had for him who bestows them. · THE proper Business of Friendship is to inspire Life and Courage; and a Soul thus supported, outdoes it felf; whereas if it be unexpectedly deprived of these Succours, it droops and languishes.
WE are in some measure more inexcusable if we violate our Duties to a Friend, than to a Relation: Since the former arise from a voluntary Choice, the latter from a Ne. ceflity to which we could not give our own Consent.
As it has been said on one fide, that a Man ought not to break with a faulty Friend, that he may not expose the Weakness of his Choice; it will doubtless hold much ftronger with respect to a worthy one, that he may never be upbraided for having lost fo valuable a Treasure which was once in his poffeffion.